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Bioavailability Of Nutrients For Animals

Author: Clarence B. Ammerman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080527876
Size: 29.50 MB
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This practical book provides crucial information necessary to formulate diets with appropriate amounts of amino acids, minerals, and vitamins. The factors that influence how well animals obtain these critical nutrients and methods for determining bioavailability are reviewed in this comprehensive text. In addition, data from both ruminants and nonruminants are included as well as established estimates of bioavailability for particular feed stuffs and feed supplements.

Amino Acid Chelation In Human And Animal Nutrition

Author: H. DeWayne Ashmead
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439897670
Size: 50.87 MB
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Although introduction of amino acid chelates in mineral nutrition initially met considerable skepticism and controversy, the greater absorption and bioavailability of amino acid chelated minerals compared to nonchelated minerals have been well-documented for decades. Amino Acid Chelation in Human and Animal Nutrition compiles published chemical, nutritional, and clinical studies with new unpublished research. It interprets the combined data for the first time to explain why the body responds to an amino acid chelate differently than it does to inorganic metal salts. Focusing on digestion, the book follows how chelates are absorbed from the stomach and intestines into the mucosal tissue, their movement from the mucosal tissue into the blood, and uptake into tissue and organ cells. Amino Acid Chelation in Human and Animal Nutrition compares amino acid chelate absorption and metabolism and that of inorganic salts of the same minerals. This book mainly focuses on the ingestion of amino acid metal chelates as a way to optimize mineral absorption, but it also provides a fundamental discussion of chelation chemistry. The author includes his own results, as well as alternate interpretations of the results of numerous studies of animal and human amino acid mineral chelate digestion and absorption. The views published in this book are solely the author’s views and do not reflect the views of his company, Albion Laboratories.

Swine Nutrition

Author: Elwyn R. Miller
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 1483162117
Size: 63.36 MB
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Swine Nutrition is a comprehensive text-reference that deals with the various aspects and knowledge in swine nutrition. The book is basically about nutrient utilization by swine. The topics discussed concerning this subject are factors influencing swine nutrition, nutrient bioavailability, appetite and feeding behavior, physical forms of feed, environment and management, immunocompetence, genetic and sex considerations, mycotoxins, and intestinal microbiology. Major and unique feedstuffs, feeding regimen in different stages of growth, and techniques in swine nutrition research are also elaborated. The text will be useful to students of advance swine nutrition courses as well as those seeking information in swine nutrition.

Nutrient Requirements Of Small Ruminants

Author:
Publisher: 中国法制出版社
ISBN: 9780309102131
Size: 48.28 MB
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Updating two previous National Research Council publications, Nutrient Requirements of Sheep, Sixth Revised Edition, 1985, and Nutrient Requirements of Goats, First Edition, 1981, this new book provides an evaluation of the scientific literature on the nutrient requirements of small ruminants in all stages of life. In addition, effects of the environment, feed additives, and metabolism modifiers on nutrient requirements are addressed. Proper formulation of diets for small ruminants depends on adequate knowledge of their nutrient requirements. These requirements depend on the breed and age of the animal and whether he or she is exercising, pregnant, or lactating. Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants brings together a summary of this latest data with new and expanded information on the composition of feeds commonly consumed by small ruminants, both domestic and wild. For the first time this authoritative reference work includes information on cervids and camelids. Primarily intended for animal nutritionists, veterinarians, and other scientists, some sections will be useful to individual sheep and goat owners and managers and to those responsible for the care and management of wildlife species. As both a practical and a technical reference book, this material is written to ensure that diets of small ruminants contain adequate amounts of nutrients and that intakes of certain nutrients are not so excessive that they inhibit performance or impair health.

Trace Elements In Man And Animals 9

Author: Peter Wilhelm Fritz Fischer
Publisher: NRC Research Press
ISBN: 9780660164045
Size: 37.69 MB
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Presents papers from an international meeting of specialists from a variety of disciplines sharing an interest in trace elements. The papers are organized into broad categories covering such topics as trace element interactions in the food supply and nutrition; trace elements and genetic regulation; trace elements in pregnancy and lactation; assessment of trace element status; kinetic modelling; trace elements in the environment and food supply; trace elements, brain function, and behaviour; membrane function and cell signalling; analytical, experimental, and isotopic techniques; ethics of trace element research; defining trace element requirements of infants; trace element intervention studies; trace elements and animal production, free-radical mediated disease, and food and nutrition policy; analytical quality control; infection and immune function; trace element binding proteins; trace elements in growth and metabolism; mechanisms of trace element toxicity; and metabolic and physiological consequences of trace element deficiencies.

