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Resilience And Risk

Author: Igor Linkov
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9402411232
Size: 77.44 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume addresses the challenges associated with methodology and application of risk and resilience science and practice to address emerging threats in environmental, cyber, infrastructure and other domains. The book utilizes the collective expertise of scholars and experts in industry, government and academia in the new and emerging field of resilience in order to provide a more comprehensive and universal understanding of how resilience methodology can be applied in various disciplines and applications. This book advocates for a systems-driven view of resilience in applications ranging from cyber security to ecology to social action, and addresses resilience-based management in infrastructure, cyber, social domains and methodology and tools. Risk and Resilience has been written to open up a transparent dialog on resilience management for scientists and practitioners in all relevant academic disciplines and can be used as supplement in teaching risk assessment and management courses.

Transdisciplinary Systems Engineering

Author: Azad M. Madni
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331962184X
Size: 21.25 MB
Format: PDF
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This book explores the ways that disciplinary convergence and technological advance are transforming systems engineering to address gaps in complex systems engineering: Transdisciplinary Systems Engineering (TSE). TSE reaches beyond traditional disciplines to find connections—and this book examines a range of new methods from across such disparate areas of scholarship as computer science, social science, human studies, and systems design to reveal patterns, efficiencies, affordances, and pathways to intuitive design. Organized to serve multiple constituencies, the book stands as an ideal textbook supplement for graduate courses in systems engineering, a reference text for program managers and practicing engineers in all industries, and a primary source for researchers engaged in multidisciplinary research in systems engineering and design.

Economic Systems Analysis And Assessment

Author: Andrew P. Sage
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118015483
Size: 69.54 MB
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An Authoritative Introduction to a Major Subject in Systems Engineering and Management This important volume fills the need for a textbook on the fundamentals of economic systems analysis and assessment, illustrating their vital role in systems engineering and systems management. Providing extensive coverage on key topics, it assumes no prior background in mathematics or economics in order to comprehend the material. The book is comprised of five major parts: Microeconomics: a concise overview that covers production and the theory of the firm; theory of the consumer; market equilibria and market imperfections; and normative or welfare economics, including imperfect competition effects and consumer and producer surplus Program Management Economics: discusses economic valuation of programs and projects, including investment rates of return; cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis; earned value management; cost structures and estimation of program costs and schedules; strategic and tactical pricing issues; and capital investment and options Cost Estimation: reviews cost-estimation technologies involving precedented and unprecedented development, commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) software, software reuse, application generators, and fourth-generation languages Strategic Investments in an Uncertain World: addresses alternative methods for valuation of firms including Stern Stewart's EVA, Holt's CFROI, and various competing methodologies Contemporary Perspectives: covers ongoing extensions to theory and practice that enable satisfactory treatment of the increasing returns to scale, network effects, and path-dependent issues generally associated with contemporary ultra-large-scale telecommunications and information networks Also discussed in this comprehensive text are normative or welfare economics and behavioral economics; COCOMO I and II and COSYSMO as examples of a cost model; and options-based valuation models and valuation of information technology intensive enterprises. Economic Systems Analysis and Assessment serves as an ideal textbook for senior undergraduate and first-year graduate courses in economic systems analysis and assessment, as well as a valuable reference for engineers and managers involved with information technology intensive systems, professional economists, cost analysts, investment evaluators, and systems engineers.

Dam And Levee Safety And Community Resilience

Author: Committee on Integrating Dam and Levee Safety and Community Resilience
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309256151
Size: 42.13 MB
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Although advances in engineering can reduce the risk of dam and levee failure, some failures will still occur. Such events cause impacts on social and physical infrastructure that extend far beyond the flood zone. Broadening dam and levee safety programs to consider community- and regional-level priorities in decision making can help reduce the risk of, and increase community resilience to, potential dam and levee failures. Collaboration between dam and levee safety professionals at all levels, persons and property owners at direct risk, members of the wider economy, and the social and environmental networks in a community would allow all stakeholders to understand risks, shared needs, and opportunities, and make more informed decisions related to dam and levee infrastructure and community resilience. Dam and Levee Safety and Community Resilience: A Vision for Future Practice explains that fundamental shifts in safety culture will be necessary to integrate the concepts of resilience into dam and levee safety programs.

Das Unerwartete Managen

Author: Karl E. Weick
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783791029689
Size: 69.32 MB
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Wie können Unternehmen mit unerwarteten Situationen umgehen? Um diese Frage zu beantworten, untersuchen die Autoren sogenannte High Reliability Organizations (HROs) - Organisationen, die absolut zuverlässig arbeiten müssen, wie z. B. Fluglotsen oder Feuerwehrmannschaften. An ihren spezifischen Handlungsabläufen kann sich jede Organisation orientieren, um unerwartete Ereignisse und Entwicklungen besser zu verstehen und zu bewältigen. Wie die Methoden der HROs sich in der Unternehmenspraxis umsetzen lassen, zeigt der lösungsorientierte Managementansatz.

