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Alien Ocean

Author: Stefan Helmreich
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520942608
Size: 45.32 MB
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Alien Ocean immerses readers in worlds being newly explored by marine biologists, worlds usually out of sight and reach: the deep sea, the microscopic realm, and oceans beyond national boundaries. Working alongside scientists at sea and in labs in Monterey Bay, Hawai'i, the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, and the Sargasso Sea and at undersea volcanoes in the eastern Pacific, Stefan Helmreich charts how revolutions in genomics, bioinformatics, and remote sensing have pressed marine biologists to see the sea as animated by its smallest inhabitants: marine microbes. Thriving in astonishingly extreme conditions, such microbes have become key figures in scientific and public debates about the origin of life, climate change, biotechnology, and even the possibility of life on other worlds.

Alien Ocean

Author: Stefan Helmreich
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520250621
Size: 73.58 MB
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"Alien Ocean immerses readers in worlds being newly explored by marine biologists: the deep sea, the microscopic realm, and oceans beyond national boundaries. Working alongside scientists on ships at sea, in coastal research labs, and at undersea volcanoes, Stefan Helmreich charts how revolutions in genomics, bioinformatics, and remote sensing have pressed marine bioligists to view the sea as animated by its smallest inhabitants: marine microbes. Thriving in astonishingly extreme conditions, such microbes have become key figures in scientific and public debates about the origin of life, climate change, biotechnology, and even the possibility of life on other worlds."--Cover.

Alien Ocean

Author: Stefan Helmreich
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 29.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 3914
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"Alien Ocean immerses readers in worlds being newly explored by marine biologists: the deep sea, the microscopic realm, and oceans beyond national boundaries. Working alongside scientists on ships at sea, in coastal research labs, and at undersea volcanoes, Stefan Helmreich charts how revolutions in genomics, bioinformatics, and remote sensing have pressed marine bioligists to view the sea as animated by its smallest inhabitants: marine microbes. Thriving in astonishingly extreme conditions, such microbes have become key figures in scientific and public debates about the origin of life, climate change, biotechnology, and even the possibility of life on other worlds."--Cover.

Silicon Second Nature

Author: Stefan Helmreich
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520208005
Size: 63.66 MB
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"Helmreich's analysis—extensive, imaginative, rigorous, and insightful—promises to establish him as the cultural authority on A-Life. . . . He shows that, in the age of complexity, science simultaneously disenchants and re-enchants the world. . . . The book is written in a personal and engaging style . . . so full of ideas and interesting asides [that] Helmreich takes on the persona of a smart and well-informed tour guide of the A-Life world [with] an enviable ability to take very complex ideas and discuss them comprehensibly without simplifying them."—Hugh Gusterson, author of Nuclear Rites

Sounding The Limits Of Life

Author: Stefan Helmreich
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 140087386X
Size: 33.34 MB
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What is life? What is water? What is sound? In Sounding the Limits of Life, anthropologist Stefan Helmreich investigates how contemporary scientists—biologists, oceanographers, and audio engineers—are redefining these crucial concepts. Life, water, and sound are phenomena at once empirical and abstract, material and formal, scientific and social. In the age of synthetic biology, rising sea levels, and new technologies of listening, these phenomena stretch toward their conceptual snapping points, breaching the boundaries between the natural, cultural, and virtual. Through examinations of the computational life sciences, marine biology, astrobiology, acoustics, and more, Helmreich follows scientists to the limits of these categories. Along the way, he offers critical accounts of such other-than-human entities as digital life forms, microbes, coral reefs, whales, seawater, extraterrestrials, tsunamis, seashells, and bionic cochlea. He develops a new notion of "sounding"—as investigating, fathoming, listening—to describe the form of inquiry appropriate for tracking meanings and practices of the biological, aquatic, and sonic in a time of global change and climate crisis. Sounding the Limits of Life shows that life, water, and sound no longer mean what they once did, and that what count as their essential natures are under dynamic revision.

