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Basic Processes In Reading

Author: Derek Besner
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136464085
Size: 12.20 MB
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The chapters in this new book span the range of reading processes from early visual analysis to semantic influences on word identification, thus providing a state-of-the-art summary of current work and offering important contributions to prospective reading research. Basic Processes in Reading examines both future plans and past accomplishments in the world of word identification research. Three chapters provide a futuristic view taking a parallel distributed processing approach to semantic priming, phonology, and the identification of old words and the learning of new words. Reviews on eye movements in reading and semantic priming on word identification provide a retrospective summary of work on these issues as well as solid pointers for future investigations. Other chapters provide new demonstrations of the importance of phonological contributions to word identification, of interactive processes in the identification of handwritten words, and a re-evaluation of the processes involved in the neuropsychological syndrome described as "letter-by-letter" reading.

Visual Word Recognition

Author: James S. Adelman
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1848720580
Size: 30.40 MB
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Word recognition is the component of reading which involves the identification of individual words. Together the two volumes of Visual Word Recognition offer a state-of-the-art overview of contemporary research from leading figures in the field. This first volume outlines established theory, new models and key experimental evidence used to investigate visual word recognition: lexical decision and word naming. It also considers methodological concerns: new developments in large databases, and how these have been applied to theoretical questions; and control considerations when dealing with words as stimuli. Finally, the book considers the visual-orthographic input to the word recognition system: from the left and right-hand sides of vision, through the processing of letters and their proximity, to the similarity and confusability of words, and the contribution of the spoken-phonological form of the word. The two volumes serve as a state-of-the-art, comprehensive overview of the field. They are essential reading for researchers of visual word recognition, as well as undergraduate and postgraduate students of cognition and cognitive psychology, specifically the psychology of language and reading. They will also be of use to those working in education and speech-language therapy.

Visual Word Recognition Volume 1

Author: James S. Adelman
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1136260498
Size: 39.38 MB
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Word recognition is the component of reading which involves the identification of individual words. Together the two volumes of Visual Word Recognition offer a state-of-the-art overview of contemporary research from leading figures in the field. This first volume outlines established theory, new models and key experimental evidence used to investigate visual word recognition: lexical decision and word naming. It also considers methodological concerns: new developments in large databases, and how these have been applied to theoretical questions; and control considerations when dealing with words as stimuli. Finally, the book considers the visual-orthographic input to the word recognition system: from the left and right-hand sides of vision, through the processing of letters and their proximity, to the similarity and confusability of words, and the contribution of the spoken-phonological form of the word. The two volumes serve as a state-of-the-art, comprehensive overview of the field. They are essential reading for researchers of visual word recognition, as well as undergraduate and postgraduate students of cognition and cognitive psychology, specifically the psychology of language and reading. They will also be of use to those working in education and speech-language therapy.

Portraits Of The L2 User

Author: Prof. Vivian Cook
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
ISBN: 1847698948
Size: 27.62 MB
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Portraits of the L2 User treats second language users in their own right rather than as failed native speakers. It describes a range of psychological and linguistic approaches to diverse topics about L2 users. It thus provides an innovative overview of current second language acquisition theories, results and methods, seen from a common perspective.

Spelling

Author: Rebecca Treiman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780792349587
Size: 67.40 MB
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The chapters in this volume focus on one important aspect of writing: spelling. There has been much less research on spelling and writing than on reading, and these papers represent an attempt to restore the balance. The papers, by some of the leading researchers in the field, provide an excellent sample of current research on spelling. Some of the papers focus on spelling as a linguistic process, examining the phonological and morphological factors that make certain words easier or harder to spell than others. Other papers treat spelling as a cognitive process, looking for example at the effects of task demands on performance. And still other papers view spelling as a developmental process, asking how children learn to spell and why some children experience more difficulty than others. Together, the papers reveal the progress that has been made in our understanding of spelling.

