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Addiction

Author: Howard Padwa
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1598842293
Size: 71.35 MB
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Presents alphabetically-arranged entries covering major figures, organizations, events, and United States government policies covering a variety of addictive substances and addictive behaviors.

Encyclopedia Of Drugs Alcohol Additive Behaviour Henry R Kranzler Pamela Korsmeyer 3rd Ed 2009

Author: Gale Cengage Learning
Publisher: Bukupedia
ISBN: 0028660641
Size: 46.48 MB
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The first edition of the Encyclopedia of Drugs and Alcohol (as it was first titled), published in 1995, was the product of a massive effort on the part of Jerome H. Jaffe and a group of distinguished colleagues that he, through his long experience and many friends in the various fields of addiction studies, was able to bring together. The result of the collaboration among the members of this original group was a compendium of information from every viewpoint and specialty having to do with the use and abuse of psychoactive substances. We, the editors of this third edition of the Encyclopedia, have attempted to remain true to Dr. Jaffe’s original purpose as described in the preface to the first edition. The Macmillan Encyclopedia of Drugs and Alcohol has been written as a comprehensive source of information for non-specialists who have an interest in any of the diverse topics that are included under the broad general heading of substance use and abuse. While many of the entries are devoted to the actions of drugs on the body, the work as a whole is intended to serve the wider interests of social science and includes articles on social policy, history, politics, economics, international trafficking, law enforcement, scientific and medical research, treatment and prevention of drug abuse, and epidemiology. The title of the second edition, published in 2001, was modified to include addictive behaviors that did not involve drugs or alcohol. While paying close attention to the original vision and the broader scope reflected in the title change, we have tried to update and expand the work to include new and emerging topics and important developments in the many fields of addiction studies. We have included information on recent scientific discoveries and theories in behavioral neuroscience, which help to illuminate how addictive substances and behaviors affect the brain and the impact of these effects on behavior. This new scientific information also includes a growing number of discoveries in genetics, which have emerged following the sequencing of the human genome. In addition, recent advances in neuroimaging have made it possible to examine events occurring in the healthy and addicted brains of animals and humans, further elucidating the underlying processes. The results of new, large-scale population studies inform much of the epidemiologic coverage of substance use, abuse, and dependence. We have gone to some lengths to reorganize the sections on treatment in as intuitive a way as possible and to include new developments in the use of medications, which increasingly are being combined with psychosocial interventions in the treatment of individuals with addictive disorders. Recognizing the cultural importance of how addiction is perceived both in the United States and in societies and political systems throughout the world, the editorial board obtained authoritative essays on such popular subjects as drugs in the movies, the effect of the Internet on drug use, and the coverage of addiction issues in the media. In order to give the reader a broad view of how these issues are understood and dealt with in cultures other than that of the United States, we commissioned articles on drug use and trafficking in a representative group of countries and regions. We have tried to maintain standards of objectivity in the treatment of controversial subjects and to provide enough information on competing theories and points of view so that readers may draw their own conclusions. One of the main challenges in compiling these volumes was to ensure that the language used by the contributors was not so technical as to make the entries obscure. In reviewing entries prior to publication, a concerted effort was made to use lay language whenever possible and, when technical terms were required, to define them. We, the editors in chief, are satisfied that the finished work provides an authoritative source of information that will help to educate the general public on a variety of complex and controversial issues. This third edition contains 545 entries, of which nearly 70 percent are either completely new (133 articles) or substantially revised and updated (236 articles). Early on, the editors decided, and Macmillan Reference personnel agreed, that the extensive list of treatment programs included in the fourth volume of the first two editions should be dropped. It was the board’s judgment that such a list would fall out of date so fast as to be of little use to the reader. In early 2006, Kate Hanley of Macmillan Reference invited Pam Korsmeyer and Henry Kranzler to consider sharing the task of editor in chief of a third edition of the Encyclopedia. Both were pleased and honored to accept the invitation. Ms. Korsmeyer had worked for many years as an editor and writer on the history of use, abuse, and control of psychoactive substances, and she was happy to be able to reengage the field after several years’ absence. Dr. Kranzler has been a clinician and investigator in addictions for more than twenty years and welcomed the opportunity to survey the biological and medical aspects of the field comprehensively, as required by a thorough revision of the Encyclopedia. At the beginning of the Encyclopedia project, the editors in chief and the Macmillan Reference project managers agreed that the work of constructing the table of contents, developing ‘‘scopes’’ for each article, and reviewing the finished essays should be divided among six fields of interest. A prominent scholar was then invited to take responsibility for each of the six fields, and the two editors in chief oversaw three fields apiece. Henry Kranzler worked with Deborah Hasin (epidemiology), Kathleen Carroll (treatment), and Michael Kuhar (neuroscience and pharmacology). Pam Korsmeyer guided the efforts of Nancy Campbell (history, society, and culture), Eric Wish (public policy), and Virginia Berridge (international issues). Howard Kushner also participated in the initial development of the table of contents, contributing first-rate work to the coverage of history, society, and culture. When he found that he was unable to remain on the editorial board, Nancy Campbell stepped in, much to the good fortune of the project and the editors. The substantial organizational effort could not have been possible without the contributions of the staff at Macmillan/Gale, who were ably led by Kate Hanley, Jeffrey Lehman, and Alan Hedblad. Their tireless dedication kept the editorial board and editors in chief focused on the task of identifying suitable authors for the many revised and new entries, providing direction in the preparation of initial draft entries, and thoroughly editing the entries to ensure their suitability for inclusion in the Encyclopedia. PAMELA KORSMEYER HENRY R. KRANZLER

