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Autocracy And Redistribution

Author: Michael Albertus
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316404684
Size: 76.82 MB
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When and why do countries redistribute land to the landless? What political purposes does land reform serve, and what place does it have in today's world? A long-standing literature dating back to Aristotle and echoed in important recent works holds that redistribution should be both higher and more targeted at the poor under democracy. Yet comprehensive historical data to test this claim has been lacking. This book shows that land redistribution - the most consequential form of redistribution in the developing world - occurs more often under dictatorship than democracy. It offers a novel theory of land reform and develops a typology of land reform policies. Albertus leverages original data spanning the world and dating back to 1900 to extensively test the theory using statistical analysis and case studies of key countries such as Egypt, Peru, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe. These findings call for rethinking much of the common wisdom about redistribution and regimes.

Democracy And Redistribution

Author: Carles Boix
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521532679
Size: 70.44 MB
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In this 2003 book, Boix offers a complete theory of political transitions.

Ordering Power

Author: Dan Slater
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139489968
Size: 36.39 MB
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Like the postcolonial world more generally, Southeast Asia exhibits tremendous variation in state capacity and authoritarian durability. Ordering Power draws on theoretical insights dating back to Thomas Hobbes to develop a unified framework for explaining both of these political outcomes. States are especially strong and dictatorships especially durable when they have their origins in 'protection pacts': broad elite coalitions unified by shared support for heightened state power and tightened authoritarian controls as bulwarks against especially threatening and challenging types of contentious politics. These coalitions provide the elite collective action underpinning strong states, robust ruling parties, cohesive militaries, and durable authoritarian regimes - all at the same time. Comparative-historical analysis of seven Southeast Asian countries (Burma, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Vietnam, and Thailand) reveals that subtly divergent patterns of contentious politics after World War II provide the best explanation for the dramatic divergence in Southeast Asia's contemporary states and regimes.

Boundary Control

Author: Edward L. Gibson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521192234
Size: 74.28 MB
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The democratization of the national government is only a first step in the diffusion of democracy throughout a country's territory. Even after a national government is democratized, subnational authoritarian "enclaves" often continue to deny rights to citizens of local jurisdictions. This is a common but little-understood problem in the post-communist and developing world and was a key facet of American politics until the fall of the "Solid South" in the mid-twentieth century. This book explains how subnational authoritarianism is part of normal democratic politics and strategic interactions between local authoritarians and national democratic leaders.

Inequality And Democratization

Author: Ben W. Ansell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316123286
Size: 41.89 MB
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Research on the economic origins of democracy and dictatorship has shifted away from the impact of growth and turned toward the question of how different patterns of growth - equal or unequal - shape regime change. This book offers a new theory of the historical relationship between economic modernization and the emergence of democracy on a global scale, focusing on the effects of land and income inequality. Contrary to most mainstream arguments, Ben W. Ansell and David J. Samuels suggest that democracy is more likely to emerge when rising, yet politically disenfranchised, groups demand more influence because they have more to lose, rather than when threats of redistribution to elite interests are low.

The Political Logic Of Poverty Relief

Author: Alberto Diaz-Cayeros
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107140285
Size: 11.52 MB
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The Political Logic of Poverty Relief places electoral politics and institutional design at the core of poverty alleviation. The authors develop a theory with applications to Mexico about how elections shape social programs aimed at aiding the poor. They assess whether voters reward politicians for targeted poverty alleviation programs.

Political Parties And The State

Author: Martin Shefter
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400821228
Size: 28.60 MB
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This book collects a number of Martin Shefter's most important articles on political parties. They address three questions: Under what conditions will strong party organizations emerge? What influences the character of parties--in particular, their reliance on patronage? In what circumstances will the parties that formerly dominated politics in a nation or city come under attack? Shefter's work exemplifies the "new institutionalism" in political science, arguing that the reliance of parties on patronage is a function not so much of mass political culture as of their relationship with public bureaucracies. The book's opening chapters analyze the circumstances conducive to the emergence of strong political parties and the changing balance between parties and bureaucracies in Europe and America. The middle chapters discuss the organization and exclusion of the American working classes by machine and reform regimes. The book concludes by examining party organizations as instruments of political control in the largest American city, New York.

Elite Parties Poor Voters

Author: Tariq Thachil
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107070082
Size: 63.45 MB
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This book analyzes how the paradox of the poor often voting against their material interests emerged in India.

Skeletons In The Closet

Author: Monika Nalepa
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521514452
Size: 38.57 MB
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This book explores pacted transitions to democracy, in which former autocrats are granted amnesty in exchange for allowing free elections.

Private Wealth And Public Revenue

Author: Tasha Fairfield
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107088372
Size: 58.86 MB
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This book identifies sources of power that help business and economic elites influence policy decisions.