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A Tale Of Seven Scientists And A New Philosophy Of Science

Author: Eric Scerri
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019023301X
Size: 34.99 MB
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In his latest book, Eric Scerri presents a completely original account of the nature of scientific progress. It consists of a holistic and unified approach in which science is seen as a living and evolving single organism. Instead of scientific revolutions featuring exceptionally gifted individuals, Scerri argues that the "little people" contribute as much as the "heroes" of science. To do this he examines seven case studies of virtually unknown chemists and physicists in the early 20th century quest to discover the structure of the atom. They include the amateur scientist Anton van den Broek who pioneered the notion of atomic number as well as Edmund Stoner a then physics graduate student who provided the seed for Pauli's Exclusion Principle. Another case is the physicist John Nicholson who is virtually unknown and yet was the first to propose the notion of quantization of angular momentum that was soon put to good use by Niels Bohr. Instead of focusing on the logic and rationality of science, Scerri elevates the role of trial and error and multiple discovery and moves beyond the notion of scientific developments being right or wrong. While criticizing Thomas Kuhn's notion of scientific revolutions he agrees with Kuhn that science is not drawn towards an external truth but is rather driven from within. The book will enliven the long-standing debate on the nature of science, which has increasingly shied away from the big question of "what is science?"

Mendeleev To Oganesson

Author: Eric Scerri
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190668539
Size: 55.82 MB
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Since 1969, the international chemistry community has only held conferences on the topic of the Periodic Table three times, and the 2012 conference in Cusco, Peru was the first in almost a decade. The conference was highly interdisciplinary, featuring papers on geology, physics, mathematical and theoretical chemistry, the history and philosophy of chemistry, and chemical education, from the most reputable Periodic Table scholars across the world. Eric Scerri and Guillermo Restrepo have collected fifteen of the strongest papers presented at this conference, from the most notable Periodic Table scholars. The collected volume will contain pieces on chemistry, philosophy of science, applied mathematics, and science education.

Karl Popper Science And Enlightenment

Author: Nicholas Maxwell
Publisher: UCL Press
ISBN: 178735041X
Size: 59.16 MB
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Here is an idea that just might save the world. It is that science, properly understood, provides us with the methodological key to the salvation of humanity. A version of this idea can be found in the works of Karl Popper. Famously, Popper argued that science cannot verify theories but can only refute them, and this is how science makes progress. Scientists are forced to think up something better, and it is this, according to Popper, that drives science forward.But Nicholas Maxwell finds a flaw in this line of argument. Physicists only ever accept theories that are unified – theories that depict the same laws applying to the range of phenomena to which the theory applies – even though many other empirically more successful disunified theories are always available. This means that science makes a questionable assumption about the universe, namely that all disunified theories are false. Without some such presupposition as this, the whole empirical method of science breaks down.By proposing a new conception of scientific methodology, which can be applied to all worthwhile human endeavours with problematic aims, Maxwell argues for a revolution in academic inquiry to help humanity make progress towards a better, more civilized and enlightened world.

A Tale Of Seven Elements

Author: Eric Scerri
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0195391314
Size: 30.70 MB
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In A Tale of Seven Elements, Eric Scerri presents the fascinating history of those seven elements discovered to be mysteriously "missing" from the periodic table in 1913.

Philosophy Of Chemistry

Author: Eric Scerri
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401793646
Size: 36.99 MB
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This volume follows the successful book, which has helped to introduce and spread the Philosophy of Chemistry to a wider audience of philosophers, historians, science educators as well as chemists, physicists and biologists. The introduction summarizes the way in which the field has developed in the ten years since the previous volume was conceived and introduces several new authors who did not contribute to the first edition. The editors are well placed to assemble this book, as they are the editor in chief and deputy editors of the leading academic journal in the field, Foundations of Chemistry. The philosophy of chemistry remains a somewhat neglected field, unlike the philosophy of physics and the philosophy of biology. Why there has been little philosophical attention to the central discipline of chemistry among the three natural sciences is a theme that is explored by several of the contributors. This volume will do a great deal to redress this imbalance. Among the themes covered is the question of reduction of chemistry to physics, the reduction of biology to chemistry, whether true chemical laws exist and causality in chemistry. In addition more general questions of the nature of organic chemistry, biochemistry and chemical synthesis are examined by specialist in these areas.

Autobiography Of A Yogi Pb Grk

Author: Paramahansa Yogananda
Publisher: Self-Realization Fellowship Publishers
ISBN: 9780876121290
Size: 11.90 MB
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Selected as "One of the 100 Best Spiritual Books of the 20th Century," Yogananda's Autobiography of a Yogi has been translated into over 20 languages, and is regarded worldwide as a spiritual classic. It reads like an adventure story while answering questions about religion, God, existence, yoga, higher consciousness, and the challenges of daily spiritual living. It is a book for people of all faiths - anyone yearning to know what life is truly all about. Self Realization Fellowship's editions, and non others, incorporate all of the author's significant revisions to the text of the 1946 first edition.

