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Astrophysics And Cosmology

Author: Roger Blandford
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814759198
Size: 23.28 MB
Format: PDF
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Ever since 1911, the Solvay Conferences have shaped modern physics. The format is quite different from other conferences as the emphasis is placed on discussion. The 26th edition held in October 2014 in Brussels and chaired by Roger Blandford continued this tradition and addressed some of the most pressing open questions in the fields of astrophysics and cosmology, gathering many of the leading figures working on a wide variety of profound problems. The proceedings contain the "rapporteur talks" giving a broad overview with unique insights by distinguished renowned scientists. These lectures cover the five sessions: "Neutron Stars", "Black Holes", "Cosmic Dawn", "Dark Matter" and "Cosmic Microwave Background". In the Solvay tradition, the proceedings also include the prepared comments to the rapporteur talks. The discussions among the participants — expert, yet lively and sometimes contentious — have been edited to retain to retain their flavor and are reproduced in full. The reader is taken on a breathtaking ride through 42 years of extraordinary discovery since astrophysics was last on the Solvay program and 57 years since cosmology was last discussed. Contents:Opening SessionBlack HolesCosmic DawnDark MatterMicrowave BackgroundClosing Session Readership: Students, researchers and academics interested in astrophysics and cosmology. Key Features:Gives a broad overview of the most pressing open problems in several major fields in astrophysics and cosmologyThe rapporteur talks, given by leaders in the field, provide a beautiful review of the state of the art in each of the subfields discussedThe discussions — transcribed in full — provide a unique view on the thoughts of some of the most outstanding physicists active in this field

Astrophysics And Cosmology Proceedings Of The 26th Solvay Conference On Physics

Author: Roger D. Blandford
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789813142800
Size: 52.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 7756
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Ever since 1911, the Solvay Conferences have shaped modern physics. The format is quite different from other conferences as the emphasis is placed on discussion. The 26th edition held in October 2014 in Brussels and chaired by Roger Blandford continued this tradition and addressed some of the most pressing open questions in the fields of astrophysics and cosmology, gathering many of the leading figures working on a wide variety of profound problems. The proceedings contain the "rapporteur talks" giving a broad overview with unique insights by distinguished renowned scientists. These lectures cover the five sessions: "Neutron Stars," "Black Holes," "Cosmic Dawn," "Dark Matter" and "Cosmic Microwave Background." In the Solvay tradition, the proceedings also include the prepared comments to the rapporteur talks. The discussions among the participants -- expert, yet lively and sometimes contentious -- have been edited to retain to retain their flavor and are reproduced in full. The reader is taken on a breathtaking ride through 42 years of extraordinary discovery since astrophysics was last on the Solvay program and 57 years since cosmology was last discussed.

After The Sands

Author: Gordon Laxer
Publisher: D & M Publishers
ISBN: 177162101X
Size: 36.98 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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After the Sands outlines a vision and a road map to transitioning Canada to a low-carbon society. Despite its oil abundance, with no strategic reserves, Canada is woefully unprepared for the next global oil supply crisis. There’s no good reason for Canadians to use much more oil per capita than people in other sparsely populated, northern countries like Norway, Finland and Sweden—nations that use 27 to 39 percent less oil per person. In After the Sands, Alberta-based political economist Gordon Laxer proposes a bold strategy of deep conservation and a Canada-first perspective to ensure that all Canadians have sufficient energy at affordable prices. The most achievable way to gain energy security is to supply Canadians with their own oil, natural gas and renewable energy. And the best way to cut carbon emissions is by phasing out Canada’s role as a carbon-fuel exporter. Canada has all the oil, gas and coal needed to transition to a low-carbon future. Remarkable hydro power resources give Canadians a large base of renewable energy, which can be expanded with wind, solar, geothermal and biomass. Few countries have these options in adequate quantities. But, as Laxer argues, Canada will not get there until we overcome the power of vested interests and untangle the trade agreements that block Canadians from secure and fair access to the nation’s own energy resources. Impeccably researched, After the Sands is critical reading for anyone concerned with climate change and the future of Canada.

