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Agriculture In Egypt From Pharaonic To Modern Times

Author: Alan K. Bowman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN:
Size: 39.32 MB
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From the Pharaohs of the past to the United Arab Republic of today, Egypt's agriculture has been subjected to many different forms of political control and organization. These essays draw on a plethora of documentary and archaeological evidence to study and compare such patterns of agricultural exploitation across historical periods (including Ptolemaic, Roman, and Ottoman times).

From The Ptolemies To The Romans

Author: Andrew Monson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107014417
Size: 61.33 MB
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Compares how two different political regimes shaped the structure and performance of the agrarian economy in Egypt.

The Ancient Egyptian Economy

Author: Brian Muhs
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316558746
Size: 43.19 MB
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This book is the first economic history of ancient Egypt covering the entire pharaonic period, 3000–30 BCE, and employing a New Institutional Economics approach. It argues that the ancient Egyptian state encouraged an increasingly widespread and sophisticated use of writing through time, primarily in order to better document and more efficiently exact taxes for redistribution. The increased use of writing, however, also resulted in increased documentation and enforcement of private property titles and transfers, gradually lowering their transaction costs relative to redistribution. The book also argues that the increasing use of silver as a unified measure of value, medium of exchange, and store of wealth also lowered transaction costs for high value exchanges. The increasing use of silver in turn allowed the state to exact transfer taxes in silver, providing it with an economic incentive to further document and enforce private property titles and transfers.

Roman Egypt

Author: Livia Capponi
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1853997269
Size: 49.32 MB
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Presents a survey of the most important aspects of life in Egypt under Roman domination, from the conquest by Octavian in 30 BC to the third century AD, as they emerge from the micro-level of the Egyptian papyri and inscriptions, but also from the ancient literary sources, and from the most important archaeological discoveries.

Writing And The Ancient State

Author: Haicheng Wang
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107785871
Size: 67.18 MB
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Writing and the Ancient State explores the early development of writing and its relationship to the growth of political structures. The first part of the book focuses on the contribution of writing to the state's legitimating project. The second part deals with the state's use of writing in administration, analyzing both textual and archaeological evidence to reconstruct how the state used bookkeeping to allocate land, police its people, and extract taxes from them. The third part focuses on education, the state's system for replenishing its staff of scribe-officials. The first half of each part surveys evidence from Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Maya lowlands, Central Mexico, and the Andes; against this background the second half examines the evidence from China. The chief aim of this book is to shed new light on early China (from the second millennium BC through the end of the Han period, ca. 220 AD) while bringing to bear the lens of cross-cultural analysis on each of the civilizations under discussion.

Agrarian Change In Late Antiquity Gold Labour And Aristocratic Dominance

Author: Jairus Banaji
Publisher: Oxford University Press, UK
ISBN: 0191529575
Size: 65.98 MB
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Agrarian Change in Late Antiquity, the first major study of its kind, presents a critique of Weber's influential ideas about late antiquity. Jairus Banaji collects together a vast range of evidence to show that the fourth to seventh centuries were a period of major social and economic change, bound up with an expanding circulation of gold. The author traces the evolution of a new aristocracy in the eastern Mediterranean, and discusses the implications of its involvement in the monetary and business economy of the period. - ;The economy of the late antique Mediterranean is still largely seen through the prism of Weber's influential essay of 1896. Rejecting that orthodoxy, this book argues that the late empire saw substantial economic and social change, propelled by the powerful stimulus of a stable gold coinage that circulated widely. In successive chapters Dr Banaji adduces fresh evidence for the prosperity of the late Roman countryside, the expanding circulation of gold, the restructuring of agrarian elites, and the extensive use of paid labour, above all in the period spanning the fifth to seventh centuries. The papyrological evidence is scrutinised in detail to show that a key development entailed the rise of a new aristocracy whose estates were immune to the devastating fragmentation of partible inheritance, extensively irrigated, and responsive to market opportunities.The study offers a new perspective on the still largely contested issues of the use and control of labour, arguing that the East Mediterranean saw a considerable expansion of wage employment. A concluding chapter defines the more general issue raised by the aristocracy's involvement in the monetary and business economy of the period. Exploiting a wide range of sources, Agrarian Change in Late Antiquity weaves together different strands of historiography (Weber, Mickwitz, papyrology, agrarian history) into a fascinating interpretation that challenges the minimalist orthodoxies about late antiquity and the ancient economy. - ;The argument is complex, but well presented, and will be of keen interest to all scholars and graduate students engaged in the study of the economy in late antiquity. - Religious Studies Review;This thoughtful major study offers a revolutionary perspective on the economy in late antiquity. - Religious Studies Review;This work is indispensable. - Greece & Rome

Upper Egypt

Author: Nicholas S. Hopkins
Publisher: Aarhus Universitetsforlag
ISBN:
Size: 72.69 MB
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Written to accompany an exhibition at the Moesgard Museum in Aarhus, Denmark in 2003-2004, this handsome volume describes the culture and civilization of the region south of Cairo on the upper Nile River. Scholars from Denmark, Egypt, France, the UK, and the Netherlands contributed chapters.

Index Islamicus

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
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A bibliography of books and index of articles in periodicals on Islam and the Muslim world. Also includes reviews.