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A New Perspective On Thermodynamics

Author: Bernard H. Lavenda
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781441914309
Size: 53.32 MB
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This book introduces a new outlook on thermodynamics. It brings the theory up to the present time and indicates areas of further development with the union of information theory and the theory of means and their inequalities.

Economics And Thermodynamics

Author: Peter Burley
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401582696
Size: 46.12 MB
Format: PDF
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Over the past two decades we have witnessed something of a revolution in the natural sciences as thermodynamic thinking evolved from an equilibrium, or 'classical', perspective, to a nonequilibrium, or 'self organisational' one. In this transition, thermodynamics has been applied in new ways and in new fields of inquiry. Chemical and biological (evolutionary) processes have been analysed, increasingly, in non equilibrium thermodynamical terms. Economics has, since the late 19th century, relied heavily upon metaphors and analogies derived from the natural sciences - mechanical analogies cast in terms of traditional Newtonian physics and expressed in terms of Cartesian logic have been especially popular. Thermodynamics, on the other hand, has been less popular, despite its early application in economics by Stanley Jevons, the father of modern notions of utility maximisation in neoclassical economics, and despite its promotion in economic contexts by Paul Samuelson, the author of the definitive treatise upon which post war neoclassical economic theory was based, namely, his Foundations of Economic Analysis. The general neglect of thermodynamic thinking in economics was brought to our attention by Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen in the late 1960s, by which time economic theory, evidenced in, for example, the Arrow Debreu general eqUilibrium system, had become so sophisticated that it could not be penetrated by thermodynamical ideas. To Georgescu Roegen, this presented something of a crisis in economics because neglect of thermodynamics led, in his view, to blindness amongst economists to an economy/environment problem in the global economy.

Entropy Information And Evolution

Author: Bruce H. Weber
Publisher: MIT Press (MA)
ISBN: 9780262731683
Size: 57.98 MB
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One of the most exciting and controversial areas of scientific research in recent years has been the application of the principles of nonequilibrium thermodynamics to the problems of the physical evolution of the universe, the origins of life, the structure and succession of ecological systems, and biological evolution.

Understanding Thermodynamics

Author: H.C. Van Ness
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486132285
Size: 38.40 MB
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Clear treatment of systems and first and second laws of thermodynamics features informal language, vivid and lively examples, and fresh perspectives. Excellent supplement for undergraduate science or engineering class.

Thermodynamics And Statistical Mechanics

Author: Phil Attard
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080519180
Size: 56.85 MB
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The account of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics in Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics is based on entropy and its maximization. Building from first principles, it gives a transparent explanation of the physical behaviour of equilibrium thermodynamic systems, and it presents a comprehensive, self-contained account of the modern mathematical and computational techniques of statistical mechanics. This field of study is of vital importance to researchers, lecturers and students alike. Dr Attard is a well-known researcher in statistical mechanics who has made significant contributions to this field. His book offers a fresh perspective on the foundations of statistical thermodynamics. It includes a number of new results and novel derivations, and provides an intriguing alternative to existing monographs. Especially of note are the simple graphs and figures that illustrate the text throughout and the logical organization of the material. Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics will be an invaluable and comprehensive reference manual for research scientists. This text can be used as a complement to existing texts and for supplementary reading. Offers a fresh perspective on the foundations of statistical thermodynamics Includes a number of new results and novel derivations, and provides an intriguing alternative to existing monographs Simple graphs and figures illustrate the text throughout Logical organization of material An invaluable and comprehensive reference manual for research scientists Can be used as a complement to existing texts and for supplementary reading

Continuum Mechanics And Thermodynamics

Author: Ellad B. Tadmor
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107008263
Size: 16.16 MB
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Treats subjects directly related to nonlinear materials modeling for graduate students and researchers in physics, materials science, chemistry and engineering.

Perspectives On Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Yoshitsugu Oono
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107154014
Size: 23.41 MB
Format: PDF
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This original text develops a deep, conceptual understanding of thermal physics and highlights the important links between statistical physics and classical thermodynamics. It examines how thermal physics fits within physics as a whole, and is perfect for undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers interested in a fresh approach to the subject.

A New Perspective On Relativity

Author: Bernard H. Lavenda
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814340480
Size: 10.86 MB
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Starting off from noneuclidean geometries, apart from the method of Einstein's equations, this book derives and describes the phenomena of gravitation and diffraction. A historical account is presented, exposing the missing link in Einstein's construction of the theory of general relativity: the uniformly rotating disc, together with his failure to realize, that the Beltrami metric of hyperbolic geometry with constant curvature describes exactly the uniform acceleration observed. This book also explores these questions: * How does time bend? * Why should gravity propagate at the speed of light? * How does the expansion function of the universe relate to the absolute constant of the noneuclidean geometries? * Why was the Sagnac effect ignored? * Can Maxwell's equations accommodate mass? * Is there an inertia due solely to polarization? * Can objects expand in elliptic geometry like they contract in hyperbolic geometry?

A History Of Thermodynamics

Author: Ingo Müller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540462279
Size: 64.30 MB
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This book offers an easy to read, all-embracing history of thermodynamics. It describes the long development of thermodynamics, from the misunderstood and misinterpreted to the conceptually simple and extremely useful theory that we know today. Coverage identifies not only the famous physicists who developed the field, but also engineers and scientists from other disciplines who helped in the development and spread of thermodynamics as well.