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Atrocity Punishment And International Law

Author: Mark A. Drumbl
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139464566
Size: 66.72 MB
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This book argues that accountability for extraordinary atrocity crimes should not uncritically adopt the methods and assumptions of ordinary liberal criminal law. Criminal punishment designed for common criminals is a response to mass atrocity and a device to promote justice in its aftermath. This book comes to this conclusion after reviewing the sentencing practices of international, national, and local courts and tribunals that punish atrocity perpetrators. Sentencing practices of these institutions fail to attain the goals that international criminal law ascribes to punishment, in particular retribution and deterrence. Fresh thinking is necessary to confront the collective nature of mass atrocity and the disturbing reality that individual membership in group-based killings is often not maladaptive or deviant behavior but, rather, adaptive or conformist behavior. This book turns to a modern, and adventurously pluralist, application of classical notions of cosmopolitanism to advance the frame of international criminal law to a broader construction of atrocity law and towards an interdisciplinary, contextual, and multicultural conception of justice.

Philosophy Of Law

Author: Larry May
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1405183888
Size: 35.38 MB
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Philosophy of Law provides a rich overview of the diverse theoretical justifications for our legal rules, systems, and practices. Utilizes the work of both classical and contemporary philosophers to illuminate the relationship between law and morality Introduces students to the philosophical underpinnings of International Law and its increasing importance as we face globalization Features concrete examples in the form of cases significant to the evolution of law Contrasts Anglo-American law with foreign institutions and practices such as those in China, Japan, India, Ireland and Canada Incorporates diverse perspectives on the philosophy of law ranging from canonical material to feminist theory, critical theory, postmodernism, and critical race theory

Accountability For Human Rights Atrocities In International Law

Author: Steven R. Ratner
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199546665
Size: 78.69 MB
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The book offers an introduction to international law's approaches to holding individuals accountable for human rights atrocities, exploring whether human rights abusers can and should be brought to justice. The authors examine how, in the years since the Nuremberg Trials, states have created international norms holding abusers accountable, tried such people domestically and internationally for their crimes, and established other,non-criminal forms of accountability. These include trials in domestic courts and international tribunals such as the UN's Yugoslavia and Rwanda tribunals and the International Criminal Court, as well asnonprosecutorial mechanisms including civil suits, truth commissions, and immigration measures. The authors appraise the state of the law and its mechanisms, including analysis of the principal crimes (such as genocide and crimes against humanity) and discuss the opportunities for and challenges to further steps aimed at accountability.

Reconstructing Atrocity Prevention

Author: Sheri P. Rosenberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 131636870X
Size: 39.57 MB
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In the two-and-a-half decades since the end of the Cold War, policy makers have become acutely aware of the extent to which the world today faces mass atrocities. In an effort to prevent the death, destruction and global chaos wrought by these crimes, the agendas for both national and international policy have grown beyond conflict prevention to encompass atrocity prevention, protection of civilians, transitional justice and the responsibility to protect. Yet, to date, there has been no attempt to address the topic of the prevention of mass atrocities from the theoretical, policy and practicing standpoints simultaneously. This volume is designed to fill that gap, clarifying and solidifying the present understanding of atrocity prevention. It will serve as an authoritative work on the state of the field.

