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Assessment In The Classroom

Author: George Cunnningham
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135711844
Size: 65.82 MB
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Educational assessment, at one time a relatively uncontroversial subject, is now riven by a diversity of views. The most crucial division is between those who continue to believe in the effectiveness of objective assessment techniques and those who favour alternative methods. This book presents an analysis of the strengths, weaknesses and rationales for both.

The Principal As Assessment Leader

Author: Thomas R, Guskey
Publisher: Solution Tree Press
ISBN: 1935542419
Size: 65.30 MB
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This book explores the importance of effective classroom assessment to student achievement and the role of school leaders to model and spark positive change through building teacher literacy, providing targeted professional development, acquiring appropriate technology, and more. With insights from expert practitioners, this book helps schools make the shift to best-practice assessment for districtwide improvements in student learning. Benefits • Identify the characteristics of an effective, balanced assessment system. • Find insights into how principals can best support improved assessment practice in the classroom. • Create professional development opportunities that build schoolwide assessment literacy. • Learn about assessment technology tools, including what to look for, how to use them, and what to expect from staff. • Incorporate data analysis that staff will commit to and use to improve student learning. • Understand the advantages of implementing standards-based grading and reporting. • Gain strategies for using assessment processes to engage learners at risk.

Storymaking In Elementary And Middle School Classrooms

Author: Joanne M. Golden
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135668248
Size: 66.10 MB
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This book examines storymaking processes in K-8 classrooms from a social-semiotic perspective that highlights how participants' discourse influences story construction and interpretation. It is unique in that it invites the reader to actively engage in the analysis of classroom discourse and to consider issues related to storymaking in specific classrooms. Examples of theory in action illustrate important issues regarding text selection and the roles of teachers and students in affecting meaning-making processes. An excellent text for upper-level and graduate courses in language, literacy, and literature education, Storymaking in Elementary and Middle School Classrooms includes: * Transcripts of teacher-student-text discourse in kindergarten, and second-, fifth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade classrooms. * Helpful overviews at the beginning of each chapter. * Theory-into-practice sections at the end of each chapter that pose issues to think about related to classroom practice. * A separate chapter on translating theory into practice in the classroom, with practical suggestions.

Developing Assessments For The Next Generation Science Standards

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309289548
Size: 43.84 MB
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Assessments, understood as tools for tracking what and how well students have learned, play a critical role in the classroom. Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards develops an approach to science assessment to meet the vision of science education for the future as it has been elaborated in A Framework for K-12 Science Education (Framework) and Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS). These documents are brand new and the changes they call for are barely under way, but the new assessments will be needed as soon as states and districts begin the process of implementing the NGSS and changing their approach to science education. The new Framework and the NGSS are designed to guide educators in significantly altering the way K-12 science is taught. The Framework is aimed at making science education more closely resemble the way scientists actually work and think, and making instruction reflect research on learning that demonstrates the importance of building coherent understandings over time. It structures science education around three dimensions - the practices through which scientists and engineers do their work, the key crosscutting concepts that cut across disciplines, and the core ideas of the disciplines - and argues that they should be interwoven in every aspect of science education, building in sophistication as students progress through grades K-12. Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards recommends strategies for developing assessments that yield valid measures of student proficiency in science as described in the new Framework. This report reviews recent and current work in science assessment to determine which aspects of the Framework's vision can be assessed with available techniques and what additional research and development will be needed to support an assessment system that fully meets that vision. The report offers a systems approach to science assessment, in which a range of assessment strategies are designed to answer different kinds of questions with appropriate degrees of specificity and provide results that complement one another. Developing Assessments for the Next Generation Science Standards makes the case that a science assessment system that meets the Framework's vision should consist of assessments designed to support classroom instruction, assessments designed to monitor science learning on a broader scale, and indicators designed to track opportunity to learn. New standards for science education make clear that new modes of assessment designed to measure the integrated learning they promote are essential. The recommendations of this report will be key to making sure that the dramatic changes in curriculum and instruction signaled by Framework and the NGSS reduce inequities in science education and raise the level of science education for all students.

Classroom Assessment For Students In Special And General Education

Author: Cathleen G. Spinelli
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: 9780137050130
Size: 21.60 MB
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The focus of this best-selling special education assessment book is on providing special and general educators with a variety of assessment procedures and directions on how to construct, administer, score, interpret, graph, monitor, write, and report assessment results. From this book, readers will come away knowing the latest in authentic, curriculum, and performance-based assessment measures with direct connections to instruction, IEP development, and reporting to parents; and new focuses on progress monitoring, Response to Intervention (RTI) and on the practical application of assessment results. Future educators will gain the pertinent skills necessary to effectively use assessment, particularly informal assessment, in understanding the needs of the whole student in today's general and special education classrooms. With a fresh, new four-part structure, (Overview of the RTI and Special Education Process; Types of Assessment; Basic Skills and Content-Subject Assessment; and Special Focus Assessment), and thorough updates and revisions in every chapter, once again Spinelli's text proves its worth in being one of the top-selling texts on assessment in special education, preparing today's educators to instruct and assess diverse students in every type of classroom.

Assessing Science Understanding

Author: Joel J. Mintzes
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080575339
Size: 63.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Recent government publications like "Benchmarks for Scientific Literacy" and "Science for all Americans" have given teachers a mandate for improving science education in America. What we know about how learners construct meaning--particularly in the natural sciences--has undergone a virtual revolution in the past 25 years. Teachers, as well as researchers, are now grappling with how to better teach science, as well as how to assess whether students are learning. Assessing Science Understanding is a companion volume to Teaching Science for Understanding, and explores how to assess whether learning has taken place. The book discusses a range of promising new and practical tools for assessment including concept maps, vee diagrams, clinical interviews, problem sets, performance-based assessments, computer-based methods, visual and observational testing, portfolios, explanatory models, and national examinations.

Standards For The Assessment Of Reading And Writing

Author: International Reading Association
Publisher: International Reading Assoc.
ISBN: 0872077764
Size: 49.49 MB
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With this updated document, IRA and NCTE reaffirm their position that the primary purpose of assessment must be to improve teaching and learning for all students. Eleven core standards are presented and explained, and a helpful glossary makes this document suitable not only for educators but for parents, policymakers, school board members, and other stakeholders. Case studies of large-scale national tests and smaller scale classroom assessments (particularly in the context of RTI, or Response to Intervention) are used to highlight how assessments in use today do or do not meet the standards.

Literacy Strategies For Grades 4 12

Author: Karen Tankersley
Publisher: ASCD
ISBN: 1416601546
Size: 59.19 MB
Format: PDF
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Describes everyday classroom practices and exercises to help students in grades four through twelve read for accuracy, extract meaning from text, and interpret subject matter.

Inquiry And The Literary Text

Author: James Holden
Publisher: National Council of Teachers
ISBN: 9780814123430
Size: 80.37 MB
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Inquiry and the Literary Text will help newcomers and veterans alike make the most of student discussion and inquiry in classrooms from middle school to high school to college. The contributors--secondary and college practitioners--offer theory-grounded, classroom-tested approaches for literature study in which students engage in democratic dialogue and practice authentic, collaborative inquiry. The book opens with a concise primer on discussion-based classes (seminars) and inquiry-focused instruction. It then moves into three main sections that provide ideas to invigorate discussion and inquiry in any classroom, and it closes with an annotated bibliography of suggested readings.

How People Learn

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309131979
Size: 61.31 MB
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First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.