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A Statistical Model

Author: Stephen E. Fienberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461233844
Size: 64.52 MB
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A large number of Mostellar's friends, colleagues, collaborators, and former students have contributed to the preparation of this volume in honor of his 70th birthday. It provides a critical assessment of Mosteller's professional and research contributions to the field of statistics and its applications.

Die Theorie Die Nicht Sterben Wollte

Author: Sharon Bertsch McGrayne
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 364237770X
Size: 66.96 MB
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Suchmaschinen und Qualitätsmanagement, Versicherungen und Erdbebenvorhersagen, Verkehrsflüsse, Geheimcodes und medizinische Prognosen – die sogenannte Bayes’sche Regel ist geradezu allgegenwärtig und dennoch nur wenigen vertraut. Dabei ist sie in ihrer grundlegenden Aussage bestechend einfach: Man beginnt mit einer Vermutung und revidiert diese anhand neuer, objektiver Informationen – und gelangt so zu einer verbesserten Annahme. Für seine Anhänger ist das Bayes-Theorem eine elegante Formulierung dafür, dass man aus Erfahrung klug wird, und ein mathematisches Instrument, das einer klaren Linie folgt. Für seine Gegner ist es ein Amoklauf der Subjektivität. Sharon Bertsch McGrayne schildert in ihrem spannenden Sachbuch die erstaunliche Geschichte dieser Regel und berichtet von der Besessenheit ihrer Anhänger und Gegner. Sie beschreibt die Entdeckung des Theorems durch den britischen Geistlichen und Amateurmathematiker Thomas Bayes in den 1740er-Jahren und seine Weiterentwicklung in eine moderne Form, die fast der heutigen entspricht, durch den französischen Wissenschaftler Pierre Simon Laplace. Sie deckt auf, warum angesehene Statistiker das Theorem 150 Jahre lang mit einem Tabu belegten, während in der gleichen Zeit Praktiker darauf zurückgriffen, um Probleme zu lösen, die mit großen Unsicherheiten und einem Mangel an Informationen einhergingen. Eine wichtige Rolle spielte dabei Alan Turing, als er im Zweiten Weltkrieg den deutschen Enigma-Code knackte. Die Autorin erklärt schließlich, wie mit dem Aufkommen der immer preiswerter und für alle verfügbaren Computertechnologie in den 1980er-Jahren ein ganz neues Zeitalter für das Bayes-Theorem anbrach. Heute spielt es in Wissenschaft, Technik und Gesellschaft fast überall eine Rolle – ob es nun um die Entschlüsselung der DNA, das Börsengeschehen oder die Terrorabwehr geht.

Theory Of Statistics

Author: Mark J. Schervish
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461242509
Size: 78.76 MB
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The aim of this graduate textbook is to provide a comprehensive advanced course in the theory of statistics covering those topics in estimation, testing, and large sample theory which a graduate student might typically need to learn as preparation for work on a Ph.D. An important strength of this book is that it provides a mathematically rigorous and even-handed account of both Classical and Bayesian inference in order to give readers a broad perspective. For example, the "uniformly most powerful" approach to testing is contrasted with available decision-theoretic approaches.

Annotated Readings In The History Of Statistics

Author: H.A. David
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475735006
Size: 33.44 MB
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This book provides a selection of pioneering papers or extracts ranging from Pascal (1654) to R.A. Fisher (1930). The editors'annotations put the articles in perspective for the modern reader. A special feature of the book is the large number of translations, nearly all made by the authors. There are several reasons for studying the history of statistics: intrinsic interest in how the field of statistics developed, learning from often brilliant ideas and not reinventing the wheel, and livening up general courses in statistics by reference to important contributors.

Selected Papers Of Frederick Mosteller

Author: Stephen E. Fienberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387449566
Size: 38.46 MB
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One of the best known statisticians of the 20th century, Frederick Mosteller has inspired numerous statisticians and other scientists by his creative approach to statistics and its applications. This volume collects 40 of his most original and influential papers, capturing the variety and depth of his writings. It is hoped that sharing these writings with a new generation of researchers will inspire them to build upon his insights and efforts.

The Pleasures Of Statistics

Author: Frederick Mosteller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387779566
Size: 29.51 MB
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From his unique perspective, renowned statistician and educator Frederick Mosteller describes many of the projects and events in his long career. From humble beginnings in western Pennsylvania to becoming the founding chairman of Harvard University’s Department of Statistics and beyond, he inspired many statisticians, scientists, and students with his unabashed pragmatism, creative thinking, and zest for both learning and teaching. This candid account offers fresh insights into the qualities that made Mosteller a superb teacher, a prolific scholar, a respected leader, and a valued advisor. A special feature of the book is its chapter-length insider accounts of work on the pre-election polls of 1948, statistical aspects of the Kinsey report on sexual behavior in the human male, mathematical learning theory, authorship of the disputed Federalist papers, safety of anesthetics, and a wide-ranging examination of the Coleman report on equality of educational opportunity. This volume is a companion to Selected Papers of Frederick Mosteller (Springer, 2006) and A Statistical Model: Frederick Mosteller’s Contributions to Statistics, Science, and Public Policy (Springer-Verlag, 1990). Frederick Mosteller (1916–2006) was Roger I. Lee Professor of Mathematical Statistics at Harvard University. His manuscript was unfinished at his death and has been updated.

Reminiscences Of A Statistician

Author: Erich L. Lehmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387715971
Size: 31.99 MB
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This relatively nontechnical book is the first account of the history of statistics from the Fisher revolution to the computer revolution. It sketches the careers, and highlights some of the work, of 65 people, most of them statisticians. What gives the book its special character is its emphasis on the author's interaction with these people and the inclusion of many personal anecdotes. Combined, these portraits provide an amazing fly-on-the-wall view of statistics during the period in question. The stress is on ideas and technical material is held to a minimum. Thus the book is accessible to anyone with at least an elementary background in statistics.

Test Equating

Author: Michael J. Kolen
Publisher: Copernicus
ISBN: 9780387944869
Size: 50.36 MB
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Many researchers in the psychology and statistical communities have paid increasing attention to test equating as issues of using multiple test forms have arisen and in response to criticisms of traditional testing techniques. This text provides a practically-oriented introduction to test equating, covering discussions of the most frequently used equating methodologies and many of the practical issues involved. The main themes covered bu the book are: the purposes and assumptions of equating; classical equating methods; item response theory equating methods; standard errors of equating; and practical issues in equating.