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Atomic Force Microscopy In Process Engineering

Author: W. Richard Bowen
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 9780080949574
Size: 50.83 MB
Format: PDF
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This is the first book to bring together both the basic theory and proven process engineering practice of AFM. It is presented in a way that is accessible and valuable to practising engineers as well as to those who are improving their AFM skills and knowledge, and to researchers who are developing new products and solutions using AFM. The book takes a rigorous and practical approach that ensures it is directly applicable to process engineering problems. Fundamentals and techniques are concisely described, while specific benefits for process engineering are clearly defined and illustrated. Key content includes: particle-particle, and particle-bubble interactions; characterization of membrane surfaces; the development of fouling resistant membranes; nanoscale pharmaceutical analysis; nanoengineering for cellular sensing; polymers on surfaces; micro and nanoscale rheometry. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is an important tool for process engineers and scientists as it enables improved processes and products The only book dealing with the theory and practical applications of atomic force microscopy in process engineering Provides best-practice guidance and experience on using AFM for process and product improvement

Application Of Nanotechnology In Membranes For Water Treatment

Author: Alberto Figoli
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1351715267
Size: 19.86 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The book focuses on Application of Nanotechnology in Membranes for Water Treatment but not only provides a series of innovative solutions for water reclamation through advanced membrane technology but also serves as a medium to promote international cooperation and networking for the development of advanced membrane technology for Universal well-being and to achieve the common goal of supplying economically, environmentally and societally sustainable freshwater and better sanitation systems. This book is unique because the chapters were authored by established researchers all around the globe based on their recent research findings. In addition, this book provides a holistic coverage of membrane development for water treatment, from the membrane preparation and characterizations to the performance for specific processes and applications. Since that water scarcity has become a global risk and one of the most serious challenges for the scientific community in this century, the publication of this book is therefore significant as it will serve as a medium for a good reference of an alternative solution in water reclamation. This book will provide the readers with a thorough understanding of the different available approaches for manufacturing membranes both with innovative polymeric systems and inorganic nano-materials which could give enhanced functionalities, catalytic and antimicrobial activities to improve the performance of the existing membranes. It will be useful for leading decision and policy makers, water sector representatives and administrators, policy makers from the governments, business leaders, business houses in water treatment, and engineers/ scientists from both industrialized and developing countries as well.

Pem Fuel Cell Diagnostic Tools

Author: Haijiang Wang
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439839204
Size: 50.36 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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PEM Fuel Cell Diagnostic Tools presents various tools for diagnosing PEM fuel cells and stacks, including in situ and ex situ diagnostic tools, electrochemical techniques, and physical/chemical methods. The text outlines the principles, experimental implementation, data processing, and application of each technique, along with its capabilities and weaknesses. The book covers many diagnostics employed in the characterization and determination of fuel cell performance. It discusses commonly used conventional tools, such as cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. It also examines special tools developed specifically for PEM fuel cells, including transparent cells, cathode discharge, and current mapping, as well as recent advanced tools for diagnosis, such as magnetic resonance imaging and atomic force microscopy. For clarity, the book splits these diagnostic methodologies into two parts—in situ and ex situ. To better understand the tools, PEM fuel cell testing is also discussed. Each self-contained chapter provides cross-references to other chapters. Written by international scientists active in PEM fuel cell research, this volume incorporates state-of-the-art technical advances in PEM fuel cell diagnosis. The diagnostic tools presented help readers to understand the physical and chemical phenomena involved in PEM fuel cells.

What Is What In The Nanoworld

Author: Victor E. Borisenko
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527648380
Size: 38.67 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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The third, partly revised and enlarged edition of this introductory reference summarizes the terms and definitions, most important phenomena, and regulations occurring in the physics, chemistry, technology, and application of nanostructures. A representative collection of fundamental terms and definitions from quantum physics and chemistry, special mathematics, organic and inorganic chemistry, solid state physics, material science and technology accompanies recommended secondary sources for an extended study of any given subject. Each of the more than 2,200 entries, from a few sentences to a page in length, interprets the term or definition in question and briefly presents the main features of the phenomena behind it. Additional information in the form of notes ("First described in", "Recognition", "More details in") supplements the entries and gives a historical perspective of the subject with reference to further sources. Ideal for answering questions related to unknown terms and definitions among undergraduate and PhD students studying the physics of low-dimensional structures, nanoelectronics, and nanotechnology.

