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Available Means

Author: Joy Ritchie
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
ISBN: 0822979756
Size: 30.86 MB
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“I say that even later someone will remember us.”—Sappho, Fragment 147, sixth century, BC Sappho’s prediction came true; fragments of work by the earliest woman writer in Western literate history have in fact survived into the twenty-first century. But not without peril. Sappho’s writing remains only in fragments, partly due to the passage of time, but mostly as a result of systematic efforts to silence women’s voices. Sappho’s hopeful boast captures the mission of this anthology: to gather together women engaged in the art of persuasion—across differences of race, class, sexual orientation, historical and physical locations—in order to remember that the rhetorical tradition indeed includes them. Available Means offers seventy women rhetoricians—from ancient Greece to the twenty-first century—a room of their own for the first time. Editors Joy Ritchie and Kate Ronald do so in the feminist tradition of recovering a previously unarticulated canon of women’s rhetoric. Women whose voices are central to such scholarship are included here, such as Aspasia (a contemporary of Plato’s), Margery Kempe, Margaret Fuller, and Ida B. Wells. Added are influential works on what it means to write as a woman—by Virginia Woolf, Adrienne Rich, Nancy Mairs, Alice Walker, and Hélène Cixous. Public “manifestos” on the rights of women by Hortensia, Mary Astell, Maria Stewart, Sarah and Angelina Grimké, Anna Julia Cooper, Margaret Sanger, and Audre Lorde also join the discourse. But Available Means searches for rhetorical tradition in less obvious places, too. Letters, journals, speeches, newspaper columns, diaries, meditations, and a fable (Rachel Carson’s introduction to Silent Spring) also find places in this room. Such unconventional documents challenge traditional notions of invention, arrangement, style, and delivery, and blur the boundaries between public and private discourse. Included, too, are writers whose voices have not been heard in any tradition. Ritchie and Ronald seek to “unsettle” as they expand the women’s rhetorical canon. Arranged chronologically, Available Means is designed as a classroom text that will allow students to hear women speaking to each other across centuries, and to see how women have added new places from which arguments can be made. Each selection is accompanied by an extensive headnote, which sets the reading in context. The breadth of material will allow students to ask such questions as “How might we define women’s rhetoric? How have women used and subverted traditional rhetoric?” A topical index at the end of the book provides teachers a guide through the rhetorical riches. Available Means will be an invaluable text for rhetoric courses of all levels, as well as for women’s studies courses.

The Available Means Of Persuasion

Author: David Michael Sheridan
ISBN: 9781602353091
Size: 41.10 MB
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NEW MEDIA THEORY Series Editor, Byron Hawk From the beginning, rhetoric has been a productive and practical art aimed at preparing citizens to participate in communal life. Possibilities for this participation are continually evolving in light of cultural and technological changes. THE AVAILABLE MEANS OF PERSUASION: MAPPING A THEORY AND PEDAGOGY OF MULTIMODAL PUBLIC RHETORIC explores the ways that public rhetoric has changed due to emerging technologies that enable us to produce, reproduce, and distribute compositions that integrate visual, aural, and alphabetic elements. David M. Sheridan, Jim Ridolfo, and Anthony J. Michel argue that to exploit such options fully, rhetorical theory and pedagogy need to be reconfigured. Rhetorical concepts such as invention, context, and ethics need to be transformed, which has important implications for the writing classroom, among other sites of rhetorical education. Sheridan, Ridolfo, and Michel suggest an expanded understanding of the ancient rhetorical concept of kairos (the opportune moment) as a unifying heuristic that can help theorists, teachers, and practitioners understand, teach, and produce multimodal public rhetoric more effectively. In this expanded sense, kairos includes considerations of genre and dissemination through material-cultural contexts. Ultimately, they argue that culture itself is at stake in our understanding of multimodal public rhetoric. Important cultural categories such as race, class, gender, sexuality, and place, are produced and reproduced not just through the dynamics of language but through the full range of multimodal practices. DAVID M. SHERIDAN is an assistant professor in Michigan State University's Residential College in the Arts and Humanities, where he teaches courses on writing, creativity, technology, and media. He also directs the RCAH Language and Media Center. His previous publications include articles in JAC, Enculturation, and Computers and Composition. He co-edited, with James Inman, Multiliteracy Centers: Writing Center Work, New Media, and Multimodal Rhetoric (Hampton, 2010). Under the sponsorship of MSU's Writing in Digital Environments (WIDE) Research Center, Sheridan is working with others to develop a game called INK-a multiplayer virtual world designed to function as a rich environment for public rhetorical practices. In 2012 Sheridan was the recipient of MSU's Teacher-Scholar Award. JIM RIDOLFO is Assistant Professor of Composition and Rhetoric at the University of Cincinnati. He received his PhD in 2009 from the Michigan State University Rhetoric and Writing program, where he worked for six years at the Writing in Digital Environments Research Center. His work has appeared in Ariadne, Journal of Community Informatics, JAC, Enculturation, Journal of Community Literacy Studies, Pedagogy, Kairos, and Rhetoric Review. He is currently a 2012 Fulbright Middle East and North Africa Regional Research Scholar and is working on his second book. He lives with his partner Janice Fernheimer and their two pet bearded dragons, Electra and Salsa. ANTHONY J. MICHEL is currently Chair of the English Department at Avila University in Kansas City, where he teaches courses in American literature and composition and rhetoric. His research interests are in alternative rhetorics, social activism, new media, and writing theory. He has written on a variety of subjects, including Julie Dash's film Daughters of the Dust, hip hop culture in the writing classroom, and the role of new media in social movements. His articles and chapters have appeared in JAC, Enculturation, and in several edited collections.

