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A Practical Approach To Medical Image Processing

Author: Elizabeth Berry
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1584888253
Size: 39.64 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The ability to manipulate and analyze pictorial information to improve medical diagnosis, monitoring, and therapy via imaging is a valuable tool that every professional working in radiography, medical imaging, and medical physics should utilize. However, previous texts on the subject have only approached the subject from a programming or computer science viewpoint at a mathematically inaccessible level. Unlike these previous publications, A Practical Approach to Medical Imaging Processing provides hands-on instruction, using the freely available software program ImageJ, on all of the skills needed to perform filtering and image enhancement techniques used in structured image discrimination. In this unique text, the author focuses exclusively on image processing and treats medical images in a generic way to highlight the features that all digital images have in common. The book first introduces the main topics in image processing and as it progresses, you will discover relevant points of good practice. The author validates each technique with a corresponding case study, which originates from a published journal article. The case studies demonstrate how the concepts of image processing are applied to real-life situations, such as how to uncover information suffering from distortion and pixel-size limitations. The accompanying CD-ROM contains the Windows version of the ImageJ software, digital images, and documents to be used during the practical activities included in each chapter. With its highly functional workbook approach, A Practical Approach to Medical Image Processing allows you to build your skills in image manipulation and to enjoy the benefits of this valuable field without having to code or develop your own program.

Medical Image Processing

Author: Geoff Dougherty
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441997791
Size: 58.77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The book is designed for end users in the field of digital imaging, who wish to update their skills and understanding with the latest techniques in image analysis. The book emphasizes the conceptual framework of image analysis and the effective use of image processing tools. It uses applications in a variety of fields to demonstrate and consolidate both specific and general concepts, and to build intuition, insight and understanding. Although the chapters are essentially self-contained they reference other chapters to form an integrated whole. Each chapter employs a pedagogical approach to ensure conceptual learning before introducing specific techniques and “tricks of the trade”. The book concentrates on a number of current research applications, and will present a detailed approach to each while emphasizing the applicability of techniques to other problems. The field of topics is wide, ranging from compressive (non-uniform) sampling in MRI, through automated retinal vessel analysis to 3-D ultrasound imaging and more. The book is amply illustrated with figures and applicable medical images. The reader will learn the techniques which experts in the field are currently employing and testing to solve particular research problems, and how they may be applied to other problems.

Applied Medical Image Processing Second Edition

Author: Wolfgang Birkfellner
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1466555599
Size: 32.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A widely used, classroom-tested text, Applied Medical Image Processing: A Basic Course delivers an ideal introduction to image processing in medicine, emphasizing the clinical relevance and special requirements of the field. Avoiding excessive mathematical formalisms, the book presents key principles by implementing algorithms from scratch and using simple MATLAB®/Octave scripts with image data and illustrations on an accompanying CD-ROM or companion website. Organized as a complete textbook, it provides an overview of the physics of medical image processing and discusses image formats and data storage, intensity transforms, filtering of images and applications of the Fourier transform, three-dimensional spatial transforms, volume rendering, image registration, and tomographic reconstruction. This Second Edition of the bestseller: Contains two brand-new chapters on clinical applications and image-guided therapy Devotes more attention to the subject of color space Includes additional examples from radiology, internal medicine, surgery, and radiation therapy Incorporates freely available programs in the public domain (e.g., GIMP, 3DSlicer, and ImageJ) when applicable Beneficial to students of medical physics, biomedical engineering, computer science, applied mathematics, and related fields, as well as medical physicists, radiographers, radiologists, and other professionals, Applied Medical Image Processing: A Basic Course, Second Edition is fully updated and expanded to ensure a perfect blend of theory and practice.

Medical Physics And Biomedical Engineering

Author: B.H Brown
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351991817
Size: 26.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering provides broad coverage appropriate for senior undergraduates and graduates in medical physics and biomedical engineering. Divided into two parts, the first part presents the underlying physics, electronics, anatomy, and physiology and the second part addresses practical applications. The structured approach means that later chapters build and broaden the material introduced in the opening chapters; for example, students can read chapters covering the introductory science of an area and then study the practical application of the topic. Coverage includes biomechanics; ionizing and nonionizing radiation and measurements; image formation techniques, processing, and analysis; safety issues; biomedical devices; mathematical and statistical techniques; physiological signals and responses; and respiratory and cardiovascular function and measurement. Where necessary, the authors provide references to the mathematical background and keep detailed derivations to a minimum. They give comprehensive references to junior undergraduate texts in physics, electronics, and life sciences in the bibliographies at the end of each chapter.

Therapeutic Applications Of Monte Carlo Calculations In Nuclear Medicine

Author: H. Zaidi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420033255
Size: 62.11 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Therapeutic Applications of Monte Carlo Calculations in Nuclear Medicine examines the applications of Monte Carlo (MC) calculations in therapeutic nuclear medicine, from basic principles to computer implementations of software packages and their applications in radiation dosimetry and treatment planning. With chapters written by recognized authorities in the field, the book covers the entire range of MC applications in therapeutic medical and health physics, from its use in imaging prior to therapy to dose distribution modeling in targeted radiotherapy. The contributors discuss the fundamental concepts of radiation dosimetry, radiobiological aspects of targeted radionuclide therapy, and the various components and steps required for implementing a dose calculation and treatment planning methodology in radioimmunotherapy. Several computer programs, such as MIRDOSE, MABDOS, and 3D-ID, are described and illustrated with some useful features and clinical applications. Other potential applications of MC techniques are discussed together with computing aspects of radiation transport calculations. The book is written for nuclear medicine physicists and physicians as well as radiation oncologists, and can serve as a supplementary text for medical imaging, radiation dosimetry, and nuclear engineering graduate courses in science, medical, and engineering institutions.

