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Algorithms

Author: M H Alsuwaiyel
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814723665
Size: 17.65 MB
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Problem solving is an essential part of every scientific discipline. It has two components: (1) problem identification and formulation, and (2) the solution to the formulated problem. One can solve a problem on its own using ad hoc techniques or by following techniques that have produced efficient solutions to similar problems. This requires the understanding of various algorithm design techniques, how and when to use them to formulate solutions, and the context appropriate for each of them. Algorithms: Design Techniques and Analysis advocates the study of algorithm design by presenting the most useful techniques and illustrating them with numerous examples — emphasizing on design techniques in problem solving rather than algorithms topics like searching and sorting. Algorithmic analysis in connection with example algorithms are explored in detail. Each technique or strategy is covered in its own chapter through numerous examples of problems and their algorithms. Readers will be equipped with problem solving tools needed in advanced courses or research in science and engineering. Contents:Basic Concepts and Introduction to Algorithms:Basic Concepts in Algorithmic AnalysisData StructuresHeaps and the Disjoint Sets Data StructuresTechniques Based on Recursion:InductionDivide and ConquerDynamic ProgrammingFirst-Cut Techniques:The Greedy ApproachGraph TraversalComplexity of Problems:NP-Complete ProblemsIntroduction to Computational ComplexityLower BoundsCoping with Hardness:BacktrackingRandomized AlgorithmsApproximation AlgorithmsIteractive Improvement for Domain-Specific Problems:Network FlowMatchingTechniques in Computational Geometry:Geometric SweepingVoronoi DiagramsAppendices:Mathematical PreliminariesIntroduction to Discrete Probability Readership: Senior undergraduates, graduate students and professionals in software development. Readers in advanced courses or research in science and engineering. Key Features:It covers many topics that are not in any other book on algorithmsIt covers a wide range of design techniques each in its own chapterKeywords:Algorithms;Algorithm Design;Algorithm Analysis

The Algorithm Design Manual Text

Author: Steven S. Skiena
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387948607
Size: 41.69 MB
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This volume helps take some of the "mystery" out of identifying and dealing with key algorithms. Drawing heavily on the author's own real-world experiences, the book stresses design and analysis. Coverage is divided into two parts, the first being a general guide to techniques for the design and analysis of computer algorithms. The second is a reference section, which includes a catalog of the 75 most important algorithmic problems. By browsing this catalog, readers can quickly identify what the problem they have encountered is called, what is known about it, and how they should proceed if they need to solve it. This book is ideal for the working professional who uses algorithms on a daily basis and has need for a handy reference. This work can also readily be used in an upper-division course or as a student reference guide.THE ALGORITHM DESIGN MANUAL comes with a CD-ROM that contains:* a complete hypertext version of the full printed book.* the source code and URLs for all cited implementations.* over 30 hours of audio lectures on the design and analysis of algorithms are provided, all keyed to on-line lecture notes.

Algorithmen Eine Einf Hrung

Author: Thomas H. Cormen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110522012
Size: 17.28 MB
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Der "Cormen" bietet eine umfassende und vielseitige Einführung in das moderne Studium von Algorithmen. Es stellt viele Algorithmen Schritt für Schritt vor, behandelt sie detailliert und macht deren Entwurf und deren Analyse allen Leserschichten zugänglich. Sorgfältige Erklärungen zur notwendigen Mathematik helfen, die Analyse der Algorithmen zu verstehen. Den Autoren ist es dabei geglückt, Erklärungen elementar zu halten, ohne auf Tiefe oder mathematische Exaktheit zu verzichten. Jedes der weitgehend eigenständig gestalteten Kapitel stellt einen Algorithmus, eine Entwurfstechnik, ein Anwendungsgebiet oder ein verwandtes Thema vor. Algorithmen werden beschrieben und in Pseudocode entworfen, der für jeden lesbar sein sollte, der schon selbst ein wenig programmiert hat. Zahlreiche Abbildungen verdeutlichen, wie die Algorithmen arbeiten. Ebenfalls angesprochen werden Belange der Implementierung und andere technische Fragen, wobei, da Effizienz als Entwurfskriterium betont wird, die Ausführungen eine sorgfältige Analyse der Laufzeiten der Programme mit ein schließen. Über 1000 Übungen und Problemstellungen und ein umfangreiches Quellen- und Literaturverzeichnis komplettieren das Lehrbuch, dass durch das ganze Studium, aber auch noch danach als mathematisches Nachschlagewerk oder als technisches Handbuch nützlich ist. Für die dritte Auflage wurde das gesamte Buch aktualisiert. Die Änderungen sind vielfältig und umfassen insbesondere neue Kapitel, überarbeiteten Pseudocode, didaktische Verbesserungen und einen lebhafteren Schreibstil. So wurden etwa - neue Kapitel zu van-Emde-Boas-Bäume und mehrfädigen (engl.: multithreaded) Algorithmen aufgenommen, - das Kapitel zu Rekursionsgleichungen überarbeitet, sodass es nunmehr die Teile-und-Beherrsche-Methode besser abdeckt, - die Betrachtungen zu dynamischer Programmierung und Greedy-Algorithmen überarbeitet; Memoisation und der Begriff des Teilproblem-Graphen als eine Möglichkeit, die Laufzeit eines auf dynamischer Programmierung beruhender Algorithmus zu verstehen, werden eingeführt. - 100 neue Übungsaufgaben und 28 neue Problemstellungen ergänzt. Umfangreiches Dozentenmaterial (auf englisch) ist über die Website des US-Verlags verfügbar.

