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Air Pollution And Health

Author: Stephen T. Holgate
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080526926
Size: 20.59 MB
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Concern about the impact of air pollution has led governments and local authorities across the world to regulate, among other things, the burning of fossil fuels, industrial effluence, cigarette smoke, and aerosols. This legislation has often followed dramatic findings about the impact of pollution on human health. At the same time there have been significant developments in our ability to detect and quantify pollutants and a proliferation of urban and rural air pollution networks to monitor levels of atmospheric contamination. Air Pollution and Health is the first fully comprehensive and current account of air pollution science and it impact on human health. It ranges in scope from meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, and particle physics to the causes and scope of allergic reactions and respiratory, cardiovascular, and related disorders. The book has substantial international coverage and includes sections on cost implications, risk assessment, regulation, standards, and information networks. The multidisciplinary approach and the wide range of issues covered makes this an essential book for all concerned with monitoring and regulating air pollution as well as those concerned with its impact on human health. Only comprehensive text covering all the important air pollutants and relating these to human health and regulatory bodies Brings together a wide range of issues concerning air pollution in an easily accessible format Contributions from government agencies in the US and UK provide information on public policy and resource networks in the areas of health promotion and environmental protection

Air Pollution

Author: Bhola R. Gurjar
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439809631
Size: 48.42 MB
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Air pollution is recognized as one of the leading contributors to the global environmental burden of disease, even in countries with relatively low concentrations of air pollution. Air Pollution: Health and Environmental Impacts examines the effect of this complex problem on human health and the environment in different settings around the world. It not only covers general modeling, monitoring, and characterization techniques but also includes field studies and cases that offer valuable insight into region-specific issues. With contributions from a distinguished group of international experts, the book explores ways of controlling air pollution and mitigating its adverse effects on human health and the environment. Often taking a regional and global perspective, it discusses the monitoring and source characterization of air pollution, the theory and application of air quality modeling, health effects and risk assessment, and the environmental impacts of air pollution. The book also addresses air quality management and relevant policy issues. Along with providing an understanding of the scientific basis of air pollution, this volume helps readers better appreciate social and environmental determinants of public health and apply country-based research evidence to reduce health disparities and environmental inequalities. It also encourages future research and policy action on the health and environmental consequences of air pollution from the local to global level.

Environmental Pollution And Health

Author: V K Ahluwalia
Publisher: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
ISBN: 8179934616
Size: 77.84 MB
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According to the World Health Organization, health is defined as “a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”. In other words, health is the ability to function effectively within a given environment. Good health also involves continuous adaptation to changes in the physical, biological, and social environment. Environmental Pollution, and Health expounds the three main types of environmental pollution—air, water, and land—and their effects on human health. It also focuses on photochemical air pollution, marine pollution, thermal pollution, noise pollution, and radioactive pollution and their effects on human health.

Air Pollution And Health

Author: Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain)
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 9780854042456
Size: 44.34 MB
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The impact of air pollution on human health is currently of international concern. A comprehensive review of the subject is given in this volume, which complements the previous title covering air quality management. Dealing with the common gaseous and particulate air pollutants, including chemical carcinogens, it reviews the epidemiological and exposure chamber study research as well as considering mechanistic studies in the case of particulate matter. Air Pollution and Health also addresses the practical issue of setting standards for human exposure to air pollution by including the philosophy of standard setting and a review of currently available standards, along with a description of the setting of USEPA revised standards for ozone and particulate matter. Current knowledge of indoor air pollution is also discussed. As with all other books in the series, this volume will be of inters tot the general public as well as being an important reference source for all those involved in the field, be it as students, industrialist, government agent, or health professional.

Indoor Air Pollution

Author: Jonathan M. Samet
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801841255
Size: 54.93 MB
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Contributors including epidemiologists, clinicians, risk assessors, experts in air monitoring, microbiologists, and engineers discuss methodologies used in measuring exposures to pollution, strategies for improving indoor air quality, and other issues. They also assess the health effects of specific

Ambient Air Pollution And Health Impact In China

Author: Guang-Hui Dong
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811056579
Size: 41.27 MB
Format: PDF
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This book focuses on the health impacts of air pollution in China, especially the epidemiology-based exposure-response functions for the mortality, morbidity, and hospital admissions for respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, and mental health related to pollution. It also provides the latest estimates of the magnitude of the adverse effects of air pollution on the health of the Chinese population. By providing a better understanding of the impact of air pollution on health, it improves the scientific basis of risk assessment, and also helps governments develop policies and other health protection initiatives to reduce the impacts of air pollution. The book offers environmental scientists, engineers, researchers and students a comprehensive and organized body of information in the area of air pollution.