Nutrition And Feeding Of Fish

Author: Tom Lovell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1475711743
Size: 30.88 MB
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Aquaculture is more than a science in its infancy; it is now recognized as a viable and profitable enterprise worldwide. It will continue to grow and supply an increasingly larger percentage of fishery products consumed because the oceans are inadequately managed and their yield is unpredictable. Supply, price, and quality can be controlled more effectively when fish are cultured under managed conditions, like corn in a field. As aquaculture technology has evolved, there has been a trend toward higher yields and faster growth which has necessitated enhancing or replacing natural foods with prepared diets. In many aquaculture operations today, feed accounts for over half of the vari able operating cost. Feeding fish in their aqueous environment takes on dimensions beyond those considered in fee ding land animals; the nutrient requirements, feeding practices, and feeding environment are unique for fish. Knowledge on nutrition and practical feeding of fish is essential to successful aquaculture. This book is intended to be helpful to students, scientists, practic ing nutritionists, and aquaculturists. It covers the known nutrient requirements and deficiency effects for various fishes. It discusses nu trient sources and preparation of research and practical feeds. It gives direction for designing and conducting fish nutrition and feeding ex periments. Feeding practices for several commercially important fishes representing diverse culture systems (coldwater fish, warm water fish, crustaceans, pond cultures, and highly artificial cultures) are presented. One book, of course, cannot be all-encompassing in the area of fish nutrition and feeding.

Fish Nutrition

Author: John Halver
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323142966
Size: 78.13 MB
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Fish Nutrition aims to present the state of knowledge of basic and applied nutritional requirements of fishes. Most of the information found in this book involves salmonids, their nutrition, and metabolism of nutrients. This is in view of the fact that more research has been done and completed with this fish. Although applied fish nutrition is a very broad field, this book focuses on some of its aspects. These include the classes of nutrients and requirements for several types of fishes. This book comprises of 11 chapters. The first few chapters deal with the general nutrient requirements of fishes. Then, other chapters discuss calorie and energy as well as micro- and macronutrient needs and requirements. The following chapters deal with the non-nutrient components of the diet, or those that influence the characteristics of food products including texture, odor, flavor, and color. Other topics covered are enzymes and systems of intermediary metabolism (Chapter 6); feed formulation and evaluation (Chapter 7); and salmonid husbandry techniques (Chapter 9). Nutritional fish diseases are also discussed in this book. Some of these diseases include thyroid tumor, gill disease, anemia, lipoid liver degeneration, and visceral granuloma. In Chapter 11, the relationship of nutrition and pathology is given emphasis. This chapter also tackles the diet and general fish husbandry. This topic is very important, because an adequate diet for fish husbandry is the foundation of fish farming.

Equine Nutrition And Feeding

Author: David Frape
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111827931X
Size: 18.62 MB
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Since the first edition of Equine Nutrition and Feeding was published in 1986, it has become the seminal work on the subject. It covers all the key topics that you need to know for your equine nutrition degree course. This comprehensive and clearly evidenced textbook covers how food is digested and nutrients are used in growing, working and breeding horses. It also explains the scientific basis for calculating nutrient and dietary requirements in an understandable manner, and shows you how to do these calculations. Special attention is also given to grassland and pasture, and to housing and diet-related diseases. Additional, student-friendly features include: References to the most up-to-date information, including “Nutrient Requirements of Horses”, from the National Research Council (2007). Case histories to provide practical examples. Study questions at the end of each chapter to help you to revise. A comprehensive glossary of terms and abbreviations. Changes to this fourth edition: Evidence base has been expanded, with 646 new research reports and papers being incorporated. Extensively revised to make navigation easier. A new section is dedicated to the weaning and growth of the foal. This book is the essential text for any undergraduate and postgraduate student of equine nutrition, equine veterinary medicine, equine veterinary nursing or agricultural science. It is also used by equine nutritionists and horse owners.

Nutrient Delivery

Author: Alexandru Grumezescu
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012804375X
Size: 44.65 MB
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Nutrient Delivery: Nanotechnology in the Agri-Food Industry, Volume Five, discusses the fabrication, merits, demerits, applications, and bioavailability enhancement mechanisms of various nanodelivery systems. Recent developments in various nanodelivery systems are also highlighted. Volume 5 contains twenty chapters, prepared by outstanding international researchers from Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Croatia, India, Iran, Ireland, México, Pakistan, Portugal, Serbia, Sri Lanka, and the United States. In recent years, the delivery of micronutrients at nanoscale has been widely studied as these systems have the potential to improve bioavailability, enable controlled release and enhance stability of food bioactives to a greater extent. The nanodelivery systems typically consist of the food bioactive compound encapsulated and stabilized in food grade ingredients such as lipids, proteins or polysaccharides with diameters ranging from 10 nm to 1000 nm. Among these, the lipid based delivery systems such as nanoemulsions, solid lipid nanoparticles, nanoliposomes and micelles are widely studied for the delivery of lipophilic bioactive compounds. These delivery vehicles improve the solubility, permeability, stability and bioavailability of the lipophilic compounds thereby enhancing their potential for oral delivery and functional food development. On the other hand, the hydrophilic bioactives are delivered through protein, polysaccharide or biopolymer based colloidal nanosystems such as hydrogels, nanogels and polymer nanoparticles. The major concern other than solubility is the intestinal permeability of the micronutrients. For instance, the delivery system for compounds with poor intestinal permeability and low solubility need to be carefully designed using suitable lipids and surfactants. Offers updated material for undergraduate and postgraduate students in food science, biotechnology, and related engineering fields Provides a valuable resource of recent scientific progress, along with most known applications of nanomaterials in the food industry for researchers, engineers, and academics Includes novel opportunities and ideas for developing or improving technologies in the food industry