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Applied Algebra

Author: Darel W. Hardy
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420071432
Size: 74.20 MB
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Using mathematical tools from number theory and finite fields, Applied Algebra: Codes, Ciphers, and Discrete Algorithms, Second Edition presents practical methods for solving problems in data security and data integrity. It is designed for an applied algebra course for students who have had prior classes in abstract or linear algebra. While the content has been reworked and improved, this edition continues to cover many algorithms that arise in cryptography and error-control codes. New to the Second Edition A CD-ROM containing an interactive version of the book that is powered by Scientific Notebook®, a mathematical word processor and easy-to-use computer algebra system New appendix that reviews prerequisite topics in algebra and number theory Double the number of exercises Instead of a general study on finite groups, the book considers finite groups of permutations and develops just enough of the theory of finite fields to facilitate construction of the fields used for error-control codes and the Advanced Encryption Standard. It also deals with integers and polynomials. Explaining the mathematics as needed, this text thoroughly explores how mathematical techniques can be used to solve practical problems. About the Authors Darel W. Hardy is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Mathematics at Colorado State University. His research interests include applied algebra and semigroups. Fred Richman is a professor in the Department of Mathematical Sciences at Florida Atlantic University. His research interests include Abelian group theory and constructive mathematics. Carol L. Walker is Associate Dean Emeritus in the Department of Mathematical Sciences at New Mexico State University. Her research interests include Abelian group theory, applications of homological algebra and category theory, and the mathematics of fuzzy sets and fuzzy logic.

Discrete Structures And Their Interactions

Author: Jason I. Brown
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466579420
Size: 39.93 MB
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Discover the Connections between Different Structures and Fields Discrete Structures and Their Interactions highlights the connections among various discrete structures, including graphs, directed graphs, hypergraphs, partial orders, finite topologies, and simplicial complexes. It also explores their relationships to classical areas of mathematics, such as linear and multilinear algebra, analysis, probability, logic, and topology. The text introduces a number of discrete structures, such as hypergraphs, finite topologies, preorders, simplicial complexes, and order ideals of monomials, that most graduate students in combinatorics, and even some researchers in the field, seldom experience. The author explains how these structures have important applications in many areas inside and outside of combinatorics. He also discusses how to recognize valuable research connections through the structures. Intended for graduate and upper-level undergraduate students in mathematics who have taken an initial course in discrete mathematics or graph theory, this book shows how discrete structures offer new insights into the classical fields of mathematics. It illustrates how to use discrete structures to represent the salient features and discover the underlying combinatorial principles of seemingly unrelated areas of mathematics.

Finite Dimensional Linear Algebra

Author: Mark S. Gockenbach
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143981564X
Size: 10.43 MB
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Linear algebra forms the basis for much of modern mathematics—theoretical, applied, and computational. Finite-Dimensional Linear Algebra provides a solid foundation for the study of advanced mathematics and discusses applications of linear algebra to such diverse areas as combinatorics, differential equations, optimization, and approximation. The author begins with an overview of the essential themes of the book: linear equations, best approximation, and diagonalization. He then takes students through an axiomatic development of vector spaces, linear operators, eigenvalues, norms, and inner products. In addition to discussing the special properties of symmetric matrices, he covers the Jordan canonical form, an important theoretical tool, and the singular value decomposition, a powerful tool for computation. The final chapters present introductions to numerical linear algebra and analysis in vector spaces, including a brief introduction to functional analysis (infinite-dimensional linear algebra). Drawing on material from the author’s own course, this textbook gives students a strong theoretical understanding of linear algebra. It offers many illustrations of how linear algebra is used throughout mathematics.

Pearls Of Discrete Mathematics

Author: Martin Erickson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439816174
Size: 51.21 MB
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Methods Used to Solve Discrete Math Problems Interesting examples highlight the interdisciplinary nature of this area Pearls of Discrete Mathematics presents methods for solving counting problems and other types of problems that involve discrete structures. Through intriguing examples, problems, theorems, and proofs, the book illustrates the relationship of these structures to algebra, geometry, number theory, and combinatorics. Each chapter begins with a mathematical teaser to engage readers and includes a particularly surprising, stunning, elegant, or unusual result. The author covers the upward extension of Pascal’s triangle, a recurrence relation for powers of Fibonacci numbers, ways to make change for a million dollars, integer triangles, the period of Alcuin’s sequence, and Rook and Queen paths and the equivalent Nim and Wythoff’s Nim games. He also examines the probability of a perfect bridge hand, random tournaments, a Fibonacci-like sequence of composite numbers, Shannon’s theorems of information theory, higher-dimensional tic-tac-toe, animal achievement and avoidance games, and an algorithm for solving Sudoku puzzles and polycube packing problems. Exercises ranging from easy to challenging are found in each chapter while hints and solutions are provided in an appendix. With over twenty-five years of teaching experience, the author takes an organic approach that explores concrete problems, introduces theory, and adds generalizations as needed. He delivers an absorbing treatment of the basic principles of discrete mathematics.

