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Bio Innovation And Poverty Alleviation

Author: Edsel E. Sajor
Publisher: SAGE Publishing India
ISBN: 9351504581
Size: 42.72 MB
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The proposed volume attempts to understand how forms of bio-innovation might be linked to the problem of poverty and its reduction through an inquiry into a number of empirical cases of present-day bio-innovations in Asia. Conditions and circumstances in countries like Cambodia, China, India, Korea, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand are quite different and provide a mosaic of varied experiences in bio-innovation that include shrimp farming, GMO cotton, bio gas, organic farming, and vaccines. Offering important insights into various forms of bio-innovation efforts and their effects on poverty alleviation, this volume is divided into three major themes that organize the main sections of the book—benefits for the poor: actual, direct, and prospective benefits for the poor; absence of positive impacts and institutional constraints; pro-poor drivers and embedding in anti-poverty alleviation. The central questions addressed here are: • Ways and circumstances in which certain forms of bio-innovations affect the poor and enable poverty alleviation. • Critical factors and conditions for improving the positive impact of bio-innovations on poverty alleviation. • Poverty alleviation goals should be the point of departure in rationalizing, identifying and designing appropriate and relevant bio-innovation programs.

Indian Economy In Transition

Author: S. Janakarajan
Publisher: SAGE Publishing India
ISBN: 9351504816
Size: 26.76 MB
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Although India’s growth experience is well documented, the issues and implications that have emerged both in the general and at the sectoral contexts during and after the transition process remain a major area for policy concern. This volume, published in honour of C.T. Kurien, provides a scholarly assessment of India’s growth performance and its implications over the last decade and a half. Examining the key features of India’s economic development, the volume addresses critical issues such as food inflation, agricultural performance, labour markets, social infrastructure, climate change, governance, poverty and disparity. It showcases the mutual impacts of economic growth on society and ecosystem. The volume identifies the growing problems of farmers’ suicide, food and labour insecurity, corruption, governance gap, caste discrimination and environmental degradation, among others, as key challenges of Indian democracy, suggesting policy changes and governance reforms both in the national and sectoral contexts.

Bioscience Entrepreneurship In Asia

Author: P. S. Teng
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812812067
Size: 47.19 MB
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This work illustrates how Asia is using biology to create innovative products, services and technologies to meet the goals of poverty reduction, food security, livelihood improvement and wealth creation in future years.

The Politics Of Poverty Reduction

Author: Paul Mosley
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199692122
Size: 63.74 MB
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"With assistance from Blessing Chiripanhura, Jean Grugel, and Ben Thirkell-White."

