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Ammonia Synthesis Catalysts

Author: Huazhang Liu
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814518808
Size: 41.55 MB
Format: PDF
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This book provides a review of worldwide developments in ammonia synthesis catalysts over the last 30 years. It focuses on the new generation of Fe1-xO based catalysts and ruthenium catalysts — both are major breakthroughs for fused iron catalysts. The basic theory for ammonia synthesis is systematically explained, covering topics such as the chemical components, crystal structure, preparation, reduction, performance evaluation, characterization of the catalysts, the mechanism and kinetics of ammonia synthesis reaction. Both theory and practice are combined in this presentation, with emphasis on the research methods, application and exploitation of catalysts. The comprehensive volume includes an assessment of the economic and engineering aspects of ammonia plants based on the performance of catalysts. Recent developments in photo-catalysis, electro-catalysis, biocatalysis and new uses of ammonia are also introduced in this book. The author, Professor Huazhang Liu, has been engaged in research and practice for more than 50 years in this field and was the inventor of the first Fe1-xO based catalysts in the world. He has done a lot of research on Fe3O4 based- and ruthenium based-catalysts, and has published more than 300 papers and obtained 21 patents during his career. Contents:Historical Evolution of Catalysts for Ammonia SynthesisCatalytic Reaction Mechanisms of Ammonia SynthesisChemical Composition and Structure of Fused Iron CatalystsPreparation of Fused Iron CatalystsReduction of Fused Iron CatalystsRuthenium Based Ammonia Synthesis CatalystsPerformance Evaluation and Characterization of CatalystsPerformance and Application of CatalystsEffect of Catalyst Performance on the Economic Benefits of Catalytic ProcessInnovation and Speculation Readership: Researchers in academia and industry working on catalysts for ammonia synthesis. Keywords:Ammonia Synthesis;Catalysts;Catalytic;Iron Catalyst;Fused Iron Catalyst;Ruthenium CatalystKey Features:Provides a review of worldwide developments in ammonia synthesis catalysts over the last 30 yearsFocuses on the new generation of Fe1-xO based catalysts and ruthenium catalystsCombines theory and practice, with emphasis on research methods and industrial exploitation

Innovations In Industrial And Engineering Chemistry

Author: William H. Flank
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
ISBN: 9780841269637
Size: 26.29 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Division (I&EC) of the American Chemical Society celebrated the centennial of its establishment in 2008. I&EC was the first technical division established within ACS, and as part of the commemorations planned this book has been produced. The theme of the book is innovation and creativity in the chemical industry, where industrial chemists and chemical engineers have made and will make major contributions. This book provides broad coverage of several significant innovations in chemistry that have led, or will lead, to global industrial developments. The material emphasizes how basic science discoveries have been translated into practice. The book will give readers insight into the nature of developing industries from laboratory discoveries. Innovations in industrial and Engineering Chemistry not only chronicles the creativity of our industry, but also reveals the nature of discovery and innovation. There are chapters that are retrospective in nature as well as chapters that are more prospective (for example, green chemistry). The book is not just a history or commemorative, but a compendium of the nature of innovation in our field. The book covers traditional chemical and petrochemical industries, but also emerging fields ionic liquids. The book is a true resource for professionals.

Handbook Of Commercial Catalysts

Author: Howard F. Rase
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482275368
Size: 37.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Despite the advances in understanding the phenomena that occur on a catalyst surface, much of the successful catalyst development and use continues to be half science and half art. The art resides in the practical knowledge of experts in the development and use of commercial catalysts-it comes with experience. Now the background needed to nurture the experience and inspire the art is collected along with the science into a single volume. Whether called upon to select or improve a catalyst, design a process, diagnose operating problems, or improve existing processes, the Handbook of Commercial Catalysts provides the information needed to form a basis for the task. It offers a starting point by providing a broad overview of 150 major commercial processes and the heterogeneous catalyst used for each. The author has arranged them according to specific reaction or reaction type, and supplies reference citations for deeper research. He offers valuable insghts-based on chemistry, thermodynamics, and surface science-that provide a framework for rational reasoning about catalyst performance. With data collected from the existing literature, from the in-house specialists of commercial vendors, and from his own extensive experience, the author discusses for each reaction: Product uses Chemistry Mechanism Catalyst type Catalyst suppliers and licensors Catalyst deactivation Catalyst regeneration Process units Process kinetics Armed with this information, the reader can begin rational analysis of an existing or planned reaction system and logically discuss catalyst characteristics and operations with technical representative of catalyst manufacturers and with colleagues.

Ammonia

Author: Max Appl
Publisher: Vch Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh
ISBN:
Size: 68.89 MB
Format: PDF
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Ammonia is one of the most important inorganic basic chemicals, not only for the manufacture of fertilizers (85%) but also for the production of plastics, fibers, explosives, and intermediates for dyes and pharmaceuticals. It is an essential reaction component for the synthesis of numerous organic chemicals used as solvents and intermediates. The book provides a practical and up-to-date account of the product properties, synthesis and reaction mechanisms, including catalysis and commercial catalysts, modern production technology for different feedstocks, quality specifications and environmental health and safety aspects, uses and economic data of this important commodity chemical. It also discusses perspectives of future developments of commercial ammonia production. Over 1400 references to the relevant literature complete this concise presentation, whose aim is to inform the reader of the present status of the theory and practice of industrial ammonia production. Chemical engineers, engineers and chemists in industry, engineering companies, catalyst manufacturers, equipment makers and chemical engineering university departments will certainly profit from this comprehensive review based on the author's long practical experience in a leading technical management position of one of the largest European ammonia producers.