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Architecture And Mathematics In Ancient Egypt

Author: Corinna Rossi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107320518
Size: 71.18 MB
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In this fascinating study, architect and Egyptologist Corinna Rossi analyses the relationship between mathematics and architecture in ancient Egypt by exploring the use of numbers and geometrical figures in ancient architectural projects and buildings. While previous architectural studies have searched for abstract 'universal rules' to explain the history of Egyptian architecture, Rossi attempts to reconcile the different approaches of archaeologists, architects and historians of mathematics into a single coherent picture. Using a study of a specific group of monuments, the pyramids, and placing them in the context of their cultural and historical background, Rossi argues that theory and practice of construction must be considered as a continuum, not as two separated fields, in order to allow the original planning process of a building to re-emerge. Highly illustrated with plans, diagrams and figures, this book is essential reading for all scholars of Ancient Egypt and the architecture of ancient cultures.

Mathematics In Ancient Egypt

Author: Annette Imhausen
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400874300
Size: 49.11 MB
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Mathematics in Ancient Egypt traces the development of Egyptian mathematics, from the end of the fourth millennium BC—and the earliest hints of writing and number notation—to the end of the pharaonic period in Greco-Roman times. Drawing from mathematical texts, architectural drawings, administrative documents, and other sources, Annette Imhausen surveys three thousand years of Egyptian history to present an integrated picture of theoretical mathematics in relation to the daily practices of Egyptian life and social structures. Imhausen shows that from the earliest beginnings, pharaonic civilization used numerical techniques to efficiently control and use their material resources and labor. Even during the Old Kingdom, a variety of metrological systems had already been devised. By the Middle Kingdom, procedures had been established to teach mathematical techniques to scribes in order to make them proficient administrators for their king. Imhausen looks at counterparts to the notation of zero, suggests an explanation for the evolution of unit fractions, and analyzes concepts of arithmetic techniques. She draws connections and comparisons to Mesopotamian mathematics, examines which individuals in Egyptian society held mathematical knowledge, and considers which scribes were trained in mathematical ideas and why. Of interest to historians of mathematics, mathematicians, Egyptologists, and all those curious about Egyptian culture, Mathematics in Ancient Egypt sheds new light on a civilization's unique mathematical evolution.

Ancient Egyptian Masonry

Author: Somers Clarke
Publisher: Book Tree
ISBN: 9781585090594
Size: 50.14 MB
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Reveals the methods Egyptians used to build their stone constructions. We marvel at the structures they built, not knowing exactly how it was done. The authors state that their explanation of the Great Pyramids construction is not the final answer and that many mysteries still remain, yet do a fascinating job in detailing how the huge stones were dressed and laid out. Many mysteries are cleared up in this book, which includes over 250 sketches and pictures that back up the authors claims. They reveal how hard work, ingenuity, and an advanced knowledge of mathematics and physics account for some of the amazing architectural feats performed in early Egypt. Yet when a mystery remains, the authors openly admit it. Any serious researcher on ancient Egypt should not be without this book.

Ancient Egypt

Author: David P. Silverman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195219524
Size: 55.18 MB
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A collection of essays based on the latest historical research and archeological discoveries surveys the culture and religion of ancient Egypt.

Lost Technologies Of Ancient Egypt

Author: Christopher Dunn
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 159143968X
Size: 45.93 MB
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A unique study of the engineering and tools used to create Egyptian monuments • Presents a stone-by-stone analysis of key Egyptian monuments, including the statues of Ramses II and the tunnels of the Serapeum • Reveals that highly refined tools and mega-machines were used in ancient Egypt From the pyramids in the north to the temples in the south, ancient artisans left their marks all over Egypt, unique marks that reveal craftsmanship we would be hard pressed to duplicate today. Drawing together the results of more than 30 years of research and nine field study journeys to Egypt, Christopher Dunn presents a stunning stone-by-stone analysis of key Egyptian monuments, including the statue of Ramses II at Luxor and the fallen crowns that lay at its feet. His modern-day engineering expertise provides a unique view into the sophisticated technology used to create these famous monuments in prehistoric times. Using modern digital photography, computer-aided design software, and metrology instruments, Dunn exposes the extreme precision of these monuments and the type of advanced manufacturing expertise necessary to produce them. His computer analysis of the statues of Ramses II reveals that the left and right sides of the faces are precise mirror images of each other, and his examination of the mysterious underground tunnels of the Serapeum illuminates the finest examples of precision engineering on the planet. Providing never-before-seen evidence in the form of more than 280 photographs, Dunn’s research shows that while absent from the archaeological record, highly refined tools, techniques, and even mega-machines must have been used in ancient Egypt.