Author: Jeff VanderMeer
Publisher: Εκδόσεις Καστανιώτη
ISBN: 9600359830
Size: 49.79 MB
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Μια τετραμελής ομάδα –μια ψυχολόγος, μια βιολόγος, μια ανθρωπολόγος και μια χωρομέτρης– στέλνεται να εξερευνήσει την αποκλεισμένη, μυστηριώδη Περιοχή Χ (είναι η δωδέκατη αποστολή που αναλαμβάνει τούτη την εξερεύνηση). Εκεί, μες στην παρθένα ερημιά, όπου δεν απομένουν παρά μόνο τα χαλάσματα ενός εγκαταλειμμένου χωριού, τα τέσσερα μέλη βρίσκουν έναν μυστηριώδη πύργο βυθισμένο στη γη, που στους τοίχους του ξετυλίγεται μια παράξενη γραφή φτιαγμένη από μύκητες, και στην άλλη άκρη της Περιοχής Χ ένα φάρο με ίχνη, μέσα, ενός τρομερού μακελειού. Πατώντας στέρεα στη λογοτεχνία του Χ. Φ. Λάβκραφτ και του Τζ. Γκ. Μπάλαρντ, μα και στο Σολάρις, ίσως, του Στάνισλαβ Λεμ, και στην αίσθηση που δίνει μια ταινία όπως το Στάλκερ του Αντρέι Ταρκόφσκι, ο Τζεφ Βάντερμιερ στον Αφανισμό (βραβευμένο με το Βραβείο Nebula το 2014), το πρώτο μυθιστόρημα της Τριλογίας της Νότιας Ζώνης, πλάθει μια εφιαλτική και συνάμα μαγευτική μα εντελώς μοναδική ιστορία επιστημονικής φαντασίας, ένα από εκείνα τα σπάνια βιβλία που εντέλει, και παρά τις όποιες ομοιότητες και αναφορές, στέκουν μόνα τους, δίχως στην πραγματικότητα να έχουν όμοιό τους.

Author: Χάνια Γιαναγκιχάρα
Publisher: Metaichmio Publications
ISBN: 6180309663
Size: 15.72 MB
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Τέσσερις φίλοι και συμφοιτητές μετακομίζουν, μετά την αποφοίτησή τους, στη Νέα Υόρκη για να φτιάξουν τη ζωή τους – άφραγκοι, χαμένοι, με μόνο τους στήριγμα τη φιλία τους και τις φιλοδοξίες τους: Ο ευγενής, ωραίος Γουίλεμ, επίδοξος ηθοποιός· ο Τζέι Μπι, ζωγράφος από το Μπρούκλιν, που προσπαθεί να κατακτήσει τον καλλιτεχνικό κόσμο∙ ο Μάλκολμ, αρχιτέκτονας σε μια σημαντική εταιρεία∙ και ο Τζουντ – ο ιδιοφυής, αινιγματικός Τζουντ. Όπως περνούν οι δεκαετίες, οι σχέσεις τους βαθαίνουν, αλλά και σκοτεινιάζουν, καθώς τις χρωματίζουν ο εθισμός, η επιτυχία, η περηφάνια. Ωστόσο η σπουδαιότερη πρόκληση, συνειδητοποιούν όλοι, είναι ο ίδιος ο Τζουντ, πλέον ένας απίστευτα χαρισματικός δικηγόρος μα και ένας άνθρωπος ολοένα και πιο διαλυμένος, με το σώμα του και τον νου του σημαδεμένα από τους ανείπωτους τρόμους της παιδικής του ηλικίας – κυνηγημένος από τραύματα που φοβάται ότι όχι μόνο δεν θα ξεπεράσει ποτέ, αλλά και θα τον ορίζουν για πάντα. Με πρόζα πλούσια και λαμπρή, η Γιαναγκιχάρα γράφει έναν τραγικό, υπερβατικό ύμνο στην αγάπη, μια αριστοτεχνική απεικόνιση του σπαραγμού, της τυραννίας της μνήμης και των ορίων της ανθρώπινης αντοχής.

Author: Μαρκήσιος Ντε Σαντ
Publisher: Metaichmio Publications
ISBN: 6180309736
Size: 37.42 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Κάποια άτομα της υψηλής γαλλικής κοινωνίας συναντιούνται σ' έναν συγκεκριμένο χώρο, με σκοπό ν' ανταλλάξουν απόψεις αλλά και για να χαρούν, από κοινού, τις χαρές του έρωτα. Καταφτάνει, επίσης, εκεί και μια νέα κοπέλα, η Ευγενία, την οποία οι αριστοκράτες θα θελήσουν να διδάξουν και να νουθετήσουν, αλλά και να μυήσουν στα μυστήρια της ερωτικής απόλαυσης - πράγμα που γίνεται. Το μεγαλύτερο μέρος του βιβλίου κυλά με σεξουαλικά όργια αλλά και φιλοσοφικές συζητήσεις.