Refiguring Life

Author: Evelyn Fox Keller
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231102056
Size: 25.70 MB
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This text continues the author's study of how 'scientific technique is both contributor to and product of discourse'. It focuses on gender and, in particular, analyzes how the metaphors of information and communication technology affect biological research, especially in the field of genetics.

Masons Tricksters And Cartographers

Author: David Turnbull
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1135288208
Size: 19.81 MB
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In an eclectic and highly original study, Turnbull brings together traditions as diverse as cathedral building, Micronesian navigation, cartography and turbulence research. He argues that all our differing ways of producing knowledge - including science - are messy, spatial and local. Every culture has its own ways of assembling local knowledge, thereby creating space thrugh the linking of people, practices and places. The spaces we inhabit and assemblages we work with are not as homogenous and coherent as our modernist perspectives have led us to believe - rather they are complex and heterogeneous motleys.

Social Lives Of Medicines

Author: Susan Reynolds Whyte
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521804691
Size: 13.22 MB
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The focus of this book is medicines (swallowed, injected, rubbed on), as understood by anthropologists concerned solely with their social uses. The text begins with examples of a mother medicating a child in various cultural contexts and ends with a broad review of the complex elements that determine the production and use of medicines. Since 1993, Cambridge Studies in Medical Anthropology has offered researchers and instructors monographs and edited collections of leading scholarship in one of the most lively and popular subfields of cultural and social anthropology. Beginning in 2002, the CSMA series presents theme booksworks that synthesize emerging scholarship from relatively new subfields or that reinterpret the literature of older ones. Designed as course material for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and for professionals in related areas (physicians, nurses, public health workers, and medical sociologists), these theme books will demonstrate how work in medical anthropology is carried out and convey the importance of a given topic for a wide variety of readers. About 160 pages in length, the theme books are not simply staid reviews of the literature. They are, instead, new ways of conceptualizing topics in medical anthropology that take advantage of current research and the growing edges of the field.

The Undersea Network

Author: Nicole Starosielski
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822376229
Size: 80.63 MB
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In our "wireless" world it is easy to take the importance of the undersea cable systems for granted, but the stakes of their successful operation are huge, as they are responsible for carrying almost all transoceanic Internet traffic. In The Undersea Network Nicole Starosielski follows these cables from the ocean depths to their landing zones on the sandy beaches of the South Pacific, bringing them to the surface of media scholarship and making visible the materiality of the wired network. In doing so, she charts the cable network's cultural, historical, geographic and environmental dimensions. Starosielski argues that the environments the cables occupy are historical and political realms, where the network and the connections it enables are made possible by the deliberate negotiation and manipulation of technology, culture, politics and geography. Accompanying the book is an interactive digital mapping project, where readers can trace cable routes, view photographs and archival materials, and read stories about the island cable hubs.

Technoscience

Author: Kristin Asdal
Publisher: Oslo Academic Press
ISBN: 9788274773004
Size: 71.31 MB
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Science is a social practice. It intervenes in nature and politics. It shapes our ways of life and social and political realities. In this book the issue of politics is placed at the core of knowledge production. The objective is to offer tools and resources for critical reflection and analysis of the role of politics and the political in science and technology. The book provides a critical introduction to the field of science and technology studies (STS) and traces how different notions of the political as well as social movements have been central to shaping this interdisciplinary field of study. The book is also an anthology of articles written by leading scholars in the field today. The various articles provide examples of how political engagement is currently discussed and practiced in STS. They explore objects and places such as the Zimbabwean bush pump, fluorine pollution from an aluminium production site in Norway, scallops in the St.Brieuc bay, and the genetics of the Marfan's Syndrome in a hospital laboratory. The book is furthermore a meeting point between influential feminist contributions and important actor-network-studies in STS. It traces implications of these exchanges for the further development of the field.