Mathematics In The Time Of The Pharaohs

Author: Richard J. Gillings
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 048624315X
Size: 56.57 MB
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In this carefully researched study, the author examines Egyptian mathematics, demonstrating that although operations were limited in number, they were remarkably adaptable to a great many applications: solution of problems in direct and inverse proportion, linear equations of the first degree, and arithmetical and geometrical progressions.

Egyptian Pyramid Geometry

Author: Hadyn Robin Butler
Publisher: Mississauga, Ont. : Benben Publications
ISBN: 9780920808191
Size: 47.13 MB
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Books on the mathematics of pyramids tend to provoke sighs of resignation from Egyptologists. Not only are they often filled with impenetrable jargon and equantions, but also they tend to be based on deeply-felt underlying beliefs in alien contact or conspiracy. As Sally Katary writes in the introduction, this is not one of those books, but an interesting exploration into the way in which the whole Egyptian pyramid complexes at sites like Giza and Dahshur were tied into plans stretching over generations of pharaohs, and linking in waterworks, roads and drainage ditches, as well as the monuments themselves.

Architecture Astronomy And Sacred Landscape In Ancient Egypt

Author: Giulio Magli
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107245028
Size: 15.78 MB
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This book examines the interplay between astronomy and dynastic power in the course of ancient Egyptian history, focusing on the fundamental role of astronomy in the creation of the pyramids and the monumental temple and burial complexes. Bringing to bear the analytical tools of archaeoastronomy, a set of techniques and methods that enable modern scholars to better understand the thought, religion and science of early civilizations, Giulio Magli provides in-depth analyses of the pyramid complexes at Giza, Abusir, Saqqara and Dahshur, as well as of the Early Dynastic necropolis at Abydos and the magnificent new Kingdom Theban temples. Using a variety of data retrieved from study of the sky and measurements of the buildings, he reconstructs the visual, symbolic and spiritual world of the ancient Egyptians and thereby establishes an intimate relationship among celestial cycles, topography and architecture. He also shows how they were deployed in the ideology of the pharaoh's power in the course of Egyptian history.

The Shape Of The Great Pyramid

Author: Roger Herz-Fischler
Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
ISBN: 1554587034
Size: 56.34 MB
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Who has not seen a picture of the Great Pyramid of Egypt, massive in size but deceptively simple in shape, and not wondered how that shape was determined? Starting in the late eighteenth century, eleven main theories were proposed to explain the shape of the Great Pyramid. Even though some of these theories are well known, there has never been a detailed examination of their origins and dissemination. Twenty years of research using original and difficult-to-obtain source material has allowed Roger Herz-Fischler to piece together the intriguing story of these theories. Archaeological evidence and ancient Egyptian mathematical texts are discussed in order to place the theories in their proper historical context. The theories themselves are examined, not as abstract mathematical discourses, but as writings by individual authors, both well known and obscure, who were influenced by the intellectual and social climate of their time. Among results discussed are the close links of some of the pyramid theories with other theories, such as the theory of evolution, as well as the relationship between the pyramid theories and the struggle against the introduction of the metric system. Of special note is the chapter examining how some theories spread whereas others were rejected. This book has been written to be accessible to a wide audience, yet four appendixes, detailed endnotes and an exhaustive bibliography provide specialists with the references expected in a scholarly work.