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Autocracy Under Siege

Author: Jonathan W. Daly
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780875802435
Size: 17.52 MB
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Imperial Russia's security police have long been popularly associated with administrative lawlessness, harsh repression, and throngs of spies. Shocking tales told by revolutionaries and tendentious Soviet accounts have perpetuated such views. Yet Russia's security service on the eve of the Revolution of 1905 was relatively small-scale, law-abiding, and humane, especially given the extent of social and politcal opposition the regim faced. Autocracy under Siege examines the role of the security service in the titanic struggle between the regime and those dedicated to the defeat of monarchical absolutism. From the first terrorist attempt on the life of a Russian emperor in 1866 through the seismic upheaval of 1905, Daly traces the reaction, expansion, and evolution of the security police in the face of the increased antigovernment activity that threatened the continued survival of the regime. Drawing upon a wealth of sources, including many recently declassified archival documents, Autocracy under Siege provides a detailed analysis of the personnel, institutions, and effectiveness of the imperial Russian security police. Daly further explores the interplay of regime and opposition when they confronted each other most directly in the years before the 1905 upheaval. Through comparisons with western European police institutions, Daly ultimately reveals that, despite its infamous reputation, the imperial Russian security police actually resembled European models, a notion previously rejected by other historians. The most probing analysis to date of how and why Russia's security police developed, this study will prove essential to historian of Russia and Europe and to readers interested in the fields of politics, law, and revolution.

Terrorismus Und Autokratie

Author: Tim-Lorenz Wurr
Publisher: Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh
ISBN: 3657785736
Size: 73.36 MB
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Die Ursprünge des modernen Terrorismus liegen in Russland. In den 1870er und 1880er Jahren wurde das Imperium durch eine Reihe von Anschlägen erschüttert. Im März 1881 gelang es der terroristischen Gruppierung "Narodnaja Volja", Zar Alexander II. zu ermorden. Die spektakulären Attentate und der Kampf der Sicherheitsbehörden gegen die Terroristen erlangten internationale Aufmerksamkeit. Tim-Lorenz Wurr untersucht erstmals, wie die russische Autokratie auf die neue Bedrohung des Terrorismus reagierte. Wie erklärte sich die Regierung die Ursachen der politischen Gewalt? Welche Eigenschaften und Fähigkeiten sprach sie den Terroristen zu? Und welche Strategien entwickelte sie zur Bekämpfung des neuen Phänomens? Der Autor analysiert die interne Abstimmung der Behörden und die Konflikte zwischen den politischen Entscheidungsträgern. Innenpolitische Kurswechsel, verschärfte Gesetze und eine umfassende Umstrukturierung der Sicherheitsbehörden ermöglichten es der Autokratie – zumindest kurzfristig – die terroristische Bedrohung einzuschränken. Das Phänomen des Terrorismus prägte die Politik des Zarenreiches hingegen bis zum Ende des Imperiums.

Die Romanows

Author: Simon Sebag Montefiore
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 310490152X
Size: 28.95 MB
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Simon Sebag Montefiore, Bestseller-Autor und Russland-Experte, schildert in seiner ebenso spannenden wie unterhaltsamen Biographie ›Die Romanows: Glanz und Untergang der Zarendynastie 1613 - 1918‹ die sagenumwobene Dynastie, die Russland bis heute prägt. Wie kein anderes Adelsgeschlecht sind die Romanows der Inbegriff von schillerndem Prunk, Macht, Dekadenz und Grausamkeit. Über 300 Jahre dominierten sie das russische Reich, mehr als 20 Zaren und Zarinnen gingen aus dem Geschlecht hervor, allesamt getrieben von unbändigem Machthunger und rücksichtslosem Willen zu herrschen – einige dem Wahnsinn näher als dem Genie. Simon Sebag Montefiore erzählt die Saga dieser unglaublichen Familie, in der Rivalität, Giftmorde und sexuelle Exzesse regelrecht auf der Tagesordnung standen. Basierend auf neuester Forschung und unbekanntem Archivmaterial zeichnet er die Schicksale und politischen Verwicklungen nach. Weder zuvor noch danach gab es ein so gewaltiges Reich, in dem sich Glanz und Grausamkeit auf so unheilvolle Weise verbündeten. Mit zahlreichen Abbildungen, prächtige Ausstattung. »Exzellent! Im Vergleich dazu ist Game of Thrones das reinste Kaffeekränzchen.« Antony Beevor »Als läse man zwanzig packende Romane in einem Band zusammengefasst.« The Bookseller »Die glorreiche Geschichte der Romanow-Dynastie, voll von Blut, Sex und Tränen.« Daily Telegraph »Ein beindruckendes Buch, das gründliche Recherche mit exzellenter Prosa vereint.« The Times »Montefiores Reise durch die 300 Jahre der Romanows gleicht einer Studie über Brutalität, Sex und Macht, absolut fesselnd [...], die Recherche ist akribisch und der Stil packend.« The Observer

