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A Manual Of Laboratory And Diagnostic Tests

Author: Frances Talaska Fischbach
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 9780781771948
Size: 18.17 MB
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Now in its Eighth Edition, this leading comprehensive manual helps nurses deliver safe, effective, and informed care for patients undergoing diagnostic tests and procedures. The book covers a broad range of laboratory and diagnostic tests and studies that are delivered to varied patient populations in varied settings. Tests are grouped according to specimen and function/test type (e.g. blood, urine, stool, cerebrospinal fluid, etc.). Each test is described in detail, with step-by-step guidance on correct procedure, tips for accurate interpretation, and instructions for patient preparation and aftercare. Clinical Alerts highlight critical safety information.

A Manual Of Laboratory And Diagnostic Tests Frances Fischbach Marshall B Dunning Iii 2015

Author: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins - Wolter Kluwer, Inc
Publisher: Bukupedia
Size: 20.17 MB
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Preface PURPOSE The purpose of A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, in this ninth edition, is to promote the delivery of safe, effective, and informed care for patients undergoing diagnostic tests and procedures and also to provide clinicians and students, educators and researchers, and others with a unique resource. This comprehensive manual provides a foundation for understanding diagnostic tests, from the relatively simple to the most complex, that are delivered to varied populations in varied settings. It describes in depth the clinician’s role in providing effective diagnostic services by providing the information necessary for quality care planning, individualized patient assessment, analysis of patient needs, appropriate interventions, patient education, patient follow-up, and timely outcome evaluation. Potential risks and complications of diagnostic testing mandate that proper test protocols, interfering factors, follow-up testing, and collaboration among those involved in the testing process be a significant part of the information included in this text. ORGANIZATION This book is organized into 16 chapters and 5 appendices. Chapter 1 outlines the clinician’s role in diagnostic testing and includes interventions for safe, effective, informed pre-, intra-, and post-test care. This chapter includes a Patient’s Bill of Rights and Responsibilities, a model for the role of the clinical team in providing diagnostic care and services, descriptions of different test environments, and discussion of reimbursement for diagnostic services, and emphasizes the importance of communication as key to desired outcomes. The intratest section includes information about collaborative approaches facilitating family presence during invasive procedures; risk management; the collection, handling, and transport of specimens; infection control; controlling pain; comfort measures; administration of drugs and solutions; monitoring fluid intake and loss; using required equipment kits and supplies; properly positioning the patient for the procedure; managing the environment; and patient monitoring. The reader is referred back to Chapter 1, Diagnostic Testing, throughout the text for information about the clinician’s role and diagnostic services. Chapters 2 through 16 focus on specific categories of studies. CHAPTER CONTENT AND FEATURES Studies are organized in a similar way for ease of use and include: Introductory Information • Background rationale • Test purpose • Interfering factors • Description and method of the procedure and lab test completion • Evidence-based outcomes • Patient involvement x Preface Reference Values • Normal reference values • Conventional and SI units • Age-related values and critical values when applicable Procedures • Process of intratest care • Method of specimen collection and handling for lab tests • Method of diagnostic procedures Clinical Implications • Interpretation of abnormal findings • Unexpected outcomes • Disease patterns • Clinical considerations for newborn, infant, child, adolescent, and older adult groups when appropriate Interventions • Pre- and post-test patient care • Specific guidelines for each test phase Special Clinical Alerts , Procedural Alerts , and Notes NOTE appear frequently throughout to signal special cautions. A fully updated bibliography at the end of each chapter, representing a composite of selected references from various disciplines, directs the clinician to information available beyond the scope of this book, and extensive appendices provide additional data for everyday practice. REVISIONS AND ADDITIONS TO THE NINTH EDITION The newest concepts and technologies are included in this edition: • Effects of drugs on lab outcomes • Guidelines for Pap screening • Guidelines for cancer screening • Bioterrorism agent testing • Pulmonary function testing • Mother-baby screening All chapters have been reviewed by experts in the field. Current technologies have been incorporated throughout the text, maintaining emphasis on clinical and procedural alerts. CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS IN LABORATORY AND DIAGNOSTIC TESTING New technologies foster new scientific modalities for patient assessment and clinical interventions. Thus, the clinician is provided a greater understanding of the long chain of events from diagnosis through treatment and outcomes. In a brief span of years, new and improved technologies have led to developments in x-ray scanners, digital and enhanced imaging, magnetic resonance (MR), positron emission tomography (PET) scans of the heart and brain, enhanced ultrasound and nuclear medicine procedures, newly Preface xi discovered genetic mutation studies, new cancer markers for diagnosis and prognosis, technology for fetal testing before birth, and postmortem testing after death. Many new technologies are faster, more patient friendly, more comfortable, and provide an equivalent or higher degree of accuracy (i.e., HIV or hepatitis detection, monitoring for drug abuse or managing therapeutic drug levels). Saliva and breath testing is gaining ground as a mirror of body function; DNA; and emotional, hormonal, immune, and neurologic status, as well as providing clues about faulty metabolism. Noninvasive and minimally