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Before Brown

Author: Gary M. Lavergne
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292722001
Size: 57.89 MB
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On February 26, 1946, an African American from Houston applied for admission to the University of Texas School of Law. Although he met all of the academic qualifications, Heman Marion Sweatt was denied admission because he was black. He challenged the university's decision in court, and the resulting case, Sweatt v. Painter, went to the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled in Sweatt's favor. The Sweatt case paved the way for the landmark Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka rulings that finally opened the doors to higher education for all African Americans and desegregated public education. This book tells the story of Sweatt's struggle for justice and how it became a milestone for the civil rights movement. It reveals that Sweatt was a central player in a master plan conceived by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) for ending racial segregation. The NAACP used the Sweatt case to practically invalidate the "separate but equal" doctrine that had undergirded segregated education for decades. The book also shows how this case advanced the career of Thurgood Marshall, whose advocacy of Sweatt taught him lessons that he used to win the Brown v. Board of Education case in 1954 and ultimately led to his becoming the first black Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.

I M Glad I M A Boy

Author: Whitney Darrow
Publisher: Simon & Schuster Children's Publishing
ISBN: 9780671665289
Size: 56.40 MB
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The author's concepts of what boys and girls are: "Boys are handsome. Girls are beautiful. Boys are doctors. Girls are nurses. Boys are pilots. Girls are stewardesses."

Worse Than Death

Author: Sherry Gottlieb
Publisher: Forge Books
ISBN: 9780312873929
Size: 63.93 MB
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Los Angeles policeman Jace Levy has fallen hard for the sexy Risha only to discover that his beloved is a vampire and that eternity has its drawbacks

Jim Crow

Author: Nikki L. M. Brown
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9781610696630
Size: 34.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Many Americans imagine that African Americans' struggle to achieve equal rights has advanced in a linear fashion from the end of slavery until the present. In reality, for more than six decades, African Americans had their civil rights and basic human rights systematically denied in much of the nation. "Jim Crow: A Historical Encyclopedia of the American Mosaic" sheds new light on how the systematic denigration of African Americans after slavery--known collectively as "Jim Crow"--was established, maintained, and eventually dismantled. Written in a manner appropriate for high school and junior high students as well as undergraduate readers, this book examines the period of Jim Crow after slavery that is often overlooked in American history curricula. An introductory essay frames the work and explains the significance and scope of this regrettable period in American history. Written by experts in their fields, the accessible entries will enable readers to understand the long hard road before the inception of the Civil Rights Movement in the 20th century while also gaining a better understanding of the experiences of minorities in the United States--African Americans, in particular.

Bad Boy

Author: Gary M. Lavergne
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780312981259
Size: 66.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The author of A Sniper in the Tower: The Charles Whitman Murders journeys into the dark life of brutal serial killer Kenneth Allen McDuff, his murderous crime spree before and after his release on parole in 1989, and the reactive "McDuff Rules," which were designed to restructure the failed Texas criminal justice system. Reissue.

Stan S Soapbox

Author: Stan Lee
Publisher: Hero Initiative
ISBN: 9780979760297
Size: 17.10 MB
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Presents a collection of opinion columns published in Marvel comic books from 1967 to 1980.

Brown In Baltimore

Author: Howell S. Baum
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801457106
Size: 45.98 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In the first book to present the history of Baltimore school desegregation, Howell S. Baum shows how good intentions got stuck on what Gunnar Myrdal called the "American Dilemma." Immediately after the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision, the city's liberal school board voted to desegregate and adopted a free choice policy that made integration voluntary. Baltimore's school desegregation proceeded peacefully, without the resistance or violence that occurred elsewhere. However, few whites chose to attend school with blacks, and after a few years of modest desegregation, schools resegregated and became increasingly segregated. The school board never changed its policy. Black leaders had urged the board to adopt free choice and, despite the limited desegregation, continued to support the policy and never sued the board to do anything else. Baum finds that American liberalism is the key to explaining how this happened. Myrdal observed that many whites believed in equality in the abstract but considered blacks inferior and treated them unequally. School officials were classical liberals who saw the world in terms of individuals, not races. They adopted a desegregation policy that explicitly ignored students' race and asserted that all students were equal in freedom to choose schools, while their policy let whites who disliked blacks avoid integration. School officials' liberal thinking hindered them from understanding or talking about the city's history of racial segregation, continuing barriers to desegregation, and realistic change strategies. From the classroom to city hall, Baum examines how Baltimore's distinct identity as a border city between North and South shaped local conversations about the national conflict over race and equality. The city's history of wrestling with the legacy of Brown reveals Americans' preferred way of dealing with racial issues: not talking about race. This avoidance, Baum concludes, allows segregation to continue.

Women Scientists

Author: Magdolna Hargittai
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199360006
Size: 49.40 MB
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Magdolna Hargittai uses over fifteen years of in-depth conversation with female physicists, chemists, biomedical researchers, and other scientists to form cohesive ideas on the state of the modern female scientist. The compilation, based on sixty conversations, examines unique challenges that women with serious scientific aspirations face. In addition to addressing challenges and the unjustifiable underrepresentation of women at the higher levels of academia, Hargittai takes a balanced approach by discussing how some of the most successful of these women have managed to obtain professional success and personal happiness. Women Scientists portrays scientists from different backgrounds, different geographical regions-eighteen countries from four continents-and leaders from a variety of professional backgrounds, including eight Nobel laureate women. The book is divided into three sections: "Husband and Wife Teams," "Women at the Top," and "In High Positions." Hargittai uses her own experience to introduce her first section on the lives of prominent scientific couples and addresses the joys and disadvantages of husband and wife teams. The second section is a comprehensive exploration of the struggles and triumphs of "women at the top." Hargittai introduces women from countries where relatively little has been written about female scientists. The final section focuses on women scientists involved with science administration and leadership. Hargittai's biographical sketches role models for budding scientists. The book is a much needed account of female presence and influence in the sciences.

The Words And Music Of Frank Zappa

Author: Kelly Fisher Lowe
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 9780803260054
Size: 77.34 MB
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A deep look at the work of one of the most insightful and incisive critics of late 20th-century American culture.