Author: 国立国会図書館 (Japan)
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 74.14 MB
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Modern Classical Physics

Author: Kip S. Thorne
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 140084889X
Size: 72.37 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This first-year, graduate-level text and reference book covers the fundamental concepts and twenty-first-century applications of six major areas of classical physics that every masters- or PhD-level physicist should be exposed to, but often isn't: statistical physics, optics (waves of all sorts), elastodynamics, fluid mechanics, plasma physics, and special and general relativity and cosmology. Growing out of a full-year course that the eminent researchers Kip Thorne and Roger Blandford taught at Caltech for almost three decades, this book is designed to broaden the training of physicists. Its six main topical sections are also designed so they can be used in separate courses, and the book provides an invaluable reference for researchers. Presents all the major fields of classical physics except three prerequisites: classical mechanics, electromagnetism, and elementary thermodynamics Elucidates the interconnections between diverse fields and explains their shared concepts and tools Focuses on fundamental concepts and modern, real-world applications Takes applications from fundamental, experimental, and applied physics; astrophysics and cosmology; geophysics, oceanography, and meteorology; biophysics and chemical physics; engineering and optical science and technology; and information science and technology Emphasizes the quantum roots of classical physics and how to use quantum techniques to elucidate classical concepts or simplify classical calculations Features hundreds of color figures, some five hundred exercises, extensive cross-references, and a detailed index An online illustration package is available to professors

Is Future Given

Author: Ilya Prigogine
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789812385086
Size: 66.92 MB
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In this book, after discussing the fundamental problems of current science and other philosophic concepts, beginning with controversies between Heraclitus and Parmenides, Ilya Prigogine launches into a message of great hope: the future has not been determined. Contrary to globalisation and the apparent contemporary mass culture society, individual behaviour is beginning to increasingly become the key factor which governs the evolution of both the world and society as a whole. It is a message that challenges existing widespread views, implicitly or explicitly, through mass communication; moreover the importance of the individual's actions implies a reflection of each person on the responsibilities that each one assumes when taking or acting upon a decision. This responsibility is associated with the freedom of thought as well as a critical analysis of fashions, customs, preconceived ideas, and ideologies, externally imposed: exactly contrary to the ideas of those who wish us to be ?perfect consumers? in a world dominated only by monetary wealth.Challenging this drive towards the elimination of freedom of thought in the individual is now imperative if we are to save man and his planet from catastrophe, which seems to be ever imminent and (unfortunately) irreversible.This last book of Ilya Prigogine provides a small, disputable, but nonetheless valuable contribution towards that end.

Knowing Hands

Author: David A. Rosenbaum
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107094720
Size: 22.79 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Knowing Hands analyzes the cognitive psychology of manual control. This book will appeal to general readers interested in an accessible overview of the psychology and neuroscience underlying motor control. It will also serve as a supplemental text in a wide range of courses, including cognition, perception, occupational therapy, and robotics.

Black Swan Start Ups

Author: Sami Mahroum
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137577274
Size: 64.59 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book explores startups that have thrived against the odds in places where startup success was deemed to be unlikely. Discussing a number of technology startups from around the world that have succeeded without state backing nor local venture and seed capital, Black Swan Start Ups provides unique insights into unsung models of success beyond the two dominant narratives of Asia’s ‘Tiger Economies’ and America’s Silicon Valley miracle. The author describes these stories of success as ‘black swan events’ and ascribes their achievements to the ability of entrepreneurs to leverage the ‘place surplus’ of their locations, while building connections to support networks outside their immediate geographies. Including case studies such as Skype in Estonia, SoundCloud in Germany and Bayt.Com in Dubai, this insightful book gives a holistic and wide-ranging view of how technology startups have, and can, succeed in less likely places.

How The Universe Works

Author: Serge Parnovsky
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789813234949
Size: 65.82 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book is about the history and the current state of the art in the exciting field of cosmology -- the science about the Universe as a whole, which is guaranteed to attract the attention of a wide range of readers. It mostly aims to explain the main ideas of modern cosmology: the expanding Universe, its creation in a Big Bang, its evolution, characteristics, and structure, as well as issues -- dark matter and dark energy, black holes and other exotic objects etc. It also answers most frequently asked questions about cosmology. How the Universe Works stands between a popular science book and a textbook, acting as a sort of a bridge across the great chasm separating popular science from true science. It can be also used as an introductory textbook for undergraduate students. It is also suitable for the non-experts in cosmology who wish to have an overview of the current state of the field. It is different from most popular science books because it avoids cutting corners in explanations and contains justification for various assumptions or estimations made in cosmology. It does not hide problems faced by modern cosmology as well as issues the community has no consensus about. It also does not try to pass hypotheses for established theories, which is not uncommon in scholarly articles.