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A Vindication Of The Rights Of Woman

Author: Mary Wollstonecraft
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 1603849386
Size: 11.35 MB
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This edition features a shrewd, annotated abridgment of Mary Wollstonecrafts A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) accompanied by an array of texts that help situate the Vindication in its political, historical, and intellectual contexts. Included are key selections from Wollstonecrafts other writings; from closely related works by Burke, Paine, Godwin, Rousseau, Macaulay, Talleyrand, and Brockden Brown; and from the 1789 Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen and de Gouges Declaration of the Rights of Woman and Female Citizen (1791).

Enlightenment Thought

Author: Margaret L. King
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 1624667554
Size: 70.85 MB
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"Margaret L. King has put together a highly representative selection of readings from most of the more significant—but by no means the most obvious—texts by the authors who made up the movement we have come to call the 'Enlightenment.' They range across much of Europe and the Americas, and from the early seventeenth century until the end of the eighteenth. In the originality of the choice of texts, in its range and depth, this collection offers both wide coverage and striking insights into the intellectual transformation which has done more than any other to shape the world in which we live today. It is simply the best introduction to the subject now available." —Anthony Pagden, UCLA, and author of The Enlightenment and Why It Still Matters Contents: Chronology, Introduction Chapter One - Casting Out Idols: 1620–1697 Idols, or false notions: Francis Bacon, The New Instrument (1620) I think, therefore I am: René Descartes, Discourse on Method (1637) God, or Nature: Baruch Spinoza, Ethics (1677) The system of the world: Isaac Newton, Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy (1687) He searched for truth throughout his life: Pierre Bayle, Historical and Critical Dictionary (1697) Chapter Two - The Learned Maid: 1638–1740 A face raised toward heaven: Anna Maria van Schurman, Whether the Study of Letters Befits a Christian Woman (1638) The worlds I have made: Margaret Cavendish, The Blazing World (1666) A finer sort of cattle: Bathsua Makin, An Essay to Revive the Ancient Education of Gentlewomen (1673) I warn you of the world: Madame de Maintenon, Letter: On the Education of the Demoiselles of Saint-Cyr (August 1, 1686), and Instruction: On the World (1707) The daybreak of your reason: Émilie Du Châtelet, Fundamentals of Physics (1740) Chapter Three - A State of Perfect Freedom: 1689–1695 The chief criterion of the True Church: John Locke, Letter on Toleration (1689) Freedom from any superior power on earth: John Locke, Second Treatise on Civil Government (1689) A white paper, with nothing written on it: John Locke, Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1689) Let your rules be as few as possible: John Locke, Some Thoughts Concerning Education (1693) From death, Jesus Christ restores all to life: John Locke, The Reasonableness of Christianity, as Delivered in the Scriptures (1695) Chapter Four - All Things Made New: 1725–1784 In the wilderness, they are reborn: Giambattista Vico, The New Science (1725/1730/1744) Without these Names, nothing can be known, Carl Linnaeus, System of Nature (1735) All the clouds at last are lifted: Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, The Successive Advancement of the Human Mind (1750) A genealogical or encyclopedic tree of knowledge: Jean le Rond d’Alembert, Preliminary Discourse (1751) Dare to know! : Immanuel Kant, What Is Enlightenment? (1784) Chapter Five - Mind, Soul, and God: 1740–1779 The narrow limits of human understanding: David Hume, An Abstract of a Book Lately Published (1740) The soul is but an empty word: Julien Offray de La Mettrie, Man a Machine (1747) All is reduced to sensation: Claude Adrien Helvétius, On the Mind (1758) An endless web of fantasies and falsehoods: Paul-Henri Thiry, baron d’Holbach, Common Sense (1772) Let each believe that his own ring is real: Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Nathan the Wise (1779) Chapter Six - Crush That Infamous Thing: 1733–1764 This is the country of sects: Voltaire, Philosophical Letters (1733) Disfigured by myth, until enlightenment comes: Voltaire, The Culture and Spirit of Nations (1756) The best of all possible worlds: Voltaire, Candide (1759) Are we not all children of the same God?: Voltaire, Treatise on Tolerance (1763) If a book displeases you, refute it! : Voltaire, Philosophical Dictionary (1764) Chapter Seven - Toward the Greater Good: 1748–1776 Things must be so ordered that power checks power, Charles de Secondat, baron de Montesquieu, The Spirit of the Laws (1748) Complete freedom of trade must be ensured: François Quesnay, General Maxims for the Economic Management of an Agricultural Kingdom (1758) The nation's war against the citizen: Cesare Beccaria, On Crimes and Punishments (1764) There is no peace in the absence of justice: Adam Ferguson, An Essay on the History of Civil Society (1767) Led by an invisible hand: Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776) Chapter Eight - Encountering Others: 1688–1785 Thus died this great man: Aphra Behn, Oroonoko: or The Royal Slave (1688) Not one sins the less for not being Christian: Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, Embassy Letters (1716–1718) Do you not restore to them their liberty?: Guillaume-Thomas Raynal, Philosophical and Political History of European Colonies and Commerce in the Two Indies (1770) Some things which are rather interesting: Captain James Cook, Voyage towards the South Pole, and Round the World (1777) The inner genius of my being: Johann Gottfried von Herder, Ideas for a Philosophy of the History of Humankind (1785) Chapter - Nine Citizen of Geneva: 1755–1782 The most cunning project ever to enter the human mind: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Human Inequality (1754) The supreme direction of the General Will: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract (1762) Two lovers from a small town at the foot of the Alps, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Julie, or the New Heloise (1761) Build a fence around your child’s soul: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Emile, or On Education (1762) This man will be myself: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Confessions (1770) Chapter Ten - Vindications of Women: 1685–1792 No higher design than to get her a husband: Mary Astell, Reflections on Marriage (1700) The days of my bondage begin: Anna Stanisławska, Orphan Girl (1685) A dying victim dragged to the altar: Denis Diderot, The Nun (1760/1780) Created to be the toy of man: Mary Wollstonecraft, Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) Man, are you capable of being just?: Olympe de Gouges, Declaration of the Rights of Woman as Citizen (1791) Chapter Eleven - American Reverberations: 1771–1792 I took upon me to assert my freedom: Benjamin Franklin, Autobiography (1771/1792) Freedom has been hunted round the globe: Thomas Paine, Common Sense (1776) Endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights: Thomas Jefferson and Others, Declaration of Independence (1776) A safeguard against faction and insurrection: James Madison, Federalist No. 10 (1787) An end to government by force and fraud: Thomas Paine, The Rights of Man (1791–1792) Chapter Twelve - Enlightenment's End: 1790–1794 A partnership of the living, the dead, and those unborn: Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790) The future destiny of the human species: Nicolas de Condorcet, A Sketch of a Historical Portrait of the Progress of the Human Mind (1793–1794) Texts and Studies, Index

