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An Introduction To Seismology Earthquakes And Earth Structure

Author: Seth Stein
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118687450
Size: 18.41 MB
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An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes and Earth Structures is an introduction to seismology and its role in the earth sciences, and is written for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students. The fundamentals of seismic wave propagation are developed using a physical approach and then applied to show how refraction, reflection, and teleseismic techniques are used to study the structure and thus the composition and evolution of the earth. The book shows how seismic waves are used to study earthquakes and are integrated with other data to investigate the plate tectonic processes that cause earthquakes. Figures, examples, problems, and computer exercises teach students about seismology in a creative and intuitive manner. Necessary mathematical tools including vector and tensor analysis, matrix algebra, Fourier analysis, statistics of errors, signal processing, and data inversion are introduced with many relevant examples. The text also addresses the fundamentals of seismometry and applications of seismology to societal issues. Special attention is paid to help students visualize connections between different topics and view seismology as an integrated science. An Introduction to Seismology, Earthquakes, and Earth Structure gives an excellent overview for students of geophysics and tectonics, and provides a strong foundation for further studies in seismology. Multidisciplinary examples throughout the text - catering to students in varied disciplines (geology, mineralogy, petrology, physics, etc.). Most up to date book on the market - includes recent seismic events such as the 1999 Earthquakes in Turkey, Greece, and Taiwan). Chapter outlines - each chapter begins with an outline and a list of learning objectives to help students focus and study. Essential math review - an entire section reviews the essential math needed to understand seismology. This can be covered in class or left to students to review as needed. End of chapter problem sets - homework problems that cover the material presented in the chapter. Solutions to all odd numbered problem sets are listed in the back so that students can track their progress. Extensive References - classic references and more current references are listed at the end of each chapter. A set of instructor's resources containing downloadable versions of all the figures in the book, errata and answers to homework problems is available at: http://levee.wustl.edu/seismology/book/. Also available on this website are PowerPoint lecture slides corresponding to the first 5 chapters of the book.

Introduction To Seismology

Author: Peter M. Shearer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521882109
Size: 41.99 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book provides an approachable and concise introduction to seismic theory for a one-semester undergraduate course.

An Introduction To Seismology Earthquakes And Earth Structure

Author: Alex Wilson
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781680943047
Size: 78.26 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Seismology is the study of earthquakes and seismic waves that move through and around the earth. A seismologist is a scientist who studies earthquakes and seismic waves. Seismic waves are the waves of energy caused by the sudden breaking of rock within the earth or an explosion. They are the energy that travels through the earth and is recorded on seismograph. An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of energy in the Earth's crust that creates seismic waves. The seismicity, seismism or seismic activity of an area refers to the frequency, type and size of earthquakes experienced over a period of time. This book has been divided into twelve chapters. In the first chapter microseismic monitoring developments in hydraulic fracture stimulation is decribed. Chapter two presents the advances in earthquake and tsunami sciences and disaster risk reduction since the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Chapter three reviews the 1170 Andujar (Jaen, South Spain) earthquake, including the first likely archeological evidence. Global climatic changes and recent increasing trend of earthquakes since the 90's is discussed in fourth chapter. Chapter five reviews seismotectonic and the hipothetical strike-slip tectonic boundary of central Costa Rica. The role of earthquake information management system to reduce destrcution in disasters with earthquake approach is discussed in chapter six. Chapter seven reviews that engineering resillience is drawn from environmental sciences where the resistance to disturbance and rate of return to an optimal equilibrium is paramount. Chapter eight present case study on seismic hazard analysis for archaeological structures for El Sakakini Palace Cairo, Egypt. Chapter nine presents the use of ambient noise recordings as a speedy technique for evaluating the local seismic response in several instances where either lithologic and/or morphologic and structural features can significantly affect the response of shallow geologic formations to a seismic input. Chapter ten reviews a 3D approach for seismic behavior of monolithic objects. Chapter eleven presents seismic ambient noise and its applicability to monitor cryospheric environment. The quadrants method presented in twelveth chapter is suitable for rapid and reliable evaluation of structure, with a low calculation effort.

