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An Environmental History Of Latin America

Author: Shawn William Miller
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521848539
Size: 45.85 MB
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This book narrates the mutually mortal historical contest between humans and nature in Latin America. Covering a period that begins with Amerindian civilizations and concludes in the region's present urban agglomerations, the work offers an original synthesis of the current scholarship on Latin America's environmental history and argues that tropical nature played a central role in shaping the region's historical development. Seeing Latin America's environmental past from the perspective of many centuries illustrates that human civilizations, ancient and modern, have been simultaneously more powerful and more vulnerable than previously thought.

At Nature S Edge

Author: Gunnel Cederlöf
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019909389X
Size: 44.24 MB
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In an epoch when environmental issues make the headlines, this is a work that goes beyond the everyday. Ecologies as diverse as the Himalayas and the Indian Ocean coast, the Negev desert and the former military bases of Vietnam, or the Namib desert and the east African savannah all have in common a long-time human presence and the many ways people have modified nature. With research covering countries from Asia, Africa, and Australia, the authors come together to ask how and why human impacts on nature have grown in scale and pace from a long pre-history. The chapters in this volume illumine specific patterns and responses across time, going beyond an overt centring of the European experience. The tapestry of life and the human reshaping of environments evoke both concern and hope, making it vital to understand when, why, and how we came to this particular turn in the road. Eschewing easy labels and questioning eurocentrism in today’s climate vocabulary, this is a volume that will stimulate rethinking among scholars and citizens alike.

The Natural World In Latin American Literatures

Author: Adrian Taylor Kane
Publisher: McFarland
ISBN: 0786457600
Size: 67.18 MB
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From the Popol Vuh to postmodernism, imagery of the natural world has played an important role in Latin American literature. In contrast to the rise of ecocritical scholarship in Anglophone literary studies, Latin American literary ecocriticism has been slower to take root. This volume of eleven essays seeks to advance the ecocritical conversation among Latin Americanists, furthering insight into the relationship between humans and their environments. The essays address regions as diverse as Patagonia and the Chihuahua Desert.

Medicine And Public Health In Latin America

Author: Marcos Cueto
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316123367
Size: 53.10 MB
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Despite several studies on the social, cultural, and political histories of medicine and of public health in different parts of Latin America and the Caribbean, local and national focuses still predominate, and there are few panoramic studies that analyze the overarching tendencies in the development of health in the region. This comprehensive book summarizes the social history of medicine, medical education, and public health in Latin America and places it in dialogue with the international historiographical currents in medicine and health. Ultimately, this text provides a clear, broad, and provocative synthesis of the history of Latin American medical developments while illuminating the recent challenges of global health in the region and other developing countries.

A History Of Architecture And Urbanism In The Americas

Author: Clare Cardinal-Pett
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317431243
Size: 57.51 MB
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A History of Architecture and Urbanism in the Americas is the first comprehensive survey to narrate the urbanization of the Western Hemisphere, from the Arctic Circle to Antarctica, making it a vital resource to help you understand the built environment in this part of the world. The book combines the latest scholarship about the indigenous past with an environmental history approach covering issues of climate, geology, and biology, so that you'll see the relationship between urban and rural in a new, more inclusive way. Author Clare Cardinal-Pett tells the story chronologically, from the earliest-known human migrations into the Americas to the 1930s to reveal information and insights that weave across time and place so that you can develop a complex and nuanced understanding of human-made landscape forms, patterns of urbanization, and associated building typologies. Each chapter addresses developments throughout the hemisphere and includes information from various disciplines, original artwork, and historical photographs of everyday life, which - along with numerous maps, diagrams, and traditional building photographs - will train your eye to see the built environment as you read about it.

