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Behavioral Neuroscience Of Motivation

Author: Eleanor H. Simpson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319269356
Size: 74.58 MB
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This volume covers the current status of research in the neurobiology of motivated behaviors in humans and other animals in healthy condition. This includes consideration of the psychological processes that drive motivated behavior and the anatomical, electrophysiological and neurochemical mechanisms which drive these processes and regulate behavioural output. The volume also includes chapters on pathological disturbances in motivation including apathy, or motivational deficit as well as addictions, the pathological misdirection of motivated behavior. As with the chapters on healthy motivational processes, the chapters on disease provide a comprehensive up to date review of the neurobiological abnormalities that underlie motivation, as determined by studies of patient populations as well as animal models of disease. The book closes with a section on recent developments in treatments for motivational disorders.

Behavioral Neuroscience Of Drug Addiction

Author: David W. Self
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642030017
Size: 55.45 MB
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Drug addiction is a chronically relapsing mental illness involving severe motivational disturbances and loss of behavioral control leading to personal dev- tation. The disorder af?icts millions of people, often co-occurring with other mental illnesses with enormous social and economic costs to society. Several decades of research have established that drugs of abuse hijack the brain’s natural reward substrates, and that chronic drug use causes aberrant alterations in these rewa- processing systems. Such aberrations may be demonstrated at the cellular, neu- transmitter, and regional levels of information processing using either animal models or neuroimaging in humans following chronic drug exposure. Behaviorally, these neural aberrations manifest as exaggerated, altered or dysfunctional expr- sion of learned behavioral responses related to the pursuit of drug rewards, or to environmental factors that precipitate craving and relapse during periods of drug withdrawal. Current research efforts are aimed at understanding the associative and causal relationships between these neurobiological and behavioral events, such that treatment options will ultimately employ therapeutic amelioration of neural de?cits and restoration of normal brain processing to promote efforts to abstain from further drug use. The Behavioral Neuroscience of Drug Addiction, part of the Springer series on Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences, contains scholarly reviews by noted experts on multiple topics from both basic and clinical neuroscience ?elds.

Orexin Hypocretin System

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444594906
Size: 47.60 MB
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Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation, and provide their views and perspectives for future research. Chapters are extensively referenced to provide readers with a comprehensive list of resources on the topics covered. All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is also accessible to the non-specialist. Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation, and provide their views and perspectives for future research Chapters are extensively referenced to provide readers with a comprehensive list of resources on the topics covered All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is also accessible to the non-specialist

Progress In Molecular Biology And Translational Science

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128162384
Size: 49.49 MB
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Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science, Volume 160 provides the most topical, informative and exciting monographs available on a wide variety of research topics related to prions, viruses, bacteria and eukaryotes. The series gives in-depth knowledge on the important molecular biological aspects of organismal physiology and function, along with insights on how this knowledge can be applied to understand and ameliorate human disease. This updated release covers Clinical Drugs in the Environment, Group I Intron Trans-Splicing, Adult Stem Cells on Regenerative Therapy, CRISPR in Animals and Animal Models, The Role of 3’–5’Exoribonucleases in RNA Degradation, and more. Comprises 15-20 chapters, which allows substantial coverage on a given topic Contains ample use of tables, diagrams, schemata, and color figures to enhance the reader's ability to rapidly grasp the information provided in each chapter Provides a comprehensive guide to the latest information available on prions, viruses, bacteria, and eukaryotes

Neues Lernen

Author: Benedict Carey
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644042918
Size: 30.56 MB
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Die Wissenschaft hat in den letzten Jahrzehnten vieles über den Haufen geworfen, was wir darüber zu wissen glaubten, wie das Gehirn Informationen aufnimmt und verarbeitet. Fest steht: Wir lernen von Geburt an schnell, effizient und automatisch. Weil wir diesen Vorgang unbedingt systematisieren wollen, betrachten wir Vergessen, Schlafen und Tagträumen als hinderlich. Dabei sind sie wertvolle Hilfsmittel, die den Eigenarten unseres Gehirns Rechnung tragen. Benedict Carey erklärt, mit welchen Methoden wir uns Stoffe leichter einprägen und unser problemlösendes Denken verbessern können und wie wir die Potenziale des Unbewussten möglichst effizient nutzen – lernen, ohne nachzudenken. Nebenbei erfahren wir, dass Ablenkung zu Unrecht verteufelt wird, Wiederholung keineswegs immer weiterhilft und es sinnvoll ist, sich zu Themen testen zu lassen, über die man noch gar nichts weiß. Ein äußerst unterhaltsam geschriebenes Buch voller überraschender Erkenntnisse, das zeigt: Lernen muss keine Qual sein.

