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Biodegradable Polymers In Clinical Use And Clinical Development

Author: Abraham J. Domb
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118015803
Size: 40.30 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book focuses on biodegradable polymers that are already in clinical use or under clinical development. Synthetic and natural polymers will be included. This excludes polymers that have been investigated and did not reach clinical development. The purpose of this book is to provide updated status of the polymers that are clinical use and those that are now being developed for clinical use and hopefully will reach the clinic during the next 5 years. The book provides information that of interest to academics and practicing researchers including chemists, biologists and bioengineers and users: physicians, pharmacists.

Biodegradable Polymers In Clinical Use And Clinical Development

Author: Abraham J. Domb
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 9780470424759
Size: 41.96 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 6407
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This book focuses on biodegradable polymers that are already in clinical use or under clinical development. Synthetic and natural polymers will be included. This excludes polymers that have been investigated and did not reach clinical development. The purpose of this book is to provide updated status of the polymers that are clinical use and those that are now being developed for clinical use and hopefully will reach the clinic during the next 5 years. The book provides information that of interest to academics and practicing researchers including chemists, biologists and bioengineers and users: physicians, pharmacists.

Handbook Of Polymer Applications In Medicine And Medical Devices

Author: Kayvon Modjarrad
Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
ISBN: 0128076631
Size: 34.86 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 7298
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The history of plastics and medical devices traces a complex course of slowly evolving ideas punctuated by moments of intellectual revolution. When viewed from the vantage of retrospect, it becomes apparent that milestones in the progress of biomaterial science represent culminations of gradual shifts in theory and iterative experimentation. This has been as true for methodological developments in polymer chemistry as it has for technological breakthroughs in medical equipment design. The two disciplines, though now inextricable from one another, initially advanced along largely separate and occasionally redundant paths. Until the latter decades of the twentieth century, physicians and surgeons modified existing materials to create and refine devices according to their clinical needs while chemists and engineers synthesized materials de novo without specific attention to their potential medical applications. In the modern era, however, the lines between the chemical and biological sciences have blurred, paving way for an interdisciplinary approach toward the design and application of medical plastics.

Tissue Engineering Using Ceramics And Polymers

Author: Aldo R Boccaccini
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0857097164
Size: 58.61 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The second edition of Tissue Engineering Using Ceramics and Polymers comprehensively reviews the latest advances in this area rapidly evolving area of biomaterials science. Part one considers the biomaterials used for tissue engineering. It introduces the properties and processing of bioactive ceramics and glasses, as well as polymeric biomaterials, particularly biodegradable polymer phase nanocomposites. Part two reviews the advances in techniques for processing, characterization, and modeling of materials. The topics covered range from nanoscale design in biomineralization strategies for bone tissue engineering to microscopy techniques for characterizing cells to materials for perfusion bioreactors. Further, carrier systems and biosensors in biomedical applications are considered. Finally, part three looks at the specific types of tissue and organ regeneration, with chapters concerning kidney, bladder, peripheral nerve, small intestine, skeletal muscle, cartilage, liver, and myocardial tissue engineering. Important developments in collagen-based tubular constructs, bioceramic nanoparticles, and multifunctional scaffolds for tissue engineering and drug delivery are also explained. Tissue Engineering Using Ceramics and Polymers is a valuable reference tool for both academic researchers and scientists involved in biomaterials or tissue engineering, including the areas of bone and soft-tissue reconstruction and repair, and organ regeneration. Second edition comprehensively examines the latest advances in ceramic and polymers in tissue engineering Provides readers with general information on polymers and ceramics and looks at the processing, characterization, and modeling Reviews the latest research and advances in tissue and organ regeneration using ceramics and polymers

Natural And Synthetic Biomedical Polymers

Author: Sangamesh Kumbar
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0123972906
Size: 38.31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Polymers are important and attractive biomaterials for researchers and clinical applications due to the ease of tailoring their chemical, physical and biological properties for target devices. Due to this versatility they are rapidly replacing other classes of biomaterials such as ceramics or metals. As a result, the demand for biomedical polymers has grown exponentially and supports a diverse and highly monetized research community. Currently worth $1.2bn in 2009 (up from $650m in 2000), biomedical polymers are expected to achieve a CAGR of 9.8% until 2015, supporting a current research community of approximately 28,000+. Summarizing the main advances in biopolymer development of the last decades, this work systematically covers both the physical science and biomedical engineering of the multidisciplinary field. Coverage extends across synthesis, characterization, design consideration and biomedical applications. The work supports scientists researching the formulation of novel polymers with desirable physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties for specific targeted biomedical applications. Combines chemistry, biology and engineering for expert and appropriate integration of design and engineering of polymeric biomaterials Physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties alongside currently deployed clinical applications of specific biomaterials aids use as single source reference on field. 15+ case studies provides in-depth analysis of currently used polymeric biomaterials, aiding design considerations for the future

