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Academic Charisma And The Origins Of The Research University

Author: William Clark
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226109237
Size: 17.52 MB
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Tracing the transformation of early modern academics into modern researchers from the Renaissance to Romanticism, Academic Charisma and the Origins of the Research University uses the history of the university and reframes the "Protestant Ethic" to reconsider the conditions of knowledge production in the modern world. William Clark argues that the research university—which originated in German Protestant lands and spread globally in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries—developed in response to market forces and bureaucracy, producing a new kind of academic whose goal was to establish originality and achieve fame through publication. With an astonishing wealth of research, Academic Charisma and the Origins of the Research University investigates the origins and evolving fixtures of academic life: the lecture catalogue, the library catalog, the grading system, the conduct of oral and written exams, the roles of conversation and the writing of research papers in seminars, the writing and oral defense of the doctoral dissertation, the ethos of "lecturing with applause" and "publish or perish," and the role of reviews and rumor. This is a grand, ambitious book that should be required reading for every academic.

2006 2007

Author:
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311094149X
Size: 65.12 MB
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Die seit 1971 wieder erscheinende, interdisziplinäre, internationale Rezensionsbibliographie IBR ist eine einmalige Informationsquelle. Die Datenbank weist über 1,1 Millionen vornehmlich die Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften berücksichtigende Buchrezensionen in 6.000 vorwiegend europäischen wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriften nach. 60.000 Eintragungen kommen jedes Jahr hinzu, bieten dem Benutzer Daten zum rezensierten Werk und zur Rezension.

Die Aufkl Rung Und Ihre Weltwirkung

Author: Wolfgang Hardtwig
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3647364231
Size: 16.31 MB
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Die Aufklärung hat das Bewusstsein revolutioniert, indem sie es in die kantische Polarität von »Zeitalter der Aufklärung« und »aufgeklärtes Zeitalter« hineinspannte. Aufklärung meint einerseits eine klar abgegrenzte historische Epoche, andererseits einen bis heute anhaltenden universalen Prozess. Die Aufklärung hat Modernisierungsprozesse beschleunigt, wie die Rationalisierung der Staatlichkeit. Sie hat mit ihrem Fortschrittsdenken den Glauben an innerweltliche Glücksverwirklichung etabliert und damit allen kulturellen, gesellschaftlichen und politischen Prozessen eine neue Dynamik verliehen.Die Aufklärung hat europäische Ursprünge, aber sie wirkte und wirkt weltweit. Der heutige Weltgegensatz von Islamismus und westlicher Zivilisation lässt sich daher als Folge der Wirkung von Aufklärung verstehen.

Kulturen Des Wissens Im 18 Jahrhundert

Author: Ulrich Johannes Schneider
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110212404
Size: 80.80 MB
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This collected volume in the form of a handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the contents and processes of artistic and scientific education in the 18th century. The articles examine various knowledge discourses in literature, art, science and philosophy and take account of various "discourse locations" such as learned correspondence, libraries, the Jesuit order, schools, encyclopaedias, galleries etc. With this, the publication makes an essential contribution to clarifying questions of relevance for the 18th century and its significance for the humanities.

Scholarly Self Fashioning And Community In The Early Modern University

Author: Richard Kirwan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317059204
Size: 46.75 MB
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A greater fluidity in social relations and hierarchies was experienced across Europe in the early modern period, a consequence of the major political and religious upheavals of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. At the same time, the universities of Europe became increasingly orientated towards serving the territorial state, guided by a humanistic approach to learning which stressed its social and political utility. It was in these contexts that the notion of the scholar as a distinct social category gained a foothold and the status of the scholarly group as a social elite was firmly established. University scholars demonstrated a great energy when characterizing themselves socially as learned men. This book investigates the significance and implications of academic self-fashioning throughout Europe in the early modern period. It describes a general and growing deliberation in the fashioning of individual, communal and categorical academic identity in this period. It explores the reasons for this growing self-consciousness among scholars, and the effects of its expression - social and political, desired and real.

