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Background Modeling And Foreground Detection For Video Surveillance

Author: Thierry Bouwmans
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482205378
Size: 46.82 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Background modeling and foreground detection are important steps in video processing used to detect robustly moving objects in challenging environments. This requires effective methods for dealing with dynamic backgrounds and illumination changes as well as algorithms that must meet real-time and low memory requirements. Incorporating both established and new ideas, Background Modeling and Foreground Detection for Video Surveillance provides a complete overview of the concepts, algorithms, and applications related to background modeling and foreground detection. Leaders in the field address a wide range of challenges, including camera jitter and background subtraction. The book presents the top methods and algorithms for detecting moving objects in video surveillance. It covers statistical models, clustering models, neural networks, and fuzzy models. It also addresses sensors, hardware, and implementation issues and discusses the resources and datasets required for evaluating and comparing background subtraction algorithms. The datasets and codes used in the text, along with links to software demonstrations, are available on the book’s website. A one-stop resource on up-to-date models, algorithms, implementations, and benchmarking techniques, this book helps researchers and industry developers understand how to apply background models and foreground detection methods to video surveillance and related areas, such as optical motion capture, multimedia applications, teleconferencing, video editing, and human–computer interfaces. It can also be used in graduate courses on computer vision, image processing, real-time architecture, machine learning, or data mining.

Advances In Visual Computing

Author: George Bebis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540896384
Size: 32.88 MB
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The two volume set LNCS 5358 and LNCS 5359 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Visual Computing, ISVC 2008, held in Las Vegas, NV, USA, in December 2008. The 102 revised full papers and 70 poster papers presented together with 56 full and 8 poster papers of 8 special tracks were carefully reviewed and selected from more than 340 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on computer graphics, visualization, shape/recognition, video analysis and event recognition, virtual reality, reconstruction, motion, face/gesture, and computer vision applications. The 8 additional special tracks address issues such as object recognition, real-time vision algorithm implementation and application, computational bioimaging and visualization, discrete and computational geometry, soft computing in image processing and computer vision, visualization and simulation on immersive display devices, analysis and visualization of biomedical visual data, as well as image analysis for remote sensing data.

Moving Object Detection Using Background Subtraction

Author: Soharab Hossain Shaikh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319073869
Size: 29.93 MB
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This Springer Brief presents a comprehensive survey of the existing methodologies of background subtraction methods. It presents a framework for quantitative performance evaluation of different approaches and summarizes the public databases available for research purposes. This well-known methodology has applications in moving object detection from video captured with a stationery camera, separating foreground and background objects and object classification and recognition. The authors identify common challenges faced by researchers including gradual or sudden illumination change, dynamic backgrounds and shadow and ghost regions. This brief concludes with predictions on the future scope of the methods. Clear and concise, this brief equips readers to determine the most effective background subtraction method for a particular project. It is a useful resource for professionals and researchers working in this field.

Handbook Of Robust Low Rank And Sparse Matrix Decomposition

Author: Thierry Bouwmans
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315353539
Size: 17.50 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Handbook of Robust Low-Rank and Sparse Matrix Decomposition: Applications in Image and Video Processing shows you how robust subspace learning and tracking by decomposition into low-rank and sparse matrices provide a suitable framework for computer vision applications. Incorporating both existing and new ideas, the book conveniently gives you one-stop access to a number of different decompositions, algorithms, implementations, and benchmarking techniques. Divided into five parts, the book begins with an overall introduction to robust principal component analysis (PCA) via decomposition into low-rank and sparse matrices. The second part addresses robust matrix factorization/completion problems while the third part focuses on robust online subspace estimation, learning, and tracking. Covering applications in image and video processing, the fourth part discusses image analysis, image denoising, motion saliency detection, video coding, key frame extraction, and hyperspectral video processing. The final part presents resources and applications in background/foreground separation for video surveillance. With contributions from leading teams around the world, this handbook provides a complete overview of the concepts, theories, algorithms, and applications related to robust low-rank and sparse matrix decompositions. It is designed for researchers, developers, and graduate students in computer vision, image and video processing, real-time architecture, machine learning, and data mining.

Fuzzy Logic And Applications

Author: Francesco Masulli
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319032003
Size: 74.91 MB
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 10th International Workshop on Fuzzy Logic and Applications, WILF 2013, held in Genoa, Italy, in November 2013. After a rigorous peer-review selection process, ultimately 19 regular papers were selected for inclusion in this volume from 29 submissions. In addition the book contains 3 keynote talks and 2 tutorials. The papers are organized in topical sections named: fuzzy machine learning and interpretability; theory and applications.

Background Subtraction

Author: Ahmed Elgammal
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 1627054413
Size: 40.83 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Background subtraction is a widely used concept for detection of moving objects in videos. In the last two decades there has been a lot of development in designing algorithms for background subtraction, as well as wide use of these algorithms in various important applications, such as visual surveillance, sports video analysis, motion capture, etc. Various statistical approaches have been proposed to model scene backgrounds. The concept of background subtraction also has been extended to detect objects from videos captured from moving cameras. This book reviews the concept and practice of background subtraction. We discuss several traditional statistical background subtraction models, including the widely used parametric Gaussian mixture models and non-parametric models. We also discuss the issue of shadow suppression, which is essential for human motion analysis applications. This book discusses approaches and tradeoffs for background maintenance. This book also reviews many of the recent developments in background subtraction paradigm. Recent advances in developing algorithms for background subtraction from moving cameras are described, including motion-compensation-based approaches and motion-segmentation-based approaches.

Video Surveillance For Sensor Platforms

Author: Mayssaa Al Najjar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461418577
Size: 78.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book introduces resource aware image decomposition, registration, fusion, object detection and tracking algorithms along with their applications in security, monitoring and integration in 3rd Generation Surveillance Systems. All algorithms are evaluated through experimental and simulation results and a parallel and pipelined efficient architecture for implementing the algorithms is described.

Embedded Computer Vision

Author: Branislav Kisačanin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1848003048
Size: 73.35 MB
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As a graduate student at Ohio State in the mid-1970s, I inherited a unique c- puter vision laboratory from the doctoral research of previous students. They had designed and built an early frame-grabber to deliver digitized color video from a (very large) electronic video camera on a tripod to a mini-computer (sic) with a (huge!) disk drive—about the size of four washing machines. They had also - signed a binary image array processor and programming language, complete with a user’s guide, to facilitate designing software for this one-of-a-kindprocessor. The overall system enabled programmable real-time image processing at video rate for many operations. I had the whole lab to myself. I designed software that detected an object in the eldofview,trackeditsmovementsinrealtime,anddisplayedarunningdescription of the events in English. For example: “An object has appeared in the upper right corner...Itismovingdownandtotheleft...Nowtheobjectisgettingcloser...The object moved out of sight to the left”—about like that. The algorithms were simple, relying on a suf cient image intensity difference to separate the object from the background (a plain wall). From computer vision papers I had read, I knew that vision in general imaging conditions is much more sophisticated. But it worked, it was great fun, and I was hooked.

Computer And Information Sciences Iscis 2003

Author: Adnan Yazici
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540204091
Size: 23.41 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 18th International Symposium on Computer and Information Sciences, ISCIS 2003, held in Antalya, Turkey in November 2003. The 135 revised papers presented together with 2 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from over 360 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on architectures and systems, theoretical computer science, databases and information retrieval, e-commerce, graphics and computer vision, intelligent systems and robotics, multimedia, networks and security, parallel and distributed computing, soft computing, and software engineering.