invasive testing (e.g., using a swab to collect saliva from the mouth, procedures that require only one drop of blood), which is better suited for testing in environments such as the workplace, private home, and other nontraditional health care settings such as churches, is made possible by better collection methods and standardized collection techniques. The newest diagnostic lab technologies include hand-held nucleic acid detectors for specific bacteria and viruses, handheld miniaturized chip-based DNA analyzers, reagentless diagnostics that introduce the sample (hand, finger, ear lobe, etc.) to magnetic fields, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Noninvasive and minimally invasive diagnostics include infrared light to estimate glucose, rapid oral screen for HIV, proteinomics, and functional and molecular techniques. A resurgence in the use of traditional, trusted diagnostic modalities, such as electroencephalogram (EEG), is being seen in certain areas. Diseases such as HIV, antibiotic-resistant strains of pathologic organisms (TB), and type 2 diabetes are becoming more prevalent. In the workplace, thorough diagnostic testing is more common as applications are made for employment and disability benefits. Also, requirements for periodic monitoring of exposures to potentially hazardous workplace substances (chemicals, heavy metals), breathing and hearing tests, and TB and latex allergy testing require skill in administering and procuring specimens. The number of forensic identity DNA tests being performed has increased tremendously. Concurrently, consumer perceptions have shifted from implicit faith in the health care system to concerns regarding less control over choices for health care and more distrust of the system in general. Managed care and its drive for control of costs for diagnostic services exert a tremendous effect on consumers’ ability to access testing services care. This results in mixed access to services, depending on approval or denial of coverage. These trends—combined with a shift in diagnostic care from acute care hospital settings to outpatient departments, physicians’ offices, clinics, community-based centers, nursing homes, and sometimes even churches, stores, and pharmacies—challenge clinicians to provide standards-based, safe, effective, and informed care. Because the health care system is becoming a community-based model, the clinician’s role is also changing. Updated knowledge and skills, flexibility, and a heightened awareness of the testing environment (point of care testing) are needed to provide diagnostic services in these settings. Clinicians must also adapt their practice to changes in other areas. This includes developing, coordinating, and following policies and standards set forth by institutions, governmental bodies, and regulatory agencies. Being informed regarding ethical and legal implications such as informed consent, privacy, patient safety, the right to refuse tests, the right to truthful diagnoses and prognoses, end-of-life decisions, standards for quarantine to control infection, and trends in diagnostic research procedures adds another dimension to the clinician’s accountability and responsibility. The consequences of certain types of testing (i.e., HIV and genetic) and the implications of confidential versus anonymous testing must also be kept in mind. For example, anonymous tests do not require the individual to give his or her name, whereas confidential tests do require a name. This difference has implications in the requirements and process of agency reporting for all patients as well as for select groups of infectious disease incidence such as HIV. Responding to these trends, the ninth edition of A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests is a comprehensive, up-to-date diagnostic reference source that includes information about newer technologies together with the time-honored, classic tests that continue to be an important component of diagnostic work. It meets the needs of clinicians, educators, researchers, students, and others whose work and study requires this type of resource or reference manual. Frances Talaska Fischbach Marshall B. Dunning III I acknowledge with sincere gratitude the contributions made by all of those individuals who participated in the extensive revisions for the ninth edition of this book. Special recognition is due to Marshall B. Dunning III for all work in relation to this text, especially this ninth edition. My thanks go to Mary Fischbach Johnson, Margaret Fischbach and Patricia Van Kampen for their research and administrative support. I especially thank the newest contributors, consultants, and research assistants for their diligence and hard work to ensure the quality, completeness, and most upto- date information contained herein. I would also like to acknowledge the valuable assistance of the Lippincott Williams & Wilkins reviewers. My gratitude is extended to the entire staff at Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, especially Roxanne Halpine Ward and Patrick Barbera. Special recognition is also due to the editors and staff who have worked on all prior editions of this work. Finally, I thank those special people, too numerous to mention, on whom we relied for support, dedication, encouragement, and patience. Thank you all for a job well done! Frances Talaska Fischbach Acknowledgments

A Manual Of Laboratory And Diagnostic Tests

Author: Frances Talaska Fischbach
Publisher: LWW
ISBN: 9781496377128
Size: 44.70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Up-to-date and easy-to-navigate, A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, 10th Edition is the perfect point-of-care guide for nurses and health professionals caring for patients undergoing diagnostic tests and procedures. Organized the way a nurse thinks--by specimen and function--this proven resource describes an extensive array of tests for diverse populations, providing step-by-step guidance on correct procedure, tps for accurate interpretation, and expert information on patient preparation and aftercare. Find the right test with ease, whether you know the name or not. Reference critical safety information at a glance with Clinical Alerts. Quickly access relevant abbreviations and units of measurements. Master key information with helpful tips, inclusion of both conventional and SI units, and coverage of clinical implications for increased and decreased values.

