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Bioavailability Of Nutrients For Animals

Author: Clarence B. Ammerman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080527876
Size: 14.30 MB
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This practical book provides crucial information necessary to formulate diets with appropriate amounts of amino acids, minerals, and vitamins. The factors that influence how well animals obtain these critical nutrients and methods for determining bioavailability are reviewed in this comprehensive text. In addition, data from both ruminants and nonruminants are included as well as established estimates of bioavailability for particular feed stuffs and feed supplements.

Amino Acid Chelation In Human And Animal Nutrition

Author: H. DeWayne Ashmead
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439897689
Size: 30.49 MB
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Although introduction of amino acid chelates in mineral nutrition initially met considerable skepticism and controversy, the greater absorption and bioavailability of amino acid chelated minerals compared to nonchelated minerals have been well-documented for decades. Amino Acid Chelation in Human and Animal Nutrition compiles published chemical, nutritional, and clinical studies with new unpublished research. It interprets the combined data for the first time to explain why the body responds to an amino acid chelate differently than it does to inorganic metal salts. Focusing on digestion, the book follows how chelates are absorbed from the stomach and intestines into the mucosal tissue, their movement from the mucosal tissue into the blood, and uptake into tissue and organ cells. Amino Acid Chelation in Human and Animal Nutrition compares amino acid chelate absorption and metabolism and that of inorganic salts of the same minerals. This book mainly focuses on the ingestion of amino acid metal chelates as a way to optimize mineral absorption, but it also provides a fundamental discussion of chelation chemistry. The author includes his own results, as well as alternate interpretations of the results of numerous studies of animal and human amino acid mineral chelate digestion and absorption. The views published in this book are solely the author’s views and do not reflect the views of his company, Albion Laboratories.

Swine Nutrition Second Edition

Author: Austin J. Lewis
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420041842
Size: 48.94 MB
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With 42 chapters authored by leading international experts, Swine Nutrition: Second Edition is a comprehensive reference that covers all aspects of the nutrition of pigs. It is equally suitable as an advanced undergraduate and graduate textbook as well as a reference for anyone working in any aspect of pig production. The book begins with a general coverage of the characteristics of swine and the swine industry with emphasis on the gastrointestinal tract. It then describes the various classes of nutrients and how these nutrients are metabolized by swine and the factors affecting their utilization. The next section covers the practical aspects of swine nutrition from birth through gestation and lactation in sows and to the feeding of adult boars. The nutritional aspects of the various feedstuffs commonly fed to swine are covered in the following section. The final chapters of the book are devoted to coverage of various techniques used in swine nutrition research.

Nutrient Requirements Of Small Ruminants

Author:
Publisher: 中国法制出版社
ISBN: 9780309102131
Size: 15.11 MB
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Updating two previous National Research Council publications, Nutrient Requirements of Sheep, Sixth Revised Edition, 1985, and Nutrient Requirements of Goats, First Edition, 1981, this new book provides an evaluation of the scientific literature on the nutrient requirements of small ruminants in all stages of life. In addition, effects of the environment, feed additives, and metabolism modifiers on nutrient requirements are addressed. Proper formulation of diets for small ruminants depends on adequate knowledge of their nutrient requirements. These requirements depend on the breed and age of the animal and whether he or she is exercising, pregnant, or lactating. Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants brings together a summary of this latest data with new and expanded information on the composition of feeds commonly consumed by small ruminants, both domestic and wild. For the first time this authoritative reference work includes information on cervids and camelids. Primarily intended for animal nutritionists, veterinarians, and other scientists, some sections will be useful to individual sheep and goat owners and managers and to those responsible for the care and management of wildlife species. As both a practical and a technical reference book, this material is written to ensure that diets of small ruminants contain adequate amounts of nutrients and that intakes of certain nutrients are not so excessive that they inhibit performance or impair health.

Nutrition And Feeding Of Fish

Author: Tom Lovell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1475711743
Size: 76.99 MB
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Aquaculture is more than a science in its infancy; it is now recognized as a viable and profitable enterprise worldwide. It will continue to grow and supply an increasingly larger percentage of fishery products consumed because the oceans are inadequately managed and their yield is unpredictable. Supply, price, and quality can be controlled more effectively when fish are cultured under managed conditions, like corn in a field. As aquaculture technology has evolved, there has been a trend toward higher yields and faster growth which has necessitated enhancing or replacing natural foods with prepared diets. In many aquaculture operations today, feed accounts for over half of the vari able operating cost. Feeding fish in their aqueous environment takes on dimensions beyond those considered in fee ding land animals; the nutrient requirements, feeding practices, and feeding environment are unique for fish. Knowledge on nutrition and practical feeding of fish is essential to successful aquaculture. This book is intended to be helpful to students, scientists, practic ing nutritionists, and aquaculturists. It covers the known nutrient requirements and deficiency effects for various fishes. It discusses nu trient sources and preparation of research and practical feeds. It gives direction for designing and conducting fish nutrition and feeding ex periments. Feeding practices for several commercially important fishes representing diverse culture systems (coldwater fish, warm water fish, crustaceans, pond cultures, and highly artificial cultures) are presented. One book, of course, cannot be all-encompassing in the area of fish nutrition and feeding.

