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A Database For A Changing Economy

Author: Panel to Review the Occupational Information Network (O*NET)
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309147697
Size: 30.83 MB
Format: PDF
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Information about the characteristics of jobs and the individuals who fill them is valuable for career guidance, reemployment counseling, workforce development, human resource management, and other purposes. To meet these needs, the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) in 1998 launched the Occupational Information Network (O*NET), which consists of a content model--a framework for organizing occupational data--and an electronic database. The O*NET content model includes hundreds of descriptors of work and workers organized into domains, such as skills, knowledge, and work activities. Data are collected using a classification system that organizes job titles into 1,102 occupations. The National Center for O*NET Development (the O*NET Center) continually collects data related to these occupations. In 2008, DOL requested the National Academies to review O*NET and consider its future directions. In response, the present volume inventories and evaluates the uses of O*NET; explores the linkage of O*NET with the Standard Occupational Classification System and other data sets; and identifies ways to improve O*NET, particularly in the areas of cost-effectiveness, efficiency, and currency.

Occupational Outlook Handbook 1994 1995

Author: DIANE Publishing Company
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788107948
Size: 78.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A nationally recognized, best-selling reference work. An easy-to-use, comprehensive "encyclopedia" of today's occupations & tomorrow's hiring trends. Describes in detail some 250 occupations -- covering about 104 million jobs, or 85% of all jobs in the U.S. Each description discuses the nature of the work; working conditions; employment; training, other qualifications, & advancement; job outlook; earnings; related occupations; & sources of additional information. Revised every 2 years.

An Occupational Information System For The 21st Century

Author: Norman G. Peterson
Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn
ISBN: 9781557985569
Size: 57.16 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Occupational Titles has been relied on for the description of jobs and workforce development. However, as global competition and technological change has created a new world of work, the Department of Labor realized that a more flexible and precise system for chronicling work-related information was needed. Thus, the O*NET, or the occupational information network, was launched. Written by the developers of the O*NET system, this edited volume describes the research and methodology used in the design and development of this ground-breaking system. The O*NET is intended to provide a framework for describing jobs in terms that are capable of addressing the needs of workers and employers into the 21st Century. Instead of relying on rigid task descriptions, the O*NET uses domains of worker and occupation characteristics -- such as abilities, work styles, generalized work activities and work context -- to describe each job. This volume details each of the main domains used by the O*NET. It outlines how each was quantified and provides statistical analyses about its applications, internal relationships, and structure. The volume also places the O*NET system in its historical research context and describes how this innovative new system can support the creation of jobs tailored for the new economy. This volume will be invaluable for those needing to familiarize themselves with this powerful new human resource tool. It will be of particular interest to industrial/organizational psychologists, human factors specialists, counseling psychologists, vocational counselors, rehabilitation counselors, industrial engineers, occupational professionals, and labor market analysts.

Foundations Of Forensic Vocational Rehabilitation

Author: Rick Robinson, Ph.D., MBA, LMHC, CRC, CVE, NCC, D/ABVE
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 0826199283
Size: 58.45 MB
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This is the first fundamental text to focus specifically on forensic vocational rehabilitation, a field that is forecast to grow rapidly. Forensic vocational rehabilitation consultants evaluate the vocational and rehabilitation needs of individuals in an array of legal settings such as civil litigation, workersí compensation, Social Security disability, and others. The text is unique in its exploration of the vocational rehabilitation process from a biopsychosocial perspective that views disability as a complex and multidimensional construct. The book comprehensively describes the parameters and theoretical issues of relevance in evaluating and developing opinions in forensically oriented matters. It culls and synthesizes current peer-reviewed literature and research on this private subspecialty practice area of rehabilitation counseling, including theories, models, methods, procedures, and fundamental tenets of the field. Also included is current information about the labor market, life care planning, and professional identity, standards, and ethics. The text is designed for graduate and postgraduate students in rehabilitation counseling and psychology as well as practicing forensic vocational rehabilitation consultants and professionals moving toward practice in this arena. Chapters are authored by noted scholars or published practitioners in each subject area, and include an introduction to the content area, discussion of key terminology and concepts, and a review of the current and historical literature, with emphasis toward future research needs and evidence-based practice. The book fulfills the requirement by the Commission on Rehabilitation Education (CORE) for training in this subject area at the graduate level for new certification or certification maintenance. Key Features: Comprises the only foundational text to focus specifically on forensic vocational rehabilitation Synthesizes peer-reviewed research into one authoritative source Describes the role, function, and scope of practice of the rehabilitation counselor in private forensic vocational rehabilitation practice Fulfills CORE requirements for certification