Reimagining Child Soldiers In International Law And Policy

Author: Mark A. Drumbl
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191627690
Size: 15.63 MB
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The international community's efforts to halt child soldiering have yielded some successes. But this pernicious practice persists. It may shift locally, but it endures globally. Preventative measures therefore remain inadequate. Former child soldiers experience challenges readjusting to civilian life. Reintegration is complex and eventful. The homecoming is only the beginning. Reconciliation within communities afflicted by violence committed by and against child soldiers is incomplete. Shortfalls linger on the restorative front. The international community strives to eradicate the scourge of child soldiering. Mostly, though, these efforts replay the same narratives and circulate the same assumptions. Current humanitarian discourse sees child soldiers as passive victims, tools of war, vulnerable, psychologically devastated, and not responsible for their violent acts. This perception has come to suffuse international law and policy. Although reflecting much of the lives of child soldiers, this portrayal also omits critical aspects. This book pursues an alternate path by reimagining the child soldier. It approaches child soldiers with a more nuanced and less judgmental mind. This book takes a second look at these efforts. It aspires to refresh law and policy so as to improve preventative, restorative, and remedial initiatives while also vivifying the dignity of youth. Along the way, Drumbl questions central tenets of contemporary humanitarianism and rethinks elements of international criminal justice. This ground-breaking book is essential reading for anyone committed to truly emboldening the rights of the child. It offers a way to think about child soldiers that would invigorate international law, policy, and best practices. Where does this reimagination lead? Not toward retributive criminal trials, but instead toward restorative forms of justice. Toward forgiveness instead of excuse, thereby facilitating reintegration and promoting social repair within afflicted communities. Toward a better understanding of child soldiering, without which the practice cannot be ended. This book also offers fresh thinking on related issues, ranging from juvenile justice, to humanitarian interventions, to the universality of human rights, to the role of law in responding to mass atrocity.

Kultur In Den Internationalen Beziehungen

Author: Martin List
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658207892
Size: 32.49 MB
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Völkerrecht und Menschenrechte, Solidarität, Nationalismus, Religion, Konsumerismus und Neoliberalismus – wie lässt sich die Wirksamkeit solch kultureller Faktoren in der internationalen Politik angemessen analysieren? Die Eignung unterschiedlicher Theorien der Internationalen Beziehungen hierfür wird in diesem Lehrbuch erörtert und sodann anhand der genannten Themenbereiche demonstriert. Dabei verfolgt die Einführung für fortgeschrittene Bachelor- und Master-Studierende eine herrschaftskritische Perspektive.

Mit Zweierlei Ma

Author: Wolfgang Kaleck
Publisher: Verlag Klaus Wagenbach
ISBN: 3803141087
Size: 15.80 MB
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Am 1. Juli 2012 wird der Internationale Strafgerichtshof in Den Haag zehn Jahre alt. Doch die Hoffnungen auf eine universale Strafverfolgung von Menschheitsverbrechen wurden enttäuscht. Die Praxis internationaler und nationaler Gerichte muss deswegen verändert werden. Der Erfolg der Nürnberger Prozesse nährte die Erwartung, in Zukunft alle Regierungen für begangene Verbrechen vor Gericht stellen zu können. Aber der Kalte Krieg verhinderte jahrzehntelang eine Umsetzung dieses Versprechens. Wolfgang Kaleck zeichnet in diesem Buch die schier endlose Serie von ungesühnten Völkerrechtsstraftaten westlicher Machthaber von Algerien über Vietnam bis in die Türkei und Kolumbien nach. Trotz der vielversprechenden Schaffung des Internationalen Strafgerichtshofs und der Tribunale für Ruanda und Jugoslawien gibt es noch viele Gründe für Kritik an den stattfindenden wie an den ausbleibenden Verfahren. Kaleck bemängelt, dass das Völkerstrafrecht überwiegend nur auf besiegte afrikanische Potentaten und Generäle angewandt wird und nicht auf die Verbrechen der Großmächte, insbesondere des Westens. Damit stellt die herrschende selektive Strafverfolgungspraxis das Prinzip universell geltender Menschenrechte generell in Frage.

Der Berg Karabach Konflikt

Author: Heiko Krüger
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 364201724X
Size: 29.92 MB
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Der Band beschäftigt sich mit den rechtlichen Aspekten des Konflikts um Berg-Karabach. Aktuelle Entwicklungen machen deutlich, dass die juristischen Aspekte von Sezessionskonflikten sukzessive verwischen und auch im Rahmen internationaler Konfliktlösungsbemühungen ins Hintertreffen geraten. Die umstrittene Anerkennung des Kosovo durch zahlreiche Staaten im Jahr 2008 sowie die Anerkennung Abchasiens und Südossetiens durch Russland sind zwei Beispiele dafür. Ziel des Autors ist es, die Aufmerksamkeit stärker auf die rechtlichen Positionen zu lenken.