Understanding The Modern Russian Police

Author: Olga B. Semukhina
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439803498
Size: 68.11 MB
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Understanding the Modern Russian Police represents the culmination of ten years of research and an ongoing partnership between the Volgograd Academy of Russian Internal Affairs Ministry (VA MVD) and the Volgograd branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (VAPA). The book provides a timely and comprehensive analysis of the historical development, functions, and contemporary challenges faced by the modern Russian police. Spanning more than two centuries of history, the book covers: The tsarist police evolution that witnessed the creation of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation (MVD) in 1802 and concluding with the 1917 October Revolution The Soviet era from the 1917 October Revolution until Stalin’s death in 1953 The Khrushchev and Brezhnev periods, and the Soviet police’s maturation into a professionally educated and well-equipped law enforcement system The transformational period of police development beginning with Gorbachev’s perestroika and concluding with the first term of Putin in 2008 The structure, authority, and workforce of the modern Russian police Public-police relationships existing today in Russia Reports by Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch on corruption and abuse of power, along with a legal analysis of practices by the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) The 2011 Police Reform by Medvedev The book concludes with some predictions on the future of the Russian police and its potential reforms. Encompassing the efforts of many great researchers from Russia, this exhaustive review of the history of policing in Russia enables readers to comprehend the societal and political forces that have shaped policing in this country.

Imperiale Herrschaft Im Weichselland

Author: Malte Rolf
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110345374
Size: 58.67 MB
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Das Königreich Polen war die bedeutendste Provinz im Russischen Imperium. Nach der Niederschlagung des polnischen Aufstands von 1863-64 etablierte Petersburg ein neues System der Machtausübung. Malte Rolf beschreibt die Strukturen und Akteure imperialer Herrschaft in diesem nun Weichselland genannten Gebiet. Die Studie schildert die alltägliche Praxis der zarischen Bürokratie und deren oft konfliktreiche Interaktion mit der einheimischen Bevölkerung. Sie zeichnet die Handlungslogiken imperialer Eliten nach und fragt nach Wechselwirkungen zwischen Reichszentrum und Peripherie.

Stalin

Author: Stephen Kotkin
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 0698170105
Size: 26.44 MB
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A magnificent new biography that revolutionizes our understanding of Stalin and his world It has the quality of myth: a poor cobbler’s son, a seminarian from an oppressed outer province of the Russian empire, reinvents himself as a top leader in a band of revolutionary zealots. When the band seizes control of the country in the aftermath of total world war, the former seminarian ruthlessly dominates the new regime until he stands as absolute ruler of a vast and terrible state apparatus, with dominion over Eurasia. While still building his power base within the Bolshevik dictatorship, he embarks upon the greatest gamble of his political life and the largest program of social reengineering ever attempted: the collectivization of all agriculture and industry across one sixth of the earth. Millions will die, and many more millions will suffer, but the man will push through to the end against all resistance and doubts. Where did such power come from? In Stalin, Stephen Kotkin offers a biography that, at long last, is equal to this shrewd, sociopathic, charismatic dictator in all his dimensions. The character of Stalin emerges as both astute and blinkered, cynical and true believing, people oriented and vicious, canny enough to see through people but prone to nonsensical beliefs. We see a man inclined to despotism who could be utterly charming, a pragmatic ideologue, a leader who obsessed over slights yet was a precocious geostrategic thinker—unique among Bolsheviks—and yet who made egregious strategic blunders. Through it all, we see Stalin’s unflinching persistence, his sheer force of will—perhaps the ultimate key to understanding his indelible mark on history. Stalin gives an intimate view of the Bolshevik regime’s inner geography of power, bringing to the fore fresh materials from Soviet military intelligence and the secret police. Kotkin rejects the inherited wisdom about Stalin’s psychological makeup, showing us instead how Stalin’s near paranoia was fundamentally political, and closely tracks the Bolshevik revolution’s structural paranoia, the predicament of a Communist regime in an overwhelmingly capitalist world, surrounded and penetrated by enemies. At the same time, Kotkin demonstrates the impossibility of understanding Stalin’s momentous decisions outside of the context of the tragic history of imperial Russia. The product of a decade of intrepid research, Stalin is a landmark achievement, a work that recasts the way we think about the Soviet Union, revolution, dictatorship, the twentieth century, and indeed the art of history itself. Stalin: Waiting for Hitler, 1929-1941 will be published by Penguin Press in October 2017

Administrative Reforms In The Baltic Sea Region

Author: Erk Volkmar Heyen
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company
ISBN:
Size: 76.11 MB
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The Yearbook of European Administrative History is the only interdisciplinary and comparative scientific periodical of its type, dealing mainly with European administration from the 17th to 20th century. Each volume is dedicated to a principal topic of interest. Additionally, it offers criticisms and information on the status of research in individual European countries. The contributions appear in German, French, Italian, and English language, and contain an English summary.