Research On Future Skill Demands

Author: Board on Testing and Assessment
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309114799
Size: 15.62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Over the past five years, business and education groups have issued a series of reports indicating that the skill demands of work are rising, due to rapid technological change and increasing global competition. Researchers have begun to study changing workplace skill demands. Some economists have found that technological change is "skill-biased," increasing demand for highly skilled workers and contributing to the growing gap in wages between college-educated workers and those with less education. However, other studies of workplace skill demands have reached different conclusions. These differences result partly from differences in disciplinary perspective, research methods, and datasets. The findings of all of these strands of research on changing skill demands are limited by available methods and data sources. Because case study research focuses on individual work sites or occupations, its results may not be representative of larger industry or national trends. At a more basic level, there is some disagreement in the literature about how to define "skill". In part because of such disagreements, researchers have used a variety of measures of skill, making it difficult to compare findings from different studies or to accumulate knowledge of skill trends over time. In the context of this increasing discussion, the National Research Council held a workshop to explore the available research evidence related to two important guiding questions: What are the strengths and weaknesses of different research methods and data sources for providing insights about current and future changes in skill demands? What support does the available evidence (given the strengths and weaknesses of the methods and data sources) provide for the proposition that the skills required for the 21st century workplace will be meaningfully different from earlier eras and will require corresponding changes in educational preparation?

Encyclopedia Of Human Resource Management

Author: Adrian Wilkinson
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1783475463
Size: 73.83 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The Encyclopedia of Human Resource Management is an authoritative and comprehensive reference resource with almost 400 entries on core HR areas and key concepts. From age discrimination, to zero hours contracts, each entry reflects the views of an expert and authoritative author. The terms included vary from singular concepts such as performance appraisal and industrial conflict, to organisational behaviour terms including organisational culture and commitment; and broader management terms such a resourcing and management development. Each entry provides a list of references and further reading to enable the reader to gain a deeper awareness and understanding of each topic. This book is an ideal companion to a standard HRM textbook, and both undergraduate and postgraduate students will find it to be of value. It will also be useful for academic researchers, HR practitioners and policy specialists looking for a succinct expert summary of key HR concepts.

Reengineering The Survey Of Income And Program Participation

Author: Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309141737
Size: 65.68 MB
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Beginning in 2006, the Census Bureau embarked on a program to reengineer the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to reduce its costs and improve data quality and timeliness. The Bureau also requested the National Academies to consider the advantages and disadvantages of strategies for linking administrative records and survey data, taking account of the accessibility of relevant administrative records, the operational feasibility of linking, the quality and usefulness of the linked data, and the ability to provide access to the linked data while protecting the confidentiality of individual respondents. In response, this volume first examines the history of SIPP and reviews the survey's purpose, value, strengths, and weaknesses. The book examines alternative uses of administrative records in a reengineered SIPP and, finally, considers innovations in SIPP design and data collection, including the proposed use of annual interviews with an event history calendar.

Work Jobs And Occupations

Author: Assembly of Behavioral and Social Sciences (U.S.). Committee on Occupational Classification and Analysis
Publisher: National Academies
Size: 58.87 MB
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This book presents the methods and findings of a critical review of the "Dictionary of Occupational Titles" (DOT) published by the United States Department of Labor. Following an introduction to the scope of the study in the first chapter, the book describes the study and its results in eight following chapters. Chapter 2 contains a detailed description of the current edition of the DOT to suggest to readers the nature of the document. Chapters 3 and 4 describe the ways that the DOT and associated materials are used inside and outside the Department of Labor Employment Service. Chapters 5 and 6 describe how the DOT is produced: Chapter 5 focuses on the organization of the occupational analysis program of the Employment Service, the unit charged with producing the DOT, and Chapter 6 describes the process by which the current edition was created. Chapters 7 and 8 evaluate the DOT: Chapter 7 focuses on the adequacy of the data it contains, and Chapter 8 discusses the DOT and other classification systems as tools for assessing the similarity of occupations. Chapter 9 presents the committee's conclusions and recommendations. In addition to the nine chapters of the report, eight appendixes provide data or detailed analysis of specific topics. (KC)