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A Modern Course In The Quantum Theory Of Solids

Author: Fuxiang Han
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814417149
Size: 49.52 MB
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This book contains advanced subjects in solid state physics with emphasis on the theoretical exposition of various physical phenomena in solids using quantum theory, hence entitled “A modern course in the quantum theory of solids”. The use of the adjective “modern” in the title is to reflect the fact that some of the new developments in condensed matter physics have been included in the book. The new developments contained in the book are mainly in experimental methods (inelastic neutron scattering and photoemission spectroscopy), in magnetic properties of solids (the itinerant magnetism, the superexchange, the Hubbard model, and giant and colossal magnetoresistance), and in optical properties of solids (Raman scattering). Besides the new developments, the Green's function method used in many-body physics and the strong-coupling theory of superconductivity are also expounded in great details.

Applied Quantum Mechanics

Author: Walter A Harrison
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9814365629
Size: 72.58 MB
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Quantum mechanics is widely recognized as the basic law which governs all of nature, including all materials and devices. It has always been essential to the understanding of material properties, and as devices become smaller it is also essential for studying their behavior. Nevertheless, only a small fraction of graduate engineers and materials scientists take a course giving a systematic presentation of the subject. The courses for physics students tend to focus on the fundamentals and formal background, rather than on application, and do not fill the need. This invaluable text has been designed to fill the very apparent gap. The book covers those parts of quantum theory which may be necessary for a modern engineer. It focuses on the approximations and concepts which allow estimates of the entire range of properties of nuclei, atoms, molecules, and solids, as well as the behavior of lasers and other quantum-optic devices. It may well prove useful also to graduate students in physics, whose courses on quantum theory tend not to include any of these applications. The material has been the basis of a course taught to graduate engineering students for the past four years at Stanford University. Topics Discussed: Foundations; Simple Systems; Hamiltonian Mechanics; Atoms and Nuclei; Molecules; Crystals; Transitions; Tunneling; Transition Rates; Statistical Mechanics; Transport; Noise; Energy Bands; Electron Dynamics in Solids; Vibrations in Solids; Creation and Annihilation Operators; Phonons; Photons and Lasers; Coherent States; Coulomb Effects; Cooperative Phenomena; Magnetism; Shake-off Excitations; Exercise Problems.

Quantum Physics

Author: Michel Le Bellac
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139450794
Size: 17.57 MB
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Quantum physics allows us to understand the nature of the physical phenomena which govern the behavior of solids, semi-conductors, lasers, atoms, nuclei, subnuclear particles and light. In Quantum Physics, Le Bellac provides a thoroughly modern approach to this fundamental theory. Throughout the book, Le Bellac teaches the fundamentals of quantum physics using an original approach which relies primarily on an algebraic treatment and on the systematic use of symmetry principles. In addition to the standard topics such as one-dimensional potentials, angular momentum and scattering theory, the reader is introduced to more recent developments at an early stage. These include a detailed account of entangled states and their applications, the optical Bloch equations, the theory of laser cooling and of magneto-optical traps, vacuum Rabi oscillations and an introduction to open quantum systems. This is a textbook for a modern course on quantum physics, written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.

Modern Physics

Author: Shubhra Kakani
Publisher: Anshan Pub
ISBN: 9781905740505
Size: 71.99 MB
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This title can be used as a textbook for university level courses around the world. It gives a detailed and systematic presentation of wide ranging topics of interest in modern physics - molecular spectroscopy, quantum mechanics, statistical physics, solid state physics, lasers, holography, optical fibers, semi-conductors, super conductivity, etc. Each chapter contains important mathematical steps required to grasp a thorough understanding of each topic, and case studies of recent advances in each field are included to give the reader new world applications to the theory. Pedagogical features to enhance easy learning include work-through problems, objective questions and short question and answer exercises. "Modern Physics" will prove to be an excellent course text for undergraduates and a handy reference for teachers, academics and researchers.

Modern Physics

Author: Robert L. Sproull
Publisher: Courier Dover Publications
ISBN: 0486802264
Size: 51.26 MB
Format: PDF
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This introduction to the concepts and methods of quantum mechanics employs the analysis of one-dimensional problems to offer students a quantitative understanding of atomic, molecular, solid-state, and nuclear physics. Applications of these concepts and methods help answer the most intriguing questions of modern physics: What holds matter together? Holds it apart? How does the variety of chemical properties of different elements arise? How do electrons move through solids? Why do nuclei that occur in nature possess only certain combinations of protons and neutrons? The text presents meaningful problems by topic — supplemented by ample illustrations, applications, and exercises — that address the most intriguing questions of modern physics. Answers to selected problems appear in the appendix. Geared toward science and engineering majors, this volume is also appropriate for independent study by those who have completed a general physics course.

