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A New Perspective On Thermodynamics

Author: Bernard H. Lavenda
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781441914309
Size: 43.84 MB
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This book introduces a new outlook on thermodynamics. It brings the theory up to the present time and indicates areas of further development with the union of information theory and the theory of means and their inequalities.

Economics And Thermodynamics

Author: Peter Burley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401582696
Size: 17.54 MB
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Over the past two decades we have witnessed something of a revolution in the natural sciences as thermodynamic thinking evolved from an equilibrium, or 'classical', perspective, to a nonequilibrium, or 'self organisational' one. In this transition, thermodynamics has been applied in new ways and in new fields of inquiry. Chemical and biological (evolutionary) processes have been analysed, increasingly, in non equilibrium thermodynamical terms. Economics has, since the late 19th century, relied heavily upon metaphors and analogies derived from the natural sciences - mechanical analogies cast in terms of traditional Newtonian physics and expressed in terms of Cartesian logic have been especially popular. Thermodynamics, on the other hand, has been less popular, despite its early application in economics by Stanley Jevons, the father of modern notions of utility maximisation in neoclassical economics, and despite its promotion in economic contexts by Paul Samuelson, the author of the definitive treatise upon which post war neoclassical economic theory was based, namely, his Foundations of Economic Analysis. The general neglect of thermodynamic thinking in economics was brought to our attention by Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen in the late 1960s, by which time economic theory, evidenced in, for example, the Arrow Debreu general eqUilibrium system, had become so sophisticated that it could not be penetrated by thermodynamical ideas. To Georgescu Roegen, this presented something of a crisis in economics because neglect of thermodynamics led, in his view, to blindness amongst economists to an economy/environment problem in the global economy.

A New Perspective On Relativity

Author: Bernard H. Lavenda
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814340480
Size: 70.82 MB
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Starting off from noneuclidean geometries, apart from the method of Einstein's equations, this book derives and describes the phenomena of gravitation and diffraction. A historical account is presented, exposing the missing link in Einstein's construction of the theory of general relativity: the uniformly rotating disc, together with his failure to realize, that the Beltrami metric of hyperbolic geometry with constant curvature describes exactly the uniform acceleration observed. This book also explores these questions: * How does time bend? * Why should gravity propagate at the speed of light? * How does the expansion function of the universe relate to the absolute constant of the noneuclidean geometries? * Why was the Sagnac effect ignored? * Can Maxwell's equations accommodate mass? * Is there an inertia due solely to polarization? * Can objects expand in elliptic geometry like they contract in hyperbolic geometry?

Changing Our Perspective

Author: Kent W. Mayhew
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 9781507700983
Size: 44.32 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book presents a completely new thermodynamic perspective, one that no longer relies upon either entropy, or the second law. Herein, we clearly demonstrate that although empirical data can disprove a given theory, it certainly does not necessarily prove any one theory, i.e. there is often more than one theory that can explain a given set of empirically known results. “Changing our perspective Part 1: A new thermodynamics” is a continuation of the revolutionary ideas presented by this author, in his several controversial peer reviewed papers. Importantly, a series of simple arguments are strung together enlightening the reader to the possibility that traditional thermodynamics has complicated what should have been, and certainly will become a simple constructive science that the majority can actually envision, comprehend, and then explain. This is just not a tweaking of the science as is done by countless other texts. It is a radical overhaul providing new insights into latent heat, lost work, kinetic theory, heat capacity, Joule's experiment, thermal radiation, Henry's law and the Clausius-Clapeyron equation. And the list just scratches the surface. Accordingly, it will up to you to decide whether you prefer the overly complex traditional conceptualizations, or a simple eloquent science. I.e. you will be asked to apply the principles of Occam's razor. All in all, this book is very insightful; bringing a whole new perspective that can be understood by most who have a scientific and/or engineering background. Importantly, this book will shock you, making you question your indoctrination in a science that you previously wrongfully believed to be mature and unrelenting.

Black Holes Thermodynamics Information And Firewalls

Author: Robert B. Mann
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319144960
Size: 19.54 MB
Format: PDF
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This book reflects the resurgence of interest in the quantum properties of black holes, culminating most recently in controversial discussions about firewalls. On the thermodynamic side, it describes how new developments allowed the inclusion of pressure/volume terms in the first law, leading to a new understanding of black holes as chemical systems, experiencing novel phenomena such as triple points and reentrant phase transitions. On the quantum-information side, the reader learns how basic arguments undergirding quantum complementarity have been shown to be flawed; and how this suggests that a black hole may surround itself with a firewall: a violent and chaotic region of highly excited states. In this thorough and pedagogical treatment, Robert Mann traces these new developments from their roots to our present-day understanding, highlighting their relationships and the challenges they present for quantum gravity.

