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A Biomass Future For The North American Great Plains

Author: Norman J. Rosenberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 140205601X
Size: 36.53 MB
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The North American Great Plains is a major global breadbasket but its agriculture is stressed by drought, heat, damaging winds, soil erosion and declining ground water resources. Biomass production and processing on the Plains would partially restore a perennial vegetative cover and create employment opportunities. This book explores the possibility that the ecology and economy of the Plains region, and similar regions, would benefit from the introduction of perennial biomass crops.

Climate Variability And Extremes During The Past 100 Years

Author: Stefan Brönnimann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402067662
Size: 52.34 MB
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This volume provides an up to date overview of climate variability during the 20th century in the context of natural and anthropogenic variability. It compiles a number of contributions to a workshop held in Gwatt, Switzerland, in July 2006 dealing with different aspects of climate change, variability, and extremes during the past 100 years. The individual contributions cover a broad range of topics. The volume fills a gap in this exciting field of research.

Measuring Precipitation From Space

Author: V. Levizzani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402058357
Size: 30.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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No other book can offer such a powerful tool to understand the basics of remote sensing for precipitation, to make use of existing products and to have a glimpse of the near future missions and instruments. This book features state-of-the-art rainfall estimation algorithms, validation strategies, and precipitation modeling. More than 20 years after the last book on the subject the worldwide precipitation community has produced a comprehensive overview of its activities, achievements, ongoing research and future plans.

Carbon Inventory Methods

Author: N.H. Ravindranath
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402065477
Size: 27.39 MB
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Carbon Inventory Methods Handbook fills the need for a handbook that provides guidelines and methods required for carbon inventory. It provides detailed step-by-step information on sampling procedures, field and laboratory measurements, application of remote sensing and GIS techniques, modeling, and calculation procedures along with sources of data for carbon inventory. The book is driven by a growing need for ‘carbon inventory’ for land use sections such as forests.

Climate Change 2001 Impacts Adaptation And Vulnerability

Author: James J. McCarthy
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521015004
Size: 42.68 MB
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Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability is the most comprehensive and up-to-date scientific assessment of the consequences of, and adaptation responses to, climate change. The report:'¢ Evaluates evidence that recent observed changes in climate have already affected a variety of physical and biological systems. '¢ Studies the vulnerabilities of human populations to future climate change, including associated sea-level rise and climate extremes such as floods.'¢ Takes into account potential impacts on water resources, agriculture and food, human health, settlements, and economic activities. '¢ Assesses potential responses to climate change of natural environments and the wildlife that inhabit them and identifies environments at particular risk.'¢ Considers how adaptation to climate change might lessen adverse impacts or enhance beneficial impacts.'¢ Provides an overview of the vulnerabilities and adaptation possibilities for all major regions of the world.'¢ Contrasts the different vulnerabilities of the developed and developing parts of the world and explores the implications for sustainable development and equity concerns.This latest IPCC assessment will again form the standard scientific reference for all concerned with environmental and social consequences of climate change, including students and researchers in environmental and social sciences, and policymakers and managers in governmental, industry and other organizations responsible for resources likely to be affected by climate change.

Great Plains Regional Technical Input Report

Author: Dennis Ojima
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 161091435X
Size: 72.49 MB
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Prepared for the 2013 National Climate Assessment and a landmark study in terms of its breadth and depth of coverage, Great Plains Regional Technical Input Report is the result of a collaboration among numerous local, state, federal, and nongovernmental agencies to develop a comprehensive, state of the art look at the effects of climate change on the eight states that encompass the Great Plains region. The Great Plains states are already experiencing the impacts of a changing climate, and will likely continue to experience warming temperatures, more extreme precipitation events, reduced snow and ice cover, and rising relative sea levels. The book presents a review of the historic, current, and projected future climate of the region; describes interactions with important sectors of the Northeast and examines cross-sectoral issues, namely climate change mitigation, adaptation, and education and outreach. Rich in science and case studies, it examines the latest climate change impacts, scenarios, vulnerabilities, and adaptive capacity and offers decision makers and stakeholders a substantial basis from which to make informed choices that will affect the well-being of the region's inhabitants in the decades to come.

Climate Change Science

Author: Committee on the Science of Climate Change
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309075742
Size: 28.71 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The warming of the Earth has been the subject of intense debate and concern for many scientists, policy-makers, and citizens for at least the past decade. Climate Change Science: An Analysis of Some Key Questions, a new report by a committee of the National Research Council, characterizes the global warming trend over the last 100 years, and examines what may be in store for the 21st century and the extent to which warming may be attributable to human activity.

Climate Change And United States Forests

Author: Peterson David L.
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400775156
Size: 64.53 MB
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This volume offers a scientific assessment of the effects of climatic variability and change on forest resources in the United States. Derived from a report that provides technical input to the 2013 U.S. Global Change Research Program National Climate Assessment, the book serves as a framework for managing U.S. forest resources in the context of climate change. The authors focus on topics having the greatest potential to alter the structure and function of forest ecosystems, and therefore ecosystem services, by the end of the 21st century. Part I provides an environmental context for assessing the effects of climate change on forest resources, summarizing changes in environmental stressors, followed by state-of-science projections for future climatic conditions relevant to forest ecosystems. Part II offers a wide-ranging assessment of vulnerability of forest ecosystems and ecosystem services to climate change. The authors anticipate that altered disturbance regimes and stressors will have the biggest effects on forest ecosystems, causing long-term changes in forest conditions. Part III outlines responses to climate change, summarizing current status and trends in forest carbon, effects of carbon management, and carbon mitigation strategies. Adaptation strategies and a proposed framework for risk assessment, including case studies, provide a structured approach for projecting and responding to future changes in resource conditions and ecosystem services. Part IV describes how sustainable forest management, which guides activities on most public and private lands in the United States, can provide an overarching structure for mitigating and adapting to climate change.