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Advances In Passive Microwave Remote Sensing Of Oceans

Author: Victor Raizer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 149876777X
Size: 64.23 MB
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This book demonstrates the capabilities of passive microwave technique for enhanced observations of ocean features, including the detection of (sub)surface events and/or disturbances while laying out the benefits and boundaries of these methods. It represents not only an introduction and complete description of the main principles of ocean microwave radiometry and imagery, but also provides guidance for further experimental studies. Furthermore, it expands the analysis of remote sensing methods, models, and techniques and focuses on a high-resolution multiband imaging observation concept. Such an advanced approach provides readers with a new level of geophysical information and data acquisition granting the opportunity to improve their expertise on advanced microwave technology, becoming now an indispensable tool for diagnostics of ocean phenomena and disturbances.

Microwave Radiometry And Remote Sensing Of The Earth S Surface And Atmosphere

Author: Paulo Pampaloni
Publisher: VSP
ISBN: 9789067643184
Size: 25.86 MB
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This book contains a selection of refereed papers presented at the 6 Specialist Meeting on Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment held in Florence, Italy on March 15-18, 1999. Over the last two decades, passive microwave remote sensing has made considerable progress, and has achieved significant results in the study of the Earth's surface and atmosphere. Many years of observations with ground-based and satellite-borne sensors have made an important contribution to improving our knowledge of many geophysical processes of the Earth's environment and of global changes. The evolution in microwave radiometers aboard satellites has increased steadily over recent years. At the same time, many investigations have been carried out both to improve the algorithms for the retrieval of geophysical parameters and to develop new technologies. The book is divided into four main sections: three of these are devoted to the observation of the Earth's surface and atmosphere, and the fourth, to future missions and new technologies. The first section deals with the study of sea and land surfaces, and reports recent advances in remote sensing of ocean wind, sea ice, soil moisture and vegetation biomass, including electromagnetic modelling and the assimilation of radiometric data in models of land surface processes. The following two sections are devoted to the measurement of atmospheric quantities which are of fundamental importance in climatology and meteorology, and, since they influence radio-wave propagation, they also impact on several other fields, including geodesy, navigational satellite and radioastronomy. The last section presents an overview of new technologies and plans for future missions.

Advances In Land Remote Sensing

Author: Shunlin Liang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402064500
Size: 62.84 MB
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It collects the review papers of the 9th International Symposium on Physical Measurements and Signatures in Remote Sensing (ISPMSRS). It systematically summarizes the past achievements and identifies the frontier issues as the research agenda for the near future. It covers all aspects of land remote sensing, from sensor systems, physical modeling, inversion algorithms, to various applications.

Microwave Radiometry And Remote Sensing Applications

Author: P. Pampaloni
Publisher: VSP
ISBN: 9789067641081
Size: 32.65 MB
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This book contains papers by well renowned scientists from all over world --- including Eastern Europe --- which were presented during a specialist meeting on microwave radiometry and its applications to remote sensing of the atmosphere and the surface of the earth held in Florence, Italy, in March 1988. The book is divided into five sections, some of which contain review papers which summarize the most recent advances in the field. The sections are: -- Microwave radiometry of the earth's surface -- Dielectric properties of natural materials -- Microwave radiometry of the atmosphere -- Synergism of passive and active microwave remote sensors -- Technology of passive microwave systems

Remote Sensing Of Atmospheres And Oceans

Author: Adarsh Deepak
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323143857
Size: 30.77 MB
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Remote Sensing of Atmospheres and Oceans presents the technical proceedings of a workshop on the interpretation of remotely sensed data, held in Williamsburg, Virginia in May 1979. The main topic of the workshop is the interpretation and assessment of measurements acquired in remote sounding of different atmospheric and ocean parameters. The book contains 25 papers that cover the following topics: remote sounding of atmospheric temperature; trace gases; precipitation and aerosols; sea surface temperature; ocean color; and winds. These papers are grouped into eight parts under major topics such as inversion methods, aerosol sounding, remote sounding, gaseous constituent retrievals, and interpretation of results from space. The text is a valuable source of information to students and professionals in the fields of atmospheric physics, applied science, meteorology, and engineering.

Microwave Radiometry And Remote Sensing Of The Environment

Author: Domenico Solimini
Publisher: VSP
ISBN: 9789067641890
Size: 26.43 MB
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This volume contains a collection of refereed papers which were presented at the Specialist Meeting on Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment, 14--17 February 1994, Rome, Italy. The last decade has marked a period of steady advancement and new developments in the observation of the terrestrial environment by passive microwave sensors. Both ground-based and satellite-borne systems have improved their accuracy, stability and spatial resolution and are providing a wealth of quantitative data, which are increasingly being employed in application-oriented projects. The contributions in this volume cover different fields of applications of microwave radiometry, the various observation and retrieval techniques and the recent technological developments. The articles are divided into four sections: measurement of atmospheric water vapor and cloud liquid, measurement of rain, observation of the surface, and new radiometric systems.

