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Banking Currency And Finance In Europe Between The Wars

Author: Charles H. Feinstein
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 0191521663
Size: 15.52 MB
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The financial history of interwar Europe was dominated by catastrophic episodes of hyper-inflation, dramatic exchange rate crises, massive and destabilizing movements of gold and capital, and extensive banking failures. In their attempt to restore and sustain the gold standard as the basis of the international monetary system, many countries were compelled to resort to deflationary fiscal and monetary policies of exceptional severity. The policies thus adopted in the 1920s were a major cause of the Great Depression of 1929-33; and this in turn exerted a powerful influence on the subsequent political and economic history of the 1930s. This collection of essays is the work of an international network of economic historians from Europe and the United States convened by the European Science Foundation. It brings together, in an accessible style, current knowledge and understanding of the nature and effects of these developments in banking, currency, and finance in the interwar period. The topics are examined at three levels. In Part I a substantial introductory survey of the central issues over the entire period is followed by special studies of the banking crises, the global capital flows, and the interrelationship of economic and political policies, with each of these themes considered in an international perspective. Part II is devoted to illuminating comparative analyses of the financial and exchange policies of pairs of countries; France and Italy, Britain and Germany, Sweden and Finland, and Belgium and France. In Part III the essays move to the level of individual countries and each contributor explores topics such as the form and efficacy of official banking and monetary policies, the role of the central bank, movements in the money supply and prices, the relationship between the banks and the industrial sector, changes in exchange rates and foreign capital investment. The volume covers all the major countries, and also makes available the results of recent research on banking and finance in smaller countries, such as Spain, Austria, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Bulgaria, and Ireland. The questions addressed by this book, and the temes and patterns it reveals, are relevant both to economic and political historians of the years between the two world wars, and to those interested in contemporary banking and financial problems.

Geld Und Kredit In Der Wirtschaftsgeschichte

Author: Richard H. Tilly
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
ISBN: 9783515067850
Size: 28.16 MB
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Dieser Band konzentriert sich auf die Geld- und Kreditgeschichte der äIndustrieländer westlicher Prägungô seit dem Zeitalter der Industrialisierung, d.h. vom 18. bis zum Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts. Im Vordergrund stehen die Institutionen, die auf Geld und Kredit Einfluss hatten und haben: der Staat und staatliche Institutionen, private Unternehmen und Märkte. Das breite Themenfeld umfasst Staatsfinanzen und Staatsverschuldung, Schaffung eines Papiergeldes, Entstehung von Zentralnotenbanken, Entwicklung von Geschäftsbanken, Währungs- und Devisenpolitik, Einfuehrung und Aufhebung des Goldstandards, Einrichtung und Regulierung von Börsen, Aktienrecht u.a. "This book could be appropriately listed in the syllabuses of economic history and economics classes. At sixteen Euros it is a bargain. Students will find in its pages a useful introduction to the subject and a stimulus to further exploration of the topic. But the book's audience should not be restricted to the academic arena. More general readers who have questions about contemporary trends, such as financial-market globalization, will be enlightened as well, particularly since the material is written without undue formality and is free of unnecessary jargon. All readers will close the book with a better understanding of the differences between today's convergence of financial institutions and the events of the last globalization period." Business History Review "Tilly's account of the development of the international financial system provides a well-written, insightful overview. à the book combines new literature with the insights and maturity of judgment of the older generation. This makes it a émust readæ for anyone studying in the fieldà " The Journal of European Economic History .

Economic Disasters Of The Twentieth Century

Author: Michael J. Oliver
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781847205490
Size: 26.10 MB
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The First and Second World Wars, the great depression, oil shocks, inflation, financial crises, stock market crashes, the collapse of the Soviet command economy and Third World disasters are discussed in this comprehensive book. The contributors subject these disasters to in-depth assessment, carefully considering their costs and impact on specific countries and regions, as well as assessing them in a global context. The book examines the legacy of economic disasters and asks whether economic disasters are avoidable or whether policymakers can learn from their mistakes.

The First World War And The International Economy

Author: Chris Wrigley
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub
Size: 67.57 MB
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'. . . the collection provides an interesting mix of international comparisons and contributions from different angles and levels within the industrial economies of 1914-1918. the collection offers much of value for students of economic and social history or for those looking for a combination of economic data and perspectives on recent historiography.' - M.J. French, Labour History Review 'Collectively the chapters of this volume offer useful insights on how the First War impacted on elements of the international economy.' - David Greasley, E.H. Net This book provides a fresh assessment of the impact of the First World War on the international economy. Leading academics offer new perspectives on the effects of the War on the long-term growth rates of the belligerent countries and examine its impact on individual sectors within these economies.

A Financial History Of Western Europe

Author: Charles Poor Kindleberger
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9780415378673
Size: 47.47 MB
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This is the first history of finance - broadly defined to include money, banking, capital markets, public and private finance, international transfers etc. - that covers Western Europe (with an occasional glance at the western hemisphere) and half a millennium. Charles Kindleberger highlights the development of financial institutions to meet emerging needs, and the similarities and contrasts in the handling of financial problems such as transferring resources from one country to another, stimulating investment, or financing war and cleaning up the resulting monetary mess. The first half of the book covers money, banking and finance from 1450 to 1913; the second deals in considerably finer detail with the twentieth century. This major work casts current issues in historical perspective and throws light on the fascinating, and far from orderly, evolution of financial institutions and the management of financial problems. Comprehensive, critical and cosmopolitan, this book is both an outstanding work of reference and essential reading for all those involved in the study and practice of finance, be they economic historians, financial experts, scholarly bankers or students of money and banking. This groundbreaking work was first published in 1984.

The London Stock Exchange

Author: Ranald C. Michie
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Size: 41.29 MB
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In 2001, the London Stock Exchange will be 200 years old, though its origins go back a century before that. This book traces the history of the London Stock Exchange from its beginnings around 1700 to the present day, chronicling the challenges and opportunities it has faced, avoided, or exploited over the years.