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Basic Principles Of Membrane Technology

Author: J. Mulder
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401708355
Size: 15.11 MB
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Membranes playa central role in our daily life, or as indicated by one of my foreign colleagues, Richard Bowen, 'If you are tired of membranes, you are tired of life' . Biological membranes are hardly used in industrial applications, but separations with synthetic membranes have become increasingly important. Today, membrane processes are used in a wide range of applications and their numbers will certainly increase. Therefore, there is a need for well educated and qualified engineers, chemists, scientists and technicians who have been taught the basic principles of membrane technology. However, despite the growing importance of membrane processes, there are only a few universities that include membrane technology in their regular curricula. One of the reasons for this may be the lack of a comprehensive textbook. For me, this was one of the driving forces for writing a textbook on the basic principles of membrane technology which provides a broad view on the various aspects of membrane technology. I realise that membrane technology covers a broad field but nevertheless I have tried to describe the basic principles of the various disciplines. Although the book was written with the student in mind it can also serve as a first introduction for engineers, chemists, and technicians in all kind of industries who wish to learn the basics of membrane technology.

Advanced Membrane Technology And Applications

Author: Norman N Li
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118211545
Size: 63.70 MB
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Advanced membranes-from fundamentals and membrane chemistry to manufacturing and applications A hands-on reference for practicing professionals, Advanced Membrane Technology and Applications covers the fundamental principles and theories of separation and purification by membranes, the important membrane processes and systems, and major industrial applications. It goes far beyond the basics to address the formulation and industrial manufacture of membranes and applications. This practical guide: Includes coverage of all the major types of membranes: ultrafiltration; microfiltration; nanofiltration; reverse osmosis (including the recent high-flux and low-pressure membranes and anti-fouling membranes); membranes for gas separations; and membranes for fuel cell uses Addresses six major topics: membranes and applications in water and wastewater; membranes for biotechnology and chemical/biomedical applications; gas separations; membrane contractors and reactors; environmental and energy applications; and membrane materials and characterization Includes discussions of important strategic issues and the future of membrane technology With chapters contributed by leading experts in their specific areas and a practical focus, this is the definitive reference for professionals in industrial manufacturing and separations and research and development; practitioners in the manufacture and applications of membranes; scientists in water treatment, pharmaceutical, food, and fuel cell processing industries; process engineers; and others. It is also an excellent resource for researchers in industry and academia and graduate students taking courses in separations and membranes and related fields.

Membrane Based Separations In Metallurgy

Author: Lan Ying Jiang
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128034270
Size: 74.68 MB
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Membrane-Based Separation in Metallurgy: Principles and Applications begins with basic coverage of the basic principles of the topic and then explains how membrane technology helps in the development of new environmentally friendly and sustainable metallurgical processes. The book features the principles of metallurgical process and how widely the membrane-based technology has been applied in metallurgical industry, including the basic principles of membrane-based separation in terms of material science, membrane structure engineering, transport mechanisms, and module design, detailed metallurgical process flowcharts with emphasis on membrane separations, current process designs, and describes problems and provides possible solutions. In addition, the book includes specific membrane applications, molecular design of materials, fine tuning of membrane’s multi-scale structure, module selection and process design, along with a final analysis of the environmental and economic benefits achieved by using these new processes. Outlines membrane separation processes and their use in the field of metallurgy Includes case studies and examples of various processes Describes individual unit operations and sectors of extractive metallurgy in a clear and thorough presentation for students and engineers Provides a quick reference to wastewater treatment using membrane technology in the metallurgical industry Outlines the design of flowsheets, a topic that is not covered in academic studies, but is necessary for the design of working process Provides examples and analysis of the economic implications and environmental and social impacts

Membranen

Author: Klaus Ohlrogge
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 352766033X
Size: 10.51 MB
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Von der Membran zum Verfahren - Der Einsatz von Membranverfahren in der chemischen Industrie weitet sich ungebremst aus. Als saubere und energiesparende Alternative zu herkömmlichen Trennverfahren halten die Membranverfahren weiterhin Einzug in vielfältige industrielle Anwendungen. Fest eingeführt sind solche Verfahren u. a. in der Gastrennung und der organophilen Filtration, und neue Perspektiven eröffnen sich für katalytische Reaktionen in Membranreaktoren. Die Membrantechnik ist die optimale Lösung bei der Behandlung von industriellen Abfällen ebenso wie für die kontrollierte Herstellung wertvoller Chemikalien. Das Buch behandelt die Grundlagen der Membranverfahrenstechnik über Modulkonfigurationen, Flüssig- und Gastrennung bis hin zu Membranen in der Brennstoffzelle, Medizintechnik und der Lebensmittelindustrie. Es ist eine wertvolle Informationsquelle für Praktiker und Betriebsingenieure ebenso wie für Neueinsteiger, die ein umfassendes Bild über die Anwendung von Membranen in der Verfahrenstechnik gewinnen wollen, aber auch für Planungsbüros und Umweltämter.

