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Advances In Polymer Materials And Technology

Author: Anandhan Srinivasan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315353881
Size: 60.86 MB
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Polymers are the only material that can act as matrices for the incorporation of the widest range of ceramics, nanotubes, nanoparticles, as well as a variety of short and continuous fibres, to create new building and structural materials. Polymer science and technology is a fast growing and dynamic area of study. With this in mind, the author has followed a multidisciplinary approach covering major contemporary advancements in the subject. Largely self-contained, the book includes all essential aspects of the topic such as: polymer nanocomposites, electrospinning, and polymers in electronic applications. It offers extensive guidance on fly-ash-based polymer composites, conducting polymers, shape memory polymers, and thermoset polymer nanocomposites. There is also a review chapter on thermoplastic elastomers based on block copolymers and dynamically cured rubber-plastic blends. Ferroelectric polymer nanocomposites, polymer-based dielectrics, organic field effect transistors, super hydrophobic polymers, and biopolymers are also extensively covered. The content has been classified into six sections of polymer materials and technology: novel polymer composites, nano polymer technology, micro-macro-nano testing and characterization of polymers, speciality polymers, bio-based and biocompatible polymer materials, and new polymer applications. The book is aimed specifically at graduate students and researchers engaged in the study of polymer science and engineering and generically at those studying mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, materials science, and engineering, as well as related industry professionals.

Advances In Polymer Blends And Alloys Technology

Author: Kier Finlayson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781566761338
Size: 65.95 MB
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From Reports in Volume 5 "Recently polymer blends have emerged as one of the most important areas of research activity in the field of polymer science and technology. Because of their satisfactory performance in meeting specific needs of the polymer industry, they have drawn considerable attention in replacing not only many conventional materials, but also some of the polymers that are in vogue. By suitably varying the blend compositions and manipulating the processing conditions, tailor-made products with a unique set of end use properties can be achieved at a much lower cost and within a shorter time than would have been necessary for the development of a new polymer. The usefulness of such blends increases with the increasing range of applications of this type of materials." (Chapter 4) "New and growing demands on polymeric materials cannot be satisfied in future by an assortment extension of basic polymers. Although the introduction of new major-use basic polymer is possible, it seems unlikely in view of current projected economic and technical considerations. On the other hand, new products based on the modification of existing polymers have and will continue to be fruitful areas for both scientific and commercial developments. The driving forces for these developments are: 1. Improved performance, 2. Reduced cost, 3. Present, pending and future legislation dealing with health and environmental issues." (Chapter 11)

Advances In Polymers

Author: A. Barnetson
Publisher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
ISBN: 9781859570982
Size: 13.11 MB
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The report considers recent advances in polymerisation and catalyst technology. The technical and market implications of these metallocenes are discussed and novel polymeric materials are considered.

Recent Advances In Polymer Chemical Physics

Author: Dunsan C Prevorsek
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789056995867
Size: 27.10 MB
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The Institute of Chemical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences has become one of the world's premiere centers for studies of polymeric materials; in use, during processing, and in harsh environments. The Institute's focus is on commercially available materials and their modifications to improve performance through advanced theoretical analysis and implementation of experimental results. Selected papers from the Institute have been incorporated into five sections-Stabilization and Degradation, Biochemistry , Photochemistry, Rheology and Flame Retardancy-and should provide invaluable background to producers of polymeric materials.

Advances In Polymer Processing

Author: S Thomas
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845696425
Size: 33.66 MB
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Processing techniques are critical to the performance of polymer products which are used in a wide range of industries. Advances in polymer processing: From macro- to nano- scales reviews the latest advances in polymer processing, techniques and materials. Part one reviews the fundamentals of polymer processing with chapters on rheology, materials and polymer extrusion. Part two then discusses advances in moulding technology with chapters on such topics as compression, rotational and blow moulding of polymers. Chapters in Part three review alternative processing technologies such as calendaring and coating, foam processing and radiation processing of polymers. Part four discusses micro and nano-technologies with coverage of themes such as processing of macro, micro and nanocomposites and processing of carbon nanotubes. The final section of the book addresses post-processing technologies with chapters on online monitoring and computer modelling as well as joining, machining, finishing and decorating of polymers. With is distinguished editors and team of international contributors, Advances in polymer processing: From macro- to nano- scales is an invaluable reference for engineers and academics concerned with polymer processing. Reviews the latest advances in polymer processing, techniques and materials analysing new challenges and opportunities Discusses the fundamentals of polymer processing considering the compounding and mixing of polymers as well as extrusion Assesses alternative processing technologies including calendaring and coating and thermoforming of polymers

Encyclopedia Of Polymers And Composites

Author: Sanjay Palsule
Publisher: Springer
ISBN:
Size: 46.55 MB
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The Encyclopedia of Polymers and Composites provides all details of Polymeric Materials Science and Technology including historical developments, present status, and future potential. In 15 volumes, the Encyclopedia of Polymers and Composites covers: polymeric materials, engineering polymer blends, particulate and fibrous polymeric composite materials, that are the key materials for technology in the 21st Century. Fundamentals of structure of these materials are presented. Properties and effects of various parameters, like time and temperature on them are explained. Testing and Characterization of these materials as per global standard for various applications is presented. Individual polymers, blends, and composites are described, and several representative examples are also provided. The Encyclopedia also provides directions for future developments. It is organized in alphabetical order.

