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Ancient Mesopotamia

Author: A. Leo Oppenheim
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022617767X
Size: 79.45 MB
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"This splendid work of scholarship . . . sums up with economy and power all that the written record so far deciphered has to tell about the ancient and complementary civilizations of Babylon and Assyria."—Edward B. Garside, New York Times Book Review Ancient Mesopotamia—the area now called Iraq—has received less attention than ancient Egypt and other long-extinct and more spectacular civilizations. But numerous small clay tablets buried in the desert soil for thousands of years make it possible for us to know more about the people of ancient Mesopotamia than any other land in the early Near East. Professor Oppenheim, who studied these tablets for more than thirty years, used his intimate knowledge of long-dead languages to put together a distinctively personal picture of the Mesopotamians of some three thousand years ago. Following Oppenheim's death, Erica Reiner used the author's outline to complete the revisions he had begun. "To any serious student of Mesopotamian civilization, this is one of the most valuable books ever written."—Leonard Cottrell, Book Week "Leo Oppenheim has made a bold, brave, pioneering attempt to present a synthesis of the vast mass of philological and archaeological data that have accumulated over the past hundred years in the field of Assyriological research."—Samuel Noah Kramer, Archaeology A. Leo Oppenheim, one of the most distinguished Assyriologists of our time, was editor in charge of the Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute and John A. Wilson Professor of Oriental Studies at the University of Chicago.

Altorientalische Und Biblische Rechtsgeschichte

Author: Eckart Otto
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
ISBN: 9783447057912
Size: 10.12 MB
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Mit diesem Band legt der fur seine rechtshistorischen Forschungen international anerkannte Alttestamentler Eckart Otto seine Studien zum altorientalischen und biblischen Recht vor. Im Mittelpunkt stehen Studien zu altbabylonischen und mittelassyrischen Gesetzen, zum biblischen Recht im Horizont der altorientalischen Rechtsgeschichte, zur Rechtshermeneutik und Methodologie altorientalischer und biblischer Rechtsgeschichte, sowie zu den Ursprungen fruhjudischen Rechts.Aus dem Inhalt: (insges. 26 Beitrage)Tendenzen der Geschichte des Rechts in der Hebraischen BibelDie biblische Rechtsgeschichte im Horizont des altorientalischen RechtsKodifizierung und Kanonisierung von Rechtssatzen in keilschriftlichen und biblischen RechtssammlungenMenschenrechte im Alten Orient und im Alten TestamentHerrscherlegitimation und Rechtskodifizierung in altorientalischer und biblischer RechtsgeschichteRecht ohne Religion. Zur "Romanisierung" der altorientalischen Rechtsgeschichte im "Handbuch der Orientalistik"Die Rechtsgeschichte der Mittelassyrischen Gesetze (KAV 1)Das keilschriftliche Prozessrecht in Babylonien und Assyrien Das altagyptische Strafrecht

The Enoch Metatron Tradition

Author: Andrei A. Orlov
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161485442
Size: 26.25 MB
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Andrei A. Orlov examines the tradition about the seventh antediluvian patriarch Enoch, tracing its development from its roots in the Mesopotamian lore to the Second Temple apocalyptic texts and later rabbinic and Hekhalot materials where Enoch is often identified as the supreme angel Metatron. The first part of the book explores the imagery of the celestial roles and titles of the seventh antediluvian hero in Mesopotamian, Enochic and Hekhalot materials. The analysis of the celestial roles and titles shows that the transition from the figure of patriarch Enoch to the figure of angel Metatron occurred already in the Second Temple Enochic materials, namely, in 2 (Slavonic) Enoch, a Jewish work, traditionally dated to the first century CE. The second part of the book demonstrates that mediatorial polemics with the traditions of the exalted patriarchs and prophets played an important role in facilitating the transition from Enoch to Metatron in the Second Temple period.