Secret History

Author: Craig P. Bauer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466561874
Size: 23.89 MB
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Winner of an Outstanding Academic Title Award from CHOICE Magazine Most available cryptology books primarily focus on either mathematics or history. Breaking this mold, Secret History: The Story of Cryptology gives a thorough yet accessible treatment of both the mathematics and history of cryptology. Requiring minimal mathematical prerequisites, the book presents the mathematics in sufficient detail and weaves the history throughout the chapters. In addition to the fascinating historical and political sides of cryptology, the author—a former Scholar-in-Residence at the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) Center for Cryptologic History—includes interesting instances of codes and ciphers in crime, literature, music, and art. Following a mainly chronological development of concepts, the book focuses on classical cryptology in the first part. It covers Greek and Viking cryptography, the Vigenère cipher, the one-time pad, transposition ciphers, Jefferson’s cipher wheel, the Playfair cipher, ADFGX, matrix encryption, World War II cipher systems (including a detailed examination of Enigma), and many other classical methods introduced before World War II. The second part of the book examines modern cryptology. The author looks at the work of Claude Shannon and the origin and current status of the NSA, including some of its Suite B algorithms such as elliptic curve cryptography and the Advanced Encryption Standard. He also details the controversy that surrounded the Data Encryption Standard and the early years of public key cryptography. The book not only provides the how-to of the Diffie-Hellman key exchange and RSA algorithm, but also covers many attacks on the latter. Additionally, it discusses Elgamal, digital signatures, PGP, and stream ciphers and explores future directions such as quantum cryptography and DNA computing. With numerous real-world examples and extensive references, this book skillfully balances the historical aspects of cryptology with its mathematical details. It provides readers with a sound foundation in this dynamic field.

Discrete Chaos Second Edition

Author: Saber N. Elaydi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1584885920
Size: 37.28 MB
Format: PDF
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While maintaining the lucidity of the first edition, Discrete Chaos, Second Edition: With Applications in Science and Engineering now includes many recent results on global stability, bifurcation, chaos, and fractals. The first five chapters provide the most comprehensive material on discrete dynamical systems, including trace-determinant stability, bifurcation analysis, and the detailed analysis of the center manifold theory. This edition also covers L-systems and the periodic structure of the bulbs in the Mandelbrot set as well as new applications in biology, chemistry, and physics. The principal improvements to this book are the additions of PHASER software on an accompanying CD-ROM and the MapleTM and Mathematica® code available for download online. Incorporating numerous new topics and technology not found in similar texts, Discrete Chaos, Second Edition presents a thorough, up-to-date treatment of the theory and applications of discrete dynamical systems.

Applied Combinatorics Second Edition

Author: Fred Roberts
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420099836
Size: 59.26 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Now with solutions to selected problems, Applied Combinatorics, Second Edition presents the tools of combinatorics from an applied point of view. This bestselling textbook offers numerous references to the literature of combinatorics and its applications that enable readers to delve more deeply into the topics. After introducing fundamental counting rules and the tools of graph theory and relations, the authors focus on three basic problems of combinatorics: counting, existence, and optimization problems. They discuss advanced tools for dealing with the counting problem, including generating functions, recurrences, inclusion/exclusion, and Pólya theory. The text then covers combinatorial design, coding theory, and special problems in graph theory. It also illustrates the basic ideas of combinatorial optimization through a study of graphs and networks.

Locally Presentable And Accessible Categories

Author: Jiří Adámek (ing.)
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521422611
Size: 49.76 MB
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The concepts of a locally presentable category and an accessible category have turned out to be useful in formulating connections between universal algebra, model theory, logic and computer science. The aim of this book is to provide an exposition of both the theory and the applications of these categories at a level accessible to graduate students. Firstly the properties of l-presentable objects, locally l-presentable categories, and l-accessible categories are discussed in detail, and the equivalence of accessible and sketchable categories is proved. The authors go on to study categories of algebras and prove that Freyd's essentially algebraic categories are precisely the locally presentable categories. In the final chapters they treat some topics in model theory and some set theoretical aspects. For researchers in category theory, algebra, computer science, and model theory, this book will be a necessary purchase.

Applied Abstract Algebra

Author: Rudolf Lidl
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387982908
Size: 46.80 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Accessible to junior and senior undergraduate students, this survey contains many examples, solved exercises, sets of problems, and parts of abstract algebra of use in many other areas of discrete mathematics. Although this is a mathematics book, the authors have made great efforts to address the needs of users employing the techniques discussed. Fully worked out computational examples are backed by more than 500 exercises throughout the 40 sections. This new edition includes a new chapter on cryptology, and an enlarged chapter on applications of groups, while an extensive chapter has been added to survey other applications not included in the first edition. The book assumes knowledge of the material covered in a course on linear algebra and, preferably, a first course in (abstract) algebra covering the basics of groups, rings, and fields.

Discrete Mathematics With Applications

Author: Susanna Epp
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0495391328
Size: 29.59 MB
Format: PDF
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Susanna Epp’s DISCRETE MATHEMATICS WITH APPLICATIONS, FOURTH EDITION provides a clear introduction to discrete mathematics. Renowned for her lucid, accessible prose, Epp explains complex, abstract concepts with clarity and precision. This book presents not only the major themes of discrete mathematics, but also the reasoning that underlies mathematical thought. Students develop the ability to think abstractly as they study the ideas of logic and proof. While learning about such concepts as logic circuits and computer addition, algorithm analysis, recursive thinking, computability, automata, cryptography, and combinatorics, students discover that the ideas of discrete mathematics underlie and are essential to the science and technology of the computer age. Overall, Epp’s emphasis on reasoning provides students with a strong foundation for computer science and upper-level mathematics courses. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.