New Thermodynamics

Author: Kent W Mayhew
ISBN: 9781722479190
Size: 56.87 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Herein a new perspective for thermodynamics is presented. Accepting that useful systems do irreversible work (PdV) onto the surrounding atmosphere, simplifies the science! This becomes the primary reason that most processes are not reversible and has nothing to do with so-called entropy, nor its accomplice, the false postulate commonly known as the second law! For those who insist on fully abiding by your indoctrination, this book is not for you. Rather this book is intended for those who truly possess an open mind, and who seek a simpler readily understandable science, a science vested in constructive logic. This book forms a structure for future contemplation by those in all realms of the science. Its contents contain numerous equations (both accepted and new) along with accompanying insights. Hopefully you will enjoy it, and see the possibilities that such a revolution in thought provides. Even so, at the time of writing this book remains far from perfect but, it is the best that this one man can do. You should find it a great starting point for realigning physics with reality. After reading, hopefully you will find something positive to add to the science, as well as new insights into our imperfect world. KWM

Concise Thermodynamics

Author: Jeremy Dunning-Davies
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857099388
Size: 57.40 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This one-semester course text introduces basic principles of thermodynamics and considers a variety of applications in science and engineering. The modern coverage is compact yet self-contained and holistic, with adequate material in a concise and economically-priced book for advanced undergraduates and postgraduates reading for first and higher degrees, and for professionals in research and industry. The mathematical prerequisite is an understanding of partial differentiation. Introduces basic principles of thermodynamics and considers a variety of applications in science and engineering The modern coverage is compact yet self-contained and holistic, with adequate and concise material

Thermodynamics And Statistical Mechanics

Author: Phil Attard
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780120663217
Size: 50.15 MB
Format: PDF
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The account of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics in Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics is based on entropy and its maximization. Building from first principles, it gives a transparent explanation of the physical behaviour of equilibrium thermodynamic systems, and it presents a comprehensive, self-contained account of the modern mathematical and computational techniques of statistical mechanics. This field of study is of vital importance to researchers, lecturers and students alike. Dr Attard is a well-known researcher in statistical mechanics who has made significant contributions to this field. His book offers a fresh perspective on the foundations of statistical thermodynamics. It includes a number of new results and novel derivations, and provides an intriguing alternative to existing monographs. Especially of note are the simple graphs and figures that illustrate the text throughout and the logical organization of the material. Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics will be an invaluable and comprehensive reference manual for research scientists. This text can be used as a complement to existing texts and for supplementary reading. Offers a fresh perspective on the foundations of statistical thermodynamics Includes a number of new results and novel derivations, and provides an intriguing alternative to existing monographs Simple graphs and figures illustrate the text throughout Logical organization of material An invaluable and comprehensive reference manual for research scientists Can be used as a complement to existing texts and for supplementary reading

A New Ecology

Author: Sven Erik Jørgensen
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080497396
Size: 13.28 MB
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A New Ecology presents an ecosystem theory based on the following ecosystem properties: physical openness, ontic openness, directionality, connectivity, a complex dynamic for growth and development, and a complex dynamic response to disturbances. Each of these properties is developed in detail to show that these basic and characteristic properties can be applied to explain a wide spectrum of ecological obsevations and convections. It is also shown that the properties have application for environmental management and for assessment of ecosystem health. * Demonstrates an ecosystem theory that can be applied to explain ecological observations and rules * Presents an ecosystem theory based upon a systems approach * Discusses an ecosystem theory that is based on a few basic properties that are characteristic for ecosystmes

Chemical Thermodynamics And Information Theory With Applications

Author: Daniel J. Graham
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439820880
Size: 39.55 MB
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Thermodynamics and information touch theory every facet of chemistry. However, the physical chemistry curriculum digested by students worldwide is still heavily skewed toward heat/work principles established more than a century ago. Rectifying this situation, Chemical Thermodynamics and Information Theory with Applications explores applications drawn from the intersection of thermodynamics and information theory—two mature and far-reaching fields. In an approach that intertwines information science and chemistry, this book covers: The informational aspects of thermodynamic state equations The algorithmic aspects of transformations—compression, expansion, cyclic, and more The principles of best-practice programming How molecules transmit and modify information via collisions and chemical reactions Using examples from physical and organic chemistry, this book demonstrates how the disciplines of thermodynamics and information theory are intertwined. Accessible to curiosity-driven chemists with knowledge of basic calculus, probability, and statistics, the book provides a fresh perspective on time-honored subjects such as state transformations, heat and work exchanges, and chemical reactions.