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Before Brown

Author: Gary M. Lavergne
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292722001
Size: 66.56 MB
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On February 26, 1946, an African American from Houston applied for admission to the University of Texas School of Law. Although he met all of the academic qualifications, Heman Marion Sweatt was denied admission because he was black. He challenged the university's decision in court, and the resulting case, Sweatt v. Painter, went to the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled in Sweatt's favor. The Sweatt case paved the way for the landmark Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka rulings that finally opened the doors to higher education for all African Americans and desegregated public education. This book tells the story of Sweatt's struggle for justice and how it became a milestone for the civil rights movement. It reveals that Sweatt was a central player in a master plan conceived by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) for ending racial segregation. The NAACP used the Sweatt case to practically invalidate the "separate but equal" doctrine that had undergirded segregated education for decades. The book also shows how this case advanced the career of Thurgood Marshall, whose advocacy of Sweatt taught him lessons that he used to win the Brown v. Board of Education case in 1954 and ultimately led to his becoming the first black Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.

I M Glad I M A Boy

Author: Whitney Darrow
Publisher: Simon & Schuster Children's Publishing
ISBN: 9780671665289
Size: 32.81 MB
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The author's concepts of what boys and girls are: "Boys are handsome. Girls are beautiful. Boys are doctors. Girls are nurses. Boys are pilots. Girls are stewardesses."

The Jim Crow Encyclopedia

Author: Nikki L. M. Brown
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313341816
Size: 58.47 MB
Format: PDF
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This is the essential ready reference to understand American history post Reconstruction.

An Abc For Baby Patriots

Author: Mrs Ernest Ames
Publisher: Old House Books
ISBN: 9781873590911
Size: 80.24 MB
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Hundreds of mighty tomes have been written about the great colonial years when Britain ruled the waves but perhaps none summed it up so succinctly as this ABC for Baby Patriots first published in 1899. It provides an extraordinary view of the Victorian values and attitudes that made Britain great.

Bad Boy

Author: Gary M. Lavergne
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780312981259
Size: 40.35 MB
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The author of A Sniper in the Tower: The Charles Whitman Murders journeys into the dark life of brutal serial killer Kenneth Allen McDuff, his murderous crime spree before and after his release on parole in 1989, and the reactive "McDuff Rules," which were designed to restructure the failed Texas criminal justice system. Reissue.

Stan S Soapbox

Author: Stan Lee
Publisher: Hero Initiative
ISBN: 9780979760297
Size: 25.19 MB
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Presents a collection of opinion columns published in Marvel comic books from 1967 to 1980.

Darius B Moon

Author: James MacLean
Publisher: Soloverso
ISBN: 9780692574850
Size: 36.18 MB
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Darius Bartlett Moon was, in the truest sense, an embodiment of a Renaissance man. Born into an agricultural family in 1851, Moon left the farm and apprenticed as a carpenter. Eventually he attended classes at a local business school and began his career as an architect. In 19th century Michigan, an architect was not subject to the same requirements as they are today and many architects apprenticed under an established architectural firm to learn the trade. Darius Moon took a different path and became a self-taught architect. His years working as a carpenter and contractor enabled him to see firsthand the problems that poor architectural design could cause. Because Moon was self-taught, he was occasionally self-conscious about his abilities which lead him to be a demanding and ever present supervisor at construction sites. This is typically an uncommon role for an architect, and in Moons' day, resulted in several injuries at building sites. On February 8, 1877 Moon married the love of his life, Miss Ellen Sprague. They had four children who became the center of his world. Moon had a softer side not seen by the contractors with whom he worked, and also wrote on a daily basis, mostly poetry with a healthy dose of prose. Additionally, he engaged in property development and several business ventures. Moon's legacy includes several significant houses in Lansing and Michigan, many of which are still standing, including the Rogers Carrier home on the campus of Lansing Community College, the Woodbury home in East Lansing (now the Howland House, a student co-op), the Turner Dodge home and the Stebbins cottage overlooking Lake Michigan. There are also some that are lost to history including the Ransom E. Olds mansion, Henry Kositchek's house and the Homer D. Luce residence. SoloVerso Press is dedicated to the study and preservation of local history and culture.