Solid State Theory

Author: Walter A. Harrison
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486152235
Size: 31.33 MB
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DIVThorough, modern study of solid state physics; solid types and symmetry, electron states, electronic properties and cooperative phenomena. /div

Quantum Theory Of Solids

Author: Eoin O'Reilly
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780748406289
Size: 18.92 MB
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Quantum Theory of Solids presents a concisely-structured tour of the theory relating to chemical bonding and its application to the three most significant topics in solid state physics: semiconductors, magnetism, and superconductivity--topics that have seen major advances in recent years. This is a unique treatment that develops the concepts of quantum theory for the solid state from the basics through to an advanced level, encompassing additional quantum mechanics techniques, such as the variational method and perturbation theory. Written at the senior undergraduate/masters level, it provides an exceptional grounding in the subject.

Fundamentals Of The Physics Of Solids

Author: Jenö Sólyom
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540853162
Size: 24.24 MB
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The reader is holding the second volume of a three-volume textbook on sol- state physics. This book is the outgrowth of the courses I have taught for many years at Eötvös University, Budapest, for undergraduate and graduate students under the titles Solid-State Physics and Modern Solid-State Physics. The main motivation for the publication of my lecture notes as a book was that none of the truly numerous textbooks covered all those areas that I felt should be included in a multi-semester course. Especially, if the course strives to present solid-state physics in a uni?ed structure, and aims at d- cussing not only classic chapters of the subject matter but also (in more or less detail) problems that are of great interest for today’s researcher as well. Besides, the book presents a much larger material than what can be covered in a two- or three-semester course. In the ?rst part of the ?rst volume the analysis of crystal symmetries and structure goes into details that certainly cannot be included in a usual course on solid-state physics. The same applies, among others, to the discussion of the methods used in the determination of band structure, the properties of Fermi liquids and non-Fermi liquids, and the theory of unconventional superconductors in the present and third volumes. These parts can be assigned as supplementary reading for interested students, or can be discussed in advanced courses.

Quantum Mechanics In A Nutshell

Author: Gerald D. Mahan
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400833388
Size: 43.10 MB
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Covering the fundamentals as well as many special topics of current interest, this is the most concise, up-to-date, and accessible graduate-level textbook on quantum mechanics available. Written by Gerald Mahan, a distinguished research physicist and author of an acclaimed textbook on many-particle physics, Quantum Mechanics in a Nutshell is the distillation of many years' teaching experience. Emphasizing the use of quantum mechanics to describe actual quantum systems such as atoms and solids, and rich with interesting applications, the book proceeds from solving for the properties of a single particle in potential; to solving for two particles (the helium atom); to addressing many-particle systems. Applications include electron gas, magnetism, and Bose-Einstein Condensation; examples are carefully chosen and worked; and each chapter has numerous homework problems, many of them original. Quantum Mechanics in a Nutshell expertly addresses traditional and modern topics, including perturbation theory, WKBJ, variational methods, angular momentum, the Dirac equation, many-particle wave functions, Casimir Force, and Bell's Theorem. And it treats many topics--such as the interactions between photons and electrons, scattering theory, and density functional theory--in exceptional depth. A valuable addition to the teaching literature, Quantum Mechanics in a Nutshell is ideally suited for a two-semester course. The most concise, up-to-date, and accessible graduate textbook on the subject Contains the ideal amount of material for a two-semester course Focuses on the description of actual quantum systems, including a range of applications Covers traditional topics, as well as those at the frontiers of research Treats in unprecedented detail topics such as photon-electron interaction, scattering theory, and density functional theory Includes numerous homework problems at the end of each chapter

Quantum Theory Of Conducting Matter

Author: Shigeji Fujita
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387882116
Size: 79.95 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Major superconducting properties including zero resistance, Meissner effect, sharp phase change, flux quantization, excitation energy gap, Josephson effects are covered and microscopically explained, using quantum statistical mechanical calculations. First treated are the 2D superconductivity and then the quantum Hall effects. Included are exercise-type problems for each section. Readers can grasp the concepts covered in the book by following the worked-through problems. Bibliographies are included in each chapter and a glossary and list of symbols are given in the beginning of the book. The book is based on the materials taught by S. Fujita for several courses in Quantum Theory of Solids, Advanced Topics in Modern Physics, and Quantum Statistical Mechanics.