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A Tale Of Seven Scientists And A New Philosophy Of Science

Author: Eric Scerri
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190233001
Size: 11.19 MB
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In his latest book, Eric Scerri presents a completely original account of the nature of scientific progress. It consists of a holistic and unified approach in which science is seen as a living and evolving single organism. Instead of scientific revolutions featuring exceptionally gifted individuals, Scerri argues that the "little people" contribute as much as the "heroes" of science. To do this he examines seven case studies of virtually unknown chemists and physicists in the early 20th century quest to discover the structure of the atom. They include the amateur scientist Anton van den Broek who pioneered the notion of atomic number as well as Edmund Stoner a then physics graduate student who provided the seed for Pauli's Exclusion Principle. Another case is the physicist John Nicholson who is virtually unknown and yet was the first to propose the notion of quantization of angular momentum that was soon put to good use by Niels Bohr. Instead of focusing on the logic and rationality of science, Scerri elevates the role of trial and error and multiple discovery and moves beyond the notion of scientific developments being right or wrong. While criticizing Thomas Kuhn's notion of scientific revolutions he agrees with Kuhn that science is not drawn towards an external truth but is rather driven from within. The book will enliven the long-standing debate on the nature of science, which has increasingly shied away from the big question of "what is science?"

A Tale Of Seven Elements

Author: Eric Scerri
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0195391314
Size: 59.83 MB
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In A Tale of Seven Elements, Eric Scerri presents the fascinating history of those seven elements discovered to be mysteriously "missing" from the periodic table in 1913.

Mendeleev To Oganesson

Author: Eric Scerri
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190668547
Size: 52.53 MB
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Since 1969, the international chemistry community has only held conferences on the topic of the Periodic Table three times, and the 2012 conference in Cusco, Peru was the first in almost a decade. The conference was highly interdisciplinary, featuring papers on geology, physics, mathematical and theoretical chemistry, the history and philosophy of chemistry, and chemical education, from the most reputable Periodic Table scholars across the world. Eric Scerri and Guillermo Restrepo have collected fifteen of the strongest papers presented at this conference, from the most notable Periodic Table scholars. The collected volume will contain pieces on chemistry, philosophy of science, applied mathematics, and science education.

Resisting Scientific Realism

Author: K. Brad Wray
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108244564
Size: 75.40 MB
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In this book K. Brad Wray provides a comprehensive survey of the arguments against scientific realism. In addition to presenting logical considerations that undermine the realists' inferences to the likely truth or approximate truth of our theories, he provides a thorough assessment of the evidence from the history of science. He also examines grounds for a defence of anti-realism, including an anti-realist explanation for the success of our current theories, an account of why false theories can be empirically successful, and an explanation for why we should expect radical changes of theory in the future. His arguments are supported and illustrated by cases from the history of science, including a sustained study of the Copernican Revolution, and a study of the revolution in early twentieth century chemistry, when chemists came to classify elements by their atomic number rather than by their atomic weight.

Essays In The Philosophy Of Chemistry

Author: Eric Scerri
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019049459X
Size: 17.33 MB
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The philosophy of chemistry has emerged in recent years as a new and autonomous field within the Anglo-American philosophical tradition. With the development of this new discipline, Eric Scerri and Grant Fisher's "The Philosophy of Chemistry" is a timely and definitive guide to all current thought in this field. This edited volume will serve to map out the distinctive features of the field and its connections to the philosophies of the natural sciences and general philosophy of science more broadly. It will be a reference for students and professional alike. Both the philosophy of chemistry and philosophies of scientific practice alike reflect the splitting of analytical and continental scholastic traditions, and some philosophers are turning for inspiration from the familiar resources of analytical philosophy to influences from the continental tradition and pragmatism. While philosophy of chemistry is practiced very much within the familiar analytical tradition, it is also capable of trail-blazing new philosophical approaches. In such a way, the seemingly disparate disciplines such as the "hard sciences" and philosophy become much more linked.

The Periodic Table A Very Short Introduction

Author: Eric R. Scerri
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199582491
Size: 24.55 MB
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An introduction to the periodic table explores the deeper implications of the arrangements of the table to atomic physics and quantum mechanics.

The Sceptical Optimist

Author: Nicholas Agar
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198717059
Size: 51.95 MB
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Radical optimism and the technology bias -- Is there a law of technological progress? -- Does technological progress make us happier? -- The new paradox of progress -- We need technological progress experiments -- Why technological progress won't end poverty -- Choosing a tempo of technological progress -- Afterword : don't turn well-being technologies in Procrustean beds.

Karl Popper Science And Enlightenment

Author: Nicholas Maxwell
Publisher: UCL Press
ISBN: 178735041X
Size: 31.49 MB
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Here is an idea that just might save the world. It is that science, properly understood, provides us with the methodological key to the salvation of humanity. A version of this idea can be found in the works of Karl Popper. Famously, Popper argued that science cannot verify theories but can only refute them, and this is how science makes progress. Scientists are forced to think up something better, and it is this, according to Popper, that drives science forward.But Nicholas Maxwell finds a flaw in this line of argument. Physicists only ever accept theories that are unified – theories that depict the same laws applying to the range of phenomena to which the theory applies – even though many other empirically more successful disunified theories are always available. This means that science makes a questionable assumption about the universe, namely that all disunified theories are false. Without some such presupposition as this, the whole empirical method of science breaks down.By proposing a new conception of scientific methodology, which can be applied to all worthwhile human endeavours with problematic aims, Maxwell argues for a revolution in academic inquiry to help humanity make progress towards a better, more civilized and enlightened world.

Merchants Of Doubt

Author: Naomi Oreskes
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 1608193942
Size: 72.21 MB
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"Anyone concerned about the state of democracy in America should read this book."-Al Gore

The Seven Circles

Author: Richard Omura
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 0595141552
Size: 75.16 MB
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The Seven Circles is the account of a man who arrives in the far future when spiritual reality is a proven fact and mankind has evolved to a higher state. William Drake, the protagonist, finds that his values are completely irrelevant and his dog-eat-dog attitude a barbaric anachronism. That being the case, he is surprised to find that his company is desired by many just for the reason that his, by comparison, savage qualities are rare and gives the people the opportunity to “turn the other cheek” when faced with his behavior and thereby gain spiritual growth from the experience. The downside is that he is not allowed complete freedom until he has progressed in his own self-mastery through the conquest of the Seven Circles of spiritual, intellectual and material attainment; a daunting challenge for anyone, much less an atheist. tten in the first person, the narrative of William Drake tells of his falling in love with the person who had revived him, Sheila, and of his own spiritual uplift and downfall as he encounters a myriad of personalities, celestial and human, and undergoes transforming experiences that make his soul evolve in cosmic growth.