Punishment Compensation And Law

Author: Mark R. Reiff
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139446211
Size: 13.80 MB
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When it was originally published in 2005, this book was the first comprehensive study of the meaning and measure of enforceability. While we have long debated what restraints should govern the conduct of our social life, we have paid relatively little attention to the question of what it means to make a restraint enforceable. Focusing on the enforceability of legal rights but also addressing the enforceability of moral rights and social conventions, Mark Reiff explains how we use punishment and compensation to make restraints operative in the world. After describing the various means by which restraints may be enforced, Reiff explains how the sufficiency of enforcement can be measured, and he presents a unified theory of deterrence, retribution, and compensation that shows how these aspects of enforceability are interconnected. Reiff then applies his theory of enforceability to illuminate a variety of real-world problem situations.


Author: Thomas Riesack
ISBN: 3832418431
Size: 23.78 MB
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Inhaltsangabe:Gang der Untersuchung: Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist es, Kreditderivate anhand ihrer Konstruktion und ihrer Anwendungsmöglichkeiten unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der damit verbundenen Vor- und Nachteile darzustellen sowie einen Einblick in das Risikomanagement von Banken in bezug auf diese Instrumente zu geben. Wie im Verlauf der Arbeit sichtbar wird, bildet das Kreditrisiko den zentralen Bestandteil eines Kreditderivats. Aus diesem Grund wird es im folgenden Kapitel als Teil des Gesamtrisikomanagements einer Bank dargestellt. Zur weiteren Abgrenzung werden die klassischen Steuerungsinstrumente einer Bank aufgeführt und eine Übersicht über die traditionelle Kreditrisikopolitik gegeben. Kreditderivate sind als OTC-Instrumente in ihren Vertragsbedingungen weitestgehend frei gestaltbar, wobei sie sich aber grundsätzlich an bestimmten Grundtypen orientieren. In Kapitel 3 werden diese vier Grundformen von Kreditderivaten vorgestellt und einige exotischere Instrumente aufgezeigt. Dabei wird Wert auf die Darstellung und möglichen Ausprägungen der verschiedenen Vertragsbestandteile gelegt. Im Rahmen des Risikomanagements in Kreditinstituten wird nach verbesserten Möglichkeiten zur Quantifizierung und Steuerung von Kreditrisiken gesucht. In diesem Umfeld etabliert sich mehr und mehr ein portfolioorientierter Ansatz, zu dessen Instrumentarium auch der Einsatz von Kreditderivaten zählt. Kapitel 4 widmet sich den Einsatzmöglichkeiten dieser Instrumente im Bankenbereich mit besonderer Berücksichtigung auf die Abgrenzung einzelner Einheiten innerhalb der Bank (Portfoliomanagement, Passivmanagement und Eigenhandel). Im Rahmen der Darstellung der Anwendungsmöglichkeiten werden auch die hiermit verbundenen Vorteile gegenüber den traditionellen Steuerungsinstrumenten erläutert. In Kapitel 5 schließlich erfolgt ein Überblick über das Risikomanagement und die Risikopolitik in bezug auf Kreditderivate bei Banken, wobei ein besonderer Schwerpunkt auf den sich entwickelnden deutschen Markt gelegt wird. In diesem Teil der Arbeit werden, ausgehend von einer Darstellung der mit Kreditderivaten zusammenhängenden Risiken und Nachteile, die externen Rahmenbedingungen aufgezeigt und eine bankinterne Infrastruktur für das Risikomanagement von Kreditderivaten skizziert. Kapitel 6 gibt nach einer kurzen Zusammenfassung der Ergebnisse einen Ausblick auf die mögliche weitere Entwicklung des [...]

Healing Crystals

Author: Michael Gienger
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1844098419
Size: 64.90 MB
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All the important information about 555 healing gemstones in a neat pocket-book! Though it may appear small, it encompasses the contents of a whole encyclopedia. This 2nd updated edition is based on new findings in mineralogy and new experiences and research results in the field of gem therapy, including information for an additional 125 crystals not present in the 1st edition, some of which that have been discovered in recent years. With Healing Crystals Michael Gienger presents a comprehensive directory of all the gemstones currently in use in crystal healing. Clear, concise and precise in style, with photographs of each of the crystals accompanying the text, he describes the characteristics and healing functions of each crystal.

Software Requirement Patterns

Author: Stephen Withall
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 0735646066
Size: 13.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Learn proven, real-world techniques for specifying software requirements with this practical reference. It details 30 requirement “patterns” offering realistic examples for situation-specific guidance for building effective software requirements. Each pattern explains what a requirement needs to convey, offers potential questions to ask, points out potential pitfalls, suggests extra requirements, and other advice. This book also provides guidance on how to write other kinds of information that belong in a requirements specification, such as assumptions, a glossary, and document history and references, and how to structure a requirements specification. A disturbing proportion of computer systems are judged to be inadequate; many are not even delivered; more are late or over budget. Studies consistently show one of the single biggest causes is poorly defined requirements: not properly defining what a system is for and what it’s supposed to do. Even a modest contribution to improving requirements offers the prospect of saving businesses part of a large sum of wasted investment. This guide emphasizes this important requirement need—determining what a software system needs to do before spending time on development. Expertly written, this book details solutions that have worked in the past, with guidance for modifying patterns to fit individual needs—giving developers the valuable advice they need for building effective software requirements