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Athens Transformed 404 262 Bc

Author: Phillip Harding
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317435451
Size: 41.87 MB
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During the heady, democratic days of the fifth and fourth centuries, the poorer members of Athenian society, the lower two classes of zeugitai and thetes, enjoyed an unprecedented dominance in both domestic and foreign politics. At home, the participatory nature of the constitution required their presence not only in the lawcourts and assembly, but also in most of the minor magistracies; abroad, they were the driving force of the navy, which ensured Athens’ control of the Aegean and the Black seas. Their participation at all levels was made possible by state pay (for jury duty, attendance in the assembly, public office and military service). In the fifth century state pay was financed largely through the tribute paid by members of the empire, supplemented by the liturgical contributions of the rich and, beginning during the war, a property tax (the eisphora). In the fourth century, almost the whole burden was shouldered by taxation upon the wealthy, especially those who owned property. In this book, author Phillip Harding traces the major changes that occurred in the administration of the state that eventually deprived the lower classes of their supremacy and transferred power into the hands of the wealthy land-owners. Things changed radically after Athens’ defeat in the Lamian (or Hellenic) War in 322BC. Over the next several decades, restriction of the franchise, elimination of pay for some public offices, the loss of the navy, the increased dependence upon local grain from the larger estates in Attika, the removal of the tax burden from the rich by the ending of such major liturgies as the trierarchia and the choregia and the abandoning of the eisphora all contributed to this transformation.

Hellas On Screen

Author: Irene Berti
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh
ISBN: 9783515092234
Size: 45.84 MB
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The recent success of Hollywood blockbusters such as Troy, Alexander and 300 demonstrates how popular Greek antiquity still is and how well it can be marketed. Today as in the golden age of the peplum-genre, its myths, the Homeric heroes, the Attic tragedies, and less frequently historical personages such as Alexander the Great or the Spartan king Leonidas represent Hellas. The authors of this volume highlight the many and varied forms of the reception of ancient Hellas in the history of the cinema, from mythology to Roman Greece, from the era of silent films to the new millennium. In this, they are examining classic films, recent releases, and lesser known and often overlooked productions.

Das Palmyrenische Teilreich

Author: Udo Hartmann
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
ISBN: 9783515078009
Size: 11.25 MB
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This highly detailed and annotated thesis examines the political history of Palmrya with particular attention paid to the turmoil and unrest of the 3rd century AD, a century which saw crises across the Roman Empire. Chapters examine the problematic evidence, relations with Syria and Persia, cities and towns, coins, kings and rulers. German text.

Epigramme

Author: Martial
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783050054339
Size: 53.58 MB
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Als einziger römischer Dichter verfasste der um 40 n. Chr. in Bilbilis (Spanien) geborene M. Valerius Martialis ausschließlich Epigramme. Mit beißendem, frechen Witz kommentiert er alle typischen Großstadtlaster: Luxus, Geiz, Protzerei, Erbschleicherei, Gefräßigkeit und sexuelle Verirrungen aller Art.

Historien

Author: Herodot
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 305009091X
Size: 47.10 MB
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Herodot (geb. um 484 v. Chr., gest. um 425) wird mit Recht der Vater der Geschichtsschreibung genannt. Er verfasste eine Urgeschichte der alten Kulturen: des Vorderen Orients, Ägyptens und Griechenlands. Die welthistorische Auseinandersetzung zwischen Persern und Griechen, die Beschreibung der Schlachten von Marathon, den Thermopylen, Salamis und Platää sind von außerordentlicher Lebendigkeit. Der Weitgereiste ist zugleich aber auch der meisterhafte Erzähler von Geschichten, die in die Weltliteratur eingegangen sind, wie z. B. das Schicksal des Krösus, Gyges und sein Ring oder der Ring des Polykrates. Herodot gehört zu den Klassikern der griechischen Literatur, zu ihren ernstesten - und schwierigsten - Autoren, trotz oder gerade wegen seiner scheinbaren Leichtigkeit. Herodots Werk birgt in sich verhaltene Größe, Leiden und Leidenschaft, Welterfahrung und tiefe Klugheit.