Biodegradable Polymers For Industrial Applications

Author: Ray Smith
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849334665
Size: 74.14 MB
Format: PDF
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The vast majority of plastic products are made from petroleum-based synthetic polymers that do not degrade in a landfill or in a compost-like environment. Therefore, the disposal of these products poses a serious environmental problem. An environmentally-conscious alternative is to design/synthesize polymers that are biodegradable. Biodegradable polymers for industrial applications introduces the subject in part one by outlining the classification and development of biodegradable polymers with individual chapters on polyhydroxyalkanoates, polyesteramides and thermoplastic starch biodegradable polymers and others. The second part explores the materials available for the production of biodegradable polymers. Polymers derived from sugars, natural fibres, renewable forest resources, poly(lactic acid) and protein-nanoparticle composites will be looked at in detail in this section. Part three looks at the properties and mechanisms of degradation, prefacing the subject with a chapter on current standards. The final part explores opportunities for industrial applications, with chapters on packing, agriculture and biodegradable polycaprolactone foams in supercritical carbon dioxide. Biodegradable polymers for industrial applications explores the fundamental concepts concerning the development of biodegradable polymers, degradable polymers from sustainable sources, degradation and properties and industrial applications. It is an authoritative book that will be invaluable for academics, researchers and policy makers in the industry.

Science And Principles Of Biodegradable And Bioresorbable Medical Polymers

Author: Xiang Cheng Zhang
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081003935
Size: 30.74 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Science and Principles of Biodegradable and Bioresorbable Medical Polymers: Materials and Properties provides a practical guide to the use of biodegradable and bioresorbable polymers for study, research, and applications within medicine. Fundamentals of the basic principles and science behind the use of biodegradable polymers in advanced research and in medical and pharmaceutical applications are presented, as are important new concepts and principles covering materials, properties, and computer modeling, providing the reader with useful tools that will aid their own research, product design, and development. Supported by practical application examples, the scope and contents of the book provide researchers with an important reference and knowledge-based educational and training aid on the basics and fundamentals of these important medical polymers. Provides a practical guide to the fundamentals, synthesis, and processing of bioresorbable polymers in medicine Contains comprehensive coverage of material properties, including unique insights into modeling degradation Written by an eclectic mix of international authors with experience in academia and industry

Handbook Of Biodegradable Polymers

Author: Abraham J. Domb
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420049367
Size: 68.85 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers, the seventh volume in the Drug Delivery and Targeting book series, provides a source manual for synthetic procedures, properties and applications of bioerodible polymers. The authors describe widely available materials such as polyactides, collagen and gelatin, as well as polymers of emerging importance, such as the genetically-engineered and elastin-based polymers which are either proprietary or in early stages of development. Section I addresses synthetic absorbable polymers, and Section 2 profiles natural, semi-synthetic and biosynthetic polymers. Section 3 discusses the surface characterization of degradable polymers, the modeling of biodegradation and non-medical polymers. This book is ideal for researchers from academia and industry as well as chemists, pharmacists and physicians who deal with biopolymers, drug delivery and targeting, bioengineering and implantable devices.

Biomedical Polymers

Author: Mike Jenkins
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1845693647
Size: 72.15 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Given the rapid development and use of biomaterials, it is becoming increasingly important to understand the structure, processing and properties of biomedical polymers and their medical applications. With its distinguished editor and team of international contributors, Biomedical Polymers reviews the latest research on this important group of biomaterials. The book discusses natural, synthetic, biodegradable and non bio-degradable polymers and their applications. Chapters review polymeric scaffolds for tissue engineering and drug delivery systems, the use of polymers in cell encapsulation, their role as replacement materials for heart valves and arteries, and their applications in joint replacement. The book also discusses the use of polymers in biosensor applications. Biomedical polymers is an essential reference for scientists and all those concerned with the development and use of this important group of biomaterials Reviews the latest research in this important group of biomaterials Discusses natural, synthetic, biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers and their applications Examines the use of biomedical polymers in such areas as drug delivery systems and cell encapsulation