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A Theory Of Action Identification

Author: Robin R. Vallacher
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317767861
Size: 34.28 MB
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First published in 1985. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Brooks Cole Empowerment Series Human Behavior In The Social Environment

Author: Jose Ashford
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 084002911X
Size: 40.75 MB
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This lively, comprehensive introduction to human behavior in the social environment offers a multidimensional approach to the topic, with discussion of integrative practice, theory, treatment, and services as well as matters pertaining to diversity addressed throughout the text. The text provides solid coverage of foundation knowledge, integrates the biopsychosocial dimensions for assessing social functioning, and offers case studies to illuminate the applied aspects of the content. Furthermore, as part of the Brooks/Cole Empowerment Series, the fifth edition thoroughly integrates the core competencies and recommended practice behaviors outlined in the 2008 Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards (EPAS) set by the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE), thus helping students connect foundation knowledge with specific practice concerns. Study tables and concept maps (for each discussion of behavior in the development chapters) clarify major phases of biopsychosocial development across the life span. This framework gives students a concrete tool for assessing human behavior from a perspective that reflects the values and knowledge base of the social work profession. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Waging War Planning Peace

Author: Aaron Rapport
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801455634
Size: 59.64 MB
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As the U.S. experience in Iraq following the 2003 invasion made abundantly clear, failure to properly plan for risks associated with postconflict stabilization and reconstruction can have a devastating impact on the overall success of a military mission. In Waging War, Planning Peace, Aaron Rapport investigates how U.S. presidents and their senior advisers have managed vital noncombat activities while the nation is in the midst of fighting or preparing to fight major wars. He argues that research from psychology—specifically, construal level theory—can help explain how individuals reason about the costs of postconflict noncombat operations that they perceive as lying in the distant future. In addition to preparations for "Phase IV" in the lead-up to the Iraq War, Rapport looks at the occupation of Germany after World War II, the planned occupation of North Korea in 1950, and noncombat operations in Vietnam in 1964 and 1965. Applying his insights to these cases, he finds that civilian and military planners tend to think about near-term tasks in concrete terms, seriously assessing the feasibility of the means they plan to employ to secure valued ends. For tasks they perceive as further removed in time, they tend to focus more on the desirability of the overarching goals they are pursuing rather than the potential costs, risks, and challenges associated with the means necessary to achieve these goals. Construal level theory, Rapport contends, provides a coherent explanation of how a strategic disconnect can occur. It can also show postwar planners how to avoid such perilous missteps.

Social Emotions In Nature And Artifact

Author: Jonathan Gratch
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195387643
Size: 65.39 MB
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Recent years have seen the rise of a remarkable partnership between the social and computational sciences on the phenomena of emotions. This book reports on the state-of-the-art in both social science theory and computational methods, and illustrates how these two fields, together, can both facilitate practical computer/robotic applications and illuminate human social processes.

Research Methodology

Author: C. R. Kothari
Publisher: New Age International
ISBN: 8122415229
Size: 31.42 MB
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About the Book: This second edition has been thoroughly revised and updated and efforts have been made to enhance the usefulness of the book. In this edition a new chapter The Computer: Its Role in Research have been added keeping in view of the fact tha

Brooks Cole Empowerment Series Understanding Human Behavior And The Social Environment

Author: Charles Zastrow
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0840028652
Size: 36.14 MB
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Zastrow and Kirst-Ashman’s UNDERSTANDING HUMAN BEHAVIOR AND THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT looks at lifespan through the lens of social work theory and practice, covering human development and behavior theories within the context of family, organizational, and community systems. Using a chronological lifespan approach, the book presents separate chapters on biological, psychological, and social impacts at the different lifespan stages with an emphasis on strengths and empowerment. As part of the Brooks/Cole Empowerment Series, this edition is completely up to date and thoroughly integrates the core competencies and recommended practice behaviors outlined in the 2008 Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards (EPAS) set by the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE). Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Behaviour Change

Author: Great Britain: Parliament: House of Lords: Science and Technology Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780108473647
Size: 22.19 MB
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The currently influential book 'Nudge' by Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein advocates a range of non-regulatory interventions that seek to influence behaviour by altering the context or environment in which people choose, and seek to influence behaviour in ways which people often do not notice. This approach differs from more traditional government attempts to change behaviour, which have either used regulatory interventions or relied on overt persuasion. The current Government have taken a considerable interest in the use of 'nudge interventions'. One aim of this inquiry, therefore, is to assess the evidence-base for the effectiveness of this approach. However it also examines evidence for the effectiveness of other types of policy intervention and asks whether the Government make good use of the full range of available evidence. The Committee's central finding is that non-regulatory measures used in isolation, including 'nudges', are less likely to be effective. Effective policies often use a range of interventions. A lot more could, and should, be done to improve the evaluation of interventions. Specific recommendations include: the Government must invest in gathering more evidence about what measures work to influence population behaviour change; they should appoint an independent Chief Social Scientist to provide them with robust and independent scientific advice; the Government should take steps to implement a traffic light system of nutritional labelling on all food packaging.

The Future Of Identity

Author: Kenneth Hoover
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 0739155415
Size: 75.16 MB
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Erik Erikson's lifetime of clinical and interdisciplinary work on human development centered on the formation and maintenance of identity among people of diverse backgrounds. In this volume key scholars of identity from various disciplines, some who knew and worked with Erikson, discuss and assess his legacy. Truly trans-disciplinary in scope Erikson and his scholarship begs to be revisited by psychologists, sociologists, anthropologists, and students of cultural studies.

Planned Behavior

Author: Mason Gross
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351499572
Size: 39.88 MB
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Psychologists regard the relationship between attitudes and behavior as a key to understanding human behavior. Here leading researchers discuss basic and applied issues relating to how human thought translates into action. The contributors focus on the theory of planned behavior, a model of attitude-behavior relations that takes into account not just attitudes, but also the influence of significant others around us, issues of personal agency, and motivation. The book begins with an overview of the theory of planned behavior, from the initial impetus to better understand attitude-behavior relations, through the theory of reasoned action, to the theory of planned behavior. Among the applied issues discussed in subsequent chapters are using the model to predict homeless persons' use of services, understanding the motivation underpinning suicide in an at-risk sample, and experimentally manipulating antecedents of risky driving behavior. More methodologically oriented chapters explore how the theory of planned behavior may be developed in the future. Several chapters discuss the potential integration of the theory of planned behavior with social identity theory and goal theory; other chapters discuss the key components of the theory of planned behavior and whether the theory might usefully be extended with the concept of descriptive norms. This book considers a full spectrum of important developments that enhance our understanding of the theory of planned behavior and efforts to extend it. From applications to new avenues for research, the chapters that make up this book address important issues surrounding theoretical and practical approaches to addressing problems in attitude-behavior research.