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American Parties In Context

Author: Robert Harmel
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135015422
Size: 42.92 MB
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Roughly sixty-five years ago, a group of political scientists operating as the "Committee on Political Parties" of the American Political Association thought long and hard about whether the American parties were adequately serving their democracy, and made specific recommendations for improvements. Comparing the parties of this country to those of Great Britain, the Committee found the American parties to be lacking in such fundamentals as clear policy differences, strong and effective organization, and unity of purpose among each party’s representatives in public offices. Starting from that background, this book is intended to significantly enhance students‘ understanding of the American parties today by putting them in broader context. How do the twenty-first century Democrats and Republicans compare to the APSA Committee’s "responsible parties model" of the mid-twentieth? And how do the American parties compare to parties of other democracies around the world, including especially the British parties? Harmel, Giebert, and Janda answer those questions and, in the process, demonstrate that the American parties have moved significantly in the direction of the responsible parties model, but while showing little inclination for implementing the greater discipline the Committee thought essential. Already having provided as much ideological choice as the British parties, the US parties have now edged closer on the other critical requirement of legislative cohesion. The authors show that the latter has resulted "naturally" from the greater homogenization of the meaning of "Democrat" and "Republican" across the country, both within the electorate and now within Congress as well. The dramatic increase in cohesion is not the product of greater party discipline, but rather of sectoral realignments.

American Politics And Society

Author: David McKay
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119167531
Size: 47.84 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"The book is written in a student-friendly style and is supplemented with numerous illustrations and helpful pedagogical features, including chronologies, biographies and definition boxes highlighting key concepts and controversial issues"--

History Of Political Parties In Twentieth Century Latin America

Author: Torcuato Di Tella
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351515497
Size: 43.71 MB
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The general perception of modern Latin American political institutions emphasizes a continuing and random process of disorder and crisis, continually out of step with other regions in their progress toward democracy and prosperity. In "History of Political Parties in Twentieth-Century Latin America," Torcuato S. Di Tella demonstrates that this common view lacks context and comparative nuance, and is deeply misleading. Looking behind the scenes of modern Latin American history, he discerns its broad patterns through close analysis of actual events and comparative sociological perspectives that explain the apparent chaos of the past and point toward the more democratic polity now developing. Di Tella argues that although Latin America has peculiarities of its own, they must be understood in their contrasts - and similarities - with both the developed centers and undeveloped peripheries of the world. Latin American societies have been prone to mass rebellions from very early on, more so than in other regions of the world. He analyzes, as well, such significant exceptions to this pattern as Chile, Colombia, and, to a large extent, Brazil. Turning to the other side of the social spectrum, he shows how the underprivileged classes have tended to support strongman populist movements, which have the double character of being aggressive toward the established order, but at the same time repressive of public liberties and of more radical groups. Di Tella provides here a necessary examination of the concept of populism and divides it into several variants. Populism, he maintains, is by no means disappearing, but its variants are instead undergoing important changes with significant bearing on the region's near-term future. "History of Political Parties in Twentieth-Century Latin America" is rich in historical description, but also in its broad review of social structures and of the strengths and weaknesses of political institutions. Choice commented that "this heavily documented volume with an extensive bibliography would prove valuable to researchers and advanced students of Latin America.

Advances In Comparative Historical Analysis

Author: James Mahoney
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107110025
Size: 30.54 MB
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Situates comparative-historical analysis within contemporary debates in political science and explores the latest theoretical and conceptual advances.

Political Marketing

Author: Darren G. Lilleker
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 9780719068713
Size: 58.96 MB
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Political marketing is becoming a global phenomenon as parties try to copy the market-oriented approach employed by Tony Blair. This work considers the problems with the market-oriented approach, examining the difficulties faced by New Labour in government.

Class And Conservative Parties

Author: Edward L. Gibson
Size: 41.93 MB
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What accounted for the rise of conservative parties in many democratizing Latin American countries in the 1980s and 1990s? Does this augur well for the stable representation of the propertied and socially privileged in political parties? In Class and Conservative Parties Edward Gibson examines these questions in light of Latin America's long legacies of authoritarianism and democratic instability. While previous studies have stressed ideological criteria as defining characteristics of conservative parties, Gibson defines them as parties that draw their core constituencies from the upper strata of society. He thus provides a new approach to the comparative study of conservative parties and offers theoretical insights into the dynamics of conservative electoral coalition-building. Using Argentine politics as his main case, Gibson addresses the causes of that country's troubled patterns of conservative party development through several historical periods. He also traces the evolving alliance between conservatives and the armed forces, which culminated in the failed 1976-1983 military government. His analysis of conservative efforts to organize democratically provides insights into the continuing problems of conservative party development in modern Argentina. Placing Argentina in a larger comparative context. Gibson also examines the determinants of conservative party development in Latin America. He gives special attention to the interaction between core constituencies, party leaders, and the state and offers a thoughtful look forward at conservatism's future in the region. Class and Conservative Parties will be of interest to scholars and students of comparative politics, especially thoseinterested in party development and democratic consolidation.

Development And Crisis Of The Welfare State

Author: Evelyne Huber
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226356464
Size: 75.37 MB
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Evelyne Huber and John D. Stephens offer the most systematic examination to date of the origins, character, effects, and prospects of generous welfare states in advanced industrial democracies in the post—World War II era. They demonstrate that prolonged government by different parties results in markedly different welfare states, with strong differences in levels of poverty and inequality. Combining quantitative studies with historical qualitative research, the authors look closely at nine countries that achieved high degrees of social protection through different types of welfare regimes: social democratic states, Christian democratic states, and "wage earner" states. In their analysis, the authors emphasize the distribution of influence between political parties and labor movements, and also focus on the underestimated importance of gender as a basis for mobilization. Building on their previous research, Huber and Stephens show how high wages and generous welfare states are still possible in an age of globalization and trade competition.

Political Corruption

Author: Arnold J. Heidenheimer
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9781412813891
Size: 13.49 MB
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Corruption is once again high on the international policy agenda as a result of globalization, the spread of democracy, and major scandals and reform initiatives. But the concept itself has been a focus for social scientists for many years, and new findings and data take on richer meanings when viewed in the context of long-term developments and enduring conceptual debates. This compendium, a much-enriched version of a work that has been a standard reference in the field since 1970, offers concepts, cases, and fresh evidence for comparative analysis. Building on a nucleus of classic studies laying out the nature and development of the concept of corruption, the book also incorporates recent work on economic, cultural, and linguistic dimensions of the problem, as well as critical analyses of several approaches to reform. While many authors are political scientists, work by historians, economists, and sociologists are strongly represented. Two-thirds of the nearly fifty articles are based either on studies especially written or translated for this volume, or on selected journal literature published in the 1990s. The tendency to treat corruption as merely a synonym for bribery is illuminated by analyses of the diverse terminology and linguistic techniques that help distinguish corruption problems in the major languages. Recent attempts to measure corruption, and to analyze its causes and effects quantitatively are also critically examined. New contributions emphasize especially: corruption phenomena in Asia and Africa; contrasts among region and regime types; comparing U.S. state corruption incidence; European Party finance and corruption; assessments of international corruption rating project; analyses of international corruption control treaties; unintended consequences of anti-corruption efforts. Cumulatively, the book combines description richness, analytical thrust, conceptual awareness, and contextual articulation.