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Bioethics In A Liberal Society

Author: Thomas May
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 0801876486
Size: 48.80 MB
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Issues concerning patients' rights are at the center of bioethics, but the political basis for these rights has rarely been examined. In Bioethics in a Liberal Society: The Political Framework of Bioethics Decision Making, Thomas May offers a compelling analysis of how the political context of liberal constitutional democracy shapes the rights and obligations of both patients and health care professionals. May focuses on how a key feature of liberal society—namely, an individual's right to make independent decisions—has an impact on the most important relational facets of health care, such as patients' autonomy and professionals' rights of conscience. Although a liberal political framework protects individual judgments, May asserts that this right is based on the assumption of an individual's competency to make sound decisions. May uses case studies to examine society's approach to medical decision making when, for reasons ranging from age to severe mental disorder, a person lacks sufficient competency to make independent and fully informed choices. To protect the autonomy of these vulnerable patients, May emphasizes the need for health care ethics committees and ethics consultants to help guide the decision-making process in clinical settings. Bioethics in a Liberal Society is essential reading for all those interested in understanding how bioethics is practiced within our society. -- Mark P. Aulisio, Case Western Reserve University, Center for Biomedical Ethics

Methods In Medical Ethics

Author: Jeremy Sugarman MD, MPH, MA
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1589016238
Size: 68.60 MB
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Medical ethics draws upon methods from a wide array of disciplines, including anthropology, economics, epidemiology, health services research, history, law, medicine, nursing, philosophy, psychology, sociology, and theology. In this influential book, outstanding scholars in medical ethics bring these many methods together in one place to be systematically described, critiqued, and challenged. Newly revised and updated chapters in this second edition include philosophy, religion and theology, virtue and professionalism, casuistry and clinical ethics, law, history, qualitative research, ethnography, quantitative surveys, experimental methods, and economics and decision science. This second edition also includes new chapters on literature and sociology, as well as a second chapter on philosophy which expands the range of philosophical methods discussed to include gender ethics, communitarianism, and discourse ethics. In each of these chapters, contributors provide descriptions of the methods, critiques, and notes on resources and training. Methods in Medical Ethics is a valuable resource for scholars, teachers, editors, and students in any of the disciplines that have contributed to the field. As a textbook and reference for graduate students and scholars in medical ethics, it offers a rich understanding of the complexities involved in the rigorous investigation of moral questions in medical practice and research.

Bioethics And The Future Of Stem Cell Research

Author: Insoo Hyun
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107067073
Size: 25.18 MB
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Despite years of heated social controversy over the use of human embryos in embryonic stem cell research, the caravan of stem cell science continues to proceed at an unrelenting pace all around the world. Bioethics and the Future of Stem Cell Research urges readers to look beyond the embryo debate to a much wider array of ethical issues in basic stem cell science and clinical translational research, including research involving adult and induced pluripotent stem cells. Insoo Hyun offers valuable insights into complex ethical issues ranging from pre-clinical animal studies to clinical trials and stem cell tourism, all presented through a unique blend of philosophy, literature and the history of science, as well as with Dr Hyun's extensive practical experiences in international stem cell policy formation. This thoughtful book is an indispensable resource for anyone interested in the science of stem cells and the practical and philosophical elements of research ethics.

Bioethics In A Liberal Society

Author: Max Charlesworth
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521449526
Size: 17.81 MB
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This book is an original discussion of contemporary issues in bioethics.

Ethics Law And Aging Review Volume 9

Author: Marshall B. Kapp, JD, MPH, FCLM
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 082611637X
Size: 48.47 MB
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This volume explores the concept of safety as applied in the long term care context. Chapters examine the way in which the quest for safety may work either synergistically or adversely upon other worthy social goals. Among the initiatives considered are promoting the decision-making autonomy of patients/clients and their surrogates, enhancing the quality of care and quality of life available to long term care residents, and providing fair compensation for injured victims when serious harm occurs. Questions addressed that are of concern to legal and ethical theorists, social science researchers, and patient/client advocates include: To what extent do litigation and/or regulation accomplish the safety and other legitimate objectives of public policy in the long term care arena? Do the costs of various approaches outweigh the benefits in promoting safety and other goals? How do litigation and regulation compare with alternative approaches to achieving the same goals, in terms of an acceptable cost/benefit balance?

Autonomy And The Situated Self

Author: Rachel Haliburton
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 073916872X
Size: 33.13 MB
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Autonomy and the Situated Self offers a critique of contemporary mainstream bioethics and proposes an alternative framework for the exploration of bioethical issues.

Reconceiving Medical Ethics

Author: Christopher Cowley
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1441121277
Size: 69.16 MB
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This volume of original work comprises a modest challenge, sometimes direct, sometimes implicit, to the mainstream Anglo-American conception of the discipline of medical ethics. It does so not by trying to fill the gaps with exotic minority interest topics, but by re-examining some of the fundamental assumptions of the familiar philosophical arguments, and some of the basic situations that generate the issues. The most important such situation is the encounter between the doctor and the suffering patient, which forms one of the themes of the book. The authors show that concepts such as the body, suffering and consent - and the role such concepts play within patients' lives - are much more complicated than the Anglo-American mainstream appreciates. Some of these concepts have been discussed with subtlety by Continental philosophers (like Heidegger, Ricoeur), and a secondary purpose of the volume is to apply their ideas to medical ethics. Designed for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students with some philosophical background in ethics, Reconceiving Medical Ethics opens up new avenues for discussion in this ever-developing field.

Public Health Ethics Cases Spanning The Globe

Author: Drue H. Barrett
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319238477
Size: 41.53 MB
Format: PDF
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This Open Access book highlights the ethical issues and dilemmas that arise in the practice of public health. It is also a tool to support instruction, debate, and dialogue regarding public health ethics. Although the practice of public health has always included consideration of ethical issues, the field of public health ethics as a discipline is a relatively new and emerging area. There are few practical training resources for public health practitioners, especially resources which include discussion of realistic cases which are likely to arise in the practice of public health. This work discusses these issues on a case to case basis and helps create awareness and understanding of the ethics of public health care. The main audience for the casebook is public health practitioners, including front-line workers, field epidemiology trainers and trainees, managers, planners, and decision makers who have an interest in learning about how to integrate ethical analysis into their day to day public health practice. The casebook is also useful to schools of public health and public health students as well as to academic ethicists who can use the book to teach public health ethics and distinguish it from clinical and research ethics.

The Ethics Of Coercion In Mass Casualty Medicine

Author: Griffin Trotter
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801885518
Size: 45.89 MB
Format: PDF
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The dynamics of coercion in mass casualty medicine -- Public health and its ethical basis -- Legitimacy -- Public policy and the role of experts -- Public deliberation and strategic leadership -- Tactical leadership -- Decisions for particular coercive actions.

Ethics Consultation

Author: Mark P. Aulisio
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801871658
Size: 32.77 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"The observations recorded here deserve close study by anyone who contemplates setting up a referral system for medical staff facing ethical dilemmas." -- Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine "Excellent basic and practical introduction to the many issues facing the development of clinical ethics consultation." -- Bulletin of Medical Ethics "A nuanced, in depth approach to the difficult issues involved in bioethics consultations." -- Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics