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A History Of Family Planning In Twentieth Century Peru

Author: Raúl Necochea López
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469618095
Size: 31.41 MB
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Adding to the burgeoning study of medicine and science in Latin America, this important book offers a comprehensive historical perspective on the highly contentious issues of sexual and reproductive health in an important Andean nation. Raul Necochea Lopez approaches family planning as a historical phenomenon layered with medical, social, economic, and moral implications. At stake in this complex mix were new notions of individual autonomy, the future of gender relations, and national prosperity. The implementation of Peru's first family planning programs led to a rapid professionalization of fertility control. Complicating the evolution of associated medical services were the conflicting agendas of ordinary citizens, power brokers from governmental and military sectors, clergy, and international health groups. While family planning promised a greater degree of control over individuals' intimate lives, as well as opportunities for economic improvement through the effective management of birth rates, the success of attempts to regulate fertility was far from assured. Today, Necochea Lopez observes, although the quality of family planning resources in Peru has improved, services remain far from equitably available.

Women S Lives Around The World A Global Encyclopedia 4 Volumes

Author: Susan M. Shaw
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 161069712X
Size: 11.92 MB
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Providing an in-depth look at the lives of women and girls in approximately 150 countries, this multivolume reference set offers readers transnational and postcolonial analysis of the many issues that are critical to the survival and success of women and girls. • Presents a broad postcolonial feminist examination of the lives of women and girls worldwide through essays about the female experience in individual countries • Provides sidebars that highlight details about individual women and interesting topics that affect women and girls • Includes primary source documents that offer readers a direct look at important statements, laws, and policies about women and girls

A World Of Populations

Author: Heinrich Hartmann
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1782384286
Size: 11.98 MB
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Demographic study and the idea of a "population" was developed and modified over the course of the twentieth century, mirroring the political, social, and cultural situations and aspirations of different societies. This growing field adapted itself to specific policy concerns and was therefore never apolitical, despite the protestations of practitioners that demography was "natural." Demographics were transformed into public policies that shaped family planning, population growth, medical practice, and environmental conservation. While covering a variety of regions and time periods, the essays in this book share an interest in the transnational dynamics of emerging demographic discourses and practices. Together, they present a global picture of the history of demographic knowledge.

Twentieth Century Population Thinking

Author: The Population Knowledge Network
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317479637
Size: 60.49 MB
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This reader on the history of demography and historical perspectives on "population" in the twentieth century features a unique collection of primary sources from around the globe, written by scholars, politicians, journalists, and activists. Many of the sources are available in English for the first time. Background information is provided on each source. Together, the sources mirror the circumstances under which scientific knowledge about "population" was produced, how demography evolved as a discipline, and how demographic developments were interpreted and discussed in different political and cultural settings. Readers thereby gain insight into the historical precedents on debates on race, migration, reproduction, natural resources, development and urbanization, the role of statistics in the making of the nation state, and family structures and gender roles, among others. The reader is designed for undergraduate and graduate students as well as scholars in the fields of demography and population studies as well as to anyone interested in the history of science and knowledge.

Women S Citizenship In Peru

Author: S. Rousseau
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230101437
Size: 50.81 MB
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This book considers neopopulism as a central issue to understand patterns of women's citizenship construction in many countries of contemporary Latin America. It also explains the paradoxes entailed for women's participation and citizenship rights.

Medicine And Politics In Colonial Peru

Author: Adam Warren
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN: 0822973871
Size: 51.13 MB
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By the end of the eighteenth century, Peru had witnessed the decline of its once-thriving silver industry, and it had barely begun to recover from massive population losses due to smallpox and other diseases. At the time, it was widely believed that economic salvation was contingent upon increasing the labor force and maintaining as many healthy workers as possible. In Medicine and Politics in Colonial Peru,Adam Warrenpresents a groundbreaking study of the primacy placed on medical care to generate population growth during this era. The Bourbon reforms of the eighteenth century shaped many of the political, economic, and social interests of Spain and its colonies. In Peru, local elites saw the reforms as an opportunity to positively transform society and its conceptions of medicine and medical institutions in the name of the Crown. Creole physicians in particular, took advantage of Bourbon reforms to wrest control of medical treatment away from the Catholic Church, establish their own medical expertise, and create a new, secular medical culture. They asserted their new influence by treating smallpox and leprosy, by reforming medical education, and by introducing hygienic routines into local funeral rites, among other practices. Later, during the early years of independence, government officials began to usurp the power of physicians and shifted control of medical care back to the church. Creole doctors, without the support of the empire, lost much of their influence, and medical reforms ground to a halt. As Warren’s study reveals, despite falling in and out of political favor, Bourbon reforms and creole physicians were instrumental to the founding of modern medicine in Peru, and their influence can still be felt today.

Developmental Change

Author: Allan A. Spitz
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 0813165199
Size: 34.60 MB
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Developmental change and the related problems of modernization have attracted the attention of scholars in many discipliness. In this bibliography -- derived and expanded from an earlier compilation by Mr. Spitz and Edward Weidner -- the author orders and annotates nearly 2,500 articles appearing between 1945 and 1969 in 234 journals from 25 countries. Organized by subject and indexed by both author and journal, the citations include studies of social problems, economic factors, political questions, public administration, and international cooperation and assistance. Special emphasis has been given to new and little-known sources. In addition, a selected bibliography of monographs and book-length studies dealing with the modernization of underdeveloped countries and areas is included in the volume.

Author: Thomas Wolfe
Publisher: Metaichmio Publications
ISBN: 6180311285
Size: 65.36 MB
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Το αυτοβιογραφικό βιβλίο του Thomas Wolfe Γύρνα σπίτι, άγγελέ μου, που τον καθιέρωσε ως μια από τις λαμπρότερες λογοτεχνικές φωνές του 20ού αιώνα ασκώντας σημαντική επιρροή στο έργο πολλών μεταγενέστερων συγγραφέων, κυκλοφόρησε το 1929. Γνώρισε μεγάλη επιτυχία, διασκευάστηκε για τη θεατρική σκηνή και μεταφράστηκε σε πολλές χώρες σε όλο τον κόσμο. Το μυθιστόρημα αφηγείται την ιστορία του Ευγένιου Γκαντ που μεγαλώνει σε μια μικρή επαρχιακή αμερικάνικη πόλη στις αρχές του προηγούμενου αιώνα. Μοναχικός παρίας αλλά και παθιασμένος αντιμέτωπος με έντονες καταστάσεις και με μια οικογενειακή τραγωδία πριν συνειδητοποιήσει ότι πρέπει να αφήσει το σπίτι του αν θέλει να διαμορφώσει την προσωπική του ταυτότητα.