Introduction To Parallel Algorithms

Author: C. Xavier
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471251828
Size: 20.12 MB
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Parallel algorithms Made Easy The complexity of today's applications coupled with the widespread use of parallel computing has made the design and analysis of parallel algorithms topics of growing interest. This volume fills a need in the field for an introductory treatment of parallel algorithms-appropriate even at the undergraduate level, where no other textbooks on the subject exist. It features a systematic approach to the latest design techniques, providing analysis and implementation details for each parallel algorithm described in the book. Introduction to Parallel Algorithms covers foundations of parallel computing; parallel algorithms for trees and graphs; parallel algorithms for sorting, searching, and merging; and numerical algorithms. This remarkable book: * Presents basic concepts in clear and simple terms * Incorporates numerous examples to enhance students' understanding * Shows how to develop parallel algorithms for all classical problems in computer science, mathematics, and engineering * Employs extensive illustrations of new design techniques * Discusses parallel algorithms in the context of PRAM model * Includes end-of-chapter exercises and detailed references on parallel computing. This book enables universities to offer parallel algorithm courses at the senior undergraduate level in computer science and engineering. It is also an invaluable text/reference for graduate students, scientists, and engineers in computer science, mathematics, and engineering.

Lecture Notes On Empirical Software Engineering

Author: Natalia Juristo
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789812795588
Size: 13.89 MB
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Empirical verification of knowledge is one of the foundations for developing any discipline. As far as software construction is concerned, the empirically verified knowledge is not only sparse but also not very widely disseminated among developers and researchers. This book aims to spread the idea of the importance of empirical knowledge in software development from a highly practical viewpoint. It has two goals: (1) Define the body of empirically validated knowledge in software development so as to advise practitioners on what methods or techniques have been empirically analysed and what the results were; (2) as empirical tests have traditionally been carried out by universities or research centres, propose techniques applicable by industry to check on the software development technologies they use. Contents: Limitations of Empirical Testing Technique Knowledge (N Juristo et al.); Replicated Studies: Building a Body of Knowledge about Software Reading Techniques (F Shull et al.); Combining Data from Reading Experiments in Software Inspections OCo A Feasibility Study (C Wholin et al.); External Experiments OCo A Workable Paradigm for Collaboration Between Industry and Academia (F Houdek); (Quasi-)Experimental Studies in Industrial Settings (O Laitenberger & D Rombach); Experimental Validation of New Software Technology (M V Zelkowitz et al.). Readership: Researchers, academics and professionals in software engineering."

Performance Tools And Applications To Networked Systems

Author: Maria Carla Calzarossa
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540219455
Size: 66.87 MB
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This book presents revised versions of tutorial lectures given at the IEEE/CS Symposium on modeling, analysis, and simulation of computer and telecommunication systems held in Orlando, FL, USA in October 2003. The lectures are grouped into three parts on performance and QoS of modern wired and wireless networks, current advances in performance modeling and simulation, and other specific applications of these methodologies. This tutorial book is targeted to both practitioners and researchers. The practitioner will benefit from numerous pointers to performance and QoS issues; the pedagogical style and plenty of references will be of great use in solving practical problems. The researcher and advanced student are offered a representative set of topics not only for their research value but also for their novelty and use in identifying areas of active research.

Graphics Recognition Algorithms And Applications

Author: Dorothea Blostein
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540458689
Size: 14.69 MB
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This book presents refereed and revised papers presented at GREC 2001, the 4th IAPR International Workshop on Graphics Recognition, which took place in Kingston, Ontario, Canada in September 2001. Graphics recognition is a branch of document image analysis that focuses on the recognition of two-dimensional notations such as engineering drawings, maps, mathematical notation, music notation, tables, and chemical structure diagrams. Due to the growing demand for both o?-line and on-line document recognition systems, the ?eld of graphics recognition has an excitingand promisingfuture. The GREC workshops provide an opportunity for researchers at all levels of experience to share insights into graphics recognition methods. The workshops enjoy strongparticipation from researchers in both industry and academia. They are sponsored by IAPR TC-10, the Technical Committee on Graphics Recog- tion within the International Association for Pattern Recognition. Edited v- umes from the previous three workshops in this series are available as Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vols. 1072, 1389, and 1941. After the GREC 2001 workshop, authors were invited to submit enhanced versions of their papers for review. Every paper was evaluated by three reviewers. We are grateful to both authors and reviewers for their careful work during this review process. Many of the papers that appear in this volume were thoroughly revised and improved, in response to reviewers’ suggestions.

Lectures On Formal Methods And Performance Analysis

Author: Ed Brinksma
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540424792
Size: 14.11 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Traditionally, models and methods for the analysis of the functional correctness of reactive systems and those for the analysis of their performance (and dependability) aspects have been studied by different research communities. However, in modern systems the difference between their functional features and their performance properties has become blurred. During the last decade, this trend has motivated and increased interest in combining insights from the field of formal methods, traditionally focussed on functionality, with techniques from performance modeling and analysis. The 11 chapters in this book present the state of the art of research and tool development for the promising integrated approach towards modeling and analysis of functional and performance aspects of reactive systems.