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Basic Principles Of Curriculum And Instruction

Author: Ralph W. Tyler
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022608664X
Size: 69.57 MB
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In 1949, a small book had a big impact on education. In just over one hundred pages, Ralph W. Tyler presented the concept that curriculum should be dynamic, a program under constant evaluation and revision. Curriculum had always been thought of as a static, set program, and in an era preoccupied with student testing, he offered the innovative idea that teachers and administrators should spend as much time evaluating their plans as they do assessing their students. Since then, Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction has been a standard reference for anyone working with curriculum development. Although not a strict how-to guide, the book shows how educators can critically approach curriculum planning, studying progress and retooling when needed. Its four sections focus on setting objectives, selecting learning experiences, organizing instruction, and evaluating progress. Readers will come away with a firm understanding of how to formulate educational objectives and how to analyze and adjust their plans so that students meet the objectives. Tyler also explains that curriculum planning is a continuous, cyclical process, an instrument of education that needs to be fine-tuned. This emphasis on thoughtful evaluation has kept Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction a relevant, trusted companion for over sixty years. And with school districts across the nation working feverishly to align their curriculum with Common Core standards, Tyler's straightforward recommendations are sound and effective tools for educators working to create a curriculum that integrates national objectives with their students' needs.

Encyclopedia Of Curriculum Studies

Author: Craig Kridel
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412958830
Size: 16.14 MB
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The Encyclopedia of Curriculum Studies provides a comprehensive introduction to the academic field of curriculum studies for the scholar, student, teacher, and administrator. The study of curriculum, beginning in the early 20th century, served primarily the areas of school administration and teaching and was seen as a method to design and develop programs of study. The field subsequently expanded to draw upon disciplines from the arts, humanities, and social sciences and to examine larger educational forces and their effects upon the individual, society, and conceptions of knowledge. Curriculum studies has now emerged to embrace an expansive and contested conception of academic scholarship while focusing upon a diverse and complex dynamic among educational experiences, practices, settings, actions, and theories in relation to personal and institutional needs and interests. The Encyclopedia of Curriculum Studies serves to inform and to introduce terms, events, documents, biographies, and concepts to assist the reader in understanding aspects of this rapidly changing field of study. Representative topics include: Origins, definitions, dimensions, and variations on Curriculum Studies Curriculum development and design for schools Curricular purpose, implementation, and evaluation Contemporary issues, e.g., standards, tests, and accountability Curricular dimensions of teaching and teacher education Interdisciplinary perspectives on institutionalized curriculum Informal curricula of homes, mass media, workplaces, organizations, and relationships Impact of race, class, gender, health, belief, appearance, place, ethnicity, language Relationships of curriculum and poverty, wealth, and related factors Modes of curriculum inquiry and research Curriculum as cultural studies, exploring the formation of identities and possibilities Corporate, state, church, and military influence as curriculum Global and international perspectives on curriculum Curriculum organizations, journals, and resources Summaries of books and articles on curriculum studies Biographic vignettes of key persons in curriculum studies Relevant photographs

Demokratie Und Erziehung

Author: John Dewey
Publisher: Beltz
ISBN: 9783407220578
Size: 53.15 MB
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Ein Schlüsselwerk der internationalen Reformpädagogik. Systematisch begründet der amerikanische Philosoph und Pädagoge Erziehung und Demokratie als Formen "gemeinsamer und miteinander geteilter Erfahrung". Die Schule als Modell für Demokratie wird zur Grundlage des Lehrens und Lernens in modernen Gesellschaften. "Demokratie und Erziehung", 1916 erstmals erschienen, gilt als das Hauptwerk John Deweys und als Schlüsselwerk der internationalen Reformpädagogik. Dewey entwickelt eine moderne Pädagogik aus der Idee, "Erziehung" als demokratische Erfahrung zu begründen, wie andererseits "Demokratie" als Medium der Erziehungserfahrung zu verstehen. Erziehung ist nicht Funktion oder Instrument der Politik, sondern sie verwirklicht sich als Demokratie. Die Schule wird zur "Keimzelle" der demokratischen Gesellschaft. Deweys Forderung nach einer Schule, die sich nicht als Ort gesellschaftlicher Reproduktion, sondern als Ort gesellschaftlicher Transformation versteht, sein Verständnis von Schule als Modell für Demokratie ist auch in der heutigen Erziehungswissenschaft noch aktuell. Den zweiten Teil seines Werkes bestimmen sehr konkrete Ausführungen zur Methodik und Didaktik der Schule als Lernumwelt, in deren Mittelpunkt er den Begriff des "Erfahrungslernens" stellt. Diese Ausgabe schließt mit einer umfangreichen, aktualisierten Auswahlbibliografie.