Die H Rigkeit Der Frau

Author: John Stuart Mill
Publisher: Musaicum Books
ISBN: 8027205727
Size: 14.38 MB
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Diese Ausgabe von "Die Hörigkeit der Frau" wurde mit einem funktionalen Layout erstellt und sorgfältig formatiert. John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) war ein englischer Philosoph und Ökonom und einer der einflussreichsten liberalen Denker des 19. Jahrhunderts. Er war Anhänger des Utilitarismus, der von Jeremy Bentham, dem Lehrer und Freund seines Vaters James Mill, entwickelt wurde. Aus dem Buch: "Bei allen zarteren Verrichtungen der Natur - von welchen die der belebten Schöpfung die zartesten und von diesen wieder die des Nervensystems die allerzartesten sind - hängen die Verschiedenheiten der Wirkung ebensowohl von der Verschiedenheit der betreffenden Organe nach ihrer Qualität wie nach ihrer Quantität ab, und wenn die Qualität eines Instrumentes nach der Feinheit und Sauberkeit des Werkes, das es verrichten kann, zu beurteilen ist, so weist dieser Schluß auf eine durchschnittlich feinere Qualität des Gehirnes und Nervensystems der Frauen als der Männer hin. Sieht man indes von allen abstrakten Unterschieden der Qualität ab, die zu belegen immer eine schwierige Sache bleibt, so weiß man doch, daß die Wirksamkeit eines Organes nicht allein von seinem Umfange, sondern von seiner Tätigkeit abhängt, und von dieser haben wir ein annäherndes Maß in der Kraft, mit welcher das Blut durch dasselbe zirkuliert, da sowohl der Stimulus wie die ersetzende Kraft hauptsächlich von dieser Zirkulation abhängt."

Betrachtungen Ber Die Repr Sentativregierung

Author: John Stuart Mill
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518735179
Size: 65.53 MB
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Die anhaltende Diskussion um die »Krise des Parlamentarismus« zeigt, dass die normative Begründung und systematische Bestimmung von Parlamentsfunktionen und demokratischer Öffentlichkeit von entscheidender Bedeutung für die Zukunft der repräsentativen Demokratie ist. Das Problem ist aber nicht neu, wie John Stuart Mills klassischer Text zeigt. Er kreist um die Frage, wie sich die Gefahr einer »Tyrannei der Mehrheit« mit den Partizipationsanforderungen demokratischen Regierens versöhnen lässt. Mill begründet darin u. a. ein deliberatives Verständnis von Politik und erörtert die Gefahren einer bürokratischen Strangulierung politischer Freiheit. Ein Schlüsselwerk der Demokratietheorie und Parlamentarismusforschung.