Sammy Davis Jr

Author: Tracey Davis
Publisher: Running Press
ISBN: 0762450649
Size: 48.41 MB
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Nicknamed Mr. Show Business, Sammy Davis Jr. was a consummate performer who sang, danced, and acted on film, television, radio, and the stage for over six decades. In this uniquely intimate volume, the entertainment legend's story comes to life through rare family photos and a compelling narrative based on conversations between Sammy Davis Jr. and his daughter, Tracey Davis. The story of a future superstar unfolds beginning with his bittersweet childhood days, raised primarily by his grandmother in Harlem. On the stage by age three, he first became a star in vaudeville with the Will Mastin Trio. Davis was already an up-and-coming performer by the time he was recruited into the Army during World War II. As Tracey Davis candidly relates, it was there that her father first learned to use his talent—singing and dancing—as a weapon against racial bigotry. Davis's career took off in the 1940s through his sheer determination, talent, and the support of friends like Frank Sinatra. With tenderness and humor Tracey describes her father's friendship with Sinatra, and how he stood by him when Davis married Tracey's Swedish actress mother. In a time when interracial marriages were forbidden by law in thirty-one states, both bride and groom endured an onslaught of negative press and even death threats. Complete with rare personal and professional photos, Sammy Davis Jr. recounts Davis's adventures through the Rat Pack era, and the extraordinary obstacles he overcame to become a 5'6”, 120-pound legend who across six decades packed in more than forty albums, seven Broadway shows, twenty-three films, and countless nightclub and concert performances. What emerges from the pages of this loving, but utterly frankly written book, is a uniquely personal perspective on one of the greatest pop culture icons of the twentieth century.

A Defiant Life

Author: Howard Ball
Publisher: Three Rivers Press
ISBN: 0307777987
Size: 51.86 MB
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Thurgood Marshall's extraordinary contribution to civil rights and overcoming racism is more topical than ever, as the national debate on race and the overturning of affirmative action policies make headlines nationwide. Howard Ball, author of eighteen books on the Supreme Court and the federal judiciary, has done copious research for this incisive biography to present an authoritative portrait of Marshall the jurist. Born to a middle-class black family in "Jim Crow" Baltimore at the turn of the century, Marshall's race informed his worldview from an early age. He was rejected by the University of Maryland Law School because of the color of his skin. He then attended Howard University's Law School, where his racial consciousness was awakened by the brilliant lawyer and activist Charlie Houston. Marshall suddenly knew what he wanted to be: a civil rights lawyer, one of Houston's "social engineers." As the chief attorney for the NAACP, he developed the strategy for the legal challenge to racial discrimination. His soaring achievements and his lasting impact on the nation's legal system--as the NAACP's advocate, as a federal appeals court judge, as President Lyndon Johnson's solicitor general, and finally as the first African American Supreme Court Justice--are symbolized by Brown v. Board of Education, the landmark case that ended legal segregation in public schools. Using race as the defining theme, Ball spotlights Marshall's genius in working within the legal system to further his lifelong commitment to racial equality. With the help of numerous, previously unpublished sources, Ball presents a lucid account of Marshall's illustrious career and his historic impact on American civil rights. From the Hardcover edition.

The Bayous Of Houston

Author: James L. Sipes
Publisher: Arcadia Publishing
ISBN: 0738596124
Size: 77.86 MB
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When the Allen brothers were looking to establish a new city in 1836, they selected a site at the confluence of Buffalo Bayou and White Oak Bayou, which was the head of navigational waters. They named the city after Gen. Sam Houston, and ever since then, Houston and its bayous have been indelibly linked. With Buffalo Bayou as the lifeblood of the city, Houston thrived as an inland port. Early development occurred along the bayou, and it was widened, deepened, and straightened to accommodate growing commerce in Texas. Buffalo Bayou linked the city of Houston to Galveston Bay, where ships were waiting to share Texas products with the rest of the world. Today, with Houston as the largest city in the state of Texas and the fourth largest in the United States, the Port of Houston is one of the busiest ports in the world.