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Biological Materials Science

Author: Marc André Meyers
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107010454
Size: 80.84 MB
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Takes a materials science approach, correlating structure-property relationships with function across a broad range of biological materials.

Biological And Bioinspired Materials And Devices

Author: Joanna Aizenberg
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 21.46 MB
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The special interest afforded biological and bioinspired materials and devices lies in the fact that many biological materials, as diverse as bone and teeth and spider silk, have highly refined and sophisticated platforms of structure that are well organized at hierarchical levels spanning nanoscale to microscale measures. There is absolutely strict and precise control of materials synthesis exerted by these natural systems, and vigorous study and advancement in the fields of biomineralization, molecular biology, and DNA technology, for instance, have brought increasing understanding of such control in ever expanding fashion. This knowledge has been quickly transferred into the design and development of synthetic materials that mimic their biological counterparts. In this context, an explosion in research in the past few years has centered on the identification and synthesis of 1) unique ceramics or composites for biomaterials, magnetic and optical use, 2) self-assembled biopolymeric systems for biomaterials and biosensor application, and 3) colloidal and amphiphilic systems for relevance in biomedicine, nanotechnology, and biosensor fabrication. Therefore, new nanocrystalline composites, nanofibers, biosteel fibers, novel biosensors, distinctive drug-delivery systems, exceptional tissue engineering scaffolds, exclusive molecular imprinting matrices, and innovative photonic crystals are suddenly available. Given this backdrop, the papers in this volume involve biology, medicine, engineering, physics, chemistry, and materials science. Topics include biomineralization and the structure and mechanical, magnetic, and optical properties of biominerals; implant materials for dental, maxillofacial, orthopaedic, urological, and ophthalmic applications; tissue adhesives and cements; material degradation and implant failure; organic modification of surfaces and their biocompatibility; tissue engineering with cells and scaffolding to generate extracellular matrices for tissue regeneration; emerging technologies in tissue engineering, including application of stem cells and gene therapy; in situ and ex situ characterization techniques and imaging of biomaterials; pharmaceutical crystallization and materials for drug and gene delivery; supramolecular and biological self assembly; and structure and dynamics of organic/inorganic interfaces.

Bioinspired Materials Science And Engineering

Author: Guang Yang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119390346
Size: 58.64 MB
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An authoritative introduction to the science and engineering of bioinspired materials Bioinspired Materials Science and Engineering offers a comprehensive view of the science and engineering of bioinspired materials and includes a discussion of biofabrication approaches and applications of bioinspired materials as they are fed back to nature in the guise of biomaterials. The authors also review some biological compounds and shows how they can be useful in the engineering of bioinspired materials. With contributions from noted experts in the field, this comprehensive resource considers biofabrication, biomacromolecules, and biomaterials. The authors illustrate the bioinspiration process from materials design and conception to application of bioinspired materials. In addition, the text presents the multidisciplinary aspect of the concept, and contains a typical example of how knowledge is acquired from nature, and how in turn this information contributes to biological sciences, with an accent on biomedical applications. This important resource: Offers an introduction to the science and engineering principles for the development of bioinspired materials Includes a summary of recent developments on biotemplated formation of inorganic materials using natural templates Illustrates the fabrication of 3D-tumor invasion models and their potential application in drug assessments Explores electroactive hydrogels based on natural polymers Contains information on turning mechanical properties of protein hydrogels for biomedical applications Written for chemists, biologists, physicists, and engineers, Bioinspired Materials Science and Engineering contains an indispensible resource for an understanding of bioinspired materials science and engineering.

Bioinspired Materials For Medical Applications

Author: Lígia Rodrigues
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 0081007469
Size: 48.82 MB
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Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications examines the inspiration of natural materials and their interpretation as modern biomaterials. With a strong focus on therapeutic and diagnostic applications, the book also examines the development and manipulation of bioinspired materials in regenerative medicine. The first set of chapters is heavily focused on bioinspired solutions for the delivery of drugs and therapeutics that also offer information on the fundamentals of these materials. Chapters in part two concentrate on bioinspired materials for diagnosis applications with a wide coverage of sensor and imaging systems With a broad coverage of the applications of bioinspired biomaterials, this book is a valuable resource for biomaterials researchers, clinicians, and scientists in academia and industry, and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Explores how materials designed and produced with inspiration from nature can be used to enhance man-made biomaterials and medical devices Brings together the two fields of biomaterials and bioinspired materials Written by a world-class team of research scientists, engineers, and clinicians

Materials In Biology And Medicine

Author: Sunggyu Lee
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439881693
Size: 39.94 MB
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While the interdisciplinary field of materials science and engineering is relatively new, remarkable developments in materials have emerged for biological and medical applications, from biocompatible polymers in medical devices to the use of carbon nanotubes as drug delivery vehicles. Exploring these materials and applications, Materials in Biology and Medicine presents the background and real-world examples of advanced materials in biomedical engineering, biology, and medicine. With peer-reviewed chapters written by a select group of academic and industry experts, the book focuses on biomaterials and bioinspired materials, functional and responsive materials, controlling biology with materials, and the development of devices and enabling technologies. It fully describes the relevant scientific background and thoroughly discusses the logical sequences of new development and applications. Presenting a consistent scientific treatment of all topics, this comprehensive yet accessible book covers the most advanced materials used in biology and medicine. It will help readers tackle challenges of novel materials, carry out new process and product development projects, and create new methodologies for applications that enhance the quality of life.

Materiomics Multiscale Mechanics Of Biological Materials And Structures

Author: Markus J. Buehler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3709115744
Size: 39.97 MB
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Multiscale mechanics of hierarchical materials plays a crucial role in understanding and engineering biological and bioinspired materials and systems. The mechanical science of hierarchical tissues and cells in biological systems has recently emerged as an exciting area of research and provides enormous opportunities for innovative basic research and technological advancement. Such advances could enable us to provide engineered materials and structure with properties that resemble those of biological systems, in particular the ability to self-assemble, to self-repair, to adapt and evolve, and to provide multiple functions that can be controlled through external cues. This book presents material from leading researchers in the field of mechanical sciences of biological materials and structure, with the aim to introduce methods and applications to a wider range of engineers.

Biological And Biomimetic Materials Properties To Function

Author: Joanna Aizenberg
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 30.20 MB
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Materials scientists, chemists, biologists, physicists, bioengineers and clinicians join together in this volume to focus on the formation, function and structural characterization of biologically formed organic and inorganic materials. Recent developments in bioinspired materials synthesis are also featured. In all of these areas, understanding the structures and kinetics of the interfaces between crystals and other ordered or disordered molecular assemblies requires consideration of multiple chemical species, intermolecular interactions, self assembly, molecular anisotropy, and the structure of the interface between fluid and solid phases. Of particular interest are new materials engineered to replace or restore tissue functions. Topics include: materials in natural biological tissues; imaging and characterization techniques; organic biomaterials--proteins and peptides; interface engineering, patterning and biocompatibility; composite biomaterials--bones and teeth; biomaterials; tissue engineering; biomimetics, sensors and nanotechnology; and materials for drug and gene delivery.

Architecture And Application Of Biomaterials And Biomolecular Materials

Author: Joyce Y. Wong
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 28.55 MB
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This volume brings together three symposia (Symposium F, Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering, Symposium H, Biological and Bio-Inspired Materials Assembly, and Symposium I. Biomaterials for Drug Delivery) from the 2003 MRS Fall Meeting in Boston to provide a comprehensive review of the latest research in biomaterials. A common goal is to understand the enormous complexity of biological responses that range from the hierarchical self-assembly of complex 3-dimensional structures to the development of synthetic systems that integrate with the body with minimal immune or host response. Increasingly, researchers are shifting towards hybrid systems that combine the complexity of natural systems with the tunability of synthetic systems. While this approach poses significant challenges, it also presents unique opportunities for materials scientists and engineers to contribute to the field. Topics include: 3D constructs; natural and artificial polymers; biomaterials for tissue engineering; new technologies; surface analysis and engineering; nanoscale self-assembly; biomimetic polymers; biologically inspired mineral, DNA and polymer assembly; self-assembling peptides; biologically inspired materials; biologically inspired and bioactive materials; hydrogels; targeting and modeling systems; mucosal and micellar delivery; and new materials.

Biomimetics

Author: Yoseph Bar-Cohen
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439834776
Size: 33.11 MB
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Mimicking nature – from science fiction to engineering reality Humans have always looked to nature’s inventions as a source of inspiration. The observation of flying birds and insects leads to innovations in aeronautics. Collision avoidance sensors mimic the whiskers of rodents. Optimization algorithms are based on survival of the fittest, the seed-picking process of pigeons, or the behavior of ant colonies. In recent years these efforts have become more intensive, with researchers seeking rules, concepts, and principles of biology to inspire new possibilities in materials, mechanisms, algorithms, and fabrication processes. A review of the current state of the art, Biomimetics: Nature Based Innovation documents key biological solutions that provide a model for innovations in engineering and science. Leading experts address a wide range of topics, including: Artificial senses and organs Mimicry at the cell–materials interface Multiscale modeling of plant cell wall architecture and tissue mechanics The making of biomimetic composites Electroactive polymer (EAP) actuators as artificial muscles EAP-based refreshable braille displays Biomimetic optics from the angles of biology and plants Biomimicry of flying birds, insects, and marine biology Applications of biomimetics in manufacturing, products, and medicine Robotics, including the development of human-like robots Biologically inspired design as a tool for interdisciplinary education The biomimetic process in artistic creation The final chapter outlines the challenges to biomimetic-related innovation and offers a vision for the future. A follow-up to Biomimetics: Biologically Inspired Technologies (2005), this comprehensive reference methodically surveys the latest advances in this rapidly emerging field. It features an abundance of illustrations, including a 32-page full-color insert, and provides extensive references for engineers and scientists interested in delving deeper into the study of biomimetics.

Polymeric Biomaterials Structure And Function

Author: Severian Dumitriu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 142009470X
Size: 31.57 MB
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Biomaterials have had a major impact on the practice of contemporary medicine and patient care. Growing into a major interdisciplinary effort involving chemists, biologists, engineers, and physicians, biomaterials development has enabled the creation of high-quality devices, implants, and drug carriers with greater biocompatibility and biofunctionality. The fast-paced research and increasing interest in finding new and improved biocompatible or biodegradable polymers has provided a wealth of new information, transforming this edition of Polymeric Biomaterials into a two-volume set. This volume, Polymeric Biomaterials: Structure and Function, contains 25 authoritative chapters written by experts from around the world. Contributors cover the following topics: The structure and properties of synthetic polymers including polyesters, polyphosphazenes, and elastomers The structure and properties of natural polymers such as mucoadhesives, chitin, lignin, and carbohydrate derivatives Blends and composites—for example, metal–polymer composites and biodegradable polymeric/ceramic composites Bioresorbable hybrid membranes, drug delivery systems, cell bioassay systems, electrospinning for regenerative medicine, and more Completely revised and expanded, this state-of-the-art reference presents recent developments in polymeric biomaterials: from their chemical, physical, and structural properties to polymer synthesis and processing techniques and current applications in the medical and pharmaceutical fields.