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Alkaloids

Author: Margaret F. Roberts
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475729057
Size: 36.16 MB
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Not since the late 1970s has a single work presented the biology of this heterogenous group of secondary alkaloids in such depth. Alkaloids, a unique treatise featuring leaders in the field, presents both the historical use of alkaloids and the latest discoveries in the biochemistry of alkaloid production in plants alkaloid ecology, including marine invertebrates, animal and plant parasites, and alkaloids as antimicrobial and current medicinal use . Highlights include chapters on the chemical ecology of alkaloids in host-predator interactions, and on the compartmentation of alkaloids synthesis, transport, and storage. Extensive cross-referencing in tabular format makes this volume an excellent reference.

Evolution Of Communication And Language In Embodied Agents

Author: Stefano Nolfi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642012507
Size: 52.39 MB
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This field of research examines how embodied and situated agents, such as robots, evolve language and thus communicate with each other. This book is a comprehensive survey of the research in this emerging field. The contributions explain the theoretical and methodological foundations of the field, and then illustrate the scientific and technological potentials and promising research directions. The book also provides descriptions of research experiments and related open software and hardware tools, allowing the reader to gain a practical knowledge of the topic. The book will be of interest to scientists and undergraduate and graduate students in the areas of cognition, artificial life, artificial intelligence and linguistics.

Primates Of Western Uganda

Author: Nicholas E. Newton-Fisher
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387335056
Size: 32.92 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume covers aspects of ecology, behavior, genetics, taxonomy, 'cultural' patterns, hunting by non-human primates, physiology, dietary chemistry, and ecotourism, in several major clades of primates from galagos and pottos, through cercopithecoids, to hominoids.

Engineering Synthetic Metabolons From Metabolic Modelling To Rational Design Of Biosynthetic Devices

Author: Lars M. Voll
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889199215
Size: 22.88 MB
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The discipline of Synthetic Biology has recently emerged at the interface of biology and engineering. The definition of Synthetic Biology has been dynamic over time ever since, which exemplifies that the field is rapidly moving and comprises a broad range of research areas. In the frame of this Research Topic, we focus on Synthetic Biology approaches that aim at rearranging biological parts/ entities in order to generate novel biochemical functions with inherent metabolic activity. This Research Topic encompasses Pathway Engineering in living systems as well as the in vitro assembly of biomolecules into nano- and microscale bioreactors. Both, the engineering of metabolic pathways in vivo, as well as the conceptualization of bioreactors in vitro, require rational design of assembled synthetic pathways and depend on careful selection of individual biological functions and their optimization. Mathematical modelling has proven to be a powerful tool in predicting metabolic flux in living and artificial systems, although modelling approaches have to cope with a limitation in experimentally verified, reliable input variables. This Research Topic puts special emphasis on the vital role of modelling approaches for Synthetic Biology, i.e. the predictive power of mathematical simulations for (i) the manipulation of existing pathways and (ii) the establishment of novel pathways in vivo as well as (iii) the translation of model predictions into the design of synthetic assemblies.

Alkaloids

Author: Tadeusz Aniszewski
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444594620
Size: 39.75 MB
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Alkaloids - Secrets of Life: Alkaloid Chemistry, Biological Significance, Applications and Ecological Role, Second Edition provides knowledge on structural typology, biosynthesis and metabolism in relation to recent research work on alkaloids, considering an organic chemistry approach to alkaloids using biological and ecological explanation. The book approaches several questions and unresearched areas that persist in this field of research. It provides a beneficial text for academics, professionals or anyone who is interested in the fascinating subject of alkaloids. Each chapter features an abstract. Appendices, a listing of alkaloids, and plants containing alkaloids are all included, as are basic protocols of alkaloid analysis. Presents the ecological role of alkaloids in nature and ecosystems interdisciplinary Examines alkaloids from chemistry, biology and ecology viewpoints A single handy reference volume comprehensively reviews the origin of alkaloids and their biological uses Over 80% new information, including new chapters on the ecological role of alkaloids in nature and ecosystems and extraction of alkaloids

Phytochemistry Of Medicinal Plants

Author: John T. Arnason
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306451812
Size: 25.75 MB
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Phytochemicals from medicinal plants are receiving ever greater attention in the scientific literature, in medicine, and in the world economy in general. For example, the global value of plant-derived pharmaceuticals will reach $500 billion in the year 2000 in the OECD countries. In the developing countries, over-the-counter remedies and "ethical phytomedicines," which are standardized toxicologically and clinically defined crude drugs, are seen as a promising low cost alternatives in primary health care. The field also has benefited greatly in recent years from the interaction of the study of traditional ethnobotanical knowledge and the application of modem phytochemical analysis and biological activity studies to medicinal plants. The papers on this topic assembled in the present volume were presented at the annual meeting of the Phytochemical Society of North America, held in Mexico City, August 15-19, 1994. This meeting location was chosen at the time of entry of Mexico into the North American Free Trade Agreement as another way to celebrate the closer ties between Mexico, the United States, and Canada. The meeting site was the historic Calinda Geneve Hotel in Mexico City, a most appropriate site to host a group of phytochemists, since it was the address of Russel Marker. Marker lived at the hotel, and his famous papers on steroidal saponins from Dioscorea composita, which launched the birth control pill, bear the address of the hotel.

Kologische Biochemie

Author: Jeffrey B. Harborne
Publisher: Springer Spektrum
ISBN: 9783642398506
Size: 41.79 MB
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Didaktisch geschickt und anschaulich werden die biochemischen Beziehungen zwischen Pflanzen, Tieren und ihrer Umwelt beschrieben. Das Buch ist auch für Leser mit geringen Biochemiekenntnissen leicht verständlich. Aus dem Inhalt: Pflanzen und biochemische Adaption an Umwelt Biochemie der Pflanzenbestäubung Pflanzentoxine und ihre Wirkung auf Tiere Hormonelle Beziehungen zwischen Pflanzen und Tieren Nahrungspräferenzen Abwehrmechanismen von Pflanzen und Reaktionen der Tiere (Coevolution) Pheromone: Biochemische Kommunikation zwischen Tieren Biochemische Wechselwirkungen zwischen Pflanzen.