Unterdr Ckung Und Befreiung

Author: Paulo Freire
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 9783830968030
Size: 19.77 MB
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Diese Sammlung von Schriften aus der Zeit von 1970 bis 1990 des brasilianischen Pädagogen Paulo Freire (1921-1997) gibt einen Einblick in die Grundlagen und Prinzipien seiner Bildungsarbeit auf der Basis der Pädagogik der Befreiung. In den ausgewählten Texten werden nicht nur pädagogische Probleme und inhaltlich-methodische Fragen der Bildungsarbeit thematisiert. Sie enthalten ebenso Analysen und Bewertungen von Politik, Kultur, Religion, Ethik und Veränderungsmöglichkeiten von Gesellschaft - eine Erweiterung, die sich gegen eine Vorstellung wendet, Pädagogik sei von Gesellschaft und Politik losgelöst zu behandeln. Scharfsinnig hat Freire u.a. die verheerenden Folgen des Neoliberalismus für Individuum und Gesellschaft analysiert und zum widerständigen Denken und Handeln ermuntert. Eine Auswahl repräsentativer alter und neuer Texte von Paulo Freire: Wer sie zur Hand nimmt, entdeckt rasch, dass uns dieser brasilianische Pädagoge nicht nur für die Theorie und Praxis unserer Erziehungsarbeit, sondern für unser Überleben Entscheidendes zu sagen hat. Prof. Dr. Ulrich Becker, Universität Hannover

Educational Evaluation Classic Works Of Ralph W Tyler

Author: George F. Madaus
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400926790
Size: 33.80 MB
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I personally learned to know Ralph Tyler rather late in his career when, in the 1960s, I spent a year as a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford. His term of office as Director of the Center was then approaching its end. This would seem to disqualify me thoroughly from preparing a Foreword to this "Classic Works. " Many of his colleagues and, not least, of his students at his dear Alma Mater, the University of Chicago, are certainly better prepared than I to put his role in American education in proper perspective. The reason for inviting me is, I assume, to bring out the influence that Tyler has had on the international educational scene. I am writing this Foreword on a personal note. Ralph Tyler's accomplishments in his roles as a scholar, policy maker, educational leader, and statesman have been amply put on record in this book, not least in the editors' Preface. My reflections are those of an observer from abroad but who, over the last 25 years, has been close enough to overcome the aloofness of the foreigner. Tyler has over many years been criss-crossing the North American con tinent generously giving advice to agencies at the federal, state, and local levels, lecturing, and serving on many committees and task forces that have been instrumental in shaping American education.

Wie Kleine Kinder Schlau Werden

Author: John Caldwell Holt
Publisher: Beltz
ISBN: 9783407228550
Size: 70.54 MB
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Ausgehend von der Beobachtung des kindlichen Spielens erläutert der Autor, wie Kinder denken und lernen.

The Sage Handbook Of Curriculum And Instruction

Author: F. Michael Connelly
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412909902
Size: 57.85 MB
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The SAGE Handbook of Curriculum and Instruction emerges from a concept of curriculum and instruction as a diverse landscape defined and bounded by schools, school boards and their communities, policy, teacher education, and academic research. Each contributing author was asked to comprehensively review the research literature in their assigned topic. These topics, however, are defined by practical places on the landscape e.g. schools and governmental policies for schools. Key Features: o Presents a different vision or re-conceptualization of the field o Provides a comprehensive and inclusive set of authors, ideas, and topics o Takes a global rather than North American parochial approach o Recognizes that curriculum and instruction is broader in scope than is suggested by university research and theory o Reflects post-1992 changes in curriculum policy, practice and scholarship o Represents a rethinking of how school subject matter areas are treated. Teacher education is included in the Handbook with the intent of addressing the role and place of teacher education in bridging state and national curriculum policies and curriculum as enacted in classrooms.