Advances In Polymeric Systems For Drug Delivery

Author: Raymond Bonnett
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9782881249471
Size: 43.72 MB
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This title examines new drug delivery strategies utilizing intelligent polymeric materials that perform sensing, processing and response functions. The authors demonstrate the design of polymers with integrated intelligent functions to achieve site specific and temporally controlled drug delivery, specifically for pharmaceutical applications. Using stimuli-responsive polymers as molecular devices for self-regulation and externally modulated drug delivery systems are reviewed from multi-disciplinary perspectives, employing materials science and bio-engineering as an important foundation.

Advances In Polymer Friction And Wear

Author: Lieng-Huang Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461399424
Size: 69.67 MB
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Polymers and polymer composites have been increasinqly used in place of metals for various industries; namely, aerospace, automotive, bio-medical, computer, electrophotography, fiber, and rubber tire. Thus, an understanding of the interactions between polymers and between a polymer and a rigid counterface can enhance the applications of polymers under various environments. In meet ing this need, polymer tribology has evolved to deal with friction, lubrication and wear of polymeric materials and to answer some of the problems related to polymer-polymer interactions or oolymer rigid body interactions. The purpose of this first International Symposium was to introduce advances in studies of polymer friction and wear, especially in Britain and the U.S.S.R. Most earlier studies of the Fifties were stimulated by the growth of rubber tire industries. Continuous research through the Sixties has broadened the base to include other polymers such as nylon, polyolefins, and poly tetra fluoroethylene, or PTFE. However, much of this work was published in engineering or physics journals and rarely in chemistry journals; presumably, the latter have always considered the work to be too applied or too irrelevant. Not until recent years have chemists started to discover words such as tribo-chemistry or mechano chemistry and gradually become aware of an indispensable role in this field of polymer tribology. Thus, we were hoping to bring the technology up to date during this SympOSium, especially to the majority of participants, polymer chemists by training.

Advances In Polymer Nanocomposites

Author: Fengge Gao
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857096249
Size: 56.63 MB
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The addition of nanoparticles to polymer composites has led to a new generation of composite materials with enhanced and novel properties. Advances in polymer nanocomposites reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications. Part one reviews types of polymer nanocomposites according to fillers. Processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement are discussed, alongside calcium carbonate and metal-polymer nanocomposites. Part two focuses on types of polymer nanocomposites according to matrix polymer, with polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites discussed. Soft, gel and biodegradable polymer nanocomposites are also considered. Part three goes on to investigate key applications, including fuel cells, aerospace applications, optical applications, coatings and flame-retardant polymer nanocomposites. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Advances in polymer nanocomposites is an essential guide for professionals and academics involved in all aspects of the design, development and application of polymer nanocomposites. Reviews the main types of polymer nanocomposites and their applications Discusses processing of carbon nanotube-based nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and cellulose nanoparticles as functional fillers and reinforcement Discusses polyolefin-based, (PVC)-based, nylon-based, (PET)-based and thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)-based polymer nanocomposites

Advances In Polymer Synthesis

Author: Bill M. Culbertson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461321212
Size: 44.80 MB
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"Polymer Science and Engineering: Challenges, Needs, and Opportunities," a report issued in 1981 by the National Research Council's ad hoc Panel on Polymer Science and Engineering gives ample support for the urgent need of increased commitment to basic studies on polymers. Needs and opportunities, mentioned in the Panel's list, included polymerization methods, specialty polymers, high performance materials, and in situ (reaction injection molding) polymerization for direct conversion of monomers/oligomers to useful shapes. Clearly, in all these and several other areas, advances in polymer synthesis are needed. Whether one takes a look at the commodity or specialty polymers area or considers areas of growing needs, such as polymers for the automotive, aerospace, electronics, communications, separations, packaging, biomedical, etc., advances in polymer synthesis are needed. Polymeric materials, as they are constantly being modified and improved, fine-tuned for current and additional needs, and more readily adopted by industry and the public, will have a vastly expanding influence on everyday life. However, lack of long-term support of meaningful size for basic research on all facets of polymer chemistry and engineering, with particular emphasis on making needed advances in polymer synthesis, could well stunt the growth of high techn.ology in our country. Expanding this thought, lack of attention to basic research on polymer synthesis could help foster or insure that we won't have materials with performance profiles to meet requirements of emerging technologies and national needs, in a reasonably economic and timely fashion.