Fish Nutrition

Author: John Halver
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0323142966
Size: 10.16 MB
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Fish Nutrition aims to present the state of knowledge of basic and applied nutritional requirements of fishes. Most of the information found in this book involves salmonids, their nutrition, and metabolism of nutrients. This is in view of the fact that more research has been done and completed with this fish. Although applied fish nutrition is a very broad field, this book focuses on some of its aspects. These include the classes of nutrients and requirements for several types of fishes. This book comprises of 11 chapters. The first few chapters deal with the general nutrient requirements of fishes. Then, other chapters discuss calorie and energy as well as micro- and macronutrient needs and requirements. The following chapters deal with the non-nutrient components of the diet, or those that influence the characteristics of food products including texture, odor, flavor, and color. Other topics covered are enzymes and systems of intermediary metabolism (Chapter 6); feed formulation and evaluation (Chapter 7); and salmonid husbandry techniques (Chapter 9). Nutritional fish diseases are also discussed in this book. Some of these diseases include thyroid tumor, gill disease, anemia, lipoid liver degeneration, and visceral granuloma. In Chapter 11, the relationship of nutrition and pathology is given emphasis. This chapter also tackles the diet and general fish husbandry. This topic is very important, because an adequate diet for fish husbandry is the foundation of fish farming.

Swine Nutrition Second Edition

Author: Austin J. Lewis
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420041842
Size: 25.84 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 2944
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With 42 chapters authored by leading international experts, Swine Nutrition: Second Edition is a comprehensive reference that covers all aspects of the nutrition of pigs. It is equally suitable as an advanced undergraduate and graduate textbook as well as a reference for anyone working in any aspect of pig production. The book begins with a general coverage of the characteristics of swine and the swine industry with emphasis on the gastrointestinal tract. It then describes the various classes of nutrients and how these nutrients are metabolized by swine and the factors affecting their utilization. The next section covers the practical aspects of swine nutrition from birth through gestation and lactation in sows and to the feeding of adult boars. The nutritional aspects of the various feedstuffs commonly fed to swine are covered in the following section. The final chapters of the book are devoted to coverage of various techniques used in swine nutrition research.

Bioavailability And Analysis Of Vitamins In Foods

Author: G. F. M. Ball
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1489934146
Size: 42.74 MB
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Every country in the world is concerned with the nutritional status of its population and in utilizing its natural food resources in the most effective way possible. Surveys based on food intakes and food compositional data are being conducted with the object of establishing recommended intakes of vitamins. These recommendations are constantly being changed as new knowledge comes to light. Analytical techniques using physicochemical and microbiological methods have been largely developed to determine the total vitamin content of a food commodity or diet using the most rigorous extraction method commensurate with the stability of the vitamin. The extraction procedures frequently involve prolonged heating of suitably prepared food samples at extremes of pH to liberate vitamins from chemically bound forms in the food matrix or to remove a preponderance of fat from fatty foods. For several vitamins the data obtained by these means grossly overestimate the nutritional value of the food because the human digestive system fails to liberate bound vitamin forms for subsequent absorption by the intestine. This statement is borne out by reports of vitamin deficiency in situations where the dietary supply of vitamin is adequate on the basis of conventional analysis. Various research labora tories are directing their effort toward the estimation of bioavailable vitamin, i. e. the proportion of vitamin in the food which is available for utilization by the body. So far, few data have been published and there are many gaps in the knowledge required to interpret experimental results.

Amino Acids In Higher Plants

Author: J P F D'Mello
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1780642636
Size: 72.45 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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Amino acids play a role in the defence mechanisms and stress responses of plants, as well as in food quality and safety for humans and animals. Recent advances in the field make a comprehensive overview of the information a necessity; this book collates chapters on plant enzymes and metabolism, modulation, molecular aspects and secondary products. Also including information on ecology, the environment and mammalian nutrition and toxicology, it provides an authoritative resource.