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Big Data And Ethics

Author: Jérôme Béranger
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0081010621
Size: 11.34 MB
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Faced with the exponential development of Big Data and both its legal and economic repercussions, we are still slightly in the dark concerning the use of digital information. In the perpetual balance between confidentiality and transparency, this data will lead us to call into question how we understand certain paradigms, such as the Hippocratic Oath in medicine. As a consequence, a reflection on the study of the risks associated with the ethical issues surrounding the design and manipulation of this “massive data seems to be essential. This book provides a direction and ethical value to these significant volumes of data. It proposes an ethical analysis model and recommendations to better keep this data in check. This empirical and ethico-technical approach brings together the first aspects of a moral framework directed toward thought, conscience and the responsibility of citizens concerned by the use of data of a personal nature. Defines Big Data applications in health Presents the ethical value of the medical datasphere via the description of a model of an ethical analysis of Big Data Provides the recommendations and steps necessary for successful management and governance of personal health data Helps readers determine what conditions are essential for the development of the study of Big Data

New Technology Big Data And The Law

Author: Marcelo Corrales
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811050384
Size: 58.31 MB
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This edited collection brings together a series of interdisciplinary contributions in the field of Information Technology Law. The topics addressed in this book cover a wide range of theoretical and practical legal issues that have been created by cutting-edge Internet technologies, primarily Big Data, the Internet of Things, and Cloud computing. Consideration is also given to more recent technological breakthroughs that are now used to assist, and — at times — substitute for, human work, such as automation, robots, sensors, and algorithms. The chapters presented in this edition address these issues from the perspective of different legal backgrounds. The first part of the book discusses some of the shortcomings that have prompted legislators to carry out reforms with regard to privacy, data protection, and data security. Notably, some of the complexities and salient points with regard to the new European General Data Protection Regulation (EU GDPR) and the new amendments to the Japan’s Personal Information Protection Act (PIPA) have been scrutinized. The second part looks at the vital role of Internet intermediaries (or brokers) for the proper functioning of the globalized electronic market and innovation technologies in general. The third part examines an electronic approach to evidence with an evaluation of how these technologies affect civil and criminal investigations. The authors also explore issues that have emerged in e-commerce, such as Bitcoin and its blockchain network effects. The book aims to explain, systemize and solve some of the lingering legal questions created by the disruptive technological change that characterizes the early twenty-first century.

New Insights Into Bayesian Inference

Author: Mohammad Saber Fallah Nezhad
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 1789230926
Size: 22.89 MB
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This book is an introduction to the mathematical analysis of Bayesian decision-making when the state of the problem is unknown but further data about it can be obtained. The objective of such analysis is to determine the optimal decision or solution that is logically consistent with the preferences of the decision-maker, that can be analyzed using numerical utilities or criteria with the probabilities assigned to the possible state of the problem, such that these probabilities are updated by gathering new information.

Enablers For Smart Cities

Author: Amal El Fallah Seghrouchni
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111932999X
Size: 67.49 MB
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Smart cities are a new vision for urban development. They integrate information and communication technology infrastructures – in the domains of artificial intelligence, distributed and cloud computing, and sensor networks – into a city, to facilitate quality of life for its citizens and sustainable growth. This book explores various concepts for the development of these new technologies (including agent-oriented programming, broadband infrastructures, wireless sensor networks, Internet-based networked applications, open data and open platforms), and how they can provide smart services and enablers in a range of public domains. The most significant research, both established and emerging, is brought together to enable academics and practitioners to investigate the possibilities of smart cities, and to generate the knowledge and solutions required to develop and maintain them.

Data Activism And Social Change

Author: Miren Gutiérrez
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331978319X
Size: 51.32 MB
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This book efficiently contributes to our understanding of the interplay between data, technology and communicative practice on the one hand, and democratic participation on the other. It addresses the emergence of proactive data activism, a new sociotechnical phenomenon in the field of action that arises as a reaction to massive datafication, and makes affirmative use of data for advocacy and social change. By blending empirical observation and in-depth qualitative interviews, Gutiérrez brings to the fore a debate about the social uses of the data infrastructure and examines precisely how people employ it, in combination with other technologies, to collaborate and act for social change.

Blended Shelf

Author: Eike Kleiner
Publisher: B.I.T.Verlag
ISBN: 3934997600
Size: 69.18 MB
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Das Regal-Browsing bietet Nutzern zahlreiche Vorteile und wird aktiv als Recherchestrategie eingesetzt. Für Bibliotheken gibt es bisher kaum einsetzbare und erprobte Anwendungen, die das Regal- Browsing digital, und damit losgelöst vom Einsatzort und der Nutzungszeit, ermöglichen. Daher ist es Ziel dieses Buches, ein User Interface zu entwickeln, welches die Erfahrung des Regal-Browsings digital anbietet, ohne dabei die wesentlichen Vorteile zu verlieren, die stark im physischen Raum verankert sin.

Big Data

Author: Viktor Mayer-Schönberger
Publisher: Redline Wirtschaft
ISBN: 3864144590
Size: 39.31 MB
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Ob Kaufverhalten, Grippewellen oder welche Farbe am ehesten verrät, ob ein Gebrauchtwagen in einem guten Zustand ist – noch nie gab es eine solche Menge an Daten und noch nie bot sich die Chance, durch Recherche und Kombination in der Daten¬flut blitzschnell Zusammenhänge zu entschlüsseln. Big Data bedeutet nichts weniger als eine Revolution für Gesellschaft, Wirtschaft und Politik. Es wird die Weise, wie wir über Gesundheit, Erziehung, Innovation und vieles mehr denken, völlig umkrempeln. Und Vorhersagen möglich machen, die bisher undenkbar waren. Die Experten Viktor Mayer-Schönberger und Kenneth Cukier beschreiben in ihrem Buch, was Big Data ist, welche Möglichkeiten sich eröffnen, vor welchen Umwälzungen wir alle stehen – und verschweigen auch die dunkle Seite wie das Ausspähen von persönlichen Daten und den drohenden Verlust der Privatsphäre nicht.

Wellen

Author: Peter Watts
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783453525658
Size: 39.85 MB
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Im Sog Der Katastrophe

Author: Stefan Rinke
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593502690
Size: 65.26 MB
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Als in den Augusttagen 1914 die Nachricht vom Kriegsausbruch in Europa in Lateinamerika bekannt wurde, sprach man dort von einem »Drama der gesamten Menschheit«, in dem es keine Zuschauer geben könne. Viele Beobachter stimmten darin überein, dass in diesem Sommer eine Epoche endete und eine neue Ära begann. In Lateinamerika, das durch die neuartige Form des Propagandakriegs und die neuen Kommunikationstechnologien direkter als je zuvor in die Ereignisse der »Alten Welt« involviert war, gab der Krieg den Anlass zu emanzipatorischen Bestrebungen, die sich während des Konflikts – oder unmittelbar nach Kriegsende – bemerkbar machten. Seit längerer Zeit bestehende Konfliktpotenziale verschärften sich durch die »Urkatastrophe des 20. Jahrhunderts« und mündeten in neue soziale Bewegungen, deren Ausrichtung höchst unterschiedlich war. Die weltumspannende Dimension der Geschichte des »Großen Krieges« wird in diesem Buch aus der Perspektive eines Kontinents analysiert, der nur auf den ersten Blick am Rand der Ereignisse stand, sich aber durch den Flächenbrand in Europa stark veränderte.