The Encyclopedia Of Addictive Drugs

Author: Richard Lawrence Miller
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313318078
Size: 14.34 MB
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Draws together information from a variety of sources to list and describe more than 130 addictive drugs, including both natural substances and pharmaceutical products.

Encyclopedia Of Addictions O Z

Author: Kathryn H. Hollen
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780313347412
Size: 56.52 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book covers all type of addictions, from substance abuses and eating disorders to gambling, pornography, and shopping. This two volume set contains frank and factual information about symptoms, causes, effects, prevention, and treatment of substance abuse - alcohol, nicotine, and drugs - and of 'behavioural addictions' such as eating disorders, pathological gambling, and compulsive sexual activity. Including the most up-to-date research, entries trace the history of the debate over whether addiction is a choice or a disease, and explain how genetic and biological findings support the disease concept while lifestyle choices affect the course of the disease. Graphics and discussions of the brain structures that support this self-reinforcing mechanism illustrate why treatments that obstruct the pathway are showing such promise.The volumes offer an historical perspective including biographical information on pioneers in addictions research and treatment. Some material is presented in 'fact boxes' and other graphically pleasing formats. This single-source reference includes lists of support groups, organizations devoted to addictions research and treatment, and suggestions for obtaining further information. Entries include alcohol; alternative treatment; anorexia; antidepressants; betablockers; blended model of addiction; brain chemistry; cigarettes; denial; disease model of addiction; exercise addiction; Food and Drug Administration; gambling addiction; Jung, Carl G.; methadone; neurotransmitters; overdose; pornography; recreational drugs; relapse; serenity prayer; shopping addiction; Temazepam; vicodin; withdrawal; and, Women's Christian Temperence Union and more.

Encyclopedia Of Substance Abuse Prevention Treatment And Recovery

Author: Gary L. Fisher
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412950848
Size: 38.66 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Substance abuse is one of the most frequent and serious problems encountered by human service workers, criminal justice professionals, and clinicians. Unfortunately, many professionals in these fields receive little, if any, formal training about this problem. Our planned encyclopedia presents state-of-the-art research and evidence-based applications in A-to-Z format. Rather than create a compendium of specific drugs and drug effects, for which there are any number of fine titles already available, the focus will be upon practical knowledge and skills for pre-service and in-service human service professionals, including substance abuse counselors and prevention specialists.

The Uxl Encyclopedia Of Drugs Addictive Substances

Author: Barbara C. Bigelow
Publisher: UXL
ISBN: 9781414404486
Size: 17.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Presents alphabetized profiles of fifty-two types of drugs, including illegal drugs, legal addictive drugs and other substances, and commonly abused classes of over-the-counter and prescription drugs, covering their histories, effects on the body, typical users, treatment options, consequences of use, and legal issues; and includes illustrations, sidebars, and several reference tools.

The A To Z Of Addictions And Addictive Behaviors

Author: Esther Gwinnell
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780816069323
Size: 13.91 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Alphabetically arranged entries on addiction provide definitions of such compulsive behaviors as drug and alcohol abuse, eating disorders, and excessive gambling, shopping or Internet use and offers the latest information on causes, symptoms and treatments.

The A Z Encyclopedia Of Alcohol And Drug Abuse

Author: Thomas Nordegren
Publisher: Universal-Publishers
ISBN: 9781581124040
Size: 79.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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With more than 30.000 entries The A-Z Enczclopedia on Alcohol and Substance Abuse is the most complete and comprehensive reference book in the field of Substance Abuse. A useful handbbok and working tool for drug abuse professionals. The Encyclopedia is produced in close co-operation with the ICAA, International Council on Alcohol and Addictions, since its inception in 1907 the world's leading professional non-governmental organisation working with drug-abuse related issues.

Psychedelics Encyclopedia

Author: Peter Stafford
Publisher: Ronin Publishing
ISBN: 1579511694
Size: 62.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Traces the history of the use of hallucinogenic drugs and discusses the psychological and physical effects of LSD, marijuana, mescaline, and other drugs.