Lifeways In The Northern Maya Lowlands

Author: Jennifer P. Mathews
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 9780816524167
Size: 19.62 MB
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The flat, dry reaches of the northern Yucat‡n Peninsula have been largely ignored by archaeologists drawn to the more illustrious sites of the south. This book is the first volume to focus entirely on the northern Maya lowlands, presenting a broad cross-section of current research projects in the region by both established and up-and-coming scholars. To address the heretofore unrecognized importance of the northern lowlands in Maya prehistory, the contributors cover key topics relevant to Maya studies: the environmental and historical significance of the region, the archaeology of both large and small sites, the development of agriculture, resource management, ancient politics, and long-distance interaction among sites. As a volume in the series Native Peoples of the Americas, it adds a human dimension to archaeological findings by incorporating modern ethnographic data. By exploring various social and political levels of Maya society through a broad expanse of time, Lifeways in the Northern Maya Lowlands not only reconstructs a little-known past, it also suggests the broad implications of archaeology for related studies of tourism, household economies, and ethno-archaeology. It is a benchmark work that pointedly demonstrates the need for researchers in both north and south to ignore modern geographic boundaries in their search for new ideas to further their understanding of the ancient Maya.

Environmental History And The American South

Author: Paul Sutter
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 0820332801
Size: 66.11 MB
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This reader gathers fifteen of the most important essays written in the field of southern environmental history over the past decade. Ideal for course use, the volume provides a convenient entrée into the recent literature on the region as it indicates the variety of directions in which the field is growing. As coeditor Paul S. Sutter writes in his introduction, “recent trends in environmental historiography--a renewed emphasis on agricultural landscapes and their hybridity, attention to the social and racial histories of environmental thought and practice, and connections between health and the environment among them--have made the South newly attractive terrain. This volume suggests, then, that southern environmental history has not only arrived but also that it may prove an important space for the growth of the larger environmental history enterprise.” The writings, which range in setting from the Texas plains to the Carolina Lowcountry, address a multiplicity of topics, such as husbandry practices in the Chesapeake colonies and the aftermath of Hurricane Andrew. The contributors’ varied disciplinary perspectives--including agricultural history, geography, the history of science, the history of technology, military history, colonial American history, urban and regional planning history, and ethnohistory--also point to the field’s vitality. Conveying the breadth, diversity, and liveliness of this maturing area of study, Environmental History and the American South affirms the critical importance of human-environmental interactions to the history and culture of the region. Contributors: Virginia DeJohn Anderson William Boyd Lisa Brady Joshua Blu Buhs Judith Carney James Taylor Carson Craig E. Colten S. Max Edelson Jack Temple Kirby Ralph H. Lutts Eileen Maura McGurty Ted Steinberg Mart Stewart Claire Strom Paul Sutter Harry Watson Albert G. Way

Das Gr Ne Haus

Author: Mario Vargas Llosa
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 3518735853
Size: 21.13 MB
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In dem Werk Das grüne Haus haben sich der geographische Raum - Urwalddörfer und Städte in einem Städtedreieck des nördlichen Peru - und die dargestellte soziale Problematik im Vergleich zu Vargas Llosas erstem Roman Die Stadt und die Hunde erweitert. Der Autor erzählt, wie hochherzige Nonnen Urwaldmädchen einfangen, um sie in ihren Missionsschulen zu christianisieren. Am konkreten Schicksal Bonifacias verdeutlicht er deren »neues« Leben: Dienerin bei den Garnisonsoffizieren, schließlich Prostituierte. Eine zweite Geschichte berichtet von der Ausbeutung der Indianer bei der Kautschukgewinnung, den Repressalien der Regierung bei Auflehnung und Streik. Die permanente Unterdrückung der Eingeborenen durch die Vertreter der herrschenden Gesellschaft ist Thema des dritten Handlungsmotivs. Zwei Episoden ereignen sich in der kleinen Wüstenstadt Piura. Eine grüngestrichene Hütte, das städtische Bordell, ist Zentrum des erzählerischen Kaleidoskops, Schnittpunkt der Schicksale, Zeiten und Realitäten, ein Haus von nahezu mythischer Vergangenheit und Bedeutung.