Beyond The Knowledge Trap

Author: Thomas Menkhoff
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981446063X
Size: 20.58 MB
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Based on the success of the World Scientific publication “Governing and Managing Knowledge” edited by Thomas Menkhoff, Hans-Dieter Evers and Chay Yue Wah in 2005, this unique volume presents 16 new theoretical-practical papers on the strategic aspects of developing knowledge-based economies with case studies from South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Philippines and Uzbekistan. A key question which the book seeks to answer is what Asian policy-makers and leaders in government, economy and society can do to further enhance learning and capability formation so as to foster sustainable development in an increasingly globalized world. It addresses the politico-cultural and socio-economic challenges of effectively managing both knowledge resources and coping with the great digital divide created by globalization, continuous technology innovations and rapid external change. A key objective of the publication is to enable latecomers in the knowledge race to understand some of the critical success factors of sustainable knowledge-based development and what it takes to build a resilient knowledge-based economy. Contents:Introduction: Strategic Aspects of Developing Asia' Knowledge-Based Economies (T Menkhoff, H-D Evers, Y W Chay & E F Pang)Conceptualizing and Strategizing Knowledge as an Engine for Growth:Knowledge Hubs and Knowledge Clusters: A Knowledge Architecture for Development (H-D Evers, S Gerke & T Menkhoff)Using Knowledge as an Engine of Growth: The Case of South Korea (D H C Chen)'Knowledge Society' as Academic Concept and Stage of Development: A Conceptual and Historical Review (A-K Hornidge)Measuring Spatial Density: Knowledge Clusters in Malaysia (H-D Evers, P Nienkemper & B Schraven)The Moment of Truth for Science: The Consequences of the 'Knowledge Society' for Society and Science (P Weingart)The Conflicting “Norms” of Science in the Institutionalization of Scientific Knowledge (K G Huang)Governing and Managing Knowledge as a Strategic Development Resource: Asian Experiences:Korea's Public Research System as a National Knowledge Infrastructure (K-R Lee)Practicing Knowledge Management: Thailand's Experience (S Pasong)Emerging Epistemic Landscapes: Knowledge Clusters in Ho Chi Minh City and the Mekong Delta (H-D Evers & T Bauer)Knowledge Sharing in the Indonesian Context: Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) as Potential Knowledge Hub to Create Value from Academia, Business and Government Linkages (J H Tjakraatmadja, A Wicaksono & L Martini)Achieving Knowledge Economy Status Through Good Knowledge Governance: The Singapore KBE Story Revisited (T Menkhoff, H-D Evers, Y W Chay & S Gerke)Knowledge for Poverty Alleviation: A Framework for Developing Intangible Assects of Low-Income Communities (S D Talisayon & J P Suministrado)Knowledge Loss: Managing Local Knowledge in Rural Uzbekistan (H-D Evers & C Wall)Local Knowledge as a Strategic Resource: Fisheries in the Seasonal Floodplains of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam (S Gerke & J Ehlert)Integrating Natural and Social Sciences: Developing a Water Information System for the Mekong Delta (T Menkhoff, S Gerke & H-D Evers)Implementing Knowledge Management in a Geographically Dispersed Organization: The Case of an NGO (P Luthra & S L Pan) Readership: Graduate students, researchers, knowledge-based development and knowledge management (KM) practitioners in public policy, governance and business. Keywords:Knowledge for Development (K4D);Knowledge Management (KM);Knowledge Economy;Public Policy;Local Knowledge;Asia (South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines, Uzbekistan)Key Features:Examines how concepts such as value creating knowledge architectures can be applied to the requirements of both developing countries and emerging markets in AsiaProvides lessons learned from Asia's successful knowledge-based economies such as South Korea and Singapore as well as insights how countries such as Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia, Vietnam and Uzbekistan attempt to strategize on knowledge for developmentSuitable for policy-makers, leaders in development and business as well as graduate students who want to enhance their knowledge for development capabilities aimed at leveraging on knowledge as factor of production in an era of accelerated innovation and profound knowledge traps