Air Pollution And Health Effects

Author: Srikanth S. Nadadur
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1447166698
Size: 75.44 MB
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Exposure to ambient air pollutants, both indoors and outdoors has been associated with the exacerbation and also in the etiology of diverse human diseases. This book offers an overview of our current understanding of air pollution health risks and how this knowledge is being used in the regulatory, therapeutic intervention measures to protect the public health and reduce the disease burden caused by acute and long-term exposure to air pollutants. Air Pollution and Health Effects provides readers with a comprehensive understanding of air pollution health risks, morbidity and the global disease burden, whilst also delivering critical review on state of the art research so as to gain a fundamental understanding of the biological mechanisms involved in the etiology of air pollution-induced diseases. Chapters range from pregnancy outcomes and pre-term birth, carcinogens in the ambient aerosol and the health consequences of indoor biomass burning. Special emphasis is placed on regional and local air pollution and its impact on global health along with suitable preventive and interventional measures. With contributions from international experts in the field this volume is a valuable guide for researchers and clinicians in toxicology, medicine and public health as well as industry and government regulatory scientists involved in health protection.

Health Effects Of Transport Related Air Pollution

Author: Michał Krzyżanowski
Publisher: WHO Regional Office Europe
ISBN: 9289013737
Size: 26.62 MB
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Diseases related to the air pollution caused by road transport affect tens of thousands of people in the WHO Europe region each year. This publication considers the policy challenges involved in the need to reduce the related risks to public health and the environment, whilst meeting socio-economic requirements for effective transport systems. It sets out a systematic review of the literature and a comprehensive evaluation of the health hazards of transport-related air pollution, including factors determining emissions, the contribution of traffic to pollution levels, human exposure and the results of epidemiological and toxicological studies to identify and measure the health effects, and suggestions for policy actions and further research.

Air Pollution The Automobile And Public Health

Author: Ann Y. Watson
Publisher: National Academies
Size: 60.29 MB
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Since enactment of the Clean Air Act in 1970, our air is measurable cleaner, a fact due in part to significant reductions in automotive emisssions-hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and oxides of nitrogen. yet how successful have our control policies been from a public health standpoint? A timely and authoritative technical resource, Air Pollution, the Automobile, and Public Health is the first volume to evaluate the direct impact of automotive air pollution on public health.

Air Pollution And Health

Author: Jon Ayres
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783261919
Size: 50.17 MB
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This invaluable volume, the third in the series Air Pollution Reviews, addresses particular questions relating to air pollution and its effect on health. It deals with the impact of nasal disease on lung exposure, how pollutants are distributed within the lung, and the uncertainties with regard to defining the dose to the lung. It takes a tangential look at the lung dose by exploring the possibility of obtaining clues from occupational medicine. Toxicologically, the book examines the possible methodology for exploring how particles and their toxicity can be investigated, and looks into the cardio-toxic effects of air pollution. The effects of pollutant mixtures are compared with those of individual pollutants. In addition, the question of the importance of acid aerosols is tackled. Epidemiologically, the book deals with the problems associated with point sources as opposed to diffuse sources of air pollution, and considers whether the health effects of air pollution can be adequately quantified. These areas, though difficult, need to be addressed, in order to develop our knowledge of the health effects of air pollution. In this volume, a strong panel of authors treat the issues. They have raised questions but at the same time succeeded in solving a number of problems. Contents: The Role of the Nose in Health and Disease (R Eccles)Cardiovascular Effects of Particles (H C Routledge & J G Ayres)Point Sources of Air Pollution — Investigation of Possible Health Effects Using Small Area Methods (P Elliott)Characterisation of Airborne Particulate Matter and Related Mechanisms of Toxicity: An Experimental Approach (K Bérubé et al.)Acid Aerosols as a Health Hazard (L C Chen et al.)Testing New Particles (K Donaldson et al.)Valuing the Health Impact of Air Pollution: Deaths, DALYs or Dollars? (A E M de Hollander & J M Melse) Readership: Government bodies, environmentalists, scientists in the field of air pollution, undergraduate and graduate students.