Food Colloids

Author: Eric Dickinson
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 0854046380
Size: 39.99 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Suitable for postgraduates and researchers this book provides essential new findings by experts in the field.

Physikalische Elektronik

Author: Prof. Dr. Ing., Dr. rer. nat. K. Simonyi
Publisher: Vieweg+Teubner Verlag
ISBN: 9783519032076
Size: 36.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Der Zweck dieses Buches ist die Darlegung der physikalischen Gesetze, welche die Funktion der einen weiten Bogen umfassenden - etwas breiter als üblich gegriffenen - elektronischen Geräte grundsätzlich bestimmen, sowie die Deutung der bei der makroskopischen Behandlung vorkommenden elektrischen Materialgrößen aus den Gesetzmäßigkeiten der Mikrosysteme. Das primäre Ziel soll also das Verstehen der Erscheinungen, weniger die Kenntnis der Möglichkeiten unmittelbarer praktischer Anwendung sein. Der technische Charakter des Buches sowie seine Ausrichtung auf die Projektierung und Realisierung kommen jedoch darin zum Ausdruck, daß die End formeln, Diagramme und Tabellen soweit als möglich in einer zur praktisehen Anwendung geeigneten Form angeführt sind, daß die als Illustration dargestellten Geräte, wenn auch in vereinfachter Form, bereits auch die Konstruktionsprinzipien zeigen, und daß auch die Darstellungen der Meßverfahren in den meisten Fällen mehr enthalten als reine Prinzip schaltungen. Das vorliegende Werk ist in dem Sinn in sich geschlossen, daß keine Kennt nisse vorausgesetzt werden, die über die allgemeine Physik sowie über die üblichen Abschnitte der höheren Mathematik wie die Differential- und Integralrechnung, die Vektoranalysis und die einfachsten Differentialglei chungen hinausgehen. Die atomphysikalischen Kenntnisse werden bereits in der erforderlichen Breite und Tiefe behandelt.

Bruchmechanik

Author: Dietmar Gross
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662467372
Size: 70.50 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Das Lehrbuch führt in die grundlegenden Prinzipien und Arbeitsmethoden der Bruchmechanik und Mikromechanik ein. Im Vordergrund steht die mechanische Beschreibung von Bruchvorgängen, wobei auch materialspezifische Aspekte diskutiert werden. Auf die Behandlung von kontinuumsmechanischen und phänomenologischen Grundlagen folgt ein Einblick in die klassischen Bruch- und Versagenshypothesen sowie in makro- und mikroskopische Phänomene des Bruchs. Ein umfangreicher Teil ist der linearen und elastisch-plastischen Bruchmechanik gewidmet. Weitere Themen sind die Kriechbruchmechanik, Bruchdynamik, Schädigungsmechanik sowie die probabilistische Bruchmechanik. Eine Einführung in die Mikromechanik und die Homogenisierung elastischer, elastisch-plastischer und thermoelastischer Materialien ergänzt das Werk. Die 6. Auflage enthält zahlreiche Erweiterungen, unter anderem auch zu Aspekten der numerischen Behandlung bruchmechanischer Probleme.

Zeitdiskrete Signalverarbeitung

Author: Alan V. Oppenheim
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486792962
Size: 70.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Wer die Methoden der digitalen Signalverarbeitung erlernen oder anwenden will, kommt ohne das weltweit bekannte, neu gefaßte Standardwerk "Oppenheim/Schafer" nicht aus. Die Beliebtheit des Buches beruht auf den didaktisch hervorragenden Einführungen, der umfassenden und tiefgreifenden Darstellung der Grundlagen, der kompetenten Berücksichtigung moderner Weiterentwicklungen und der Vielzahl verständnisfördernder Aufgaben.

Polyurethane

Author: Ulrich Meier-Westhues
Publisher: Vincentz Network GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 9783866308961
Size: 79.55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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