Breaking Out Of The Poverty Trap

Author: Luolin Wang
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1938134095
Size: 64.42 MB
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This book provides unique insights into the challenges and potential solutions to alleviate poverty in western China. Many people are interested in China's economic and social development; the development of Tibet is an important part of this narrative. Unlike big cities in the east of China, Tibet is still underdeveloped, with severe poverty, relatively poor communications, poor infrastructure, transport links, and limited social services. Using deep and well-researched analyses, learned Chinese scholars share their policy insights, experience and knowledge of the underlying causes and potential solutions to this underdevelopment and poverty. The reader is also provided with firsthand accounts of different people in Tibet, ranging from local government officials to poverty-stricken herdsmen. This book gets at the heart of problems faced by ordinary Tibetans, such as dealing with impacts of natural disasters, lack of education, managing ecological resettlement, and trying to prevent the transmission of intergenerational poverty. Looking at these issues from a theoretical, policy, government and practical perspective, Breaking Out of the Poverty Trap — Case Studies from the Tibetan Plateau in Yunnan, Qinghai and Gansu covers the full range of issues in the development of the Tibetan Plateau. Contents:Introduction (WANG Luolin and ZHU Ling)The Rational Behavior of Tibetan Farmers and Herders (YANG Chunxue)How Do Farmers and Herdsmen Participate in the Market? (ZHU Hengpeng)Sustainable Development of the Tricholoma Matsutake Industry in Tibetan-Inhabited Regions of Yunnan, and Their Participation in the Global Market: Discussions Based on Value Chain Analysis (YAO Yu)The Socioeconomic Impact of Cordyceps Sinensis Resource Management in Tibetan-Inhabited Regions of Qinghai (YAO Yu)Impoverishment Risks Caused by the Ecological Resettlement Project (JIN Chengwu)Preventing Intergenerational Poverty Transmission with Antenatal Care (ZHU Ling)Research on Compulsory Education in the Tibetan Regions of Qinghai and Yunnan Provinces (WEI Zhong)Effects of Radio and TV on the Cultural Lives of Farmers and Herdsmen (ZHOU Ji)Private and Social Aid in the Eastern Tibetan Regions (WEI Zhong)Snow Disasters and Relief Efforts: A Case Study of Tibetan Pastoral Areas in Southern Qinghai (ZHALUO)Systems and Technologies for Snow Disaster Prevention: Anthropological Observations on the Pastoral Areas in the Eastern Qinghai–Tibet Plateau (ZHALUO) Readership: Undergraduates, graduates, academics and professionals interested in poverty alleviation and the social, cultural and economic development of Tibet, as well as the general public. Keywords:Tibet;Poverty Alleviation;Economic Development;Farmers;Herdsmen;Market Participation;Value Chain Analysis;Yunnan;Ecological Resettlement;Qinghai;Antenatal Care;Obligatory Education;Minimum Living Standard Guarantee;Culture;Radio;TV;Disaster Relief;Disaster PreventionKey Features:Covers poverty issues from the perspectives of many disciplines (with contributors from economics, population studies, ethnic studies and history background), providing diverse views of the situation across a broad spectrum of subjects (ranging from local government officials, businessmen, farmers, herders to ordinary people)Writers tap on their experience and knowledge about Tibet to provide unique insights into Tibet's geography, history, society and culture, and to explore the effectiveness of policies in TibetPresents Tibet's economic and social developments in an accessible manner — indispensable to anyone trying to understand the development of China and its Tibetan areas

Poverty Reduction Policies And Practices In Developing Asia

Author: Almas Heshmati
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9812874208
Size: 26.10 MB
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This book looks at the major policy challenges facing developing Asia and how the region sustains rapid economic growth to reduce multidimensional poverty through socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable measures. Asia is facing many challenges arising from population growth, rapid urbanization, provision of services, climate change and the need to redress declining growth after the global financial crisis. This book examines poverty and related issues and aims to advance the development of new tools and measurement of multidimensional poverty and poverty reduction policy analysis. The book covers a wide range of issues, including determinants and causes of poverty and its changes; consequences and impacts of poverty on human capital formation, growth and consumption; assessment of poverty strategies and policies; the role of government, NGOs and other institutions in poverty reduction; rural-urban migration and poverty; vulnerability to poverty; breakdown of poverty into chronic and transitory components; and a comparative study on poverty issues in Asia and other regions. The book will appeal to all those interested in economic development, resources, policies and economic welfare and growth.

Clothing Poverty

Author: Andrew Brooks
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
ISBN: 1783600691
Size: 25.82 MB
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Have you ever stopped and wondered where your jeans came from? Who made them and where? Ever wondered where they end up after you donate them for recycling? Following a pair of jeans, Clothing Poverty takes the reader on a vivid around-the-world tour to reveal how clothes are manufactured and retailed, bringing to light how fast fashion and clothing recycling are interconnected. Andrew Brooks shows how recycled clothes are traded across continents, uncovers how retailers and international charities are embroiled in commodity chains which perpetuate poverty, and exposes the hidden trade networks which transect the globe. Stitching together rich narratives, from Mozambican markets, Nigerian smugglers and Chinese factories to London’s vintage clothing scene, TOMS shoes and Vivienne Westwood’s ethical fashion lines, Brooks uncovers the many hidden sides of fashion.