Proton Therapy Physics

Author: Harald Paganetti
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439836450
Size: 41.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Proton Therapy Physics goes beyond current books on proton therapy to provide an in-depth overview of the physics aspects of this radiation therapy modality, eliminating the need to dig through information scattered in the medical physics literature. After tracing the history of proton therapy, the book summarizes the atomic and nuclear physics background necessary for understanding proton interactions with tissue. It describes the physics of proton accelerators, the parameters of clinical proton beams, and the mechanisms to generate a conformal dose distribution in a patient. The text then covers detector systems and measuring techniques for reference dosimetry, outlines basic quality assurance and commissioning guidelines, and gives examples of Monte Carlo simulations in proton therapy. The book moves on to discussions of treatment planning for single- and multiple-field uniform doses, dose calculation concepts and algorithms, and precision and uncertainties for nonmoving and moving targets. It also examines computerized treatment plan optimization, methods for in vivo dose or beam range verification, the safety of patients and operating personnel, and the biological implications of using protons from a physics perspective. The final chapter illustrates the use of risk models for common tissue complications in treatment optimization. Along with exploring quality assurance issues and biological considerations, this practical guide collects the latest clinical studies on the use of protons in treatment planning and radiation monitoring. Suitable for both newcomers in medical physics and more seasoned specialists in radiation oncology, the book helps readers understand the uncertainties and limitations of precisely shaped dose distribution.

Fundamentals Of Mri

Author: Elizabeth Berry
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1584889020
Size: 66.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Fundamentals of MRI: An Interactive Learning Approach explores the physical principles that underpin the technique of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). After covering background mathematics, physics, and digital imaging, the book presents fundamental physical principles, including magnetization and rotating reference frame. It describes how relaxation mechanisms help predict tissue contrast and how an MR signal is localized to a selected slice through the body. The text then focuses on frequency and phase encoding. It also explores the spin-echo sequence, its scan parameters, and additional imaging sequences, such as inversion recovery and gradient echo. The authors enhance the learning experience with practical materials. Along with questions, exercises, and solutions, they include ten interactive programs on the accompanying CD-ROM. These programs not only allow concepts to be clearly demonstrated and further developed, but also provide an opportunity to engage in the learning process through guided exercises. By providing a solid, hands-on foundation in the physics of MRI, this textbook helps students gain confidence with core concepts before they move on to further study or practical training.

Medical Image Registration

Author: Joseph V. Hajnal
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420042474
Size: 38.66 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Image registration is the process of systematically placing separate images in a common frame of reference so that the information they contain can be optimally integrated or compared. This is becoming the central tool for image analysis, understanding, and visualization in both medical and scientific applications. Medical Image Registration provides the first comprehensive coverage of this emerging field. This monograph details the theory, technology, and practical implementations in a variety of medical settings. International experts thoroughly explain why image registration is important, describe its applications in a nonmathematical way, and include rigorous analysis for those who plan to implement algorithms themselves. It is accessible and informative to those new to the field, yet it provides in-depth treatment for the expert. With its practical examples, extensive illustrations, and comprehensible approach, Medical Image Registration is a must have guide for medical physicists, clinicians, and researchers.

Webb S Physics Of Medical Imaging Second Edition

Author: M A Flower
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 146656895X
Size: 23.20 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Since the publication of the best-selling, highly acclaimed first edition, the technology and clinical applications of medical imaging have changed significantly. Gathering these developments into one volume, Webb’s Physics of Medical Imaging, Second Edition presents a thorough update of the basic physics, modern technology and many examples of clinical application across all the modalities of medical imaging. New to the Second Edition Extensive updates to all original chapters Coverage of state-of-the-art detector technology and computer processing used in medical imaging 11 new contributors in addition to the original team of authors Two new chapters on medical image processing and multimodality imaging More than 50 percent new examples and over 80 percent new figures Glossary of abbreviations, color insert and contents lists at the beginning of each chapter Keeping the material accessible to graduate students, this well-illustrated book reviews the basic physics underpinning imaging in medicine. It covers the major techniques of x-radiology, computerised tomography, nuclear medicine, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging, in addition to infrared, electrical impedance and optical imaging. The text also describes the mathematics of medical imaging, image processing, image perception, computational requirements and multimodality imaging.

Linear Accelerators For Radiation Therapy Second Edition

Author: David Greene
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780750304764
Size: 72.63 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Linear Accelerators for Radiation Therapy, Second Edition focuses on the fundamentals of accelerator systems, explaining the underlying physics and the different features of these systems. This edition includes expanded sections on the treatment head, on x-ray production via multileaf and dynamic collimation for the production of wedged and other intensity modulated beams, on electron scattering systems, and on dosimetry. With high-quality illustrations and practical examples throughout, it contains a detailed description of electron beam optics and linear accelerator components. The final chapter explains how to use other equipment, such as scanners and simulators, in conjunction with linear accelerators for optimum treatment of cancers.