Membranen Und Membranprozesse

Author: Eberhard Staude
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783527280414
Size: 65.37 MB
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This book offers a thorough overview of present-day membrane processes working on fluid mixtures, which may also contain colloidal or small solids particles. The reader will find information about topics such as how process water or even potable water can be made from seawater through the use of membranes. Detailed explanations give the reader a deep insight into this vital field of both physical and industrial chemistry. Definitions and principles relating to membranes, fabrication methods and their effects on membrane structure, and membrane transport processes are explained in an easily understood way. Access to this critical field is facilitated by the many illustrations and tables.

Bioprozesstechnik

Author: Horst Chmiel
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3827424771
Size: 14.97 MB
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Die "Weiße Biotechnologie" bringt den Durchbruch. Als "Weiße Biotechnologie" wird die biotechnische Massenproduktion von Bulk- und Feinchemikalien, Lebensmittelzusatzstoffen, Pharmaka, Biotreibstoffen etc. definiert, also gewissermaßen der Transfer der Ergebnisse aus dem Schüttelkolben in den industriellen Maßstab. Die Wahl der richtigen Prozesse und Parameter bei der Maßstabsübertragung entscheidet über die Wirtschaftlichkeit. Die 3., überarbeitete und aktualisierte Auflage dieses Fachbuchs bietet eine Einführung in die Grundlagen der Bioprozesstechnik und erläutert die wichtigsten Parameter und deren Verhalten bei der Maßstabsübertragung. Damit liegt es voll "im Trend", denn es hilft Studenten der Biotechnologie und Ingenieurwissenschaften die an sie im Studium, in der Forschung und der industriellen Praxis gestellten Aufgaben zu erfüllen. Das Werk beginnt mit einer Einführung in die Zellbiologie und Biochemie. Es folgen Beiträge zur Kinetik von Enzymen und Mikroorganismen. Weitere Kapitel beschäftigen sich mit den Fließeigenschaften von Biosuspensionen und deren Einfluss auf Transportvorgänge im Bioreaktor. Die Funktionsweise von Bioreaktoren und das Problem der Sterilität sowie die Mess- und Regeltechnik werden ausführlich behandelt. Mehr als die Hälfte der Kosten eines Bioprodukts entfallen auf die Aufarbeitung; ihr wird deshalb besondere Beachtung geschenkt. Das Werk endet mit einem Kapitel zu den verfahrenstechnischen Besonderheiten von höheren Eukaryoten und Enzymen.

Membrane Technologies And Applications

Author: Kaustubha Mohanty
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 143980527X
Size: 19.90 MB
Format: PDF
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Membrane technologies play an increasingly important role in unit operations for resource recovery, pollution prevention, and energy production, as well as environmental monitoring and quality control. They are also key component technologies of fuel cells and bioseparation applications. Membrane Technologies and Applications provides essential data and background information on various dimensions of membrane technologies, with a major focus on their practical application. Membranes of inorganic materials offer cost-effective solutions for simple to complex separation problems. This book is designed for anyone interested in water and wastewater treatment, membrane suppliers, as well as students and academics studying the field.

Membrane Technologies For Water Treatment

Author: Alberto Figoli
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1317563352
Size: 59.49 MB
Format: PDF
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Focuses on the application of membrane technologies in removing toxic metals\metalloids from water. Particular attention is devoted to the removal of arsenic, uranium, and fluoride. These compounds are all existing in the earth’s crust at levels between two and five thousands micrograms per kg (parts per million) on average and these compounds can be considered highly toxic to humans, who are exposed to them primarily from air, food and water. In order to comply with the new maximum contaminant level, numerous studies have been undertaken to improve established treatments or to develop novel treatment technologies for removing toxic metals from contaminated surface and groundwater. Among the technologies available, applicable for water treatment, membrane technology has been identified as a promising technology to remove such toxic metals from water. The book describes both pressure driven (traditional processes, such as Nanofiltration, Reverse Osmosis, Ultrafiltration,etc) and more advanced membrane processes (such as forward osmosis, membrane distillation, and membrane bio-reactors) employed in the application of interest. Key aspect of this book is to provide information on both the basics of membrane technologies and on the results depending on the type of technology employed.