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African Ethnobotany In The Americas

Author: Robert Voeks
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461408369
Size: 56.36 MB
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African Ethnobotany in the Americas provides the first comprehensive examination of ethnobotanical knowledge and skills among the African Diaspora in the Americas. Leading scholars on the subject explore the complex relationship between plant use and meaning among the descendants of Africans in the New World. With the aid of archival and field research carried out in North America, South America, and the Caribbean, contributors explore the historical, environmental, and political-ecological factors that facilitated/hindered transatlantic ethnobotanical diffusion; the role of Africans as active agents of plant and plant knowledge transfer during the period of plantation slavery in the Americas; the significance of cultural resistance in refining and redefining plant-based traditions; the principal categories of plant use that resulted; the exchange of knowledge among Amerindian, European and other African peoples; and the changing significance of African-American ethnobotanical traditions in the 21st century. Bolstered by abundant visual content and contributions from renowned experts in the field, African Ethnobotany in the Americas is an invaluable resource for students, scientists, and researchers in the field of ethnobotany and African Diaspora studies.

Afro Latin American Studies

Author: Alejandro de la Fuente
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316832325
Size: 54.98 MB
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Alejandro de la Fuente and George Reid Andrews offer the first systematic, book-length survey of humanities and social science scholarship on the exciting field of Afro-Latin American studies. Organized by topic, these essays synthesize and present the current state of knowledge on a broad variety of topics, including Afro-Latin American music, religions, literature, art history, political thought, social movements, legal history, environmental history, and ideologies of racial inclusion. This volume connects the region's long history of slavery to the major political, social, cultural, and economic developments of the last two centuries. Written by leading scholars in each of those topics, the volume provides an introduction to the field of Afro-Latin American studies that is not available from any other source and reflects the disciplinary and thematic richness of this emerging field.

Material Worlds

Author: Barbara J. Heath
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317327284
Size: 43.50 MB
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Material Worlds examines consumption from an archaeological perspective, broadly exploring the intersection of social relations and objects through the processes of production, distribution, use, reuse, and discard. Interrogating individual objects as well as considering the contexts in which acts of consumption take place, a range of case studies present the intertwined issues of power, inequality, identity, and community as mediated through choice, access, and use of the diversity of mass-produced goods. Key themes of this innovative volume include the relationship between colonial, political and economic structures and the practices of consumption, the use of consumer goods in the construction and negotiation of identity, and the dialectic between strategies of consumption and individual or community choices. Situating studies of consumerism within the field of historical archaeology, this exciting collection reflects on the interrelationship between the material and ideological aspects of culture. With a focus on North America from the seventeenth through the early twentieth centuries, Material Worlds is an important examination of consumption which will appeal to scholars with interests in colonialism, gender and race, as well as those engaged with the material culture of the emergent modern world.

The Ethnobotany Of Eden

Author: Robert A. Voeks
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022654785X
Size: 78.66 MB
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In the mysterious and pristine forests of the tropics, a wealth of ethnobotanical panaceas and shamanic knowledge promises cures for everything from cancer and AIDS to the common cold. To access such miracles, we need only to discover and protect these medicinal treasures before they succumb to the corrosive forces of the modern world. A compelling biocultural story, certainly, and a popular perspective on the lands and peoples of equatorial latitudes—but true? Only in part. In The Ethnobotany of Eden, geographer Robert A. Voeks unravels the long lianas of history and occasional strands of truth that gave rise to this irresistible jungle medicine narrative. By exploring the interconnected worlds of anthropology, botany, and geography, Voeks shows that well-intentioned scientists and environmentalists originally crafted the jungle narrative with the primary goal of saving the world’s tropical rainforests from destruction. It was a strategy deployed to address a pressing environmental problem, one that appeared at a propitious point in history just as the Western world was taking a more globalized view of environmental issues. And yet, although supported by science and its practitioners, the story was also underpinned by a persuasive mix of myth, sentimentality, and nostalgia for a long-lost tropical Eden. Resurrecting the fascinating history of plant prospecting in the tropics, from the colonial era to the present day, The Ethnobotany of Eden rewrites with modern science the degradation narrative we’ve built up around tropical forests, revealing the entangled origins of our fables of forest cures.

Mobility And Migration In Indigenous Amazonia

Author: Miguel N. Alexiades
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1845459075
Size: 74.85 MB
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Contrary to ingrained academic and public assumptions, wherein indigenous lowland South American societies are viewed as the product of historical emplacement and spatial stasis, there is widespread evidence to suggest that migration and displacement have been the norm, and not the exception. This original and thought-provoking collection of case studies examines some of the ways in which migration, and the concomitant processes of ecological and social change, have shaped and continue to shape human-environment relations in Amazonia. Drawing on a wide range of historical time frames (from pre-conquest times to the present) and ethnographic contexts, different chapters examine the complex and important links between migration and the classification, management, and domestication of plants and landscapes, as well as the incorporation and transformation of environmental knowledge, practices, ideologies and identities.

Foundations Of Ethnobotany 21st Century Perspective

Author: Sudhir Chandra
Publisher: Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 9387307441
Size: 31.15 MB
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Foundations of Ethnobotany: 21st Century focusses on the role played by cultivated plants in changing the face of modern civilization It is important to assess the distribution of cultivated plants in time and space to understand how Ethnobotany can play a role in contributing to the progress and needs of human race in 21st century. The plants contributed by the societies Neolithic to The Bronze Age; Ancient Near East; Bronze Age Europe; Pre-Columbian Americas; Iron Age; Middle Eastern civilizations; South Asian civilizations; East Asia civilizations; Eurasian civilizations; Africa; Medieval to Early Modern; Mughal India; Asia; china, Japan, Southeast Asia; Mesomerican civilizations; Andean civilizations; African civilizations; Modern; Intermediate world; Greater Middle East; Eastern world; East Asia; South Asia and Southeast Asia are discussed.

Ethnobotany

Author: Barbara M. Schmidt
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118961900
Size: 78.83 MB
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Betalains from Chenopodium quinoa: Andean Natural Dyes with Industrial Uses beyond Food and Medicine -- References -- 6 Asia -- Introduction -- Central Asia -- Western Asia -- South Asia -- Southeast Asia -- East Asia -- References and Additional Reading -- Ethnobotany of Dai People's Festival Cake in Southwest China -- References -- The Ethnobotany of Teeth Blackening in Southeast Asia -- References -- Artemisia Species and Human Health -- References -- Traditional Treatment of Jaundice in Manipur, Northeast India -- References -- Ethnobotany and Phytochemistry of Sacred Plant Species Betula utilis (bhojpatra) and Quercus oblongata (banj) from Uttarakhand Himalaya, India -- References -- Neem-Based Insecticides -- References -- 7 Europe -- Introduction -- References and Additional Reading -- Differential Use of Lavandula stoechas L. among Anatolian People against Metabolic Disorders -- References -- Mad Honey -- References -- Indigo: The Devil's Dye and the American Revolution -- References -- Insecticides Based on Plant Essential Oils -- References -- 8 Oceania -- Introduction -- References and Additional Reading -- Banana (Musa spp.) as a Traditional Treatment for Diarrhea -- References -- Pharmacological Effects of Kavalactones from Kava (Piper methysticum) Root -- References -- Botanical Index -- Subject Index -- End User License Agreement

Ethnobotany And The Search For New Drugs

Author: CIBA Foundation Symposium
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780471950240
Size: 33.23 MB
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A compilation of articles by prominent experts in their respective fields on compensation for and collaboration with indigenous people in regard to their knowledge and provision of rare plants which are used for some of the most potent drugs in Western medicine.