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Architecture And Mathematics In Ancient Egypt

Author: Corinna Rossi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107320518
Size: 27.42 MB
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In this fascinating study, architect and Egyptologist Corinna Rossi analyses the relationship between mathematics and architecture in ancient Egypt by exploring the use of numbers and geometrical figures in ancient architectural projects and buildings. While previous architectural studies have searched for abstract 'universal rules' to explain the history of Egyptian architecture, Rossi attempts to reconcile the different approaches of archaeologists, architects and historians of mathematics into a single coherent picture. Using a study of a specific group of monuments, the pyramids, and placing them in the context of their cultural and historical background, Rossi argues that theory and practice of construction must be considered as a continuum, not as two separated fields, in order to allow the original planning process of a building to re-emerge. Highly illustrated with plans, diagrams and figures, this book is essential reading for all scholars of Ancient Egypt and the architecture of ancient cultures.

Mathematics In Ancient Egypt

Author: Annette Imhausen
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400874300
Size: 41.70 MB
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Mathematics in Ancient Egypt traces the development of Egyptian mathematics, from the end of the fourth millennium BC—and the earliest hints of writing and number notation—to the end of the pharaonic period in Greco-Roman times. Drawing from mathematical texts, architectural drawings, administrative documents, and other sources, Annette Imhausen surveys three thousand years of Egyptian history to present an integrated picture of theoretical mathematics in relation to the daily practices of Egyptian life and social structures. Imhausen shows that from the earliest beginnings, pharaonic civilization used numerical techniques to efficiently control and use their material resources and labor. Even during the Old Kingdom, a variety of metrological systems had already been devised. By the Middle Kingdom, procedures had been established to teach mathematical techniques to scribes in order to make them proficient administrators for their king. Imhausen looks at counterparts to the notation of zero, suggests an explanation for the evolution of unit fractions, and analyzes concepts of arithmetic techniques. She draws connections and comparisons to Mesopotamian mathematics, examines which individuals in Egyptian society held mathematical knowledge, and considers which scribes were trained in mathematical ideas and why. Of interest to historians of mathematics, mathematicians, Egyptologists, and all those curious about Egyptian culture, Mathematics in Ancient Egypt sheds new light on a civilization's unique mathematical evolution.

Ancient Egyptian Masonry

Author: Somers Clarke
Publisher: Book Tree
ISBN: 9781585090594
Size: 38.85 MB
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Reveals the methods Egyptians used to build their stone constructions. We marvel at the structures they built, not knowing exactly how it was done. The authors state that their explanation of the Great Pyramids construction is not the final answer and that many mysteries still remain, yet do a fascinating job in detailing how the huge stones were dressed and laid out. Many mysteries are cleared up in this book, which includes over 250 sketches and pictures that back up the authors claims. They reveal how hard work, ingenuity, and an advanced knowledge of mathematics and physics account for some of the amazing architectural feats performed in early Egypt. Yet when a mystery remains, the authors openly admit it. Any serious researcher on ancient Egypt should not be without this book.

Nexus Network Journal 10 1

Author: Kim Williams
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783764387280
Size: 75.93 MB
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Leonardo da Vinci was well aware of the fundamental importance of mathematics for architecture. This book examines Leonardo’s knowledge of theoretical mathematics, explores how he used concepts of geometry in his designs for architectural projects, and reports on a real-life construction project using Leonardo’s principles. Authors include Sylvie Duvernoy, Kim Williams, Rinus Roelofs, Biagio Di Carlo, Mark Reynolds, João Pedro Xavier, Vesna Petresin, Christopher Glass, and Jane Burry.

Egyptian Tomb Architecture

Author: David I. Lightbody
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
ISBN:
Size: 33.11 MB
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The objective of this monograph is to describe and explain the meanings underlying some otherwise anomalous archaeological data drawn from the study of Ancient Egypt. An explanation for the phenomena observed has hitherto proved elusive. The data is principally concerned with royal funerary architecture from the Old Kingdom, and the underlying systems of measurement and geometry that were employed therein. As well as providing a description and explanation for the data, this work also has the objective of providing the first synthesis of related cultural information drawn from several different textual and archaeological resources. The general subject matter is pharaonic funerary architecture from Old Kingdom Egypt, and the work focuses specifically on the circular proportions deliberately incorporated into the tomb designs by the architects. Contents: Introduction; 1) Fundamentals of Ancient Egyptian mathematics and architecture; 2) The Evidence and facts of Egyptian circular proportions; 3) The symbolism; 4) Methodology, analysis and discussion of mathematics; 5) Arguments from authorities; 6) Archaeology and philology; fieldwork and deskwork; 7) Conclusions; Appendix 1: Secondary Issues; Appendix 2: Social Context of early Egyptology; Appendix 3: Egyptian and Greek Mathematics; Appendix 4: Quotes from the Greeks.

Gyptische Algorithmen

Author: Annette Imhausen
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
ISBN: 9783447046442
Size: 34.89 MB
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Agyptische Algorithmen ist eine Neubearbeitung aller hieratischer mathematischen Aufgabentexte. Nach einer kurzen Ubersicht uber die Historiographie der pharaonischen Mathematik wird zunachst eine allgemeine Einfuhrung in die agyptischen mathematischen Texte gegeben, bevor die Zielsetzung der Arbeit dargelegt wird: eine Analyse der mathematischen Aufgabentexte (procedure texts, problem texts).Im Gegensatz zu fruheren Arbeiten wurde hier davon abgewichen, die agyptischen mathematischen Texte lediglich in moderne mathematische Konzepte zu ubersetzen. Statt dessen wird zunachst der Hintergrund der Aufgaben vorgestellt. Dazu wurden sowohl archaologische Quellen als auch administrative Texte verwendet. Dies gibt dem Leser eine Einfuhrung in die jeweilige Aufgabengruppe und ihre Bedeutung fur die agyptische Kultur.In der Analyse der Aufgabentexte, die den Hauptteil des Buches ausmacht, nimmt die Berucksichtigung der algorithmischen Struktur eine zentrale Rolle ein. Die verwendete Methode wird bis ins Detail erklart. Mit ihr wurden die Prozeduren, die in den einzelnen Aufgaben zu finden sind, zunachst beschrieben und dann zueinander in Beziehung gesetzt. Dies erfolgt zunachst nur innerhalb der einzelnen Aufgabengruppen, in der Zusammenfassung sodann in Bezug auf die Gesamtheit der Aufgaben.