The Handbook Of The Neuropsychology Of Language

Author: Miriam Faust
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444345885
Size: 28.69 MB
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This handbook provides a comprehensive review of new developments in the study of the relationship between the brain and language, from the perspectives of both basic research and clinical neuroscience. Includes contributions from an international team of leading figures in brain-language research Features a novel emphasis on state-of-the-art methodologies and their application to the central questions in the brain-language relationship Incorporates research on all parts of language, from syntax and semantics to spoken and written language Covers a wide range of issues, including basic level and high level linguistic functions, individual differences, and neurologically intact and different clinical populations

Linguistics And Cognitive Neuroscience

Author: Dieter Hillert
Publisher: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften
ISBN:
Size: 14.60 MB
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Das Sonderheft "Linguistics and Cognitive Neuroscience" enthält insgesamt vierzehn, in englischer Sprache verfaßte Beiträge. Die Autoren untersuchen, wie sprachliche Einheiten im menschlichen Gehirn unter normalen und neurologisch gestörten Bedingungen verarbeitet werden. Die Untersuchungsmethoden sind linguistischer und psychologischer Natur, und die Ergebnisse werden stets unter Berücksichtigung von Theorien, Hypothesen, experimentellen Ergebnissen und Beobachtungen interpretiert.Der Leser erhält dadurch vom Forschungsbereich "Sprache, Kognition und Gehirn" einerseits ein umfassendes Bild, und andererseits wird er über neueste, richtungsweisende Ergebnisse detailliert informiert.This special issue, "Linguistics and Cognitive Neuroscience", consists of articles investigating language processing in neurologically impaired populations. The general approach of the authors is to describe such language disorders in behavioral terms by applying primarily linguistic as well as psychological methods. The reported findings are interpreted by taking models, hypotheses, and experimental data into account. Thus, the research field of language, cognition, and brain is discussed in broad terms and new findings relevant for future research are presented.

Right Hemisphere Language Comprehension

Author: Mark Jung Beeman
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1134794290
Size: 45.51 MB
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The statement, "The Right Hemisphere (RH) processes language"--while not exactly revolutionary--still provokes vigorous debate. It often elicits the argument that anything the RH does with language is not linguistic but "paralinguistic." The resistance to the notion of RH language processing persists despite the fact that even the earliest observers of Left Hemisphere (LH) language specialization posited some role for the RH in language processing, and evidence attesting to various RH language processes has steadily accrued for more than 30 years. In this volume, chapters pertain to a wide, but by no means, exhaustive set of language comprehension processes for which RH contributions have been demonstrated. The sections are organized around these processes, beginning with initial decoding of written or spoken input, proceeding through semantic processing of single words and sentences, up to comprehension of more complex discourse, as well as problem solving. The chapters assembled here should begin to melt this resistance to evidence of RH language processing. This volume's main goal is to compile evidence about RH language function from a scattered literature. The editorial commentaries concluding each section highlight the relevance of these phenomena for psycholinguistic and neuropsychological theory, and discuss similarities and apparent discrepancies in the findings reported in individual chapters. In the final chapter, common themes that emerge from the enterprise of studying RH language and future challenge for the field are reviewed. Although all chapters focus only on "typical" laterality of right handed people, this work provides a representative sample of the current state of the art in RH language research. Important features include: * a wide range of coverage from speech perception and reading through complex discourse comprehension and problem-solving; * research presented from both empirical and theoretical perspectives; and * commentaries and conclusions integrating findings and theories across sub-domains, and speculating on future directions of the field.

Cognitive Plasticity In Neurologic Disorders

Author: Joseph I Tracy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190205466
Size: 54.67 MB
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Cognitive Plasticity in Neurologic Disorders describes and specifies the cognitive impact of neuroplastic processes in key neurologic disorders and syndromes. It is set apart from previous works in this area by its emphasis on the changing quality of neurocognition, demonstrating that this dynamic nature emerges from the neuroplastic processes at work in both mild and severe states of brain disease or injury. This resource describes the ways neurological illness or trauma (or attempts to treat patients with such conditions) can trigger neuroplastic mechanisms in the brain, inducing cognitive reorganization and remapping of brain networks. Each chapter shows how the cognitive and behavioral presentation of the disorder mirrors the changing neurobiologic context, and displays the numerous techniques being employed (e.g. behavior and rehabilitation therapies, electrical stimulation, and computer/machine neuromodulation of brain signals) underlying the neurobiology in ways that facilitate adaptive plasticity and cognitive recovery. An important feature of the book involves characterizing the degree to which the mechanistic principles governing neuroplastic responses and cognitive reorganization in the brain have been elucidated, making clear that it is these principles which will allow us to further develop rational rehabilitative therapies, match patients to appropriate treatments, and even begin to predict clinical treatment outcomes.