Gastlichkeit Und Geselligkeit Im Akademischen Milieu In Der Fr Hen Neuzeit

Author: Kirsten Bernhardt
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 383097759X
Size: 33.37 MB
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Gastlichkeit und Geselligkeit spielten eine bedeutende Rolle für das akademische Milieu in der Frühen Neuzeit: Sie schufen Gruppenzusammenhalt und wirkten identitätsstiftend sowohl für die vormoderne Studentenschaft als auch für den Gelehrtenstand insgesamt. Bereits vor der Erfindung gelehrter Zusammenkünfte zum Austausch von Bildungsinhalten und Liebenswürdigkeiten in institutionalisierten Gesellschaften gab es auf einer alltagspraktischen Ebene Formen von Gastlichkeit und Geselligkeit, und genau diese stehen im Zentrum des vorliegenden Bandes. Abendliche Trinkgelage im Wirtshaus, private Einladungen und gegenseitige Besuche waren ebenso selbstverständlicher, gemeinschafts- und identitätsstiftender Bestandteil der studentischen Kultur wie gemeinsames Musizieren und Tanzen, Spaziergänge, Mummenschanz, Ball- und andere Spiele. Gast- und Festmähler anlässlich von Bakkalaureat, Magisterexamen und Promotion bildeten darüber hinaus zentrale Elemente der frühneuzeitlichen Universitätskultur mit hohem symbolischem Gehalt. Es ging dabei vielfach um Männlichkeit und Ehre, um die ehrenvolle Integration in bestimmte soziale Zusammenhänge wie studentische Tisch-, Bursen- und Haus- oder Trinkgemeinschaften, um die Partizipation an universitären und außeruniversitären Festlichkeiten oder deren Gegenteil - die ehrenrührige Ausgrenzung und Abgrenzung. Einigen dieser zentralen Aspekte der vormodernen Universitätskultur widmeten sich die Beiträge eines Workshops, den das volkskundliche Teilprojekt des Sonderforschungsbereichs 496 'Symbolische Kommunikation und gesellschaftliche Wertesysteme vom Spätmittelalter bis zur französischen Revolution' an der Universität Münster ausrichtete, und die nun in überarbeiteter Fassung vorgelegt werden. Der Band bietet damit einen ersten exemplarischen Zugriff auf ein bislang wenig erforschtes Feld der frühneuzeitlichen Universitätsgeschichte und möchte Impulse für eine weitere Behandlung des Themas geben.

Education In The European Union Pre 2003 Member States

Author: Trevor Corner
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472534603
Size: 40.67 MB
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Exploring the development of educational provision and contemporary issues, this bookcovers the countries that made up the European Union from its foundation to the signing of the Treaty of Nice: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and The Netherlands. The chapters, written by regional experts, offer a review of contemporary national and regional educational structures and policies, research innovation and trends, as well as covering selected issues and problems including the effects of educational reform and systemic changes within the school and university systems, minority languages, and intercultural changes for indigenous and new immigrant populations.

Charisma And Myth

Author: Raphael Falco
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441100474
Size: 66.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Charisma and Myth combines an interdisciplinary examination of myth with the newest developments in the application of charisma theory to history and social life. Through scores of examples ranging from Inuit myth to Christian theology, from Malinowski to martyrology, Charisma and Myth argues definitively that the survival of myth systems mirrors the survival of such charismatic groups as modern street gangs, the Anglo-Saxon comitatus, or Satan's fallen angels in Paradise Lost. Even the smallest charismatic group generates its own set of myths, and, like larger myth systems, depends on continual revolutionary change - not, as might be expected, on the stability of its myths - to survive and to achieve longevity. As this innovative study shows, group leaders must learn first to foster and then to manage the mild chaos and changing symbols of their myths. Charisma and Myth challenges myth theorists from the nineteenth through to the twenty-first century and adds a missing component to our understanding of how and why myths continue to grip our imaginations.

Loving Literature

Author: Deidre Lynch
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022618370X
Size: 53.62 MB
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Of the many charges laid against contemporary literary scholars, one of the most commonand perhaps the most woundingis that they simply don't love books. And while the most obvious response is that, no, actually the profession of literary studies does acknowledge and address personal attachments to literature, that answer risks obscuring a more fundamental question: Why should they? That question led Deidre Shauna Lynch into the historical and cultural investigation ofLoving Literature. How did it come to be that professional literary scholars are expected not just to study, but tolove literature, and to inculcate that love in generations of students? What Lynch discovers is that books, and the attachments we form to them, have long played a role in the formation of private lifethat the love of literature, in other words, is neither incidental to, nor inextricable from, the history of literature. Yet at the same time, there is nothing self-evident or ahistorical about our love of literature: our views of books as objects of affection have clear roots in late eighteenth-century and nineteenth-century publishing, reading habits, and domestic history. While never denying the very real feelings that warm our relationship to books, Loving Literature nonetheless serves as a riposte to those who use the phrase the love of literature” as if its meaning were transparent, its essence happy and healthy. Lynch writes, It is as if those on the side of love of literature had forgotten what literary texts themselves say about love's edginess and complexities.” With this masterly volume, Lynch restores those edges, and allows us to revel in those complexities.

The Thinking Student S Guide To College

Author: Andrew Roberts
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226721159
Size: 13.82 MB
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Offers advice on different options for higher education, how to choose a college, the college application process, and how to decide whether to apply to graduate school.