Delmar S Manual Of Laboratory And Diagnostic Tests

Author: Rick Daniels
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1111780021
Size: 42.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 2013
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Organized by type of test. Now in its second edition, Delmar's Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests adds over 50 new entries to its compilation of over 600 lab and diagnostic tests. Up-to-date information is provided in an easy-to-use, easy-to-find format ideal for both students and practitioners of nursing, medicine, and medical technology. The exceptionally straightforward and concise presentation of information allows you to focus on providing comprehensive care to your client having laboratory and diagnostic tests and procedures. Now for the first time 50 of the most used tests are included in PDA downloadable format on the accompanying CD-ROM, giving you free electronic access to the test and procedure information most needed. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Mcgraw Hill Manual Of Laboratory And Diagnostic Tests

Author: Denise D. Wilson
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
ISBN: 9780071594059
Size: 28.94 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Critical testing information and key clinical protocols in the palm of your hand McGraw-Hill's Manual of Laboratory & Diagnostic Tests focuses specifically on what you need to know to understand the test, educate the patient, and provide safe, effective care before, during, and after the test. In addition, this easy-to-use clinical companion is the only text to actively incorporate evidence-based practice features throughout, both in test monographs and appendices-a major advantage that enhances your ability to apply the book's content to your daily practice. Features: A cohesive 5-part organization covering the full range of laboratory tests, diagnostic tests, laboratory/diagnostic assessments of body function, education, and screening Time-saving alphabetical organization of tests with handy thumb tabs Full-color icons that highlight the organization of each test, and clearly identify important features throughout Skill-sharpening references to national guidelines, including JCAHO Full coverage of clinical interventions/implications Essential insights into the possible meanings of abnormal values and contraindications Key references that pertain to evidence-based practice Timely appendix on the increasing use of evidence-based practice Critical patient teaching information

Nurse S Manual Of Laboratory Tests And Diagnostic Procedures

Author: Louise M. Malarkey
Publisher: W B Saunders Company
Size: 17.96 MB
Format: PDF
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This comprehensive text and reference provides essential guidance on over 700 laboratory tests and diagnostic procedures used in nursing. It provides background information on each test; explains normal and abnormal test results; and emphasizes nursing care for the patient undergoing the test. Normal values for each test and procedure appear in both conventional and international units, and cover all phases of the life span. And, over 120 unique tables display complications at a glance.

Die Psychopathen Sind Unter Uns

Author: Jon Ronson
Publisher: Tropen
ISBN: 3608102949
Size: 70.25 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Alles beginnt mit einem mysteriösen Päckchen, das an Neurologen auf der ganzen Welt verschickt wird. Es enthält ein unheimliches Buch, eine Nachricht, aber keinen Absender! Alle sind sich einig: Hier ist ein Psychopath am Werk! Jon Ronson versucht, das Rätsel zu lösen, und begibt sich auf eine filmreife Mission, die so wahr wie gruselig ist. Seine Recherche führt ihn zu »Tony«, einem verurteilten Mörder und diagnostizierten Psychopathen, der beteuert, einer Fehldiagnose zum Opfer gefallen zu sein. Jon wird auf seiner Reise schnell klar, wo sich die meisten Psychopathen aufhalten: Sie bewegen sich inmitten der Gesellschaft, sie sitzen an den Schalthebeln der Macht, sind Firmenbosse, Politiker und spielen in der Finanzwelt eine führende Rolle - kurzum: Sie lenken sogar unsere Gesellschaft.

Lww Nursing Survival Kit Manual Of Laboratory And Diagnostic Tests Ninth Edition Nursing Drug Handbook 2014 Stedman S Medical Dictionary For The Health Professions And Nursing Seventh Edition

Author: Frances Talaska Fishchbach, R.N.
ISBN: 9781469856940
Size: 18.56 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This package contains the following products: 9781451190892 Fischbach Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, 9e 9781451186352 Lippincott Nusing2014 Drug Handbook 9781608316922 Stedman's Stedman's Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing, 7e