An Introduction To Ocean Remote Sensing

Author: Seelye Martin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107019389
Size: 18.96 MB
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Covering significant new advances in satellite oceanography, this new edition introduces remote sensing for graduate and advanced undergraduate students.

Passive Microwave Remote Sensing Of Land Atmosphere Interactions

Author: Bhaskar J. Choudhury
Publisher: VSP
ISBN: 9789067641883
Size: 26.69 MB
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Recent advances in theory and observations using passive microwave remote sensing have hightlighted the potential of spaceborne sensors for contributing to the required land surface measurements of soils, vegetation, snow cover and precipitation. Furthermore, the spatial resolution of passive microwave observations matches the special scales of large-scale models of land-atmosphere interactions both for data assimilation and validation. In order to stimulate and focus this research a workshop, sponsored by ESA and NASA, was organized to review the state-of-the-art in microwave radiometry related to land applications and to exchange ideas leading into new directions for future research. This volume contains the refereed papers from the aforementioned ESA/NASA workshop, which are arranged by topic, as well as the (edited) working group reports.

Climate And Oceans Karl Turekian 2010

Author: Academic Press - Elsevier Ltd
Publisher: Bukupedia
ISBN:
Size: 35.15 MB
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CLIMATE AND OCEANS: INTRODUCTION The role of the oceans in climate locally has been known for a long time. The warming and cooling of land masses close to the oceans is controlled in part by the ocean temperature since the high heat capacity of water dampens the seasonal changes in heating by sunlight received by adjacent continental areas as a function of the seasons. In lower latitudes the oceans dominate the air temperature of islands giving rise to the description of the climate on these islands as ‘‘maritime climates.’’ These effects globally are more extensive than these two elementary examples. Ocean currents and atmospheric circulation over the oceans cause a variety of interactions such as the ENSO (El Nin˜ o Southern Oscillation) process and Gulf Stream transport of heat northward in the Atlantic Ocean–atmosphere interactions are thus an important part of the local as well as the global climate regime as a function of seasons and location. The role of the cryosphere in influencing climate and in turn being influenced by climate is an important part of the ocean-climate relationship, especially as we seek to understand the role of potentially increasing global warming as a result of the enhancement, by human actions, of radiatively important gases, such as carbon dioxide, and aerosols. The oceans play an important role in deciphering the history of climate change over the past several million years, during the ice ages, as well as over the past hundreds of million years. The source of our information comes from deep sea cores. There the changing ocean proxies for climate changes are preserved in the sedimentary components. The study of the distribution of the remains of marine tests provide not only evidence of ecological changes with time including temperature, but marine tests also provide the material for detailed studies of oxygen isotope variations, sensitive indicators of temperature and continental ice storage typical of the ice ages. The chemistry of these tests and other recorders of past ocean environments, such as coral reefs, provide many other proxies including element ratios and isotopic indicators of environment. Properly dated cores allow the calibration of patterns of variation as a function of time and associated climate indicators. The role of orbital forcing in controlling climate has been indicated by detailed studies of hundreds of cores raised by standard piston coring techniques and more recently by ocean drilling. The coupling of the knowledge of contemporary ocean-climate relationships to the ancient record allows for a reconstruction of ancient locations of critical currents. In addition the influence of land mass and elevation on controlling ancient ocean-climate relationships has been inferred from these records. Karl K. Turekian Editor

Remote Sensing Of Atmosphere And Ocean From Space Models Instruments And Techniques

Author: Frank S. Marzano
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306481502
Size: 15.36 MB
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This book is a collection of the lectures, held at the International Summer School ISSAOS-2000 in L'Aquila (Italy), given by invited lecturers coming from both Europe and the USA. The goal of the book is to provide a broad panorama of spaceborne remote sensing techniques, at both microwave and visible-infrared bands and by both active and passive sensors, for the retrieval of atmospheric and oceanic parameters. A significant emphasis is given to the physical modeling background, instrument potential and limitations, inversion methods and applications. Topics on international remote sensing programs and assimilation techniques into numerical weather forecast models are also touched. The main purpose of the book is to offer to young scientists, Ph.D. or equivalent students, and to all who would like to have a broad-spectrum understanding of spaceborne remote sensing capabilities, introductory material to each remote sensing topic written by the most qualified experts in the field.