Die Macht Der Gewohnheit Warum Wir Tun Was Wir Tun

Author: Charles Duhigg
Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag
ISBN: 3827070740
Size: 79.16 MB
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Seit kurzem versuchen Hirnforscher, Verhaltenspsychologen und Soziologen gemeinsam neue Antworten auf eine uralte Frage zu finden: Warum tun wir eigentlich, was wir tun? Was genau prägt unsere Gewohnheiten? Anhand zahlreicher Beispiele aus der Forschung wie dem Alltag erzählt Charles Duhigg von der Macht der Routine und kommt dem Mechanismus, aber auch den dunklen Seiten der Gewohnheit auf die Spur. Er erklärt, warum einige Menschen es schaffen, über Nacht mit dem Rauchen aufzuhören (und andere nicht), weshalb das Geheimnis sportlicher Höchstleistung in antrainierten Automatismen liegt und wie sich die Anonymen Alkoholiker die Macht der Gewohnheit zunutze machen. Nicht zuletzt schildert er, wie Konzerne Millionen ausgeben, um unsere Angewohnheiten für ihre Zwecke zu manipulieren. Am Ende wird eines klar: Die Macht von Gewohnheiten prägt unser Leben weit mehr, als wir es ahnen.

Psychiatry

Author: Allan Tasman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118753364
Size: 34.70 MB
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Now in a new Fourth Edition, Psychiatry remains the leading reference on all aspects of the current practice and latest developments in psychiatry. From an international team of recognised expert editors and contributors, Psychiatry provides a truly comprehensive overview of the entire field of psychiatry in 132 chapters across two volumes. It includes two new sections, on psychosomatic medicine and collaborative care, and on emergency psychiatry, and compares Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD10) classifications for every psychiatric disorder. Psychiatry, Fourth Edition is an essential reference for psychiatrists in clinical practice and clinical research, residents in training, and for all those involved in the treatment psychiatric disorders. Includes a a companion website at www.tasmanpsychiatry.com featuring PDFs of each chapter and downloadable images

Handbook Of Cannabis

Author: Roger Pertwee
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191639702
Size: 58.70 MB
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Truly global in scope and with contributions from leading researchers around the world, The Handbook of Cannabis is the definitive resource on this fascinating drug. Combining scientific perspectives and clinical applications, it covers a vast array of topics, from why over the centuries cannabis has been used as a medicine, through the regulations facing those wishing to self-administer cannabis or provide cannabis-based medicines, to the chemical structure of its many constituents and the rapidly growing group of synthetic cannabinoids that are currently being used for 'legal highs'. With each chapter written by a group of one or more internationally recognised subject experts, it provides academics and researchers with authoritative scientific material on the main pharmacological actions and their effects, as well as their pharmacokinetics, metabolism, and forensic detection. In addition it also examines the complex morphology, cultivation, harvesting, and processing of cannabis and the ways in which the plant's chemical composition can be controlled. As well as offering a raft of scientific information there is extensive coverage of cannabinoid-based medicines. Helping readers to identify and evaluate their benefits, chapters explore pharmacological actions and the effects that seem to underlie approved therapeutic uses, how they are currently used to treat certain disorders, and the ever-growing number of wide-ranging potential clinical applications. There is also coverage of both the legal and illegal sources of cannabis, including 'coffee shops' and 'cannabis dispensaries'. The complex issue of 'recreational cannabis' is also tackled. The sought-after and adverse psychological and non-psychological effects are described and discussions are included on how some adverse effects can be lessened by at least one constituent of cannabis, and that it might be possible to reduce the harm that cannabis does to some by changing current regulatory policies. The Handbook of Cannabis is a one-stop reference; essential reading for all clinicians, pharmacologists, psychologists, and psychiatrists interested in this drug, as well as those working in the field of public health.

Encyclopedia Of Behavioral Neuroscience

Author:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080453961
Size: 72.19 MB
Format: PDF
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Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists

The Neurobiology Of Parental Behavior

Author: Michael Numan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 038700498X
Size: 37.33 MB
Format: PDF
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In addition to filling a need within the field of parental behavior, this book contributes importantly to the growing area of emotional and motivational neuroscience. A major part of neuroscience research at the whole organism level has been focused on cognitive neuroscience, with an emphasis on the neurobiology of learning and memory, but there has been a recent upsurge in research which is attempting to define the neural basis of basic motivational and emotional systems which regulate such behaviors as food intake, aggression, reproduction, reward-seeking behaviors, and anxiety-related behaviors. In this book the emphasis is on the research findings obtained from rodents, sheep and primates. The authors' goal, of course, was to provide a foundation that may help us understand the neurobiology of human parental behavior. Indeed, the last chapter attempts to integrate the non-human research data with some human data in order to make some inroads toward an understanding of postpartum depression, child abuse, and child neglect. Clearly, motivational and emotional neuroscience has close ties to psychiatry, and this connection will be very evident in the final chapter. By understanding the neurobiology of parental behavior we are also delving into neurobiological factors which may have an impact on core human characteristics involved in sociality, social attachment, nurturing behavior, and love. In this very violent world, it is hard to conceive of a group of characteristics that are more worthy of study.