Global Tectonics

Author: Philip Kearey
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780865429246
Size: 50.44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Warmly praised in its first edition, particularly for its careful balance between geology and geophysics, Global Tectonics is an even better textbook in its second edition. Responding to reviews, comments from instructors and developments in the subject, the authors have significantly extended the book's breadth and restructured some sections. Expanded sections include those on the formation of oceanic crust, the variety of passive continental margins and the nature of convection in the mantle, and a new chapter draws together the material on continental rifts and sedimentary basins. Written by very eminent authors. Fred Vine was one of the pioneers of plate tectonic theory. Careful balance between geology and geophysics. New section of full colour plates. Addition of a new chapter drawing together the coverage of continental rifts and sedimentary basins. Expanded coverage, particularly of deep seismic reflection, hot spots and petrogenesis.

Introduction To Earth Sciences

Author: Luc Thomas Ikelle
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9813148446
Size: 33.22 MB
Format: PDF
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Geophysics is concerned with the physical processes and properties of the Earth and its surrounding environment, and with the use of quantitative methods for their analysis. This book provides the general public, including students, faculties, and universities with a comprehensive presentation of geophysics suitable for first year undergraduate classes. The key focus is to familiarize readers with the concepts of elastic and electromagnetic wave propagation, which are central to geophysical studies. Elastic waves and electromagnetic waves are two important ways that energy is transported in the world around us. These important concepts are presented through examples giving readers a more comprehensive understanding of geophysics and what geophysicists do. Special focus is on earthquakes, volcanoes, energy resources, and climate which are the present and future challenges of our times. Request Inspection Copy

Principles Of Seismology

Author: Agustín Udías
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108548555
Size: 56.94 MB
Format: PDF
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The second edition of Principles of Seismology has been extensively revised and updated to present a modern approach to observation seismology and the theory behind digital seismograms. It includes: a new chapter on Earthquakes, Earth's structure and dynamics; a considerably revised chapter on instrumentation, with new material on processing of modern digital seismograms and a list of website hosting data and seismological software; and 100 end-of-chapter problems. The fundamental physical concepts on which seismic theory is based are explained in full detail with step-by-step development of the mathematical derivations, demonstrating the relationship between motions recorded in digital seismograms and the mechanics of deformable bodies. With chapter introductions and summaries, numerous examples, newly drafted illustrations and new color figures, and an updated bibliography and reference list, this intermediate-level textbook is designed to help students develop the skills to tackle real research problems.

Computational Seismology

Author: Heiner Igel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198717407
Size: 59.30 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book is an introductory text to a range of numerical methods used today to simulate time-dependent processes in Earth science, physics, engineering, and many other fields. The physical problem of elastic wave propagation in 1D serves as a model system with which the various numerical methods are introduced and compared. The theoretical background is presented with substantial graphical material supporting the concepts. The results can be reproduced with the supplementary electronic material provided as python codes embedded in Jupyter notebooks. The book starts with a primer on the physics of elastic wave propagation, and a chapter on the fundamentals of parallel programming, computational grids, mesh generation, and hardware models. The core of the book is the presentation of numerical solutions of the wave equation with six different methods: 1) the finite-difference method; 2) the pseudospectral method (Fourier and Chebyshev); 3) the linear finite-element method; 4) the spectral-element method; 5) the finite-volume method; and 6) the discontinuous Galerkin method. Each chapter contains comprehension questions, theoretical, and programming exercises. The book closes with a discussion of domains of application and criteria for the choice of a specific numerical method, and the presentation of current challenges. Readers are welcome to visit the author's website www.geophysik.lmu.de/Members/igel for more information on his research, projects, publications, and other activities.

An Introduction To The Theory Of Seismology

Author: Keith Edward Bullen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521283892
Size: 55.48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Emphasizing physical models and applicable mathematics, this newly revised edition includes extensive additional material on the introductory theory of earthquake sources, seismic wave travel through complex geological zones, and earthquake prediction and risk.

Seismology And Plate Tectonics

Author: David Gubbins
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521379953
Size: 64.55 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This introduction to seismological theory and the principles of plate tectonics also develops a practical approach to the interpretation of seismograms for physicists and mathematicians as well as geologists.