Bersetzerbau

Author: Dieter Maurer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662000776
Size: 74.21 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Dieses Buch vermittelt Studenten der Informatik Fundament und Rüstzeug des Übersetzerbaus für imperative, funktionale und logische Programmiersprachen. Die ersten vier Kapitel führen in die Thematik und die theoretischen Grundlagen ein. In den weiteren sieben Kapiteln werden konstruktive Verfahren zur automatischen Erzeugung von lexikalischen, syntaktischen und semantischen Analysatoren und von Codeerzeugern vorgestellt. Neben der Übersetzung konventioneller, imperativer Programmiersprachen, wie Fortran, Pascal und C, werden auch die Klassen der funktionalen und der logischen Programmiersprachen mit Lisp und Miranda bzw. Prolog als prominenten Vertretern erfaßt. Bei der automatischen Codeerzeugung finden moderne parallele Zielarchitekturen gebührende Berücksichtigung. Die statische Analyse von Programmen, die für die Unterstützung des Softwareentwicklungsprozesses im allgemeinen ebenso wichtig ist wie hier für die Erzeugung effizienter Zielprogramme, wird semantisch fundiert. Die erforderlichen Grundkenntnisse aus der Theorie der formalen Sprachen und Automaten werden hergeleitet. Zahlreiche Aufgaben ermöglichen eine gründliche Einübung der Lehrinhalte. Das Buch eignet sich zum Gebrauch für ein- oder zweisemestrige Vorlesungen ebenso wie zum Selbststudium.

Abaelards Historia Calamitatum

Author: Dag Nikolaus Hasse
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110170122
Size: 78.62 MB
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Peter Abelard's autobiography, the Historia calamitatum, is one of the best-known medieval texts, especially because of the story of his love for Heloise which it recounts. In recent decades, there was so much controversy about the authenticity of the documents concerning Abelard and Heloise that the critical interpretation of the texts was relegated to the sidelines. The present volume provides a way out of this impasse. In it, the famous text is subjected to a series of exemplary analyses from the perspectives of seven different 20th century literary theories (aesthetics of reception, Foucault, Gender Studies, Rhetorical Stylistic Analysis, Psychology of Literature, Cultural Studies, Deconstruction). The analyses are preceded by the Latin text of the Historia calamitatum with a modern German translation. This is thus the first time that the Historia calamitatum has been presented in a bilingual edition.

Nichtlineare Finite Elemente Analyse Von Festk Rpern Und Strukturen

Author: René de Borst
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527678026
Size: 42.96 MB
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Echte Ingenieursprobleme sind intrinsisch nichtlinear. Kennnisse der nichtlinearen Finiten-Elemente-Analyse sind für Maschinenbauer, Bauingenieure und Werkstofftechniker daher unabdingbar. Mit ihrer Hilfe lassen sich mechanische Festigkeitsberechnungen durchführen, zeit- und kostenintensive Tests bei der Produktentwicklung werden so reduziert. Didaktisch schlüssig vom Modell und dessen theoretischer Durchdringung bis zum Algorithmus und dessen praktischer Implementierung bietet dieses Buch eine Einführung in die nichtlineare Finite-Elemente-Analyse ? leicht zugänglich, kompakt und auf die technische Ausrichtung fokussiert: - mathematische und kontinuumsmechanische Grundlagen, Lösungstechniken für nichtlineare Probleme in der statischen und dynamischen Analyse - erste Einblicke in geometrische Nichtlinearitäten - Schädigung, Plastizität und zeitabhängige Nichtlinearitäten - Plastizität von Balken, Bögen und Schalen - elastische und elastoplastische Finite-Elemente-Analyse großer Dehnungen - Einführung in moderne Diskretisierungskonzepte Hilfreich fürs Bestehen von Prüfungen sind die Beispiele im frei erhältlichen Finite-Elemente-Code auf Python?-Basis. Das dazugehörige Hintergrundwissen macht den User mit den Möglichkeiten und Grenzen moderner Finite-Elemente-Software vertraut. Der ideale Einstieg in die nichtlineare Finite-Elemente-Analyse für Studenten und Praktiker ? mit so viel Mathematik wie nötig und so vielen realen Ingenieursproblemen wie möglich. Mit Beispielen im Finite-Elemente-Code auf Python?-Basis unter: www.wiley-vch.de